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Global history


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Thomas Hobbes
Believed that people were evil and wicked and it was important to maintain strong, traditional governments
Domestic System
Manufacturing goods at home, rather than in a factory
an economic system based on private rather than government ownership
Lived in the Andes Mountains. They had a centralized government, great engineering, and a road that was more than 12,000 miles long
14th century Roman Catholic Zealot who inflicted self-punishment by whipping and criticizing church
Political system in which autocratic rulers have complete authority over the government and the lives of the people within their nation
The BEST soldiers, members of an elite force of the Ottoman army
Henseatic League
A group of German merchants and traders who in the 1100's began to join together to protect their interests
Columbian exchange
The movement of people, goods, plants, and animals that spread across the atlantic ocean after the voyage of Columbus
Common Law
English legal code based on written decisions of traveling judges in the 12th century
Byzantine Empire taken over by the Ottoman Turks in 1453. The city was renamed Istanbul and the official religion was Islam
First estate
Made up .5 percent of french population
japanese poem of 17 syllables divided into three lines
Late 1200's nomatic group that migrated to the mexico valley
Toussant L'Overture
Self educated ex-slave that led a series of successful attacks in france
Holy image of jesus, the virgin Mary, or a saint of the orthodox christian church
Concered more with worldly matters rather than religious matters
Period of great creativity and change in Europe from the 1300's-1600's; means "rebirth"
Commercial Revolution
change from feudalism and manorial system to unregulated business and trade
Class system in France
"forgiveness" for sins, which was obtained by paying the church
Grassy plains that made up the majority of the African continent
95 thesis
Martin Luthers list of 95 arguements against the indulgences which were posted on the door of a church in Wittenberg, Germany in 1517
A group of people who worked at the same occupation
Large land owner in feudal japan;similar to western Europeans nobles
Protestant Reformation
A time period where Europeans broke away from the catholic church and formed new christian churches
Ruler of the Ottoman Empire from 1520-1566 who modernized the army and added new territories
Put all ideas into a social contract
A group consisting of puritans, country land owners, and town based manufacturers, led by Oliver Cromwell; fought against the Cavaliers during the English civil war
Miguel Hidalgo
A catholic preist who led the first revolve against spanish rule on September 16, 1810
Divine Right
Idea that god has given a ruler the right to rule
A violent attack on a jewish community
Simon Bolivar
"the liberator" educated Creole who led the resistance movements against Spanish in South America
a member of the Emperors family in Japan
American Revolution
Inspired the french revolution
A new language in East Africa mixing Arabic words with Bantu, an African language
Proclamation of ideas not approved by the church
Became leader of france after the dircetory fell
Used his voice to criticize the government
Third estate
Made up 98 percent of french population
Second estate
Made up 1.5 percent of french population
Representative assembly of England
Isaac Newton
A mid-1600's english scientist who described the law of gravity using mathematics
Scientific Revolution
Caused people to change their ideas about the universe
John Locke
Said people had the right to life, liberty, and property
Common custums, language and history
Limited Monarchy
Government in which the legislative body limits the monarchs powers
Fear of Foreignors
Glorious Revolution
Established by British parliament in 1689 of the limited monarchy of William and Mary
Any Christian during the renaissance or later who challengedbeliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic church
Traditional belief system of Japan; love for nature
Prejudice against jews
Focused importance on the individual and use of reason
Magna Carta
A charter signed by the English King John in 1215 that placed limits on the kings power
A division or split among people, usually for political or religioug reasons
Mansa Musa
The kingdom of Mali's king who converted to Muslim and based his system of justice on the Quran
A new way of thinking, focusing on human individuality
An Italian scientist that made several discoveries that went against the church. He made one of the first telescopes and used it to study the planets.
Latin American revolution
Inspired by the enlightenment. Occured in Latin America because most people had little poer or rights
system of ranking social, political and religious officials
Code of Bushido
A code of conduct followed by Japanese samurai fighters
Triangle Trade
Trade that occured between Europe, Africa, and the Americas that often formed vast triangles
Counter Reformation
Catholic response to the protestant reformation
Encomienda System
Spanish plantation system used in the new world
Indentured Servants
People whose new world voyage was paid by others in return for years of hard labor and servitude
English group in the 1600's who sought to purify the church of england by eliminating catholic practices
Petition Of Right
Signed by King Charles I which prohibited the ruler from imposing taxes without parliaments consent
Congress of Vienna
Established a balance of power so that no nation would become militarily stronger than the others; France
Pax Mongolia
A time of peace and prosperity of the Mongol Empire
Middle passage
the voyage from Africa to the Americas
Habeas Corpus Act
passed by parliament in 1679. Gave arrested people the right to appear before a judge within a certain time period
A new style of church architecture first appearing in Europe in the 1100's characterized by pointed arches and flying buttresses
Influenced by the Olmecs;300-900 a.d. Had complex agriculture and large city-states. each had it's own ruler
A "money box" used to collect money for the church
System of knotted strings used by the incas to keep track of government records
Traditional fighters within the Japanese feutal system
Religious community for non-muslims living in the Ottoman Empire
Building up national wealth by exporting more than the nation imported
Edict of Milan
Established by the emperor constantine in 1313 permiting religious freedom for christians
Middle class in france
Spanish military leaders who came to the Americas
The name of the Turkish ruler
First major American civilization. Invented the calender and a system of writing
Scientific Method
A new way to prove the theories of the scientific revolution
Removal of a person or society from interaction with others

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