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AP Gov't Ch 12

Terms

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Ad hoc style
The style of organization of the white house where the president has an open office where all sorts of people can come and meet with him. (Clinton's First Term)
Electoral College
Electors in a state meet together at the state capital and cast a vote for a vice president and a president. The smallest states would have a minimum of 3 electors. If no majority then the house of representatives decides.
Emergency power
The power given to the president in a state of emergency
23rd Amendment
allows the District of Columbia to choose three electors for the Electoral College.
Gridlock
When nothing is accomplished because both sides of a debate cannot come to an agreement on issues.
Pardon
Ability of the president to forgive a crime and penalty, to particular person
Executive privilege
The privilege of the president to resist searches and the giving away of information on the grounds of national security.
Pocket veto
When the president does not sign a bill within 10 days and the congress is not in session the bill is automatically vetoed.
Impoundment
The Power of the president to hold money designated for a specific use.
White House Office, White House Military Office, Office of the Vice President, Council on Economic Advisers, Council on environmental Quality, National Security council, Office of Management and the Budget, Office of National Aids Policy, Office of National Drug Control Policy, Office of Trade Representatives, Presidents Critical Infrastructure Protection Board, Presidents Foreign Intelligence Board
Other Offices (5)
President's popularity
Opinion of the people of a certain president
Presidential rating
System rating presidents on values, morals and other aspects
Amnesty
Ability of the president to forgive anyone who may have been guilty of a specific crime. (usually large groups i.e. Draft Dodgers)
12th Amendment
said each member of the electoral college would cast two votes and the winner would become president and runner up would be vice president. In other words, the President and Vice President would be elected separately.
Inherent powers
Powers inferred by the constitution that are required to carry out a job, but not expressly written.
Presidential character
The impact a president's individual personality has on the administration, it affects the management style of government as well as public perception and how the president is remembered.
Line item veto
The former power of the president to veto certain items from a bill without vetoing the entire bill. (Was ruled unconstitutional)
Pay and benefits
President gets paid 400,000 and gets all services free including secret service for life, and around 139,000 after presidency. The Wife gets 20,000 upon the president's death.
Impeachment
The first stage of removing a government official, an indictment.
Kitchen cabinet
A close member of the cabinet specifically the cabinet of Andrew Jackson
Civil service
A civilian working for the government (i.e. Peace Corps)
Pyramid style
Report to president through chief of Staff, hierarchy. (Used by Nixon, Regan Bush)
22nd Amendment
set a 2 term, or eight year limit on holding the presidency.
N.S.C
The _______, that is attended by the president, vice president, joint chiefs of staff, secretary of the state, secretary of Defense and the assistant to the ______ Makes decisions about National security.
War Powers Act
A president can only send troops abroad if authorized by congress. (to stop wars like Vietnam and Korean)
Advice and Consent
The power of the Senate to consult and approve the presidents treaties and appointments
Cabinet
By custom, the leaders of the 14 major executive departments. The president appoints or directly controls most members of these offices.
Lame duck
A politician whose power has diminished because he or she is about to leave office as a result of defeat or term limits.
Constitutional requirements
In order to be President, one must be a native-born U.S. citizen (or born to parents who are both U.S. citizens abroad), be thirty five years of age or older, and have lived in the United States for at least fourteen years, although the Constitution does not explicitly state that these years have to be consecutive, or what defines residency.
Chief/Head of State, Chief Executive, Chief Administrator, Chief Diplomat, Commander in Chief, Judicial powers (amnesty, reprieve, appointment), Party Chief, Chief Citizen
Roles of president
Executive agreement
Secret treaties/agreements made with other nations only by the president.
Executive order
An order given by the president that ensures "that the laws by faithfully executed" , (Executive power)
Expressed powers
The powers directly delegated by the constitution
Circular style
Where the president assigns certain people to gather information and report back to the president (Used by Carter)
25th Amendment
Amendment which set up the line of succession for the president.
Appointment power
Power of the president to appoint office positions
Vice President
The president of the senate and whom breaks a tie vote in the senate. Also the successor to the presidency, and considered a worthless job by many.
Veto
The power of the president to deny passage of a bill
Commutation
The power to remove or lessen a punishment issued by a court.
Reprieve
Postponement of a sentence, usually the death penalty
Insiders and Outsiders
Most Presidents are outsiders to Washington, being mainly Governors (i.e. Carter). Some are insiders (John McCain) .

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