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Violette - Semester 1 Words

Terms

undefined, object
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inchoate
1) in an initial or early stage; incipient, 2) imperfectly formed or developed
efficacy
1) power of capacity to produce a desired effect
fatuous
1) foolish or silly, esp. in a smug or self-satisfied way
factitious
1) produced artificially rather than by a natural process
enervate
1) to weaken or destroy the strength or vitality of, 2) deprived of strength, debilitated
hegemony
1) the predominant influence, as of a state, region, or group, over another or others
factious
1) of, relating to, produced by, or characterized by internal dissension
antediluvian
1) extremely old and antiquated
insouciant
1) marked by blithe unconcern; nonchalent
diffident
1) lacking or marked by lack of self-confidence; shy and timid, 2) reserved in manner
abrogate
1) to abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority
halcyon
1) a kingfisher; fabled bird (kingfisher) that had power to calm wind and waves, 2) calm and peaceful; tranquill, 3) prosperous; golden
forensic
1) of, relating to, used in...courts of law or public discussion or argument; science or technology in the investigation and establishment of facts or evidence in a court of law
fecundity
1) the quality or power of producing abundantly; fruitfulness or fertility, 2) productive or creative power
ameliorate
1) to make or become better; improve
eruct
1) to belch
excoriate
1) to tear or wear off the skin of; abrade, 2) to censure strongly; denounce
autodidact
1) self-taught person
acrimonious
1) bitter and sharp in language or tone; rancorous
bowdlerize
1) to remove material that is considered offensive or objectionable from (a book, ie)
abjure
1) to recant solemnly; renounce ore repudiate, 2) to renounce under oath; forswear
axiomatic
1) of, relating to, or resembling an axiom; self-evident
aesthetic
1) of or concerning the appreciation of beauty/good taste, 2) characterized by heightened sensitivity to beauty - 1) building principle in matters of artistic beauty and taste; artistic sensibility
expurgate
1) to remove erroneous, vulgar, obscene, or otherwise objectionable material from (ie, a book) before publication
auspicious
1) attended by faborable circumstances; propitious, 2) marked by success; prosperous
confabulate
1) to talk casually; chat, 2) to fill in gaps in one's memory with fabrications that one believes to be facts
alacrity
1) cheerful willingness; eagerness, 2) speed or quickness; celebrity
erudite
1) characterized by erudition; learned
caveat
1) a warning or caution; qualification/explanation, 2) to qualify with a warning or clarification
gerrymander
1) to divide (a geographic area) into voting districts so as to give unfair advantage to one party in elections
antebellum
1) belonging to the period before a war, especially the American Civil War
acumen
1) quickness, accuracy, and keenness of judgment or insight
incognito
1) with one's identity disguised or concealed, 2) one who's identity is disguised or concealed, 3) condition of having a disguised or concealed identity
interpolate
1) to make insertions of addictions, 2) to change or falsify (a text) by introducing new or incorrect material, 3) math: to estimate a value of (a function or series) between two known values
iconoclast
1) one who attacks and seeks to overthrow traditional or popular ideas or institutions, 2) one who destroys sacred religious images
attenuate
1) to make slender, fine, or small, 2) to reduce in force, valve, amount, or degree; weaken, 3) to lessen the density of; rarefy - 1) reduced or weakened, as in strength, value, or virulence
filibuster
1) an instance of the use of this delaying tactive (against legislative action), 2) an adventurer who engages in a private military action in a foreign country, 3) to use a filibuster against (ie: a legislative measure)
hubris
1) overbearing pride or presumption; arrogance
ecdysiast
1) a striptease dancer
arcane
1) known or understood by only a few
disapprobation
1) moral disapproval; condemnation
evanescent
1) vanishing or likely to vanish like vapor
excogitate
1) to consider or think (something) out carefully and thoroughly
guile
1) treacherous cunning; skillful deceit, 2) to beguile; deceive
fiduciary
1) of or relating to a holding of something in trust for another; of or being a trustee or trusteeship; held in trust, 2) of or consisting of fiat money, 3) one, such as an agent of a principal or a company director, that stands in a special relation of trust, confidence, or responsibility in certain obligations to others
