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Latin Vergil


undefined, object
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aequus, -a, -um

a, ab

says, asserts

even, level; just, fair

from, away from; by (+ abl.)

to, toward, near; at, by (+ acc.)
agmen, -inis, n.

amor, -oris, m.

alius, -a, -ud

animus, -i, m.
column, formation, rank, line; army

love, affection, fondness; Cupid

another, other, else

soul, spirit, heart; courage, daring, feeling

aut... aut

altus, -a, -um

aura, -ae, f.

either... or

high, lofty; deep, profound / the sea, heaven 

air, breeze, wind, blast; favor, light
aliquis, aliqua, aliquid


arma, -orum, n. pl.

someone, anyone

but; yet, at least

arms, weapons; tools, equipment

and, and also; as, than

ara, -ae, f. 

arx, arcis, f.

before, in front of (+ acc.); previously


citadel, fortress, stronghold; hill, peak

and, and also; as, than
aurum, -i, n.

aequor, -oris, n.

ago, agere, egi, actus

ardeo, ardere, arsi, arsurus

sea, surface of the sea; waves; plain

do; drive; pursue; conduct; come!

burn, be on fire, blaze
arvum, -i, n.

ater, atra, atrum

audeo, audere, ausus sum

audio, audire, audivi, auditus
plowed land, cultivated field; field

black, dark, sable; dusky, gloomy; deadly

dare, venture, risk, be eager

hear, listen to
averto, avertere, averti, aversus

accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus

acer, acris, acre

adeo, adire, adivi, aditus
turn away, avert, remove

receive, accept; welcome, admit; learn, hear, conceive
sharp, keen, fierce, violent

approach, go to; reach, visit, encounter, meet

adfor, adfari, adfatus sum

adloquor, adloqui, adlocutus sum

adsum, adesse, adfui, adfuturus 
so, to that degree, so much

address, speak to

address, speak to; accost

be present, be at hand, be near; assist
adversus, -a, -um

aeger, aegra, aegrum

aer, aeris, m.

aeternus, -a, -um
turned toward, opposing, facing; averse

sick, diseased; weary, weak

air, breeze, mist, cloud, fog

eternal, everlasting
aether, aetheris, m.

agnosco, agnoscere, agnovi, agnitus

ala, alae, f.

alter, altera, alterum
upper air, heaven, sky


wing, pinion; group of hunters

one of two, the other, a second
amicus, -a, -um

amittor, amittere, amisi, amissus

amo, -are, -avi, -atus

amplector, amplecti, amplexus sum
friendly / friend

lose, send away; let go

love, cherish, like

enfold, embrace, wind about

an... an

anima, -ae, f.

annus, -i, m.

whether... or

breath; llfe, existence; soul, spirit

year; season
antiquus, -a, -um

antrum, -i, n.

aperio, aperire, aperui, apertus

appareo, apparere, apparui, apparitus
ancient, aged, former

cave, cavern, grotto

open, uncover, disclose, reveal

appear, be disclosed, be seen
arbor, -oris, f.

artus, -us, m.

aspicio, aspicere, aspexi, aspectus

atollo, atollere
tree, trunk, shoot

joint, limb; frame, body

look at, look upon, behold; regard

lift up, raise; rear
aureus, -a, -um

auris, auris, f. 

bellum, -i, n.

golden, of gold


war, combat, fight

twice, double
bonus, -a, -um

caelum, -, n.


coniunx, coniugis, m. or f.
good, kind, useful

sky, heaven, the heavens; weather

around, all around, at, near (+ acc.)

spouse, husband, wife

caput, capitis, n.

classis, classis, f.

corpus, -oris, n.
with (+ abl.) / when, since, although

head, the summit; life; person

fleet, division; ship

cura, -ae, f.

cause, -ae,f .

