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American History Ch. 14,15,16

Chapters 14,15,and 16 in American History. If you want to you can help edit it. The password to do so is mattmj.


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Push-Pull Factors
__________ are events & conditions that either force people to move elsewhere or strongly attract them to do so.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
___________________ was a supreme court case that set up the separate but equal doctrine. It was a big set back for Civil Rights.
The __________ was an urban neighborhood where ethnic or racial groups dominated. They were usually poor.
_______ was a ban on the manufacturing & sale of alcoholic beverages.
Fort Laramie Treaty
________ was the treaty Red Cloud signed.
The __________ League was one of the three major groups of the Temperance Movement.
__________ are Black slaves who moved westward after the civil war.
Long Drive
___________ is the herding of thousands of cattle to railway centers scattered across the Great Plains.
Gall Sitting Bull
The Non-treaty Souix leaders were Crazy Horse, _____, and ________ _____.
Money Supply
The Populist party's platform consisted of an increased ___________.
Mann vs. Illinois
_______________ was a supreme court case which eventually set up the Interstate Commerce Commission in which the federal government would regulate commerce. It still favored big businesses.
Rural Free Delivery
__________ delivered goods to rural people without goods.
Charles Guiteau
President Garfield was assassinated by _____________ because he did not give him a job under the old spoils system.
The Populist party's platform consisted of an unlimited mining of ________
Morrill Land Grant Act
The _____________ gave land to colleges who specialized in agriculture & mechanical arts. M.S.U. is a good example
Graft Tweed
____________ was the use of dishonest or illegal means to gain money or property, often by someone in a position of power or elected office. Boss ________ & his Tammany Hall Org. was the most powerful political machine. It was in New York.
A _____________ is Federal Land set aside for Native Americans.
A _________ is immoral or corrupt behavior.
Cross of Gold
William Jennings Bryan speech on the need for free silver became known as the ____________Speech.
Pendleton Civil Service
The ____________ Act was passed by President Chester Arthur after President Garfield set up the Civil Service Commission which tested applications for jobs. It also said you could not fire anyone for political reasons.
Social Gospel Movement
The ___________ sought to apply the gospel of Jesus directly to society. These preached the ideals of charity & justice.
___________ is murder of an accused person by a mob without a lawful trial.
___________'s purpose was to abolish segregation & discrimination, to oppose racism & to gain civil rights for African Americans.
A ___________ is a person who travels from place-to-place following a food source.
Boomers Oklahoma
________ are whites who stalked claims on 2 million acres of Indian reservation land on April 22, 1889 in the State of _____________.
In 1870 only __% of 17 year olds graduated from high school.
_________, Texas was a famous cowtown.
__________ was separation of people by race.
Niagara Movement
The __________________ was a group of Black's that called for full civil liberties, an end to racial discrimination, & the recognition of human brotherhood.
________ is a exaggerated or oversimplified description of reality.
Settlement Houses
_______________ were a kind of community center that offered social services to the poor.
The Pacific Railway Act is when the government gives large land grants to the ______ Pacific & Central Pacific Railroads. 175 million acres of public land was given away.
A ________ is a partial refund to favored customers.
__________ was a time of isolation to prevent the spread of disease. All immigrants were subject to physical examinations.
Yellow Journalism
_______________ was sensation news coverage which dug up lurid details to sell more newspapers. Sometimes they were facts & sometimes they were false.
Fredrick Remington
_______________ was a famous western painter known for painting cowboy life.
Gentlemen's Agreement
The ______________ was an agreement between President Roosevelt & the Japanese government to open up schools to Japanese immigrants.
Money Supply
_____________ is the amount of money in the national economy. Inflation develops when there is too much money in circulation.
Sherman Silver Purchase
The _________________ Act made the Treasury buy more silver but President Cleveland got rid of the bill.
Mail-Order Catalog
______________s were printed materials advertising a wide range of goods that could be purchased by mail. Montgomery Ward, Sears, & Roebeck were the biggest.
_____ was a house made of walls & roof which were sod strips.
An urban third party became known as the ____________ Party.
George Catlin
_______________ is a famous artist of Native American culture.
Bimetallic Standard
_____________ is when currency is based on gold & silver.
Temperance Movement
The ________________ was an organized campaign to eliminate alcohol consumption.
The _________ (or Patrons of Husbandry) was set up by Oliver Kelly. They set up a co-op farmers where farmers could buy material at lower prices.
The Bland-Allison Act was to increase the use of silver. President _________ vetoed the bill. Congress overrode the veto but silver stillwas not placed in circulation.
Oliver Kelly
The Grange was set up by ____________.
President ____________ was assassinated by an anarchist named Leon Czolgosz.
___________ was favoring native born Americans over immigrants.
Political Machine
A ____________ was an unofficial city organization designed to keep a group in power & usually headed by a powerful person called a boss. He remained in power by doing political favors.
70 Ellis Island
