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Cine-Final Deck

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The 5 Characteristics of Light
1. Quality
2. Brightness
3. Color
4. Spread
5. Direction



Characteristic of Light: Quality
Hard or soft shadow edge. Adjust with: Light selection, Bounce, Diffusion
Characteristic of Light: Brightness
Amount of footcandles in a given area. Adjust with: Dimming, Scrims, Reposition light.

*All characteristics affect brightness

Characteristic of Light: Color
Green content/magenta, color temperature (kelvins), party gels.
Characteristic of Light: Spread
Diameter of the beam. Adjust with: Spotting and Flooding.
Characteristic of Light: Direction
How you position the light relative to the camera and relative to the actors.
F-Stop Scale
1, 1.4, 2, 2.8, 4.0, 5.6, 8, 11, 16. . .
Primes Vs. Zooms
Primes: fixed focal lenses.

Zooms: can change its focal length, breathe, more glass which decreases sharpness, requires more light to function.

Depth of Field
-The Wider the lense is open, the shorter the DOF
-The Longer the lense, the shorter the DOF
An ND9 will lower the light by
3 stops (9 clicks)
An ND6 will lower the light by
2 stops (6 clicks)
An ND3 will lower the light by
1 stop (3 clicks)
Polarizers
-Effectively remove the humidity from the air
-Realines the light rays
-Sharpens the image
(2 stops (6clicks) down)


85 Filter
Shooting Tungsten film outside:
-It changes Tungsten film into Daylight film
-It changes your ASA down by 2/3 (2 clicks)

100 speed film with 100FC is a
2.8 F-Stop
How many stops above wide open is the "Sweet Spot" for all lenses?
2 Stops
How many stops does a double scrim knocks down the light by?
1 Stop; it halves the amount of footcandles
Losing information.
*3.5-4 stops above perfect exposure, you start flatlining to white.
*3.5-4 stops below perfect exposure, you start flatlining to black.
18% grey card (middle grey)
Reflects and absorbs light evenly; 18% is the average reflectance of all things that can reflect light on earth; this is a way of communicating with the processing lab.
Contrast range
The amount of light from the darkest dark to the brightest bright
Contrat Ratio
The amount of contrast in light on your subjects face (Key+Fill/Fill)
_____ inside and ____ outside are the recommended F-Stops
2.8 Inside
5.6 Outside
Name four components to a HMI Par light that should always be together.
1. Ballest
2. Header Cable
3. Head (Light)
4. Lense Box


Name the three parts of a functioning C-Stand.
1. Stand
2. Gobo Head
3. Gobo Arm

To ensure maximum output of the light, describe the proper process when you setup a key light for the DP.
After the light has been erected on the stand and has been sandbagged, you spot the light all the way in, direct on the subject you are lighting, and then flood all the way out.
Red signifies what type of wire scrim found on every Fresnel light?
Double (1 Stop) & Half Double (1 Stop)
Green signifies what type of wire scrim found on every Fresnel light?
Single (.5 Stop) & Half Single (.5 Stop)
What is the correct phrase used when turning on a Tungsten Light?
"Light Coming On"
What is the correct phrase used when turning on an HMI Light?
"Striking"
Gels: Color Temperature
CTS, CTO, CTB
*Used to change the temp. of the light
Gels: Green Content
+ Green
- Green
*Used w/ fluorescent lights

Gels: Party Gels
1000s of colors
*Used for specific colors requested for film.
When laying dolly track you should first determine what before proceeding?
The beginning frame and the end frame.
What is the proper utterance to be used while carrying dolly track on your shoulders?
Hot Tips!
When setting up a Cstand, what are three of the four things that you always want to ensure for safety?
1. Have the big leg under the flag.
2. Have a sand bag on the big leg.
3. Keep gobo arm w/in foot print of Cstand.

MOS on slate
No sound/playback on take
Kicker
Similar to Backlight; usually a little lower than a backlight or from the side.
Eyelight
Used for a sparkle in the eyes; only used if the key light is not hitting their eyes, you can use an inkie close up or a big light really far off; usually only used in close-ups.
Set light
An architectural light that defines where the actors are (sconces, window blinds on the wall)
Fill
Soft, shadowless, ambient light used to adjust contrast, usually comes from near the camera (less contrast, increase fill light; or more contrast, decrease fill light)
Color Temperature Range
3200 Degrees Kelvin=Tungsten
5600 Degrees Kelvin=Daylight
How many stops faster is 400 speed film than 100?
2 Stops
It takes half as many FC to have perfect exposure for ASA at 200 than 100 for a perfect exposure at 2.8. How many FC would a 100 need for perfect exposure at 2.8? How about 200, 400, 800?
For perfect exposure at 2.8 with a film speed of:
100ASA=100FC
200ASA=50FC
400ASA=25FC
800ASA=12FC