capio, capere, cepi, captus

casus, -us, m.
anxiety, distress, care, concern

cause, reason, motive

seize, grasp, capture; form; captivate, deceive

chance; fall; ruin, failure
cavus, -a, -um


cerno, cernere, crevie, cretus

cingo, cingere, cinxi, cinctus
hollow, excavated

one hundred

discern, perceive, distinguis; separate; decide

equip, gird oneself; surround, encircle
clamor, -oris, m.

comes, comitis, m. or f.

condo, condere, condidi, conditus

shout, roar; applause

friend, companion, comrade

found, establish, build; bury

against; opposite, facing (+ acc.)
corripio, corripere, corripui, correptus

credo, creder, credid, creditus

crudelis, crudelis, crudele

cursus, -us, m.
seize, snatch, grasp; attack

believe, trust, confide in (+ dat.)

cruel, unfeeling, hard, pitiless

running, a run, running course; journey; haste
cado, cadere, cecidi, casus

caecus, -a, -um

caedes, caedis, f.

campus, -u, m.
fall, fall down, descend; fail, sink, die

blind; dark; hidden

killing, slaughter, murder

field, plain, level place
cano, canere, cecini, cantus

carus, -a, -um

cedo, cedere, cessi, cessus

celer, celeris, celere
sing, sound; play

dear, precious, valued

go from, remove, withdraw, abandon

quick, swift, speedy
cerus, -a, -um

cervix, cervicis, f.

circumdo, circumdare, circumdedi, circumdatus

claudo, claudere, clausi, clausus
determined, resolved, fixed, certain

neck, nape

surround, place around, encompass

shut, enclose, close
clipeus, clipei, m.

cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus

colligo, colligere, collegi, collectus

coma, -ae, f.
shield, round shield, buckle

collect; compel, force; urge

gather, collect; assemble

hair; foliage
comitor, comitari, comitatus sum

compono, componere, composui, compositus

cor, cordis, n.

conubium, conubii, n.
accompany, attend, follow

collect, lay; put to rest, quiet

heart, spirit, feelings

cruentus, -a, -um

currus, -us, m.

crinis, crinis, m. or f.

cunctor, cunctari, cunctatus sum
bloody, stained, spotted with blood; cruel

chariot, car, wagon


delay, linger, hesitate

deus, dei, m.

dico, dicere, dixi, dictus

do, dare, dedi, datus
from, away from, down from; concerning, according to ( + abl.)
god, deity

say, speak; sing; describe, name

give, appoint; grant, bestow; emit, utter
dea, -ae, f.

duco, ducere, duxi, ductus

dexter, dextra, dextrum

dictum, -i, n.

lead, lead away, guide, conduct; prolong; choose; think
right, to the right; skillfull; favorable

word, speech, command; assertion, remark, saying
divus, -a, -um

domus, -us, f.


durus, -a, -um
godlike, divine, of a deity / god, goddess

house, home, dwelling, building; family, race, line

while, until (w/ subj.)

hard, harsh, vigorous; pitiless, unyielding
patior, pati, passus sum

patrius, -a, -um

par, paris

pateo, patere, patui
support, suffer, endure; allow

fatherly; traditional

equal, even; well-balanced

be open, stand open
is, ea, id


iuvenis, iuvenis, iuvene

iste, ista, istud
he, she, it; this, that

again, a second time, once more

young, youthful / young person

that (of yours) often contemptuous
dulcis, dulcis, dulce

donum, -i, n.

dolor, -oris, m.

dies, diei, m.
sweet, agreeable, delightful

gift, present

pain, suffering, anguish, distress, grief, trouble

dives, divitis

desero, deserere, deserui, desertus

dirus, -a, -um

demitto, demittere, demisi, demissus
rich, wealthy, opulent

leave, forsake, abandon, desert

ominous, fearful, awful, dreadful, horrible

let down, drop, let fall, shed; derive
doceo, docere, docui, doctus

dux, ducix, m.


e, ex
teach, instruct, inform

leader, guide; general


out of, from; of; since; according to (+ abl.)

