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US Citizenship New (Applicants from 10/1/2008 onwards) Test

A way of cramming the new US Citizenship test, the harder test which is being brought in for people who apply after October 1st, 2008.


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Who was the first President?
George Washington
What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
The Louisiana Territory. Louisiana
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
The civil rights movement
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
The Constitution was written. The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
What is the political party of the majority in the Senate now?
Democrats. Democratic Party (However, this will vary according to current political environment.)
Who makes federal laws?
Congress, The Senate and House (of Representatives), The (U.S. or national) legislature
Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
The Civil War
Name one example of checks and balances.
The President vetoes a bill. Congress can confirm or not confirm a President's nomination. Congress approves the President's budget. The Supreme Court strikes down a law
What is the Pledge of Allegiance?
The promise of loyalty to the flag and the nation
How many United States Senators are there?
To become President of the United States, what must the person be at birth?
A citizen
Martin Luther King, Jr. had a dream for America. What was his dream?
Equality for all Americans. Civil rights for all
How is each state's number of Representatives decided?
The state's population
What are the two parts of the United States Congress?
The Senate and House (of Representatives)
What ocean is on the west coast of the United States?
The Pacific Ocean
What does it mean that the U.S. Constitution is a constitution of limited powers?
The federal government has only the powers that the Constitution states that it has. The states have all powers that the federal government does not.
Is the current President in his first or second term?
Second (Obviously this question will depend on when it has been asked.)
What does the Constitution do?
It sets up the government. It protects basic rights of Americans.
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.
World War I, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War, or Gulf (or Persian Gulf) War
Name the state that is in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
On the Fourth of July we celebrate independence from what country?
Great Britain
Where is the Statue of Liberty?
New York Harbor. Liberty Island [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]
Why do we have three branches of government?
So no branch is too powerful
What do we call changes to the Constitution?
Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
All people in that Senator's state.
Name one responsibility that is only for United States citizens.
Vote. Serve on a jury.
Why did the colonists fight the British?
They had to pay high taxes but did not have any say about it. (Taxation without representation.) The British army stayed in their houses. (boarding, quartering) The British denied the colonists self-government.
Name one state that borders on Mexico.
Arizona, California, New Mexico, or Texas
What are the two major political parties in the U.S. today?
Democrats and Republicans
Name one of the major American Indian tribes in the United States.
Cherokee, Seminoles, Creek, Choctaw, Arawak, Iroquois, Shawnee, Mohegan, Chippewa, Huron, Oneida, Sioux, Cheyenne, Lakotas, Crows, Blackfeet, Teton, Navajo, Apaches, Pueblo, Hopi, Inuit. [Scorers will be supplied with a complete list.]
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
Freed slaves in the Confederacy. Freed slaves in the Confederate states. Freed slaves in most Southern states
Where is the Grand Canyon?
Arizona. The Southwest. Along/On the Colorado River.
Name one right or freedom from the First Amendment.
Speech, Religion, Assembly, Press, Petition the government.
What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?
Terrorists attacked The United States.
When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
By April 15th of every year. By April 15th. April 15.
There are 13 original states. Name three.
Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Virginia.
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
July 4, 1776
When must all males register for the Selective Service?
At age 18. At 18
What is the tallest mountain in the United States?
Mt. McKinley. Denali.
What type of economic system does the U.S. have?
Capitalist economy, Free market, Market economy
Name one of the writers of the Federalist Papers?
James Madison. Alexander Hamilton. John Jay. Publius.
What is self-government?
Powers come from the people. Government responds to the people.
Who can vote in the U.S. presidential elections?
All citizens 18 years of age and older . All registered citizens 18 years of age and older
We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
Two (2)
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
Africans. People from Africa
What is the highest court in the U.S.?
The Supreme Court
Who is the Vice President now?
Acceptable answers: [Current vice president] (as of September 7, 2008 - Richard (Dick) Cheney), Dick Cheney, Cheney
What does "We the People" mean in the Constitution?
The power of government comes from the people.
In 1803, the United States bought a large amount of land from France. Where was that land?
