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Global- - final 2

Terms

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forage
food for grazing animals
secondary acticities
an economic acticity in which people use raw materials to produce or manufacture new products or greater value
apartheid
formerly in rep. of South Africa, policy of strict racial segragation
peidmont
a region of rolling foothills in the Southern grassland countries
mantle
a thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earth's crus that surrounds the earth's core
militia
a citizen army
drainage basin
the entire area of land that is drained by a major river and its tributaries (US&canada border)
favela
a slum community in a Brazilian city
escarpment
a steep cliff that seperates two level areas of differing elevations
dialect
a variation of a spoken language that is unique to a region or community
poaching
illegal hunting. endangers wildlife
mandate
a comission from the League of Nations authorizing a nation to govern a territory; land being governed by an outside power ex: Syria
moraine
a ridgelike mass of rock, gravel, sand, and clay carried aand deposited by a glacier
savanna
a tropical grassland with scattered trees, located in warm lands near the equator
rain shadow
an area of reduces rainfall on the leeward side of high mountains
weather
condition of the bottom of earth's atmosphere in one place in a short period of time
leaching
dissolving and washing away of nutrients in the soil
lithosphere
surface featres of the earth, including soi, rocks, and landforms
fundamentalism
a set of religious beleifs based on a strict interpretation of a sacred text
agricultural revolution
change from nomadic hunting and gathering to farming that took place about 8000 BC ex: fertile cresent, Asia
paramos
a plateau in Andes of Ecuador
releif
differences in elevation of the landforms in a particular area
coral (island)
an island formed by the skeletal remains of tiny sea animals and the sand and seiment piling on top of them
ejido
farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community ex: Mexico
cultural divergence
restriction of a culture from outside influences
tertiary activitiess
people don't directly gather or process raw materials but pursue activites that serve others; service industry ex: police
sinkhole
a hole formed when limestone is dissolvedm causing the land above to collapse. (yucatan peninsula)
bazaar
an open-air market; a street lined with shops and stalls ex:Egypt
infrastructure
the basic support facilities of a community or country, such as roads and bridges, power plants, and schools
yurt
a round tent made of a wooden framework and covered with felt or skins
llanos
a grassy plain in Venezuela
subsistence farming
farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or village. Mostly in delveloping countries
caravan
a large group of merchants who join together to travel in safety in North Africa
tributary
a river or stream that flows into a large river
ecotourism
tourism that encourages environmental awareness and little effect on the ecosystem
souk
a market in an Arab community
landlocked
almost or entirely surrounded by land; cut off from the sea
sediment
particles of soil, sand, and gravel carried and deposited by wind and water
nomadic herding
practice of moving plocks to different pastures throughout the year
guerilla
a member of an armed force that is not part of a regular army; relating to a form of warfare carried on by such an independent armed force
herbivore
a plant-eating animal
migrant worker
a worker who travels from place to place, working where extra help is needed to cultivate or harvest crops
genocide
the systematic killing or intentional destruction of a people
democracy
a system of government in which the people are invested with the power to choose their leaders and determine government policy
enclave
a country completly surrounded by another country ex: Lesotho
segragation
the seperation of the races
mechanical weathering
breaking up of rock by forces such as roots and ice
coup
the sudden overthrow of a ruler or government, often involving violent force or threat of force
cautillo
a Latin american military dictator
capital
wealth in the form of money or property that is owned or used in business
bauxite
a mineral used in making aluminum (Guiannas)
World Bank
agency of UN that provides loans to other countries for development ex: Nigeria
collective farm
a government-owned farm managed by workers who share the profis from their produce
leeward
facing away from the wind
resevoir
a natural or artificial lake used to collect water for human needs
suburb
a residential area outside a central city
tropical storm
a storm with winds of at least 39 miles per hour
cay
a small, low island or coral reef (islands in the caribean sea)
monotheism
the beleif in one God
gasohol
a fuel micture of gasoline and ethanol (Brazil)
autonomy
independence from another group of people ex: Georgia
fertile
able to produce abundantly
shift agriculture
practice of farming a site until the soil is exausted, then moving onto a new site ex: Sahel
medina
the old section of a North African city, usually centered around a mosque
villagization
a political movement by which rural people are frced to move to towns and work on collective farms. like in Tanzania
sovereignty
a country's freedom and power to decide on policies and actions

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