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Latin- Case Uses

Different uses of Nominative, Genitive, Dative cases in Latin


undefined, object
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Object of prepositon
ACC- many preps that take the accusative. Ex. of preps are: ante, apud, contra, inter, intra, per, post, prope, propter, supra, trans, ultra
Predicate Nominative
NOM- a NOUN that requires a linking verb. Same case as the noun it is equal b/c of the linking verb
ABL (w/)- answers question with whom? uses latin prep "cum"=with. Look for PERSON
ABL (w/o)- Answers question of what kind? NO latin prep, supply "of" Look for adj. noun comobo. Like the Gen. of description
ABL (w/o)- Answers question than what, than whom? NO latin prep, supply "than" Look for comparatives, quam
Time (Duration)
ACC- Answeres question- for how long? No latin prep. translates with "for". Look for time words (hora, dies, nox, annus, tempus)
Place from Which
ABL (w/)- answers question from where? uses latin preps "e,ex"=out of/from: "a/ab"=away from/from: "de"= down from
Place To Which/Motion
ACC- uses the latin prepositions "ad" = to, towards, at, near. and "in" = into
Time When
ABL (w/o)- Answers question when? NO latin prep, supply "at, within" Look for time words
With Special Verbs
ABL (w/o)
Degree of Difference
ABL (w/o)- Answers question by how much? NO latin prep, supply "" Look for
W/ Special (intransitive) verbs
DAT- Certain verbs have an object in the dat. but the preposition to/for is dropped. Verbs are: credo, ignosco, impero, persuadeo, resisto
Subject (of a verb)
NOM- the noun that does the action
Indirect Object
DAT- used with verbs of giving, showing, telling; in Latin the indirect object usually preceds the direct object
W/ Compound Verbs
DAT- Some verbs with certain prefixes may be followed by the dative. Sounds like a direct object but is actually Dative. ex: appropinquo, induo, occurro
Subject Accusative
ACC- the subject of an infinitive in in the accusative. usually has an infinitive phrase and indirect statement
Place Where
ABL (w/)- answers question where? uses latin prep "in" = in, on
Cardinal numbers, pauci, quidam
ABL- the abl. case with e/ex or de is used as the partitve abl.
GEN- and adjective noun pair which describes a quality of another noun. agrees w/ noun it modifies in gender, # and case.
Predicate Adjective
NOM- An ADJECTIVE that requires a linking verb. Adj. agrees with noun it modifies in gender number and case
ABL (w/)- Answers question how/in what way? Uses the latin prep "cum"=with (sometimes) Look for abstract/idea word
W/ Certain Adjectives
DAT- Used w/ certain adj. of nearness, fitness, usefulness, similarity & friendliness (and their opposites) adj. are: proximus, utilis, disimilis, similis, amicus, inamicus, gratus
GEN- Shows ownership; expressed in english with "of" of an apostraphe; in Latin gen. usually comes AFTER the noun it possess
ABL (w/o)- Answers question with what? NO latin prep, supply "with, by, by means of" Look for tangible nouns
Object of Prepositioin
ABL (w/)- Uses specific preps: "sine"=without, "pro"=for, "de"=about/concerning
Direct Object
ACC- recieve the action of an active voice verb
Renames a Noun; can be any case, just has to be the same case as the noun it renames
ABL (w/)- answers question by whom? uses latin prep "a/ab" = by. Look for 3 p's (person, preposition, passive verb"
ABL (w/o)- Answers question in what respect is it true? NO latin prep, supply "in" Look for NOMINE
GEN- Identifies the WHOLE of which only a part is being talked about, the whole is is partitive genitive; 5 nouns of quantitiy are used w/ partitive gen.

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