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World War II


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Forming of UN
The US and the Soviet Union joined 48 other countries to form the United Nations. an international orgaization intended to protect the members against aggression. It was based in NYC
Military Battle: Red Army fought for over 1 year against the Germans, Germans surrounded the city, cut off their supplies,Russians would not surrender
Battle of the Atlantic
Military Battle:
"Phony War"
Military Battle: French and British mobilized their army. French army set up on the Border waiting for an attach, German soldiers set up on their border waiting to attach, both sides became bored
Battle of Midway
Military Battle: Midway was an American Island near Hawaii with key American airfield, Japanese targeted the island hoping to draw all of US fleet from Pearl Harbor. US knew the attack was coming and crippled the Japanese fleet. This battle turned the tide of war in the Pacific
Erwin Rommel
(Desert Fox) German General that attacked North Africa, where Germany's ally, Italy was loosing to British forces. They battled back and forth until the Germans seized Tobruk, Libia
Wadislaw Szpilman (The Pianist)
America's Response
US feared for US holding in Pacific, gave military aide to China and cut off oil shipment to Japan
Fall of Berliln
Soviets Surrounded Berlin, Hitler's headquarters, Hitler killed himself, a week later, German's surrender
El Alamein
Military Battle: A city in Egypt that Nazi forces held and British forces attacked for several days until the Nazi's retreated
the fascist policies of the national Socialist German Workers' party, based on totalitarianism, a belief in racial superiority, and state control of industry.
Night of Broken Glass: Nazi mobs went to Jewish shops, broke glass in windows, destroyed merchandise, killed over 100 Jews
2nd Japanese city where the atomic bomb was dropped (August 9, 1945). More than 70,000 people killed
History of Anti-Semitism
Yalta Conference
Leaders of US, Soviet Union, and Britain met in Yalta. Agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation controlled by the Allied Military force.
Battle of Britain
Britain, led by Winston Churchill, stood alone against Germany. Germany set to destroy Britain's air force the RAF (royal Air force). Germany outnumbered the RAF, but they had 2 technologies that helped them (1) Radar - and electronic tracking device (track incoming aircraft), (2) Britain was able to decode German secret messages. This battle continued till May 10 1941 when Hitler called off his attacks.
Neville Chamberlain
Prime Minister of Britain during the Munich Conference. He wanted to preserve peace by giving into Hitler's demands. Agreed that Hitler could take the Sudetenland.
a political movement that promotes an extreme form of nationalism, a denial of individual rights, and a dictatorial one-party rule.
Nuremberg Laws
deprived Jews of right to citizenship, forbade marrages between Jews and non-Jews, limited kind of work Jews could do
The Germanic people who formed the "master race".
Fate of Hitler
Committed suicide with his wife, body was burned
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Supreme General who lead "Operation Torch" , where US forced Germany out of Africa. Also lead D-Day invasion
Iwo Jima
Military Battle: A batlte on an Island 760 miles from Tokyo, Americans were victorious after 1 month of fighting
Germany's Air force: During Battle of Britain the bombed British airfields, aircraft factories, and then cities
Munich Pact
Meeting with Germany France, Britain and Italy in Munich. Britain and France agreed to allow Germany to take the land.(trying to keep peace). In exchange Hitler agreed to respect the new borders of Czechoslovakia . but a few months later he took the entire country
JUne 6, 1944: The invasion of Normandy. Largest land and sea attack in history
Giving into an aggressor to keep peace. Britain urged and Appeasement against Germany instead of challenging them
Warsaw Ghetto & uprising
Nuremberg Trials
In an effort to rebuild Europe, the Allies held trials in the city of Nuremberg, Germany. Captured Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against humanity. some were exicuted.
Atlantic Charter
Roosevelt (US) and Churchill (Britain) met secretly and issued a joint declaration called the "Atlantic Charter" = It supported free trade and the right for people to form their own national governments.
Pearl Harbor
On December 7, 1941 (Day of Infamy), Japanese navy began a surprise attadk on the US Navy base at Pearl harbor in Hawaii. In 2 hours , Japanese planes sank a major par tof the US Pacific Fleet.
Manhattan Project
Top secret government project by the Americans that developed the Atomic Bomb
an economic system in which all means of production - land, mines, factories, railroads and businesses - are owned by the people, private property doesn't not exist, and all goods and services are shared equally
A mass slaughter of jews and other civilians carried out by the Nazi government of Germany before an during WWII
Japanese city where the first Atomic bomb was dropped (August 6, 1945). 70,000 - 80,000 people died.
Hitler's Rise to power
He became the leader of the Nazi party in Germany. He was arrested for treason, while in jail he wrote "Mein Kampf", Came to power during the depression when German economy collapsed and people became confused. Used propaganda and terror to get German people to follow his ideas. Looked to him for leadership.
George S. Patton
He lead the American offensive in France and on the Eastern Front.
Reasons for using the atomic Bomb
US estimated that if allied forces invaded Japan by land, the estimated over 1/2 million Allied lives would be lost. IF used atomic bomb, it would bring the war to a quick end
Doolittle Raids
US sent planes to drop bombs on Tokyo, The attack raised the moral of Americans
Hideki Tojo
Operation Torch
Lead by Dwight D. Eisenhower, where US forced Germany out of Africa
Three types of Totalitarianism
(1) Communism (2) fascism (3) Nazism
US Military Strategy During the War
Admiral Yamamoto
Japans Greatest naval strategists, who called for the attack on Pearl Harbor. He also commanded the fleet that attacked Midway Island.
Battle of the Bulge
Military Battle: In a last attempt to break the Allied front, Germany pushed through Allied lines but were eventually were pushed back. After this battle the war in Europe rapidly drew to a close.
Island Hopping
Military Stratagy designed by Genreal MacArthur to hop over strongly defended Japanese-held island and attack weaker ones.
Final Solution
A program of genocide (the systematic killing of an entire people
Nazi Propaganda
Japanese Militarianism
Japan wanted to expand it's teritory, Captured part of China in 1931, and invaded to the center of China in 1937
Battle of Coral Sea
Military Battle: An American fleet intercepted a Japanese strike against an Allied Airbase. Although fought at sea, this fight was fought by aircraft , taking off from aircraft carriers that attacked ships. US suffered a bigger loss, but still had a victory because they stopped Japan's southward advance.
Charles De Gaulle
(a French general) He set up a govt. in exile in London after French leaders surrendered and the Germans took control of the northern part of the country. He organized the Free French military forces that battled the Nazis until France was liberated in 1944.
Reasons Against using the atomic bomb
Would Hundreds of thousands of innocent people
(the systematic killing of an entire people
Maginot Line
Winston Churchill
Prime Minister of Britain.. He rallied his people behind the effort to crush Germany
Douglas MacArthur
Commander of the Allied land forces in the Pacific. Lead US attack against weaker Japanese Islands to gain control closer to Japan
Fate of Mussolini
Italian resistance fighters found him disguised as a German soddier. They shot him and hung his body tin downtown Milan for all to see.

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