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Chater 10

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Lucretia Mott & Elizabeth Cady Stanton
When Lucretia Mott & other women tried to be seated at the World's Anti-Slavery Convention in London in 1840, they were relegated to a screened-off section. Lucretia Mott & Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who accompanied her abolitionist husband to the meeting on their honeymoon trip, organized a women's rights convention at Seneca Falls in 1848. The convention passed 12 resolutions, one which called for the women's right to vote.
Horace Mann
He became the first secretary of his state to create a board of education in 1837.
tariff of 1828
Set so high that it deterred foreign exporters from shipping their products to the US, this tariff could raise little revenue and failed to benefit everyone equally.
South Carolina Exposition and Protest
In 1828 Calhoun anonymously wrote this widely circulated book which he spelled out his argument that the tariff of 1828 was unconstitutional and that aggrieved states therefore had the right to nullify the law within their borders.
Angelina and Sarah Grimke
These two women were among the first Women's rights advocates who wrote various powerful speeches.
Joseph Smith
Founder of Mormonism. Brigham Young became the leader after Smith died
William Lloyd Garrison
In 1828 Lundy, Creator of the Genius of Universal Emancipation newspaper in 1821, hired him as his assistant. He later created the Liberator
gag rule
under John Quincy Adams 1836. automatically tabled abolitionist petitions & prevented discussion of them in congress. He secured its repeal in 1845
Charles G. Finney
He became a Presbyterian minister & conducted revivals in towns along the canal like Rome and Utica.
perfectionism
The assertions that people could live without sin
Henry Clay
He wrote American System of protective tariffs and federally supported internal improvements would endear him to the manufacturing regions of the East.
Second Great Awakening
It began in Connecticut during the 1790s. 1st, educated Congregationalists & Presbyterians like Timothy Dwight dominated the revivals. Camp meetings were gigantic revivals in which members of several denominations gathered together in camps for up to a week & heard revivalists proclaim that the 2nd coming of Jesus was near.
Election of 1824
John Quincy Adams won after Henry Clay gave his support to Adams, securing his Presidency. When Adams appointed Clay as his secretary of state, Jackson's supporters raged that a corrupt bargain had cheated Jackson of presidency.
Specie Circular
In 1836 Jackson issued a proclamation which provided that after Aug. 15 only specie was to be accepted in payment for public lands. He hoped that the Specie Circular would reverse the damaging effects of the Deposit Act of 1836.
Election of 1836
the Whigs elected a single candidate, William Henry Harrison & John Tyler as VP. Whigs ran a "hurrah" campaign & used log cabins as headquarter & called their newspaper the Log Cabin.
Election of 1828
The election of 1824 convinced Van Buren of the need for a renewed two-party competition. In the election of 1828, a new party formed & gradually became known as the Democratic Party which made Jackson president & Calhoun VP. Opponents called themselves the National Republicans.
American Anti-Slavery Society
1833, was the scene of several battles between abolitionists such as Lewis & Arthur Tappan and James G. Birney. In 1840 Birney ran for president on the ticket of the newly formed Liberty party.
Compromise tariff of 1833
provided for a gradual lowering of duties and the Force Bill which authorized the president to use arms to collect customs duties in S. Carolina.
Spoils System
the removal of officeholders of the rival party that many of Jackson's predecessors employed. Jackson only removed 1/5 of the federal officeholders and defended the removal on new and democratic grounds.

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