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Social Studies Exam


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George Washington
head of a new colonial army
popular sovereignty
idea that government recieves its powers from the people
separation of powers
power should be divided equally among government
theories= gravity, he improved the clock and the telescope, invented water theremometer, air pressure, and he was condemed by the Catholic Church
representative government
which people elect representatives to make laws and conduct government
John Cabot
landed on Newfoundland and went to Canada but did not find a way to America; he disappeared
beileved the sun was the center of the universe
kings and queens rule; many thinkers favored limits on government
Thomas Jefferson
wrote the Declaration of Independence
stated the sun a planets moved around the Earth in circular paths
finished what Columbus set out to do his crew was the first to sail around the world
Jaques Cartier
Frenchman who entered St. Lawrence River
to put money into a project
Baron Montesquieu
French thinker; published "The Spirit of Laws"
Francis Bacon
developed the scientific method
William Harvey
idea= blood flowed through the human body
social contract
an agreement between rulers and the people
scientific method
orderly way of collecting and analyzing evidence
Christopher Columbus
navigator who planned to get to Asia by crossing the Atlantic ocean
believed people relied too much on reason and that they should pay more attention to their feelings
Andreas Vesalius
dissected dead human bodies for research he was a Flemish doctor
limited government
idea that government may use only those powers given to it by the people
Thomas Hobbes
wrote about English government and society
settlement of people living in a new territory controlled by their home country
Rene` Descartes
founder of rationalism, one of the most important scientific thinkers
religios belief based on reason
Issac Newton
mathematician, made gravity laws and the laws of motion
the buying or selling of goods in large amounts over long distances
Johannes Kepler
believed that planets moved in oval paths
greatest thinker; strong dislike of the Catholic Church
reason is the cheif source of knowledge
natural law
law applied to everyone and could be understood by reason
Vasco da Gama
rounded the tip of Africa and landed on India's coast
group of Puritans who decided to go to America so they could worship freely
Tom Paine
wrote a pamphlet called Common Sense that urged colonists to seperate from Great Britian
Robert Hooke
discovered cells
to sell to other countries
explantion of the facts
Mary Wollstonecraft
supporter of women's rights
Denis Diderot
did the most to spread ideas
Robert Boyle
idea= air is made of gases
John Locke
used natural law to make government answerable to people
idea that a country gains power by building up its supply of gold and silver
written plans of government
Antoine Lavoisier
idea= how materials nedd oxygen to burn
ancient Greek physician

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