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Followers of a Calvanist Baptist minister who taught that the second coming of Christ would occur in 1944
San Jacinto
the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Led by General Sam Houston fought on April 21, 1836, in present-day Harris County, Texas,
Arthur and Lewis Tappan
In 1826, the brothers began to import silk from Asia, and they quickly earned a sizable fortune gave money to abolistionist causes and became very stong abolitionists
Denmark Vesey
United States freed slave and insurrectionist in South Carolina who was involved in planning an uprising of slaves and was hanged (1767-1822)
Sojourner Truth
United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)
seeks to end the practice of slavery and the worldwide slave trade. It began during the period of the second Enlightenment and grew to large proportions in Europe and United States during the 19th century
Manifest Destiny
This expression was popular in the 1840s. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea," from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. This rationale drove the acquisition of territory.
American Colonization society
A Society that thought slavery was bad. They would buy land in Africa and got free blacks to move there. One of these colonies Liberia. Most sponsors just wanted to get blacks out of their country.
Stephen Foster
United States songwriter whose songs embody the sentiment of the South before the American Civil War (1826-1864)
Declaration of Sentiments
declared that all "people are created equal"; used the Declaration of Independence to argue for women's rights
Zackary Taylor
die in office he lasted 16 months as president, A Southern slaveholder who opposed the spread of slavery to the territories, 12 president
Lone Star Republic
The texans had carried a flag with a simgle white star after winning independence, they nicknamed their nation the lone star republic
Hudson River School
a group of American painters of the mid-19th century whose works are characterized by a highly romantic treatment of landscape, esp. along the Hudson River
Theodore Dwight Weld
American abolitionist whose pamphlet Slavery As It Is (1839) inspired Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Phineas T Barnum
an American showman who is best remembered for his entertaining hoaxes and for founding the circus
Winfield Scott
United States general who was a hero of the War of 1812 and who defeated Santa Anna in the Mexican War (1786-1866)
fredrick Douglas
born into slavery. Taught to read and write by a wife of one of the owners, decided to escape. Reached freedom and gave speeches about freedom.
Nat Turner
Slave from VA that led group of slaves to kill their slaves holders abd familes. Turner caught and executed on Nov.11, 1831. Slave states stricker control on slave population.
William Lloyd Garrison
was a prominent American abolitionist, journalist, and social reformer. He is best known as the editor of the radical abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator, and as one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Lane Rebels
established in the Walnut Hills section of Cincinnati, Ohio in 1829 to educate Presbyterian ministers.
American Anti-slavery society
was an abolitionist society founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan. Frederick Douglass was a key leader of the society and often spoke at its meetings.
"Spot" Resolution
Abe Lincoln presented resolutions that requested President James K. Polk to provide Congress with the exact location (the "spot") upon which blood was spilt on American soil
Liberty Party
A former political party in the United States; formed in 1839 to oppose the practice of slavery; merged with the Free Soil Party in 1848
Knickerbocker Group
group in New York that wrote literature and enabled America to boast for the first time of a literature that matched its magnificent landscapes
Maine Law
passed in 1851 in Maine, was one of the first statutory implementations of the developing temperance movement in the United States.
Peculiar instituion
a euphemism for slavery and the economic ramifications of it in the American South.
philosophical and literary movement that emphasized living a simple life and celebrated the truth found in nature and in peronal emotion and imagination
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, a book about a slave who is treated badly, in 1852. The book persuaded more people, particularly Northerners, to become anti-slavery.
Second Great Awakening
was the second great religious revival in United States history and consisted of renewed personal salvation experienced in revival meetings.
Sam Houston
United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States (1793-1863), First president of the Republic of Texas
Oneida Community
founded by John Humphrey Noyes in 1848 in Oneida, New York. The community believed that Jesus Christ had already returned in the year 70, making it possible for them to bring about Christ's millennial kingdom themselves, and be free of sin and perfect in this world, not just Heaven (a belief called Perfectionism).
Burned-over district
an area in central and western New York during the Second Great Awakening. The name was given because the area was so heavily evangelized during the revivalism of antebellum America
David Wilmot
member of Congress best known for the "Wilmot Proviso" (1846). This was a plan to not allow slavery in any of the land annexed from Mexico after the Mexican-American War. It did not pass, but was considered the first event in a long slide towards the Civil War.
Am. Temperance Society
The society benefited from, and contributed to, a reform sentiment in much of the country promoting the abolition of slavery, expanding women's rights, temperance, and the improvement of society. 1826
John Tyler
elected Vice President and became the 10th President of the United States when Harrison died 1841-1845, President responsible for annexation of Mexico after receiving mandate from Polk, opposed many parts of the Whig program for economic recovery
the mission in San Antonio where in 1836 Mexican forces under Santa Anna besieged and massacred American rebels who were fighting to make Texas independent of Mexico
American religious sect devoted to the teachings of Ann Lee Stanley, prohibited marriage and sexual relationships
Walker Tariff
Democratic bill that reversed the high rates of tariffs imposed by the Whig-backed "Black Tariff" of 1842 under president John Tyler
Grimke sisters
were 19th-century American Quakers, educators and writers who were early advocates of abolitionism and women's rights.
Ashburton treaty
Webster-Ashburton Treaty, signed August 9, 1842, settled the dispute over the location of the Maine-New Brunswick border between the United States and Canada, then a colony of Britain
The Liberator
antislavery newspaper; founded by William Lloyd Garrison, banned in the south
John Quincy Adams
Sixth president of the US , favored returning the slaves of the Amistad to Africa
Cotton Kingdom
Areas in the south where cotton farming developed because of the high demand for cotton, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas (partly Florida)
Joint Resolution
a resolution passed by both houses of Congress dealing with unusual or temporary matters, such as correcting an error in an earlier law
James K Polk
president in March 1845. wanted to settle oregon boundary dispute with britain. wanted to aquire California. wanted to incorperate Texas into union.
Elijah Lovejoy
Former Presbyterian minister; established a reform paper: St. Louis Observer; moved to Alton, IL. (Alton Observer); against slavery and injustices inflicted against blacks; is a martyr for the anti-slavery movement for he was killed by a mob in 1835.
John C Fremont
ommissioned by the Senate (especially Benton) to document and survey the west. His descriptions were to make the West look as nice as possible. His famous stories (e.g. Pathfinder) glorified the West and all the abundance of land and possible wealth
religious group that emphasized moderation, saving, hard work, and risk-taking; moved from IL to UT, Church of Jesus Christ & the Latter day saints

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