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social studies 2.0

Terms

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Abraham
Earliest ancestor of the Israelites, according to the bible.
Empire
A conquered land of many people and places governed by one ruler
Caravan
A group of traders
Moses
Prophet and lawgiver who, according to the bible, led the Israelites out of Egyptian capivity and receivedmthe ten comandments
Archaeology
A scientist who examines bones, tools, structures, and other objects to learn about past peoples and cultures
Barter system
The exchange of one good or service for another
Mesopotamia
An ancient land in southwestern Asia; located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Monotheism
Belief in one God
Babylonia
An ancient kingdom in the lower Tigris-Euphrates river vally in southwestern Asia
Polytheism
Belief in many Gods
Social Class
A group that has a particular amount of importance in a society
Dispora
x
Monarchy
The system of government in which a king or queen rules
Fertile Crescent
A region in the southwest Asia; site of the world's first civilizations
Hammurabi
King of the city state of Babylon
New Babylonian Empire
x
Nebuchadnezzar II
x
scribe
A person who writes
Dikes
A protective wall that controls or holds back water
nomad
A person with no settled home
Civilization
A centralized Siciety with developed forms or religion, ways og governing, and learning
Argicultural Revolution
x
Canal
x
Assyria
An ancient empire in southwestern Asia
Phoenicia
An ancient land; located in present day Syria an Lebanon
Surplus
An extra supply
Irrigation
supplying land with water through a network of canals
Ziggurat
A huge mud-brick temple built by the ancient Sumerians
Alphabet
a set of symbols that represent the sound of a language
Covenant
An agreement
Agriculture
The raising of a domesticated plants and animals; farming
Sargon
Warrior who founded the Akkadian Empireand so became the first ruler of an empire in the Fertile Crescent
Bazaar
x
Sumer
An ancient region in southern Mesoptamia; located on the Persan Gulf, in what is today southeastern Iraq
Famine
x
Tigris
A river in southwestern Asia; begins in eastern Turkey and joins the Euphrates River
Jerusalem
The capital of Isreal; a holy city for Jews, Christians and Muslims
Fertile
x
Exile
To force someone to live in another country.
Euphrates
A river that begins in Turkey, Flows through Syria and Iraq, and empties into the Persain Gulf
Phoenicians
x
Labor
x
Canaan
An ancient region in southwestern Asia that is located between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea
prophet
A person who others beleive speaks or writes a divine message
Israel
An ancient kingdom and present-day country; a holy land for Jews, Christians and Muslims located on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea
City-State
A city and its surrounding farmlands, with its own leaders and government
Deborah
Judge and prophet of the Old Testament; started a war against the Cananites
Judah
the name of the southern half of the kingdom of the Israelites (northern half gained the name Israel); Jerusalem was it's capital
Domesticate
To tame plants and animals for people's use
Cuneiform
a form of writing that uses groups of wedges and lines; used to write in several languages of the Fertile Crescent.

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