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American History II Midterm (Vocab)

Plum High School American History II Midterm; This quizlet was made directly from study guide

Terms

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Reservations
federal lands set aside for American Indians
Reparations
payments for damages and expenses brought on by war
Fourteen Points
1918; President Woodrow Wilson's plan for organizing post World War I Europe and for avoiding future wars
Muckrakers
journalists who wrote about corruption in business and politics in order to bring about reform
Roosevelt Corollary
1904; President Theodore Roosevelt's addition to the Monroe Doctrine; declared that te US would police affairs in the Western Hemisphere to keep Europeans from intervening in the region
Dawes Act
1887; Legislation passes by Congress that split up Indin reservation lands among individual Indians and promisedthem citizenship
Progressives
reformers who worded to improve social and political problems, beginning in the late 1800s
Federal Reserve Act
1913; act that created a national banking system to help regulate the economy
Trench Warface
WWI military strategy of defending a position by fighting from the protection of deep ditches
Interstate Commerance Act
1887; law regulating trade between states
Imperialism
the practice of builing an empire by founding colonies or conquering other nations
Homestead Steel Strike
1892; violent strike at Andrew Carnegie's Homesteed Steel Factory In PA
Treaty of Versailles
1919; treaty ending WWI that required Germany to pay billions of dollars of war costs and established the League of Nations
U-Boats
german subs
Panama Canal
canal built by the US across the Isthmus of Panama to link the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; opened in 1914
Allied Powers
World War I alliance that included Britain, France, Russia, and later the US and Italy; also the World War II alliance between Britain and France, and later the US and other countries, that fough against the Axis Powers
League of Nations
international congress of nations formed in 1919 that was designed to settle disputes and maintain peace and collective security
Armistice
a truce between warring groups or countries
Communists
people who seek the equal distribution of wealth and the end of all forms of private property
Pure Food & Drug Act
1906; legislation that prohibited the manufacture, sale, or transportation of mislabeled or contaminated food and drugs through interstate commerance
Dollar Diplomacy
President William Howard Taft's policy of influencing Latin American governments through economic, not military, intervention
Knights of Labor
the first national labor union in the US; organized in 1869 and included workers of different races, gender and skills
Selective Service Act
1917; law that required men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register for the draft into the armed forces
Homestead Act
1862; law passed by Congress to encourage settlement in the West by giving government-owned land to small farmers
Capitalism
economic system in which private businesses own and operate most industries; competition determines the cost of goods as well as workers' pay
Yellow Journalism
the use of sensational, often exaggerated new stories in newspapers or other publications to attract readers
Collective Bargaining
process in which union leaders negotiate with factory owners on behalf of workers in a particular business or industry for better wages and working conditions
Populist Party
national political party fomed in 1891 that supported free coinage of silver, lavor reforms, immigration, restrictions, and government ownership of railroads, and the telegraph and telephone systems

Deck Info

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