et... et

eo, ire, ii, itus

exanimus, -a, -um
and, also, even, too

both... and

go walk; ride; sail; move

lifeless, dead
ensis, ensis, m.


effor, effari, effatus sum

egregius, -a, -um

therefore, consequently, accordingly

utter, tell, speak out, say

distinguished, excellent, eminent

effero, efferre, extuli, elatus

excipio, excipere, excepi, exceptus

exuviae, -iarum, f.
behold! look!

carry out, take away; bear, produce

take out, withdraw; take up, catch, receive

spoils; relics; skin


erro, -are, -avi, -atus

for, namely, that is to say

indeed, truly

wander, stray, roam; be in error

also, too, even; still
equus, -i, m.

eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptus

extremus, -a, -um

fatum, -i, n.


rescue, deliver, free; tear out, wrest, pluck, tear

outermost, utmost, farthest; final; tip of; edge of

fate; prediction
fama, -ae, f.

ferrum, -i, n.

fero, ferre, tuli, latus

for, fari, fatus
report, rumor; saying; talk; tradition

iron; iron tool; sword; spear

bring, carry, bear, wear; report; offer; say

speak, say; prophesy
flamma, -ae, f.

fortis, fortis, forte

fluctus, -us, m.

facio, facere, feci, factus
flame, blaze; flame of passion

brave, strong, courageous

wave, tide, billow; surge

make, do; produce, build; grant, offer; suppose
fors, fortis, f.

finis, finis, m.

furo, furere

furor, -oris, m.
chance, luck, fortune

end, boundary, limit; goal / territory

rage, rave, be out of one's mind

rage, madness, fury; passion
fortuna, -ae, f.

fuga, -ae, f.

fugio, fugere, fugi, fugitus

fundo, fundere, fudi, fusus
fortune, chance, luck

flight, rapid movement

flee, run away, escape

pour, pour out, shed; spread; extend
foedo, -are, -avi, -atus

forma, -ae, f.

fidus, -a, -um

figo, figere, fixi, fixus
make foul, defile, pollute; mar, mangle, disfigure

form, shape, beauty

loyal, faithful, credible

fix, fasten; pierce
fas, n.

fides, fidei, f.

facilis, facilis, facile

fallo, fallere, fefelli, falsus
divine law; it is lawful (w/ est)

faith, loyalty, belief, reliance; trustworthiness


trip, fall; err, make a mistake, deceive oneself; escape the notice
funus, funeris, n.


frater, fratris, m.

fulgeo, fulgere, fulsi
funeral procession, funeral rites, burial; death, murder
in vain, for nothing


flash, glitter, gleam, shine
fremo, fremere, fremui, fremitus

foveo, fovere, fovi, fotus

gens, gentis, f.

genus, generis, n.
roar, resound, howl; applaud; grumble

cherish, fondle, caress

race, clan; descendant, offspring

race, stock, family; birth, noble birth; descendant
gravis, gravis, grave

gemitus, -us, m.

genitor, -oris, m.

gero, gerere, gessi, gestus
heavy, weighty; serious, burdened; full of

groan, sighing, complaint


bear, carry, wage; wear
geminus, -a, -um

hostis, hostis, m. or f.

hic, haec, hoc

twin, double, two

enemy, foe; stranger

this; the latter

from this place, hence; on either side


homo, hominis, m.


not, not at all, by no means

person, human being, man

habeo, habere, habui, habitus

haereo, harere, haesi, haesus

hasta, -ae, f.

heros, heroös, m.
have, hold, support, carry; consider, regard

cling, stick, be fastened; linger, pause

spear, lance, javelin

hero, demigod
hiems, hiemis, f.


honor, -oris, m.

winter, winter time; storm

here, to this place, hither; to this point, so far

honor, repute, esteem, distinction; offering; charm

now, at this time, already / longer, more (w/ a ne
ille, illa, illud

ingens, ingentis

ignis, ignis, m.

