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imperialism and Foreign Wars


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War in the Caribbean
US blockaded Cuba, sealing up a Spanish fleet in the Harbor of Santiago de Cuba
Valeriano Weyler
Spain sent him to Cuba to restore order after the revolt
Panama Canal
US bought from French company for $40 million
a devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation
manifest destiny
the overall destiny of the US was to expand to the Pacific Ocean and Mexican territory
Boxer rebellion
the Chinese didn't want foreign influence in China and tried to kick all the European influence out
Pearl Harbor
Hawaii allowed the US to build a naval base at their best port
to incorporate a territory into an existing political unit, such as a state or nation
U.S.S. Maine
what started a war with Spain
Treaty of Fort Laramie
provided various Native American nations control of the Central Plains, land east of the Rocky Mountains that stretched roughly from the Arkansas River north to Canada
Queen Liliuokalani
last queen of Hawaii who surrendered to the surperior force of the US
"Fifty Four Forty or Fight!"
fight slogan for James K. Polk's presidential platform that called for the annexation of the Oregon Territory
Texas Revolution
Texas rebelled against Mexican control, striving to be the Lone Star Republic
Rough Riders
a volunteer calvary under the commands of Leonard Wood and Theodore Roosevelt
a country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power
Winfield Scott
general that helped with the invasion of Mexico
the policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories
Sam Houston
defeated Santa Anna in the battle of Saint Jacinto, killed 630 people in 18 min.
Treaty of Paris
ceasefire between the US and Spain
Black Hawk War
started in Illinois and spread to Wisconsin territory. Ended when Illinois' militia members slaughtered more than 200 Sauk and Fox people
Gasden Purchase
established the current borders of the lower 48 states
Jose Marti
Cuban poet and journalist who launched a Cuban Revolution
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Mexico agreed to the Rio Grande order for Texas and ceded New Mexico and California to the US
religious communtiy that would play a major role in settling of the West
Foraker Act
ended the military rule and set up civil governments in Puerto Rico
Santa Fe trail
780 miles from Independence, Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico
Roosevelt Corollary
an addition to the Monroe Doctrine that said the US would now use force to protect its economic insurance in Latin America
land grants
Mexico gave US land in return, Americans had to obey Mexican laws and observe the official religion of Roman Catholisism
Dollar Diplomacy
policy of using the US government to guarantee loans made to foreign countries by American business people
Emilio Aguinaldo
rebel leader of the Phillipines
Phillipine-American War
Feb. 1899 the Phillipinos rose in revolt and the US imposed its authority on colonies that were fighting for freedom
Francisco "Pancho" Villa and Emilliano Zapata
led the Mexican Rebellion
Oregon Trail
started in Independence, Missouri and ended in Portland, Oregon. used by Marcus and Narcissa Whitman to set up mission schools for converting Native Americans to Christianity
development of armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy
1835, Texans attacked the Mexican forces and their first step towards Texas's freedom from Mexico
Brigham Young
moved his mormon followers beyond the boundaries of the US which were north to Nebraska
Open Door Notes
letters addressed to the leaders of imperialist nations that the nations share their trading rights with the US
John Hay
US secretary of state who issued the Open Door Notes
Platt Amendment
US reserves the right to intervene in Cuba, Cuba can not make treaties that might limit its independence, Cuba was not to go into debt, US could buy or lease land on the island for naval stations and refueling stations
War in the Phillipines
George Dewey gave the command to open fire on the Spanish fleet in Manila, the Phillipine capital

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