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Spanish 3 Finals

A review of different tenses and misc. thingies covered in the Spanish 3 exam.


undefined, object
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Present Progressive
Describe what is actually in the process of taking place; conjugtion of estar (estoy, estás, está...) + present participle (-ing) form of verb (-ando or -iendo)
Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns
If sentece has two verbs, place them before the conjugated verb or attach them directly to the infinitive. Make the sentence negative by placing the negative word directly before the pronouns.
Present Perfect Subjunctive
haya() + past participle;"I doubt that you did it" - doubt in past
Indirect Object Pronouns
me, te, nos...; prefix applies 'for whom,' 'to whom'; verb tense itself is who does the action; for negatives, 'no' comes before prefix
Demonstrative Adjectives
este (+accent), esta (+accent), esto/ ese+, esa+, eso/ aquel+, aqeulla+, aquello
Past Participle
Drop infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir) and add -ado (for -ar verbs) or -ido (for -er, -ir verbs)
Imperfect Subjunctive
'if this happens' part of sentence; ellos form of preterite - 'ron' + imperfect subjunctive endings (-ra, -ras, -ran, etc.)
future tense or wonder/probablity in present; infinitive form of verb + future endings (-é, -ás, -á...)
Past Perfect
"had" (había habías había habíamos habían) + past participle; I had studied
Present Perfect
verb "has" or "have" (he has ha hemos han) + the past participle; I have studied
é, aste, ó, amos, aron; í, iste, ió, imos, ieron; -ir verbs that change their stem in the present change e:i and o:u in the third person; -gar = gu, -car = -qu, -zar = -cu; with 2 vowels, change third person to -yó and -yeron
Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns
indirect object comes first: "Ellos me lo dan." = "They gave it to me."; when both begin with 'l', change first pronoun to 'se'; NEG: no coes before first pronoun;
future+conditional endings; what would or would not happen if a condition was met (used with 'si' + imperfect subjunctive for the conditon)
take 'yo' form and change ending to 'e-' or 'a-'; opposite of original ending; used when existence is uncertain or with doubt or not yet completed

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