that; he, she, it; the former

huge, vast, enormous; extraordinary

fire, light, lightning; passion, fury, wrath

in, on, upon, among (+ abl.); into, to; against (+ acc.)
ipse, ipsa, ipsum


iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussus

idem, eadem, idem
himself, herself, itself; yourself; ourselves; myself

between, among, during (+ acc.)

order, command; tell

the same
immanis, immanis, immane

imus, -a, -um

iacto, -are, -avi, -atus

imago, imaginis, f.
huge; monstrous, frightful

lowest, deepest, the bottom of; last

throw out; consider, discuss; boast; pronounce, utter, speak
image; ghost, vision; reminder
imperium, imperii, n.

incipio, incipere, incepi, inceptus

insto, instare, institi

iungo, iungere, iunxi, iunctus
supreme power, sovereignty; command, order


pursue, press; stand on, take a position

join, unite, connect

ira, irae, f.

iaceo, iacere, iacui, iacitus

impello, impellere, impuli, impulsus

anger, fury, hatred

lie, be prostrate, lie at rest

strike against, strike, push; set in motion
impono, imponere, imposui, impositus

incendo, incendere, incendi, incensus

infelix, infelicis

inimicus, -a, -um
place upon, put on

set fire to, burn; rouse, incite

unfortunate, unlucky, miserable; barren

hostile, unfriendly, hateful; damaging
ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum


insignis, insignis, insigne

insequor, insequi, insecutus sum
advance, go forward; undertake

says, said

distinguished, remarkable, prominent

follow after, come next; proceed, go on
incumbo, incumbere, incubui, incubitus

inanis, inanis, inane

iuvo, iuvare, iuvi, iutus

ius, iuris, n.
lean, press; bend to, oppress; brood over

useless, empty, meaningless

help, aid, assist, serve; delight

right, justice, duty
lacrima, -ae, f.

limen, -inis, n.

labor, -oris, m.

latus, -a, -um
tear, compassion

threshold, door; house, dwelling

labor, toil, extertion; suffering, hardship

broad, wide, extensive, spacious
litus, -oris, n.

longus, -a, -um


locus, -i, m.
seashore, beach

long, extended

far off

place, spot; position
lumen, luminis, n.

laetus, -a, -um

lego, legere, legi, lectus

labor, labi, lapsus sum
light / eyes

happy, delighted, joyou; pleasant, grateful; fertile

survey; gather, collect, choose; read

slip, glide, slide, move; sink, fall
letum, -i, n.

linquo, linquere, liqui

loquor, loqui, locutus sum

lustro, -are, -avi, -atus
death, annihilation

go away, leave, depart from, abandon

speak, talk, say, tell; declare

review, observce, examine; illuminate; purify; traverse
lex, legis, f.

loco, -are, -avi, -atus

lucus, -i, m.

lux, lucis, f.
law, precept, regulation, principle

place, put, lay; establish

sacred grove, wood

light, brightness; day, life / heavenly bodies
multus, -a, -um

moenia, -ium, n. pl.

miser, misera, miserum

meus, -a, -um
much; many / great, high; abundant

walls, ramparts; walled city; structures

wretched, miserable, sad, poor

my, mine
mens, mentis, f.

medius, -a, -um

manus, -us, f.

magnus, -a, -um
mind, intellect; memory; feeling; heart

the middle of, middle

hand; band, troop; handiwork; deed

great, large, huge; mighty; important
malus, -a, -um

maneo, manere, mansi, mansus

mare, maris, n.

metus, -us, m.
evi, bad, wicked; hostile

remain, stay; await


fear, dread, apprehension
misceo, miscere, miscui, mixtus

mitto, mittere, misi, missus

mons, montis, m.

morior, mori, mortuus sum
mix, mingle, intermingle; confuse

send, let go; throw; dismiss

mountain, hill; mass, heap

die, expire; decay, wither
mors, mortis, f.