West of the Mississippi. The Western U.S. A: The Louisiana Territory
Who is the Secretary of State now?
Dr. Condoleezza Rice. Condoleezza Rice. Dr. Rice (However, this will vary according to current political appointment.)
Who does a U.S. Representative represent?
All people in that Representative's district.
How many U.S. Senators does each state have?
Two (2)
What is the majority political party in the House of Representatives now?
Democrats. Democratic Party (However, this will vary according to current political environment.)
Name one branch or part of the government.
Congress, the President, the courts, Executive, legislative, or judicial
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
Announce the independence of the United States from Great Britain. Say that the U.S. is free from Great Britain
What country is on the northern border of the United States?
Name your state's two U.S. Senators.
The answer for California is: Diane Feinstein and Barbara Boxer, but this will vary depending on the state in which you live. [For District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories, the answer is that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]
The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
Twenty-seven (27)
What is the political party of the President now?
Republican. Republicans Party. (However, this will vary according to current political environment.)
Who is the Senate Majority Leader now?
Harry Reid (However, this will vary according to current political appointment.)
Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.
The Missouri River . The Mississippi River
We elect a President for how many years?
Four (4)
Who nominates justices to the Supreme Court?
The President
What international organization was established after World War II (WWII) to keep the world at peace?
The United Nations
What is the name of the National Anthem?
The "Star-Spangled Banner"
Who signs bills to become laws?
The President
What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
The Bill Of Rights
Why were the colonists upset with the British government?
Stamp Act. They had to pay high taxes but did not have any say about it. (Taxation without representation.) The British army stayed in their houses. (boarding, quartering) Intolerable Acts
Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
Because there were 13 original colonies. Because the stripes represent the original colonies.
Name two rights that are only for United States citizens.
The right to apply for a federal job. The right to vote. The right to run for office. The right to carry a US Passport
Who was President during World War I?
Woodrow Wilson
What was the main concern of the United States during the Cold War?
The spread of communism. The Soviet Union [USSR and Russia are also acceptable.]
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
The President
Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
Franklin Roosevelt
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
The Native Americans . American Indians
Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?
John Roberts Jr
Name two rights of everyone living in the U.S.
Freedom of expression. Freedom of speech. Freedom of assembly. Freedom to petition the government. Freedom of worship. The right to bear arms
Name two national U.S. holidays.
New Year's Day. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day. Presidents' Day. Memorial Day. Independence Day. Labor Day. Columbus Day. Veterans Day. Thanksgiving. Christmas.
Who is the Governor of your state?
Answers will vary. [District of Columbia and U.S. Territory residents would answer that they do not have a state governor or that they do not live in a state. Mentioning the governor of the territory for Guam is acceptable. Any answer that mentions one of these facts is acceptable.]
Who vetoes bills?
The President
What is the "rule of law"?
Everyone must obey the law. Leaders must obey the law. Government must obey the law.
Name one U.S. territory.
American Samoa. The Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands. Guam. Puerto Rico. U.S. Virgin Islands
How many full terms can a President serve?
Two (2)
What did Susan B. Anthony do?
She fought for women's rights.
We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
Six (6)
What decides each state's number of U.S. Representatives?
The state's population
What is an amendment?
It is a change to the Constitution.
Why does the flag have 50 stars?
Why does the flag have 50 stars? Each star represents a state. There are 50 states.
What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?
He fought for civil rights. He strove for (worked for, fought for) equality for all Americans.
Name two Cabinet-level positions.
Secretary of Agriculture. Secretary of Commerce. Secretary of Defense. Secretary of Education. Secretary of Energy. Secretary of Health and Human Services. Secretary of Homeland Security. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Secretary of Interior. Secretary of State. Secretary of Transportation. Secretary of Treasury. Secretary of Veterans' Affairs. Attorney General. Secretary of Labor
Who is the President now?
[Current president] (as of September 7, 2008, George W. Bush)
Where did most of America's colonists come from before the Revolution?
The United States fought Japan, Germany, and Italy during which war?
World War II
What does the President's Cabinet do?
Advises the President
Name two of the natural, or inalienable, rights in the Declaration of Independence.
