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Parts Of Speech Study


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What is a Noun?
A noun is often defined as a word which names a person, place or thing.
What is a commmon noun??
Most nouns are common nouns and do not begin with a capital letter.
What is a proper noun??
Proper nouns are nouns which begin with a capital letter because it is the name of a specific or particular person place or thing.

Ex. Mexico, John F. Kennedy, Atlantic Ocean, February, Monday, New York City, Susan, Maple Street, Burger King

What is a verb??
a word which shows action or state of being.

ex. The dog bit the man, bit is the verb and the word which shows the action of the sentence.

What is an adjective
a word which describes or gives more information about a noun or pronoun. Adjectives describe nouns in terms of such qualities as size, color, number, and kind.

ex. The lazy, old, brown dog sat on the rug. (Adj -lazy,old,brown)

Where does an adjective go, usually??
Usually an adjective comes before the noun that it describes, as in tall man. It can also come after a form of the word beas in The man is tall.
What is a possessive adjective??
shows possession or ownership.

ex. The words my dog or "my" dogs indicate that the dog or dogs belong to me.

What is an adverb??
An adverb is usually defined as a word that gives more information about a verb, an adjective or another adverb.
Adverbs describe verbs, adjectives and adverbs in terms of such qualities as time, frequency and manner.

ex. In the sentence Sue runs very fast, very describes the adverb fast and gives information about how fast Sue runs.

What is a pronoun??
A pronoun is often defined as a word which can be used instead of a noun.

ex. instead of saying "John" is a student, the pronoun "he" can be used in place of the noun John and the sentence becomes: He is a student.

What is a preposition??
a word which shows relationships among other words in the sentence. The relationships include direction, place, time, cause, manner and amount.

ex. In the sentence: She went to the store, "to" is a preposition which shows direction.
In the sentence: He came by bus, "by" is a preposition which shows manner.

What does a preposition always go by?
A preposition always goes with a noun or pronoun which is called the object of the preposition. The preposition is almost always before the noun or pronoun and that is why it is called a preposition. The preposition and the object of the preposition together are called a prepositional phrase.

ex. To the store
by the bus
under the table

What is a conjunction??
a word that connects other words or groups of words.

ex. In the sentence: Bob and Dan are friends. the conjunction "and" connects two nouns.

What is a coordinating conjunction??
Coordinating conjunctions are conjunctions which connect two equal parts of a sentence.

ex. They ate and drank.

What is a correlative conjunction??
pairs of conjunctions that work together.

ex. In the sentence: Both Jan and Meg are good swimmers, "both . . .and" are correlative conjunctions.

What is an Article?
An article is a kind of adjective which is always used with and gives some information about a noun. There are only two articles "a" and "the".

ex. I have a book

What is an indefinite article??
It is "a" because if you say
I have a book it says that you probably have one but its still general, because saying i have one book is more specific.
What is a definite article??
The word the is known as the definite article and indicates a specific thing.

ex. The difference between the sentences I sat on a chair and I sat on the chair is that the second sentence refers to a particular, specific chair, not just any chair.

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