murus, muri, m.

maestus, -a, -um

manes, -ium, m. pl.
death, destruction, ruin

wall, city wall

sorrowful, dejected, despondent

departed spirit, ghost, shade
memini, meminisse

memoro, -are, -avi, -atus

miseror, miserari, miseratus sum

remember, recollect

mention, recount, speak of, tell

lament, commiserate; pity

more, rather
mater, matris, f.

memor, memoris

miror, mirari, miratus sum

modus, -i, m.
mother; native land

mindful, remembering

wonder, marvel at, be astonished

measure; way, manner; method
moles, molis, f.

mollis, mollis, molle

mora, -ae, f.

mortalis, mortalis, mortale
mass, weight; greatness; difficulty, labor, trouble

soft, yielding, tender, gentle

delay, procrastination, obstruction, hindrance

mortal, transient
moveo, movere, movi, motus

molior, moliri, molitus sum

monstro, -are, -avi, -atus

moro, morari, moratus sum
move, remove, shake; excite, arous, agitate

exert, strive, toil; build; rouse

point out, exhibit, indicate, inform; urge, advise

delay, stay, remain, linger
mos, moris, m.

munus, muneris

murmur, murmuris, n.

practice, custom, habit; institution

service, office; burial

murmur, roar, growling, grumbling, crash

not; do not; lest; Don't (w/ imperative) 

natus, -a, -um


introduces a yes or no question

born; made; destined, intended / a son

not, by no means

and... not, nor
nec... nec

nox, noctis, f.

noster, nostra, nostrum

neither... nor

night; death

our, ours



neque... neque

navis, navis, f.

and... not; also... not

neither... nor


nomen, nominis, n.

novus, -a, -um

notus, -a, -um
we, us

name, title; fame

new, young, fresh; novel

known, famous; customary
numen, numinis, n.

nubes, nubis, m. or f.


divine power, divinity; god, goddess

cloud, mist, vapor


in vain, without reason
nympha, -ae, f.

nemus, nemoris, n.

nullus, -a, -um

oculus, -i, m.

wood, grove, forest

no, none; worthless; no one


omnis, omnis, omne

oro, -are, -avi, -atus

ora, -ae, f.
O! Oh!

all, every, whole

beg, plead; pray, beseech; speak

shore, coast; border, edge, rim
os, oris, n.

opus, operis, n.

orbis, oribs, m.

obscurus, -a, -um
mouth; face; expression

work, handiwork, labor, toil; structure; artistic work

circle; world; shield; coil

dark, shady, obscure; unknown
omnipotens, omnipotentis

ops, opis, f.

opto, -are, -avi, -atus

ostium, ostii, n.
almighty, omnipotent

aid, help, assistance; means, wealth, resources

choose, prefer; hope for

door: mouth, entrance; harbor
pater, patris, m.


possum, posse, potui

pars, partis, f.
father, sire; ancestor

through, along; throughout, during; alomg; by means of (+ acc.)
be able, can

part, portion; side
pectus, -oris, n.

peto, peter, petivi, petitus

premo, premere, pressi, pressus

primus, -a, -um
breast, chest, heart

seek, aim at; attack; scan

press, pursue; overpower; bury, conceal; restrain; control
first; chief, excellent
parens, parentis, m. or f.

paro, -are, -avi, -atus

pelagus, -i, n.

pono, ponere, posui, positus
parent, ancestor

prepare, arrange, make ready


put, place; establish; lay aside; bury
populus, -i, m.

porta, -ae, f.


puer, pueri, m.
people, nation, crowd

door, gate; enctrance; outlet

for; before; on account of; instead of (+ abl.)

pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum

puppis, puppis, f.

pando, pandere, pandi, passus

parvus, -a, -um
beautiful, handsome, noble

stern, poop deck; ship

spread out, extend; open, lay open

small; short, brief
patria, -ae, f.

pax, pacis, f.