If you have 80FC and what scrim would you use to drop your light by half? (40FC) How many stops is that?
Double Scrim & 1-Stop
If the key light is left of the camera where should the fill be placed?
Over the camera
Inkie, MiniMole, Midget
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Fresnel
Color Balance: Tungsten
Wattage: 200w

Tweenie
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Fresnel
Color Balance: Tungsten
Wattage: 650w

Baby Cool
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Fresnel
Color Balance: Tungsten
Wattage: 1000w

Baby Baby (smaller lens)
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Fresnel
Color Balance: Tungsten
Wattage: 1000w

Junior Cool
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Fresnel
Color Balance: Tungsten
Wattage: 2000w

Studio Junior (bigger lens)
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Fresnel
Color Balance: Tungsten
Wattage: 2000w

Blonde
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Open Face
Color Balance: Tungsten
Wattage: 2000w

2K Softlight (2 bulbs)
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Open Face
Color Balance: Tungsten
Wattage: 1000/2000w

1K Softlight
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Open Face
Color Balance: Tungsten
Wattage: 1000w

575w
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Fresnel
Color Balance: HMI
Wattage: 575w

2.5k Fresnel
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Fresnel
Color Balance: HMI
Wattage: 2500w

4k Fresnel
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Fresnel
Color Balance: HMI
Wattage: 4000w

5k
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Fresnel
Color Balance: Tungsten
Wattage: 5000w

10k
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Fresnel
Color Balance: Tungsten
Wattage: 10000w

3 strip Cyc (3 bulbs)
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Open Face
Color Balance: Tungsten
Wattage: 1000w each

12 strip Cyc (12 bulbs)
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Open Face
Color Balance: Tungsten
Wattage: 1000w each

Sun Gun

Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
Wattage



Type: PAR
Color Balance: HMI
Wattage: 300w

2ft 2 Bank Kino
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR, Flourescent)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Flourescent
Color Balance: Both
Wattage: n/a

2ft 4 Bank Kino
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR, Flourescent)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Flourescent
Color Balance: Both
Wattage: n/a

4ft 2 Bank Kino
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR, Flourescent)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Flourescent
Color Balance: Both
Wattage: n/a

4ft 4 Bank Kino
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR, Flourescent)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage


Type: Flourescent
Color Balance: Both
Wattage: n/a

Paper Amps Equation
1000w=10amps
2000W=____ paper amps.
20 amps
3000W=____ paper amps
30 amps
HMI: Two Types
Fresnel and Par
*Cannot have Open Face for protection
HMI: How many minutes does an HMI light need to cool off before it will turn back on?
10-15 Minutes
HMI: Parts of the lights?
-Head
-Bail
-Barn doors
-Stress relievers (to hang chords)
-Scrim bag, 4 scrims in each (single, double, half single, half double)*

*In a professional setting you would have an extra double.





What sizes do Color Temperature Gels come in?
Full, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 3/4
Flooding the light is...
Moving the bulb away from the lens making the spread wider.
Spotting the light is...
Moving the bulb towards the lens making the spread narrower.
TUNGSTEN: Three Types
-Fresnel
-Open Face
-PAR

Fresnel Light
-Is focusable
-Has a flood and a spot
-Has a fixed Fresnel lense
-Does NOT have a lense box


Open Face Light
Is lenseless
PAR Light
(Parabolic, Aluminized, Reflector)
-Uses a parabola shape to focus light
-Doe NOT have a fixed lense
-Can use different lenses
-Has a lense box
-If you do not use a lens on a PAR, it will burn holes in things




Diffusion
-Full Grid (Heaviest)
-Light Grid (Medium)
-Hampshire Frost (Lightest)

Minus Green
(Looks Magneta) comes in:
-Full
-Half
-1/4

*Add to fluorescents








Add Green
(Looks Green) comes in:
-Full
-Half
-1/4

*Add to tungstens and white balance in the green. Everything will then look normal.