invidious
1) tending to rouse ill will, animosity, or resentment, 2) containing or implying slight; discriminatory, 3) envious
expiate
1) to make amends or reparation for; atone
aphorism
1) tersely phrased statement of truth/opinion, 2) brief statement of principle
desultory
1) having no set plan; haphazard or random, 2) moving or jumping from one thing to another; disconnected
abstemious
1) eating and drinking in moderation, 2) characterized by abstinence or moderation
fusty
1) smelling of mildew or decay, 2) old-fashioned; antique
enfranchise
1) to endow with the rights of citizenship, esp. the right to vote, 3) to free, as from bondage
gauche
1) lacking social polish; [tactless]
deleterious
1) having a harmful effect; injurious
circumlocution
1) the use of unnecessarily wordy and indirect language, 2) evasion in speech or writing, 3) a roundabout expression
hiatus
1) a gap or interruption in space, time, or continuity; a break, 2) linguistic: slight pause between two adjacent vowels in consecutive syllables, 3) anatomy: separation, aperture, fissure, or short passage in an organ or body part
cant
*n1* 1) inclination or slope, 2) tilt caused by a motion, 3) an outer corner, as of a building, 4) to tilt, 5) to change the direction of suddenly; *n2* 1) monotonous talk, 2) hypocritically pious language, 3) special vocabulary peculiar to the members of an underworld group; argot, 4) whining speech, 5) to speak tediously or sententiously; moralize, 7) to speak in argot or jargon, 8) to speak in a whining, pleading tone
asperity
1) a roughness or harshness, as of surface, sound, or climate; severity, rigor, 2) harshness of manner; ill tempre or irritability
chicanery
1) deception by trickery or sophistry
epiphany
1) a Christian feast celebrating the manisfestation of the divine nature of Jesus to the Gentiles as represented by the magi (Jan. 6), 2) a revelatory manifestation of a divine being, 3) a sudden manisfestation of the essence or meaning of something; a comprehension or perception of reality by means of a sudden intuitative realization
glossolalia
1) fabricated and nonmeaningful speech, esp. such speech associated with a trance state or certain schizophrenic syndromes, 2) gift of tongues - ability to speak a language unknown to the speaker
fractious
1) inclined to make trouble, unruly, 2) having a peevish nature; cranky
homogeneous
1) of the same or similar nature or kind, 2) uniform in structure or composition throughout, 3) math: consisting of terms of the same degree or elements of the same dimension
cogent
1) appealing to the intellect or powers of reasoning; convincing
addle
1) to muddle; confuse, 2) to become rotten, as an egg
ersatz
1) being an imitation or a substitute, usually an inferior one; artificial
bellicose
1) warlike or hostile in manner or temperament
equivocate
1) to avoid making an explicit statement
facetious
1) joking or jesting, often inappropriately, 2) meant to be humorous or funny; not serious
anachronism
1) one that is out of its proper order, especially a person/practice that belongs to an earlier time
incontrovertible
1) impossible to dispute; unquestionable
bilious
1) of, relating to, or containing bile; biliary, 2) resembling bile, esp. in color, 3) having a peevish disposition; ill-humored
inculcate
1) to impress (something) upon the mind of another by frequent instruction or replication; instill, 2) to teach (others) by frequent instruction or repetition; indoctrinate
belie
1) to give a false representation to; misrepresent, 2) to show to be false; contradict
interloper
1) one that interferes with the affairs of others, often for selfish reasons; a meddler, 2) one that intrudes in a place, situation, or activity
gossamer
1) a soft sheer gauzy fabric, 2) sheer, light, delicate, or tenuous; airy
churlish
1) boorish or bulgar, 2) evasion in speech or writing, 3) difficult to work with; intractable
epigrammatic
1) of or having the nature of an epigram, 2) containing or given to the use of epigrams; *epigram: 1) short, witty pom expressing a single thought or observation, 2) concise, clever, often paradoxical statement*
feckless
1) lacking purpose or vitality; feeble or ineffective, 2) careless or irresponsible
capacious
1) capable of containing a large quantity; spacious or roomy
inveigle
1) to win over by coaxing, flattery, or artful talk, 2) to obtain by cajolery
allegory
1) representation of abstract ideas/principles by characters, figures, or events in narrative, dramatic, or pictorial form, 2) symbolic representation

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