pendeo, pendere, pependi

penitus, -a, -um
native land, own country; home

peace, reconciliation

hang, be suspended; loiter

inwardly, deeply; thoroughly; far within
pergo, pergere, perrexi, perrectus

pes, pedis, m.

pietas, pietatis, f.

pius, -a, -um
proceed, go on, hasten

foot; sheet (nautical term)

devotion, loyalty, dutiful conduct; sense of duty

devoted, dutiful, devout, conscientious
poena, -ae, f.

pontus, -i, m.

portus, -us, m.

posco, poscere, poposci
penalty, punishment

sea, waves

port, harbor

ask, beg, request; demand


precor, precari, precatus sum

prior, prior, prius
after, behind (+ acc.); afterwards

after, when

ask, beg, entreat, request; invoke

former, previous, prior, first

proles, prolis, f.

pugna, -ae, f.

in the distance, far, from afar

offspring, children, descendants

fight, battle

and, also, even
-que... -que

quis, quid

qui, quae, quod

qualis, qualis, quale
both... and

who? what? which? why?

who, which; what; that

what sort? of such a kind, such as
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus



seek, look for, ask for

how, how much; than; as

where? how? in any way

why not? but, indeed



quisquis, quidquid
where; at which time

also, too

when; since; if... ever

whoever, whatever; everyone who

regina, -ae, f.

res, rei, f.

refero, referre, rettuli, relatus
once, at some time, at one time; sometimes


thing, incident, matter; state / exploits, world

bring back; recall, speak, say
regnum, -i, n.

rex, regis, m.

rapio, rapere, rapui, raptus

relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictus
kingdom; royalty; realm, rule


seize, snatch, tear, pluck; drive; ravish, whirl

leave behind, abandon, relinquish
ruo, ruere, rui, ruiturus

reddo, reddere, reddidi, redditus

rapidus, -a, -um

recipio, recipere, recepi, receptus
rush, hurry; fall down, tumble, crash; plow

give back, restore; reply, answer

fierce; rushing, swift

receive, take back; recover, rescue
reduco, reducere, reduxi, reductus

regius, -a, -um

rego, regere, rexi, rectus

remitto, remittere, remisi, remissus
lead back, bring back

royal, regal, kingly

rule, control; direct, guide

send back, drive back; loosen, relax; give up
repono, reponere, reposui, repositus

respicio, respicere, respexi, respectus

reviso, revisere

robur, roboris, n.
put back, restore; stretch out; lay aside, store

look back, gaze at, look for

look back; revisit

hardwood, oak; tree trunk; oak tree; strength

sanguis, sanguinis, m.

sequor, sequi, secutus sum

himself, herself, itself; themselves

blood; bloodshed, slaughter; descendant

follow, pursue; accompany

but, moreover, however


soror, -oris, f.

socius, socii, m.
thus, in this way

if, when, whether, in case that


friend, comrade, ally

sto, stare, steti, status

summus, -a, -um

sum, esse, fui, futurus
under, beneath, at the foot of (+ abl.); to, toward, up to (+ acc.)
stand; be built; linger, remain

highest, uppermost; loftiest, supreme

be, exist
suus, -a, -um

sacer, sacra, sacrum

saxum, -i, n.

saevus, -a, -um
his, her, its, their

holy, sacred / sacrifice

large stone, boulder; rock

savage, fierce, ferocious; terrible
sedes, sedis, f.

scopulus, -i, m.

sidus, sideris, n.

seat, dwelling-place; foundation

cliff, crag, legde; rock

constellation, group of stars; the sky, heaven; weather
himself, herself, itself, themselves
solus, -a, -um

silva, -ae, f.

sors, sortis, f.

somnus, -i, m.
alone, only, sole; single

woods, forest

luck, lot; fate, prophecy, destiny

sleep, slumber
spes, spei, f.

