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Nursing Concepts 4 (100 things to know)


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losing excess weight is a way to treat
Smoking is a major cause of
the difference between how a acute and chronic arterial occlusion feels is
There is time for development of collateral circulation in chronic.
a pulsatile mass in the abdomen is a sign of an of
abdominal aortic aneurysm.
a person with orthopnea hang their legs over the edge of the bed helps them ______
breathe better
Ascites is a sign of
right heart failure
iron deficiency anemia the tongue is
red, smooth and sore
IM B-12 shots are used to treat
you should check “H&H” hemoglobin and hematocrit in ____ Patients
sickle cell anemia patients.
Define pancytopenia:
A shortage of all types of blood cells, including red and white blood cells as well as platelets
what is going on in DIC (disseminated intravascular coagulopathy) patients
A disorder of diffuse activation of the clotting cascade that results in depletion of clotting factors in the blood.
Shiny, cool skin is a sign of
impaired circulation
Sudden onset of chest pain and difficulty breathing is a sign of
pulmonary embolism
A patient on lasix (furosemide) and digoxin should be
watched for
A person taking catopen should
change positions slowly.
with a pacemaker should be taught to check their pulse _____
at the same time every day
arteriography is best way to diagnose ________
pulmonary embolism
Ph is down and paco2 is up =
respiratory acidosis
Sometimes suctioning is used to
remove secretions
pursed lip breathing is taught to COPD patients to help them ______
prolong the expiratory cycle and have more positive airway pressure.
A definitive sign of COPD is
decrease in FEV (forced expiratory volume)
What is a signs of an air leak in a chest tube
constant bubbling
Define of pulmonary edema
fluid accumulation and swelling in the lungs
Pink-frothy sputum is a sign of
pulmonary edema
pulmonary hypertension is a cause of
right heart failure
Kaposi’s sarcoma is more common in
immune suppressed persons
Atrovent is used to prevent
an asthma attack
Steroids are given in asthma
reduce inflammation
Watch for signs of infections in people
getting steroids
that fibroid tumors may cause
abnormal vaginal bleeding
Define HPS (hypertrophic pyloric stenosis)
narrowing of the pyloric canal by muscular hypertrophy and mucosal edema, occurring chiefly in infants
Failure to thrive is a sign of
BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia) is present in men by
40th birthday
Signs/symptoms of BPH
Trips to the restroom for urination are hurried and necessary

Increased difficulty in starting the urine stream


Loss of the ability to completely empty the bladder

Persistent bladder infections
Sign of bladder cancer is
Painless urinary bleeding
hip pain one month after prostate surgery may be
the cancer spread to the bone
multiple sex partners is risk factor for
cervical cancer
SIADH (syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone) causes
A child with Wilm’s tumor labs should be checked for
you should never palpate the abdomen of a child with
Wilm’s tumor
Teenage boy with chronic leg pain may have
Ewing’s sarcoma
Treating chrondosarcomas with amputation may
increase survival
that exposure to papillomavirus is risk factor for
cervical cancer
Antineoplastic agents are used for
Hair follicles and inner lining of GI tract cells divide quickly and are greatly affected by
radiation therapy
Chemotherapy causes
bone marrow suppression
What should be done if a chemo drugs extravasated
stop the infusion and place ice on the site
sickle cell crisis can be treated with
hot moist compresses
after a prostate surgery the major intervention is to
check for bleeding and shock
a healthy stoma is
beefy red
Woman should do BSE how often?
every month
A sign of a PDA (patent ductus arteriosis) is
constant murmur
Symptomatic TET babies should be placed in which postion?
knee-chest position-like squatting
what is CF (cystic fibrosis)?
the most common congenital disease; the child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene;
Chest physiotherapy is an important part of
CF treatment
Nursing dx of hirschspring’s disease is
“risk for injury related to lack of intestinalmotility”
Down’s syndrome children are often
mentally challenged
A meningeoclele should be
kept moist
Children with a meningeocele usually
have neuro. problems
Patients with leukemia should be checked for
Teaching patient’s to pace activities or do them in the morning is used to
decrease oxygen demand
a patient with nitroglycerin can take them before
strenuous activity
A patient with neutropenia should not
eat raw carrots
oxygen is given at low flow rates to COPD patients to
Keep from suppressing their drive to breathe.
Patient with coronary artery disease should
avoid exercising outside
when it is very hot or very cold
Orchiectomy does not cause
The doctor should be notified if a person with a pacemaker wakes up and their heart rate is
under 60
What is a sign of hypokalemia?
muscle weakness
After wilm’s tumor surgery what is a post-op concern?
decrease urine output
Undesirable sign of hormone therapy for inoperable prostate cancer is
Irrigation of catheter after TURP is to
prevent occlusion of urine flow
What is a sign of raynaud’s disease ?
cold fingers
What should be done after basal cell carcinoma treatment ?
All lesions checked promptly
Mouth care is important after
cancer treatment
CEA (Carcinoembryonic antigen) is a lab used to
dx cancer
what is CP (cerebral palsy)
A disorder usually caused by brain damage occurring at or before birth and marked by muscular impairment. Often accompanied by poor coordination, it sometimes involves speech and learning difficulties.
what MD (muscular dystrophy) does ?
any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
What is DDH (developmental dysplasia of hip)
DDH is a malformation of the hip joint found in babies or young children

Risk factors include being the first child, being female, a breech delivery, and a family history of the disorder.
What is the first stage of breast cancer?
Cancer has spread from the lobules or ducts to nearby tissue in the breast. At this stage and beyond, breast cancer is considered to be invasive. The tumor is 2 cm or less in diameter
What is the second stage of breast cancer?
Cancer has spread from the lobules or ducts to nearby tissue in the breast. In this stage, the tumor can range from about 2 cm to greater than 5 cm in diameter (approximately 1 to 2 inches);
What is the third stage of breast cancer?
Known as locally advanced cancer; tumor may be larger than 5 cm (2 inches) in diameter, and cancer may or may not have spread to lymph nodes or other tissues near the breast.
What is the fourth stage of breast cancer?
Known as metastatic; cancer has spread from the breast and lymph nodes under the arm to other parts of the body, such as bone, liver, lung, or brain

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