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reform part 2


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Oneida Community:
utopian commune. incorporated Communalism (in the sense of communal property and possessions), Complex Marriage, Male Continence, Mutual Criticism and Ascending Fellowship
Margaret Fuller
a journalist, critic and women's rights activist.
Mother Ann Lee
a member of the Shakers; who, during the 1770s, emigrated to Watervliet, New York. She was born in Manchester, England; and died in Watervliet.
an offshoot of the Religious Society of Friends (or Quakers) that originated in Manchester, England in the early 18th century
had its origin during the early part of the nineteenth century.
Joseph Smith, the founder
Joseph Smith:
spend the next two-and-a-half years translating the Book of Mormon into English.
Brigham Young
American religious leader, early head of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints,
Burned-Over District":
a name given by evangelist Charles Grandison Finney to an area in western New York State in the United States of America
American Temperance Society
created in 1826. By 1834 the Society boasted five thousand local chapters and a national membership of one million.
Female Moral Reform Society
a women's organization in the Latter Day Saint movement
Sylvester Graham:
: preached on temperance and stressed whole-wheat flour and vegetarian diets
the study of the structure of the skull to determine a person's character and mental capacity.
William Morton:
responsible for the first successful public demonstration of ether as an inhalation anesthetic
Horace Mann:
American education reformer and abolitionist, was born in Franklin, Massachusetts
McGuffey Reader
central to a child’s education, not only for its content, but the way it was used to build skills.
The "Benevolent Empire":
A complete structure of church and parachurch organizations
Dorothea Dix:
ideas about psychiatric treatment to successfully lobby almost every State legislature to create asylums for the insane
Angelina & Sarah Grimké
were 19th Century Quakers, educators and writers who were early advocates of abolitionism and women's rights.
Catharine Beecher:
a very active supporter for the cause of women's education
Harriet Beecher Stowe: an abolitionist, and writer of more than 10 books, the most famous being Uncle Tom's Cabin which describes life in slavery
Louisa May Alcott
an American novelist, best known for the novel Little Women (1868).
Little Women:
a novel by Louisa May Alcott published on September 30, 1868, concerning the lives and loves of four sisters
Lucretia Mott
the first major American women's activist in the early 1800s and is credited as the first "feminist
Lucy Stone
: an American suffragist, the wife of abolitionist Henry Brown Blackwell
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: a social activist and a leading figure of the early women's rights movement in the United States
Susan B. Anthony
: an American civil rights leader who, along with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, led the effort to grant women the right to vote in the United States.
Seneca Falls Convention:
the first women's rights convention held in the United States, and as a result is often called the birthplace of the feminist movement.
American Colonization Society:
: founded a colony on the coast of West Africa — Liberia, in 1820 — and transported free black people there
David Walker:
a black abolitionist
William Lloyd Garrison:
favored an immediate end to slavery.
The Liberator
: an abolitionist newspaper founded in 1831 by William Lloyd Garrison
American Anti-Slavery Society:
founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan
Frederick Douglass:
the most prominent African-Americans of his time
Harriet Tubman
: Black Moses, was an African-American freedom fighter
Underground Railroad:
a network of clandestine routes by which African slaves in the 19th century United States attempted to escape to free states
Amistad Case (1839
Africans who had mutinied on a Spanish slave ship were being tried for piracy and murder on the high seas
Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842):
a United States Supreme Court case in which the court held that Federal law is superior to State law, and overturned the conviction of Edward Prigg as a result
Uncle Tom's Cabin:
a novel by American abolitionist author Harriet Beecher Stowe which treats slavery as a central theme
Liberty Party:
succeeded in placing slavery on the national political agenda
James G. Birney:
an American presidential candidate for the Liberty Party
"personal liberty" laws
: statutes designed to prevent slave owners from reclaiming slaves who had escaped to the free states.
"Free Soil" movement
a position taken by northern citizens and politicians in the 19th century advocating that all new U.S. territory be closed to slavery

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