subeo, subire, subivi, subitus

supplex, supplicis

spolium, spolii, n.
hope, expectation

advance, approach; enter; support; go under; arise

suppliant; beseeching, entreating

arms stripped from an enemy, booty; prize

surgo, surgere, surrexi, surrectus

sacro, -are, -avi, -atus

seco, secare, secui, sectus
above, over, on top of; concerning, about (+ abl.)

rise, get up, stand up; ascend

consecrate, dedicate, devote

cut, reap, carve; operate, divide
sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessus


sermo, sermonis, m.

servo, -are, -avi, -atus
sit; hold court


speech, conversation; talk, report, rumor

save, guard, keep; watch



sino, sinere, sivi, situs
whether; or if

at the same time, simultaneously

without (+ abl.)

allow, permit; desert
sinus, -us, m.


solum, -i, n.

solvo, solvere, solvi, solutus
bay; fold; bosom

whether; or if

ground, base, foundation

loosen, relax; release, unfurl; dispel, dismiss
sono, sonare, sonui, sonitus

spero, -are, -avi, -atus

spumo, -are, -avi, -atus

sterno, sternere, stravi, stratus
resound, make a noise; speak, express

hope, look for, expect

foam, froth, spray

spread out; overthrow, level, flatten
strideo, stridere, stridi

superbus, -a, -um

talis, talis, tale

make a harsh noise, hiss; grate, creak

proud, arrogant, insolent

such, of such a kind; the following

finally, at last; pray now
tantus, -a, -um

tectum, -i, n.

telum, -i, n.

teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus
so great, so much, so far

roof; house, dwelling

spear, shaft, javelin; weapon

hold, keep, have; occupy; hold back, detain; reach
terra, -ae, f.


totus, -a, -um

earth, land; soil

so many, such a number of; as many

all, entire, whole

then, at that time, in those times; further

tuus, -a, -um




so much, so greatly; only

however, nevertheless, still
templum, -i, n.

tellus, telluris, n.

tempus, -oris, n.

tendo, tendere, tetendi, tentus
temple, sanctuary, shrine

earth, ground, land; globe

time; occasion, opportunity

stretch, extend; present; aim; exert, strive
tergum, -i, n.

tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus

turbo, -are, -avi, -atus

tego, tegere, texi, tectus
back, rear; hide, leather

lift, raise; erect; extol, exalt; remove, destroy

disturb, make an uproar; trouble

cover, cover over, hide; shelter; dissemble, keep secret
tempto, -are, -avi, -atus

terreo, terrere, terrui, territus

torqueo, torquere, torsi, tortus

tremo, tremere, tremui
try, attempt; tempt; seek, examine

frighten, terrify

twist, bend, turn

tremble, shake, quake
taurus, -i, m.

tempesttas, tempestatis, f.


thalamus, -i, m.
bull; bullock

storm, tempest; disturbance; multitude

three times, thrice

inner room, chamber; marriage bed
torus, -i, m.

traho, trahere, traxi, tractus

tristis, tristis, triste

tutus, -a, -um
sofa, couch, bed

draw, drag; lead, bring; sweep along; spend, prolong

sad, sorrowful, dejected; dismal, gloomy

safe, secure
umbra, -ae, f.


unus, -a, -um

shadow, shade, ghost

where; when

one; only, alone

as; when; so that; how!
unda, -ae, f.

urbs, urbis, f.

umerus, -i, m.

ullus, -a, -um
wave; water, sea


shoulder, upper arm

any, any one

uterus, -i, m.

vis, vis, f.

volvo, volvere, volvi, volutus
at once, together, at the same time

womb; belly

force, violence / strength

turn, roll; ordain, decree; glide; ponder, consider
vulnus, vulneris, n.


ventus, -i, m.

video, videre, vidi, visus
wound, injury, deadly blow



see, perceive; understand; seem appear (passive)
venio, venire, veni, ventus

via, viae, f.

vir, viri, m.

voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus
come, arrive; go

way, road, path; method, mode

man, male

call, name; address; invite; invoke
vox, vocis, f.