On gels what do the following letters represent? (h, q, f)
H=Half
Q=Quater
F=Full

SHOT SIZES: Above Chin
ECU (Extreme Close-Up)
SHOT SIZES: Just Under Chin
HCU (Head Close-Up)
SHOT SIZES: Head & Neck
BCU (Big Close-Up)
SHOT SIZES: At Shoulders
CU (Close-Up)
SHOT SIZES: At Chest
CS (Close-Shot)
SHOT SIZES: At Waist
MCS (Medium Close Shot)
SHOT SIZES: At Hips
MS (Medium Shot)
SHOT SIZES: At Knees
MFS (Medium Full Shot)
SHOT SIZES: Full Figure *Including Feet*
FS (Full Shot)
SHOT SIZES: Small Area in Foreground
MLS (Medium Long Shot)
SHOT SIZES: Larger Area in Foreground
LS (Long Shot)
SHOT SIZES: Character or Object in Distant Background
EXLS (Extreme Long Shot)
PHONETIC ALPHABET: A
Alpha
PHONETIC ALPHABET: B
Bravo
PHONETIC ALPHABET: C
Charlie
PHONETIC ALPHABET: D
Delta
PHONETIC ALPHABET: E
Echo
PHONETIC ALPHABET: F
Foxtrot
PHONETIC ALPHABET: G
Golf
PHONETIC ALPHABET: H
Hotel
PHONETIC ALPHABET: J
Juliet
PHONETIC ALPHABET: K
Kilo
PHONETIC ALPHABET: L
Lima
PHONETIC ALPHABET: M
Mike
PHONETIC ALPHABET: N
November
PHONETIC ALPHABET: P
Papa
PHONETIC ALPHABET: Q
Quebec
PHONETIC ALPHABET: R
Romio
PHONETIC ALPHABET: S
Siera
PHONETIC ALPHABET: T
Tango
PHONETIC ALPHABET: U
Uniform
PHONETIC ALPHABET: V
Victor
PHONETIC ALPHABET: W
Whisky
PHONETIC ALPHABET: X
X-Ray
PHONETIC ALPHABET: Y
Yankee
PHONETIC ALPHABET: Z
Zulu
Pre-Picture Protocol
1st AD-Picture is up
1st AD-Camera Ready?
DP-Yes
1st AD-Sound Ready?
Mixer-Yes
1st AD-Roll Sound
Mixer-Speed
2nd AC-Scene 1 Take 1
1st AD-Roll Camera
DP-Speed
2nd AC-Mark (Claps Slate)
Director-Action














If the Incident Meter reads 1.8 it is...
A hair under 2.0
As a technician on a film shoot, your number one concern is________and your number two concern is _________.
#1=Safety
#2=Efficiency
What are the four types of Apple Boxes?
1. Full Apple Box
2. Half Apple Box
3. Quarter Apple Box
4. Pancake Apple Box


The individual who assists the producer with numerous post production activities such as lab work, dubbing and special effects is called...
the associate producer
Who is responsible for deciding who gets the right to audition for the producer and director of the film.
Casting directors
Name the person who is responsible for the entire creative end of the film. This is the person who is ultimately responsible for the success or failure of the film.
The Director
Name the person whose job it is to turn the directors dreams into reality. They are frequently responsible for breaking down the shooting script for a shooting schedule.
First Assistant Director
Name the person who is frequently in charge of shooting "we the people scenes". They are often assigned to film battle sequences and stunt sequences where extras or stunt people are used instead of those scenes where the primary actors are involved.
Second Assistant Director=2nd AD
Who is the person in charge of continuity?
The Script Supervisor
Name the person who is responsible for actually aiming the camera while making sure that everything and everyone remains within the frame and in focus.
Camera Operator
This person is sometimes called the director of photography. They are responsible for doing everthing from measuring the light to lining up a shot and determining the best camera angles.
Cinematographer
Name the term which refers to the act of moving the camera to the right or the left.
Pan
Name the term which refers to the act of moving the lens in closer or further away from the subject.
Zoom
Name the person who is the head electrician. Hint this person is in charge of all of the lighting personnel.
Gaffer
Name the person in charge of obtaining and preparing any object that an actor comes in physical contact with during a film.
The Props Master
Name the term which refers to the act of moving the camera up and down.
Tilt
Special effects tend to fall into four broad categories.
-Optical
-Physical
-Animated
-Computerized


Name the individual responsible for recording the dialogue and the ambient noise of a scene.
The Sound Mixer
The person responsible for the appearance of the actors wardrobes.
Costume Designer
Name the person who is responsible for everthing from purchasing or renting costumes for the actors to making certain that these garments have been altered.
Costumer
Name the title given to individuals who work for little or no money in the hopes of working their way up the ladder. These individuals agree to take on these entry level positions even though it meens that they will be assigned all sorts of menial tasks.
Production Assistant
Name the person who selects all of the decorations that will be used in a scene. This includes everything from furniture to carpeting to the drapes on the windows.
Set Decorator
1.2k Par
-Type: (Open-Face, Fresnel, PAR)
-Color Balance: (Tungsten/Daylight)
-Wattage




Type: PAR
Color Balance: HMI
Wattage: 1200w

100 Speed film at _____FC has perfect exposure at a 2.8 F-Stop.

100FC

Deck Info

144

Dillonnovak

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