__% of the immigrants lived in NYC. They landed on _________.
A ________ was a residential community that surrounded the city. People moved here to get away from the inner cities.
The __________ Party was one of the three major groups of the Temperance Movement.
Women's Christian Temperance
The ________________________ Society was one of the three major groups of the Temperance Movement.
_______ was an inexpensive variety show of comedy, song, dance, magic acts, ventriloquists, etc.
Restrictive Covenant
The ______________ was an agreement among homeowners not to sell real estate to certain groups of people. This was very discriminatory.
Free Silver
__________ is the unlimited coining of silver dollars to increase money supply.
Great Plains
________ are vast grasslands between the Mississippi River & the Rocky Mountains
Christian Temperance Union
Francis Willard set up the _________________.
________ are whites who sneaked past government officials early to make their claims.
____________ Mining was a type of mining in which miners would shovel loose dirt in boxes & the ran water over it. The gold & silver would fall to the bottom.
The ________ was a violent massacre of Jews in Russia.
Poll Tax
A ____________ was a special fee that must be paid before a person could vote. in some states you even had to own property.
An _________ is not a citizen.
Civil Service
A person must take a ___________ test to get certain government jobs.
___ Farming was when farmers would plant crops that did not need much water such as sorghum. They dug deep furrows to get water.
___________- is the ability to read and write.
Buffalo Chase Single Death
_____________ & ___________ were two of George Catlin's most famous paintings
Dumbbell Apartments
_________ were dumbbell shaped apartments for ventilation purposes.
Vassar College
_____________ was the first college for women in the U.S.
_________ Farms were farms controlled by large businesses, managed by professionals who raised large quantities of a single cash crop.
Blue Laws
____________ were regulations that prohibited certain private activities that some people considered immoral.
__ million buffalo disappeared off the Great Plains in just 50 years.
The __________ is an open area below the ship's deck: they were cheap seats because of poor conditions.
__________________s are people who give donations to worthy causes.
McClare's, Munsey's, & ___________ were the first magazines.
Homestead Act
The ____________- was signed by Lincoln in 1862. 160 acres of land was given away. The settlers had to be 21, a citizen or applying for citizenship. They had to build a house on the land & live in it 6 months to a year. After 5 years the land would become the settlers.
___________ was the study of how people react with one another in society.
__________ is a drop in prices on goods because of the money supply.
Laissez Faire
_______________ was a hands off economic matters by the government
_________, Kansas was a famous cowtown.
Booker T. Washington set up the ___________ Institute for Blacks. He wrote an autobiography called "Up From Slavery."
Gilded Age Mark Twain
_________________ was a term coined by the author ______ _______ to describe the post-Reconstruction Era. He said a thin but glittering layer of prosperity covered the poverty and corruption of the time. It was Industrialist vs. farmer, immigrant, & laborers.
Grandfather Clause
_____________ were laws that exempted men from certain voting restrictions if they had already voted or an ancestor voted.
The _______ Act was the dividing of reservation land into parts. Family heads each recieved 160 acres and U. S. citizenship. 2/3 of Indian's land ended up back in whiteman's hands.
Monetary Policy
_____________ is the federal governments plan for the nations money supply.
Communication Transportation
The Populist party's platform consisted of an Government ownership of ___________ & _________ systems.
Chinese Exclusion
The ________________ Act prevented Chinese laborers from entering the country. This was racial & was not repealed until 1943.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
The NAACP stood for ____________________________________.
The Golden Door
NYC was called "_________________" for immigrants.
_________ City was a famous cowtown.
_________ was a payment made by the government to encourage the development of certain key industries such as Railroads.
Francis Willard
_____________ set up the Christian Temperance Union.
Jim Crow
___________ were laws that discriminated against blacks. This was a way for people to get around the Civil Rights laws.
Income Tax
The Populist party's platform consisted of an progressive _________
_____________ were those who settled under the Homestead Act
Turner's Thesis
_________________ was a theory by Frederick Jackson Turner which said the frontier had a lot to do with the framing of American character.
Spoils System
The __________ was when elected officials appointed friends and supporters to government jobs regardless of their qualifications.
A ______________ was an apartment building, often overcrowded and poorly kept, usually in a slum. This was a very dangerous situation.
Interstate Commerce
The _____________ Act regulated prices Railroads could charge to move freight. It made it illegal to give rich farmers better rates than the average person.
Ghost Dance Wounded Knee
A _________ is a ritual in which people joined hands & whirled around in a circle. The Indians called on the spirits of their dead & had an uprising. During this ceremony the 7th Calvary killed Sitting Bull & 200 other Indians. This became known as the massacre at _________ ________.
________ is the process by which ones society becomes a part of another more dominate society by adopting its culture
Ragtime New Orleans
__________ was infectious music featured melodies with shifting accents over a steady marching band beat. Jazz grew out of this in ____________.
The Populist Party was a political party which was rural. It was also called the _________ Party.

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