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Ancient Middle East and Egypt

Terms

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Isis
people's goddess
Sabbath
a holy day for rest and worship
ziggurat
a large, stepped, platform thought to have been topped by a temple dedicated to the city's cheif god or goddess
pharaohs
Egyptian kings
Moses
renewed God's covenant with the Israelites
Torah
Jewish sacred text; first 5 books of the Bible
Mespotamia
"between the rivers", area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, which flow from the high-lands of modern-day Turkey through Iraq into the Persian Gulf
bureaucracy
a system of government that includes different job functions and levels of authority
Thutmose III
Hatsheput's step-son who took over from her when he reached adulthood; great general who stretched Egypt's borders
Osiris
people's god
covenant
binding agreement
Hammurabi
king of Babylon who first attempted to codify law
money economy
economy that involves paying for goods or services through the exchange of some token or agreed value, such as a coin or bill
patriarchal
men held the greatest legal and moral authority
cataract
waterfall
dynasty
ruling family
delta
a triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of some rivers
hieroglyphics
a system in which symbols or pictures called hieroglyphs represented objects, concepts, or sounds
colony
territory settled and ruled by people from another land
ethics
moral standards
prophets
spiritual leaders who interpreted God's will
Fertile Crescent
cruves from the Persian Gulf to the eastren coast of the Mediterranean Sea
Hatsheput
first female pharoh; expanded trade
criminal law
laws dealing with offenses against others, such as robbery, assault, or murder
Abraham
father of the Israelite people
David
strong and wise second king of Israel
mummification
perservation of dead bodies by embalming them and wrapping them in cloth
Ramses II
pharoh who boasted of many triumphs on temples and monuments but it remains to be seen if this is actually true
Amon-Re
sun god, great lord of the gods
codify
arrange and set down in writing
civil law
laws dealing with private rights and matters, such as business contracts, propery inheritance, taxes, marriage, and divorce
alphabet
a writing system in which each symbol represents a single basic sound, such as a consonant or vowel invented by the Phoenicians
hierarchy
system of ranking groups
Diaspora
spreading out of the Jewish people
deciphering
figuring out the meaning of
barter economy
economy that involves exchanging one good or service for another
papyrus
a plant that gorws along the banks of the Nile; written on by the Egyptians
monotheistic
believing that there is only one god
cuneiform
wedge-shaped writing
Rosetta Stone
flat, black stone that presents the same passage carved in hieroglyphics, demotic script, and Greek
Sargon
invaded Sumer in 2300 BCE and made the first empire known to history
The Epic of Gilgamesh
Mespotamian narrative poem which was first told orally in Sumer; tells of a great flood that destroys the world
Nebuchadnezzar
second king of Babylon
Sumer
southeastren Mespotamia
Solomon
David's son; third king of Israel
Zoroaster
believed in good god vs. evil god battle
Akhenaton
pharoh who ordered priests to only worship Aton and to remove the names of other gods from their temples
vizier
chief minister

Deck Info

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