verto, vertere, verti, versus

vinco, vincere, vici, victus

volo, velle, volui
voice; cry, call; word, saying

turn, direct, change; twist; destroy

conquer, overcome, defeat; banish

wish, want, desire
vates, vatis, m. or f.

vertex, verticis, m.

verus, -a, -um

volo, -are, -avi, -atus
seer, prophet, prophetess

whirlpool, vortex; peak, summit

true; real, actual; genuine

vultus, -us, m.

varius, -a, -um


valeo, valere, valui, valiturus
face; appearance, expression

various, variegated; changing, variable; fickle

or, or indeed; certainly

be well, be strong; be able; say goodbye
vastus, -a, -um


vestis, vestis, f.

vinculum, -i, n.
unoccupied; vast, immense, huge

just as, even as, like

clothing, attire, garments; robe

chain, rope, fetter; bond
vritus, virtutis, f.


vestigium, vestigii, n.

vetus, veteris
strength, courage, excellence; character, virtue


step, footprint, track; trace, mark, vestige

old, aged; former
virgo, virginis, f.

vita, -ae, f.

young woman, girl

Achilles, -is, m.

Aeneas, Aeneae, m.

Achates, Achatae, m.

Aeolus, -i, m.
Achilles (greatest of the Greek fighters at Troy)

Aeneas (son of Anchises)

Achates (Aeneas's frequent companion)

Aeolus (god of the winds)
Anchises, Anchisae, m.

Anna, -ae, f.

Apollo, Apollinis, m.

Ascanius, Ascanii, m.
Anchises (Aeneas's father)

Anna (Dido's sister)

Apollo (god of prophecy and music)

Ascanius (Aeneas's son)
Ausonius, -a, -um

Creusa, -ae, f.

Dido, -onis, f.

Danaus, -i, m.
Ausonian, Italian

Creusa (Aeneas's wife)

Dido (queen of Carthage)

of Danaus (a famous Greek king) / the Greeks
Dardanius, -a, -um

Eurus, -i, m.

Graius, -a, -um

Hector, -oris, m.
Trojan, of Dardanus

Eurus (a southeast or east wind)


Hector (Troy's champion, son of Priam)
Italia, -ae, f.

Iuno, Iunonis, f.

Iuppiter, Iovis, m.

Iliacus, -a, -um

Juno (wife of Jupiter, goddess of marraige)

Juppiter (chief god of the Romans, husband and brother of Juno)
of Ilium, Trojan 
Iulus, -i, m.

Karthago, Karthaginis, f.

Latium, Latii, n.

Libya, -ae, f.
Iulus (another name for Ascanius, Aeneas's son)

Carthage (Dido's city)

Latium (a district in Italy south of the Tiber)

Libya (region of northern Africa)
Libycus, -a, -um

Olympus, -i, m.

Priamus, -i, m.

Palla, Pallantis, m.
Libyan, of Libya

Mt. Olympus (home of the gods)

Priam (king of Troy)

Pallas (son of Evander, killed by Turnus)
Penates, Penatium, m. pl.

Pergama, -orum, n. pl.

Phoebus, -i, m.

Phrygius, -a, -um
household gods, gods of the state


Apollo (god of prophecy and music)

Phrygian, Tyrian
Pyrrhus, -i, m.

Romanus, -a, -um

Rutuli, -orum, m. pl.

Sibylla, -ae, f.
Pyrrhus (Achilles's son)


Rutulians (Turnus's tribe)

teh Sibyl (prophetess of Apollo)
Teucri, -orum, m. pl.

Troia, -ae, f.

Turnus, -i, m.

Troianus, -a, -um


Turnus (leader of the Rutulians)

Tyrius, -a, -um

Tros, Trois, m.

Venus, Veneris, f.
Tyrian, Carthaginian

a Trojan

Venus (goddess of love; Aeneas's mother)

Deck Info