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The Andean Countries: The World and Its People Chapter 9 Section 2

Terms

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Quito
the capital of Ecuador
copper
Peru's biggest export
empire
The ________ of the Inca, or group of lands under one ruler, stretched more than 2, 500 miles.
Equator
Ecuador is the Spanish word for this.
foothills
the low hills at the base of a mountain range
Guayaquil
This port city is Ecuador's most populated city.
petroleum
Ecuador's major mineral export
Quechua
You can hear this ancient language of the Inca in many Native American villages.
agriculture
Ecuador's most important economic activity.
potatoes
Native Americans in the Andes were the first people to ever grow this crop.
Peru Current
This current in the Pacific Ocean keeps temperatures in Peru fairly mild even though the area is very near the Equator.
Spain
This country invaded Peru in the 1500's, desiring the gold and silver found there.
Inca
During the 1400's, these Native American people had a powerful civilization in the area is now Peru.
Lima
the capital of Peru
navigable
means that a body of water is wide and deep enough to allow ships to travel in it.
Lake Titicaca
the highest navigable lake in the world
Native American
About half of Peru's people are this type of people.
Galapagos Islands
West of Ecuador are these islands owned by Ecuador. The islands are known for their rich plant and animal life.

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