Life. Liberty. The pursuit of happiness
Name two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy.
Vote. Join a political party. Help out with a campaign. Join a civic group. Join a community group. Tell an elected official your opinion on an issue. Call your Senators and Representatives. Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy. Run for office. Write to a newspaper
Who is the Commander-in-Chief of the military?
The President
Name one large mountain range in the United States.
The Rocky Mountains. The Appalachians. The Sierra Nevada. The Cascades
Who is the Attorney General now?
Michael Mukasey (However, this will vary according to current political appointment.)
Name one of the things that Abraham Lincoln did.
Saved (or preserved) the Union. Freed the slaves. Led the U.S. during the Civil War.
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Jefferson
Describe the Declaration of Independence.
People are born with natural rights. Power of government comes from the people. people can change their government if it hurts their natural rights. All people are created equal.
What did the abolitionists try to end before the Civil War?
What is the name of the President of the United States?
Acceptable answers: [Current president] (as of September 7, 2008, George W. Bush),(President) George W. Bush, George Bush, Bush
In what month are general presidential elections held in the United States?
Name one promise you make when you say the Oath of Allegiance.
To give up loyalty to other countries (I give up loyalty to my [old][first][other] country.) To defend the Constitution and laws of the United States . To obey the laws of the United States. To serve in the United States military if needed (To fight for the United States [if needed].) To serve the nation if needed (To do important work for the United States [if needed].) To be loyal to the United States.
Name your U.S. Representative.
Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting delegates or resident commissioners may provide the name of that representative or commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) representatives in Congress.]
What alliance of North America and European countries was created during the Cold War?
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
What are the three branches or parts of the government?
Executive, legislative, and judicial - OR - Congress, the President, the courts
What Cabinet-level agency advises the President on foreign policy?
The State Department
Who becomes President if both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve?
The Speaker of the House
Who is called the "Father of Our Country"?
George Washington
How old must a President be?
Thirty-five years or older. At least thirty-five. (35)
Name one reason why the colonists came to America?
Freedom. Political liberty. Religious freedom. Economic opportunity. To practice their religion. To escape persecution
What country is on the southern border of the United States?
What is the supreme law of the land?
The US Constitution
There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
Any citizen over 18 can vote. A citizen of any race can vote. Any male or female citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.) You don't have to pay to vote. (You don't have to pay a poll tax to vote.)
Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
Slavery. Economic Reasons. States' Rights.
What does freedom of religion mean?
You can practice any religion you want, or not practice at all.
Who is the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
Nancy Pelosi (However, this will vary according to current political environment.)
What are "inalienable rights"?
Individual rights that people are born with
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
War of 1812, Mexican American War, Civil War, or Spanish-American War.
What is the capital of the U.S.?
Washington, D.C.
What is the capital (or capital city) of your state?
Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents would answer that DC is not a state, and that therefore it does not have a capital. Any answer that mentions one of these facts is acceptable.]
Why do we have 13 stripes on the flag?
Because there were 13 original colonies. Because the stripes represent the original colonies.
What is one thing a state government can do?
Provide schooling and education. Provide protection (police). Provide safety (fire departments). Give a driver's license. Approve zoning and land use
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
Nine (9)
What does the judicial branch do?
Reviews and explains laws. Resolves disputes between parties. Decides if a law goes against the Constitution
Who governs the people in a self-governed country?
The people govern themselves. The government elected by the people.
What country sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States?
When was the Constitution drafted?
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
The Vice President
Name one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for.
U.S. diplomat. Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention. First Postmaster General of the United States. Writer of "Poor Richard's Almanac"
What is a veto?
The President refuses to sign a bill passed by Congress. The President says no to a bill. The President rejects a bill.
Which U.S. World War II general later became President?
Dwight Eisenhower
When do we celebrate Independence Day?
July 4th. July 4. 4th of July.
Name one state that borders Canada.
Alaska, Idaho, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, or Washington
Name one thing only the federal government can do.
Print Money. Declare War. Create an Army. Make Treaties.
What group of essays supported passage of the U.S. Constitution?
The Federalist Papers
Who confirms Supreme Court justices?
The Senate

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