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S.S. Finals


undefined, object
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Pope Urban II
(r. 1088-1099) Called for the First Crusade at Clermont
heliocentric theory
Every thing revolves around the sun studied by Galelo and Copernicus
one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers
the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet
the battle in 202 BC in which Scipio decisively defeated Hannibal at the end of the second Punic War
a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms
William Shakespeare
English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616)
a political system governed by a few people
Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama (circa 237-183 BC)
The revival of letters, and then of art, which marks the transition from medieval to modern time.
long poems based on historical or religious themes
Lorenzo de Medici
Italian statesman and scholar who supported many artists and humanists including Michelangelo and Leonardo and Botticelli (1449-1492)
supporter of the Renaissance
a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
a Greek historian whose writings, chiefly concerning the Persian Wars, are the earliest known examples of narrative history.
Johann Gutenburg
First printing press, from Germany
the Protestant churches and denominations collectively
body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water
absolute monarchy
a monarchy in which the ruler's power is unlimited (32)
the act of forming an alliance or confederation
the removal of trees
Florentine sculptor and painter and architect
Adolf Hitler
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
geocentric theory
Every thing revolves around the earth studied by the church
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337), an emperor of the Roman Empire & the founder of Constantinople
all the plant life in a particular region
transactions (sales and purchases) having the objective of supplying commodities (goods and services)
divine right
belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
Athenian statesman whose leadership contributed to Athen's political and cultural supremacy in Greece
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
middle class
the social class between the lower and upper classes
system in which poor people are legally bound to work for wealthy landowners
Leanardo da Vinci
One of the most famour artists in the Renaissance era. writer, scientist, and inventor (famous paintings: last supper and mona lisa)
Franz Ferdinand
archduke of Austria and heir apparent to Francis Joseph I
ancient Athenian philosopher
a speaker who dictates to a secretary or a recording machine
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citezen
the statment for religion choice and freedom
Greek tragedian
King John
King of England who raised taxes and punished his enemies without a trial. He is best known for being forced to sign the Magna Carta.
fabric, cloth, clothing
a natural depression in the surface of the land often with a lake at the bottom of it
Martin Luther
German theologian who led the Reformation
Queen Elizabeth I
1st queen of England form A.D.1588-1603 lived-A.D.1533-1603
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
Alexander the Great
successor of Philip of Macedon; 1st global empire, but no lasting bureaucracy; spread of Hellenism is greatest achievement
a document incorporating an institution and specifying its rights
a male monarch or emperor (especially of Russia prior to 1917)
the principle of complete and unrestricted power in government
fight a quick and surprising war
a long depression in the surface of the land that usually contains a river
the mansion of the lord of the manor
a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland
a piece of land held under the feudal system
Punic Wars
Roman victory over Carthage
trench warfare
war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas
a member of the aristocracy
Napoleon Bonaparte
French general who became emperor of the French (1769-1821)
the act of making or becoming a single unit
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the US during Great Depression and World War II
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
a building where things are made using machines; the car your parents drive was made in one of these.
Twelve Tables
the laws of plebians
Magna Carta
This document, signed by King John of Endland in 1215, is the cornerstone of English justice and law. It declared that the king and government were bound by the same laws as other citizens of England. It contained the antecedents of the ideas of due process and the right to a fair and speedy trial that are included in the protection offered by the U.S. Bill of Rights
ancient Athenian philosopher
a branch that flows into the main stream
Olympic Games
the ancient Panhellenic celebration at Olympia in honor of Zeus
working class
a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages
played role of papal protector (POPE) and expanded territory. He desired to be a universal emperor and used the church to promote social stability and order. Education became a priority of the Christian ruler. Christmas Day, 800 Pope III crowned Charlemagne Emperor and Charlemagne had restored pope to power.
assembly possessing high legislative powers
any of the more or less continuous military expeditions in the 11-13th centuries when Christian powers of Europe tried to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims
constitutional monarchy
constitution that explains the powers of the government and owes allegiance to a monarch
Vladimir Lenin
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
Greek city-state
a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
A French political leader of the eighteenth century. A Jacobin, he was one of the most radical leaders of the French Revolution. He was in charge of the government during the Reign of Terror, when thousands of persons were executed without trial. After a public reaction against his extreme policies, he was executed without trial.
a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Great Britain)
Julius Caesar
A successful Roman general and famous speaker, was governer of Gaul, used army to epland control of Roman Republic, eventually becoming a dictator
Allied Powers
the US and its allies, which opposed Germany, Japan, and Italy during WW1
a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas
Reign of Terror
the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
a political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society
a place of assembly for the people in ancient Greece
a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water
The majority of Romans and they had no say in government.
a large natural stream of water (larger than a creek)
Pax Romana
the Roman peace
Winston Churchill
British statesman and leader during World War II
Ural Mountains
a mountain range in western Russia extending from the arctic to the Caspian Sea
a zone or area resembling an island
Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center (1473-1543)
1st humanist writer. Father of Italian writing, wrote poetry.
This emperor divided up the empire into east/west and made two rulers for each section with direct sub-rulers for each
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
a person holding a fief
Karl Marx
founder of modern communism
An upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another.
(Middle Ages) a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord
a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded by land
a diplomat appointed by a government to protect its commercial interests and help its citizens in a foreign country
extensive tract of level open land
a formal association of people with similar interests
a room in which manuscripts are stored, written, or copied
Nicholas II
the last czar of Russia who was forced to abdicate in 1917 by the Russian Revolution
Joeseph Stalin
Ruled as dictator, one of the world's worst leaders ever; tool over Russia when Lenin died; is infamous for creating the seris of 5 year plans that supposed to show how much industry the U.S.S.R. would have
child labor
using children to work in factories and businesses
Three large social classes
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
laborers of the Middle Ages
concentration camp
a penal camp where political prisoners or prisoners of war are confined (usually under harsh conditions)
an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority
the apse of a Christian church that contains the bishop's throne
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Middle Ages
The years between ancient and modern times.
master of the manor
instrument of execution that consists of a weighted blade between two vertical poles that KILLS you!!!!!!!!
rescuing from error and returning to a rightful course
Central Powers
in World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies
persons with authority to preform religious services
a bib change

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