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bach's history vocab 1

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
Est. Guild
people in same trade set rules to uphold standards and protect members
mosaic
decoration with stone colored usually in a Cathedral
neolithic revolution
the move from hunting to farming
visogoths
barbarians took over rome
Constantinople
center of east christianity and capitol of Byzantine Empire
feudalism
organization of lords, landowners, and tennats
samurai
lesser vassals
paleolithic period
old stone age 40,000 yrs. ago
civilization
advanced soceity marked by devolopment of written language, by advances in arts and sciences, and devolopment of laws and gov.
daimyo
greater lords
zheng he
leader of the chinese fleets
hierarchy
organization of officials of government or religion according to authority
dome
large hemispherical roof
novelle
laws created under Justinian
historic period
starts first writings 5000 yrs old
fable
a story that teaches a lesson
origami
art of paper folding
bedouins
travel from mecca to medina live by trade
islam
surrender to god
relic
object venerated because of age or association with an important historic figure
bushido
samurai code
ronin
warriors who had no overlord to serve
culture
total way of life that peopkle in a soceity share
czar
means caesar
excommunication
kick out of church
nationalism
desire of people to form a nation
serfs
unpaid workers bound to the land
thatching
making straw roofs
institutes
book of laws
papal states
land that pope owned
neolithic period
new stone age between 6000- 3500 bce
kismet
time of death is predetermined
black death
plague killed one third of europe
tithe
tax by church one tenth of income
schism
split in the church
cromagnon
hunter gatherers
dialect
different ways of pronouncing a word
bindi
dot on indian womans forehead
genghis khan
a leader of the mongols
archipelago
great chain of islands
marco polo
traveler from venice
soceity
any group of people live together and share common goal
divine rule
belif that rulers got their power from the will of god
koran
islamic holy book
mullahs
educated muslims considered holy
jihad
any crusade for religious idea or principle
chivalry
bravery, courtesy, loyalty, and honor
heresy
speak out against the church
secondary source
written account after event took place made by people who weren't eyewitnesses
master artisan
top rank in guild
prehistory
covers time before writing study prehistory historians locate and analyze things left behind
digest
laws of roman republic
dowry
gift from the brides family to groom
barter
to trade
moors
african muslims
parliament
great council
carbon-14 dating
can determine approximate age of anything that was once living
allah
islamic god
journeymen
people who work in a guild first step above an apprentice
mosque
islam place of worship
guilds
organization artisans regulated business trained workers
nomads
people who don't have permanent homes they move in search of food
Hammarabi codes
list of laws created around 1800 B.C.
primary source
document written event by eyewitness to event
ramadan
ninth month of the year when muhammad had his revelations
shogun
supreme military leader
capitalism
economic system based on private ownership of the means of producing goods and services
oasis
fertile area in the middle of the desert
caliph
religious leader that had total power but couldn't change teachings
straits
narrow water passages
artifact
anything made by humans
hegira
when Muhammead fled from mecca to medina
code
laws created since Hadrian
magna carta
document limiting the king/'s power
Smelting
process of removing metal from ore
Constantine
first christian emperor of Rome

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