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Barron's essential words for the GRE (set 1 of 8)

From the book "Essential words for the GRE." Published by Barron's in 2007.

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
abscond
to depart secretly
abate
to decrease; reduce
bedizen
to dress in a vulgar, showy manner
blase
bored because of frequent indulgence; unconcerned
affinity
fondness; liking; similarity
apothegm
a terse, witty saying
abeyance
temporary suppression or suspension
amulet
ornament worn as a charm against evil spirits
belie
to contradict; misrepresent; give a false impression
abstinence
the giving up of certain pleasures
archeology
the study of material evidence of past human life
boorish
rude; insensitive
artifact
item made by human craft
asperity
severity; harshness; irritability
aggregate
amounting to a whole; total
anodyne
something that calms or soothes pain
apposite
strikingly appropriate and relevant
analgesic
medication that reduces or eliminates pain
accrue
to accumulate; grow by additions
aspersion
slander; false rumor
anachronism
something out of the proper time
bard
poet
arduous
extremely difficult; laborious
bifurcate
to divide into two parts
alloy
a combination; a mixture of two or more metals
abdicate
to give up a position, right, or power
aggrandize
to make larger or greater
artless
guileless; natural
avarice
greed
antediluvian
prehistoric
atavism
in biology, the reappearance of a characteristic in an organism after several generations of absence; individual or a part that exhibits atavism; return of a trait after a period of absence
amenity
something that increases comfort
appellation
name
avocation
secondary occupation
abysmal
very bad
abjure
to reject; abandon formally
autonomous
self-governing; independent
attenuate
to weaken
blandishment
flattery
alchemy
medieval chemical philosophy based on changing metal into gold; a seemingly magical power or process of transmutation
arabesque
ornate design featuring intertwined curves; a ballet position in which one leg is extended in back while the other supports the weight of the body
assiduous
diligent; hard-working
ardor
great emotion or passion
beneficent
kindly; doing good
appease
to calm, pacify, placate
ambrosia
something delicious; the food of the gods
bolster
to give a boost to; prop up; support
broach
to mention for the first time
affected
pretentious; phony
anarchy
absence of government; state of disorder
accretion
growth in size or increase in amount
allay
to lessen; ease; soothe
axiomatic
taken for granted; self-evident truth
adulterate
to corrupt or make impure
beatify
to sanctify; to bless; to ascribe a virtue to
adjunct
something added, attached, or joined
aberrant
deviating from what is normal
apogee
the point in an orbit most distant from the body being orbited; the highest point
amalgamate
to combine into a unified whole
ameliorate
to improve
bovine
cowlike
anomalous
irregular; deviating from the norm
admonish
to caution or reprimand
brazen
bold; shameless
bacchanalian
pertaining to riotous or drunken festivity; pertaining to revelry
avuncular
like an uncle, benevolent and tolerant
asylum
place of refuge or shelter
bawdy
obscene
adamant
uncompromising; unyielding
aver
to affirm; declare to be true
banal
commonplace; trite
abscission
the act of cutting; the natural separation of a leaf or other part of a plant
austere
stern; unadorned; simple
analogous
comparable
appropriate
to take possession of for one's own use; confiscate
antipathy
dislike; hostility
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning
antecedent
something that comes before
assuage
to make less severe
abstemious
moderate in appetite
apprise
to inform
astringent
harsh; severe
arrest
to stop; to seize
ascetic
one who practices self-denial
behemoth
huge creature; anything very large and powerful
argot
a specialized vocabulary used by a group
apex
the highest point
alleviate
to relieve; improve partially
bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
approbation
praise, approval
apropos
relevant
allure
the power to entice by charm
banter
playful conversation
amenable
agreeable; cooperative; suited
abject
miserable; pitiful
ambivalence
the state of having conflicting emotional attitudes
aesthetic
relating to beauty or the arts
alacrity
cheerful willingness; eagerness; speed
audacious
bold; daring
apathy
indifference

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