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world history chap 27

Terms

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midway
naval battle that was a turning point in the war in the pacific.
axis powers
alliance including germany, italy, and japan in world war II.
guadalcanal
site of the US's first invasion of japanese-held territory. in august 1942, the japaense attacked the american forces with four savage attacks and were repulsed, with horrendous losses on both sides.
atlantic charter
in august 1941, president franklin roosevelt and british prime minister winston churchill met on a british battleship off the coast of new founldland and drew up a statement that set the national policies of their tow democracies. its many provisions followed the spirit of woodrow wilson's fourteen point plan.
kamikaze
japanese suicide attacks against the allied ships in the pacific.
isolationism
in 1939a majority of americans believed that europe's wars were of no concern to the united states. the leaders of this movement were responsible for keeping the U.S. out of the league of nations at hte end of world war I.
dunkirk
british, belgian, adn french troops were trapped by german forces at the seaport of dunkirk. between may 27 and june 4 1940, 338,000 allied soldiers were transported acrosst he english channel to england, although all their heavy equpiment was lost.
collaborators
people who asist their country's enemies. in norway a critical collaborator was a norwegian facist party leader named quisling, whos name is now used as a synonym for the word traitor.
island hopping
in 1943 the allies took the offensive in the pacific. forces from australia and new zealand assisted those fromt eh Us. together they saged a long series of battles aimed at driving the Japanese out o fthe solomon islands. only certain japanese-held islands were captured, otherse were bypassed and left wtihout supplies.
V-E day
may 8, 1945, the day of victory in europe.
spanish civil war
spanish conservatives formed the fascist party known as the Falange under the leadership of General francisco Franco. they called hemseles the nationalist and they were opposed by the loyalists, or republicans, people who favored a republic.
appeasement
policy of attempting to preserve peace by yielding to the demands of the aggressor.
luftwaffe
hitler's air force. he tried to use it to bomb england into submission, but this strategy failed. the royal air force though fewer in nuber, were more maneuverable than german planes. they also had radar, a new electronic device that gave the british enough early warning so they would not be caught by surprise.
memel
city in lithuania ceded to the germans. like danzig it had a large german population wiht an active Nazi party.
sudetenland
portion of czechoslovakia claimed by hitler.
winston churchill
british prime minister
stalingrad
battle in which the nazi advance east through russia was halted.
yalta conference
in 1945, roosevelt, churchill, and stalin met in the soviet union. the big three, as these alied leaders were called, decided that after germany was defeated it woulud be divided and occupied by allied troops. the soviet union was to enter the war against japan.
normandy
location for operation overlord, the invasion of nothwest france. it would be the largest amphibious invasion in history. on june 6, 1944 D_Day as the military called it, the long awaited landing began.
munich conference
in september 1938, hitler demanded that the sudetenland be annexed to germany. ht ebritish and french were fearful of german military might and decided to appease hitler and yield to his demands.
hiroshima and nagasaki
japanese cities where the first atomic bombs were dropped b the US in august of 1945 and immediately afterwards the japanese government unconditionally surrendered and world war II was finally over.
blitzkrieg
germany developed 'lightning war, ' it was conducted with great speed and force. it depended on the superiority in air power and mobile ground troops.
final solution
part of hitlers' 'new order' began in 1941 when he ordered the anihilation of the entire jewish population of europe. the germans created a system to locate, capture, transport, and exterminate.
V-J day
september 2, 1945. representatives of both sidessigned the japanese surrender documents aboard the american battleship missouri anchored i n tokyo bay.
propaganda
ideas, facts, or rumors spread deliberately to further one's cause or to damage an opposing cause.
german-soviet nonagression pact
in 1939 this agreement shockedt he world when germany and the sovies agreed to partition poland. it gave hitler the green-light to begin world war II.
el alamein
turning point in the war in noth africa. german general Rommel's forces were defeated in october 1942 in Egypt and as a result retrated to Tunisia.
battle of britain
the air war between germany and britain, prompted b hitler's deisre to soften up britain for invasion.
danzig
had a large german population, hitler claimed it for germany. after securing austria nad czechoslovakia, hitler intensified his campaign against poland.
falange
spanished conservatives who formed the fascist party.
north africa
the firs tallied offensive against the axis powers came wtih the landings in ____________.
holocaust
systematic destruction of european jews by the nazis.
D-Day
operation overlord, the invasion of northwest france.
blitzkrieg
german word for lightening war. conducted with great speed and force the first one was the massive air and ground attack on sept. 7, 1939 on poland by germany.
kellogg-briand pact
in 1928 in paris 62 nations signed an agreement which made war 'illegal', though it did not specify how to prevent it. in the 1930's it became clear that such imprecise and unenforceable measures would no longer be adequate.
pearl harbor
the surprise attack by the japanese on dec. 7, 1941 of the U.S. naval fleet resulted in the entry of the Unitd states into the war.
lend-lease act
the US congress in early 1941 passed a law which authorized the president to supply war materials to great britain on credit. winston churchill appealed to the U.S. to "give us the tools, and we will finish the job."
the big three
roosevelt, churchill, and stalin
sicily
in july 1943, american and british armies attacked the 'soft underbelly of the axis' when they landed on this island. they took the island in less than a month an dfrom there attackedt he italian mainland. with the allied landing there, mussolini was forced to resign. when they allies landed on the southwestern tip of italy in sep. 1943, the italians agreed to cease aggression against the allies.

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