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world history chapter 12

Terms

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general of Emperor Go-Daigo who claimed the shogunate for his own clan
Ashika Takauji
warriors hired by landlords to protect themselves
samurai
Daoist poet and pleasure-seeker, wrote happy and light poetry
Li Bo
a Korean dynasty that began in 1392 and lasted for centuries; development of Korean alphabet occurred
Yi Dynasty
the clan that challenged the Minamoto clan for power in 1156
Taira
country that was the center of the Khmer Empire
Cambodia
area where an Indian cultural impact can still be felt
Malay Peninsula
nickname for Batu's Mongol forces because their tents sparkled in the sun
Golden Horde
what the Mongols renamed the city of Beijing to
Khanbalik
the original name of Genghis Khan
Temujin
local lords who acquired great power, during the Ashikaga shogunate, were the most powerful people in Japan
daimyo
clan that challenged the Taira for power in 1156 and emerged triumphant
Minamoto
the key commerce bases during the Song Dynasty
Hangzhou
established by the Ruzhen in north China; capital at Beijing
Jin Dynasty
the first novel ever written, tells the story of the perfect courtier, Prince Genji
The Tale of Genji
man who was first given the title of shogun
Genghis Khan
king who met with Rabban Bar Sauma in France
King Philip IV
established in 960 by Zhao Kuangyin, faced many invasions from the Mongols, trade increased, civil service improved, first printed book was created, many technological improvements in agriculture
Song Dynasty
reunited China in 589, worked on the Grand Canal but was overambitious in administration, tried to conquer Manchuria and North Korea but were defeated by Turks in 615
Sui Dynasty
a central Asian people who took over north China in 1126 and established the Jin Dynasty
Ruzhen
the dynasty established by Kublai Khan in north China
Yuan Dynasty
serious and solemn poet, devout follower of Confucius, poetry was about suffering
Du Fu
an architectural wonder of the Far east adorned by Hindu epics
Angkor Wat
a Yi emperor who directed the development of the Korean alphabet in the 1400s
Sejong
the first printed book, a Buddhist religious text
Diamond Sutra
modern name for the Japanese capital of Heian
Kyoto
Marco Polo's Chinese counterpart, met with King Philip IV in France
Rabban Bar Sauma
the capital of the Tang dynasty, home to 2 million people
Changan
the kingdom of Korea that emerged as the strongest and unified the country by 670
Silla
defeated the invading Turks and extended China's frontiers west, made contact with other nations, established their capital at Changan, began a golden age, Buddhism reached its peak, ended in 907
Tang Dynasty
the only imperial family to ever rule Japan; emperors claimed descent from the sun goddess
Yamato
the capital of the Mongols during Genghis Khan's rule
Karakorum
Japanese general, this title was first given to Minamoto Yoritomo; controlled finance, law, the courts, and was the chief officer in central government
shogun
woman who wrote the world's first novel in the year 1000
Lady Murasaki Shikibu
the nickname of Kublai Khan
Great Khan
country controlled by China during much of its history; successfully gained independence in 939 but then fell into chaos
Vietnam
new sect of Buddhism that became popular, similar to Daoism in many respects
Zen
another name for seppuku
hara-kiri
centered in modern-day Cambodia, grew to control much of Southeast Asia from 850 to 1250, adopted Theraveda Buddhism
Khmer Empire
the capital of Yoritomo from which he established a military government to rule Japan
Kamakura
Japanese capital built in 794, became the modern city of Kyoto
Heian
a grandson of Genghis Khan, invaded Europe in 1240, forces became known as the Golden Horde
Batu
clan that gained control of the shogunate when Ashika Takauji seized it
Ashikaga
the religion involving the worship of kami, has no set doctrine or scripture
Shinto
method used by the Mongols, involves wearing down an enemy through constant threat or attack
siege warfare
in 1331, attempted to restore the power of the imperial court, destroyed the Kamakura shogunate but never gained real power
Emperor Go-Daigo
group of nomads who threatened Kaifeng, the Song emperors paid a tribute of 200,000 ounces of silver for peace
Qidan
ceremonial suicide, also known as hara-kiri or "belly-slitting"
seppuku
the four main islands of Japan
Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku
Japanese word for great winds or typhoon
kamikaze
"Great Khan", grandson of Genghis, under his rule the Mongols completed their conquest of China, as well as Tibet, started the Yuan Dynasty and defeated the Song, extended the Grand Canal and expanded trade
Kublai Khan
ruled from 690 to 705, zealous supporter of Buddhism, the only woman to hold the Chinese throne in her own right
Empress Wu
Japanese gods and nature spirits that lived in natural objects
kami
an engineering marvel combining existing waterways in east-central China and also by digging new ones; linked northern and southern China for the first time
Grand Canal
clan that ruled as regents in the name of puppet Minamoto shoguns after Yoritomo's death
Hojo
the key commerce bases during the Song Dynasty
Hangzhou and Guangzhou
established Song Dynasty
Zhao Kuangyin
capital of the Song Dynasty, was threatened by the Qidan
Kaifeng
the main religion of China until the 1900s
Neo-Confucianism
country on a mountainous peninsula south of Manchuria and across from Japan
Korea
sent ambassadors to China in the 1200s
King Louis IX
man who was first given the title of shogun
Minamoto Yoritomo
man who was first given the title of shogun
Marco Polo
highly stylized dance dramas first performed in the 1300s; usually religious, romantic, or historical in theme
Noh plays
"the way of the warrior", a code of behavior followed by samurai that stressed bravery, loyalty, and honor
Bushido
the first family to gain control over the emperor and use his power to their advantage; held important government positions and married into the emperor's family, controlled the central government from the 800s to the 1100s
Fujiwara

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