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Baron's GRE

Most frequent GRE words

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
defer
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
abjure
renounce upon oath
bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
credo
creed
defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
buccaneer
pirate
aggregate
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
anticlimax
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
assimilate
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
capricious
unpredictable; fickle
ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
ameliorate
improve
adjourn
suspend until a later time; move from one place to another
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
antidote
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
din
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
abridge
condense or shorten
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
chaotic
in utter disorder
disinclination
unwillingness
deluge
flood; rush; V.
blue
gloomy; depressed
amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
diffidence
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
atone
make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
condiments
seasonings; spices
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer
cloister
monastery or convent
concurrent
happening at the same time; in agreement
astute
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
assail
assault
bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
caustic
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
demure
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
attrition
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
domineer
rule over tyrannically
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
allay
calm; pacify
consort
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
caption
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
dawdle
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
combustible
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
consensus
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
anarchist
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
assumption
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
bizarre
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
abash
embarrass
cumbersome
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
auspicious
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
creed
system of religious or ethical belief
circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
concatenate
link as in a chain
clientele
body of customers
credo
creed
defame
harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
circuitous
roundabout
callus
area of thick hard skin
abscission
cutting off; separation
cower
shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
centripetal
tending toward the center
cogitate
think over; ponder
brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
comprehend
include; understand
dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
coalition
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
cursive
(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
blemish
mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
comeback
retort; quick clever reply; return to former status
abominate
loathe; hate
animated
lively; spirited
decollete
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
bicker
quarrel
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
benefactor
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
audacious
daring; bold; N. audacity
carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
check
stop motion; curb or restrain
bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
biennial
every two years
bestow
confer
aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
courier
messenger
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
agitate
stir up; disturb
abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
convoluted
coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
conception
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
collage
work of art put together from fragments
chaste
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
crust
hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)
bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
arboretum
place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
compilation
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
annals
records arranged in yearly parts; history
contend
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
disparity
difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity
beget
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
career
rush wildly; go at full speed
deign
condescend; stoop
barb
sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
apprehend
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
determination
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
context
writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
conveyance
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
centrifugal
radiating; departing from the center
ambidextrous
capable of using either hand with equal ease
buffoonery
clowning
analogy
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
contraband
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
covetous
avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
accessible
easy to approach; obtainable
corroborate
confirm; support; strengthen
dignitary
person of high rank or position
cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
annotate
comment; make explanatory notes
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
acquittal
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
aghast
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
cadet
student at a military school
coin
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
chasm
abyss; very deep crack
champion
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
abridge condense
or shorten
antidote
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
colossal
huge
clandestine
secret
deserts
what someone deserves
abrogate
abolish
blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
brochure
pamphlet
attribute
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
behemoth
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
condiments
seasonings; spices
effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
don
put on; OP. doff
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
boorish
rude; insensitive
chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
collected
composed; calm; self-possessed
annex
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
devious
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
causal
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
alchemy
medieval chemistry
copious
plentiful
allegiance
loyalty
defeatist
resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism
astute
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
boost
lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
disarray
state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray
amend
correct; change ; generally for the better
decree
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
detonation
explosion
decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
diminution
lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish
compulsive
resulting from compulsion
disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
derelict
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
consistency
absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
atheistic
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
catastrophe
calamity ; disaster
berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
curtail
shorten; reduce
besiege
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
antique
made in an earlier period and usu. valuable; N: object that was made in an earlier period and that is rare or valuable
affinity
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
apparent
evident; easily seen or understood; appearing as such; Ex. apparent improvement
cogitate
think over; ponder
baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
accolade
award of merit; strong praise and approval
alms
money or goods given to the poor
coalition
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
commiserate
feel or express pity or sympathy for
commonplace
ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark
eclipse
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
cow
terrorize; intimidate
cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
antecedents
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
compress
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
concave
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
asteroid
small planet
deciduous
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
colloquial
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
chasm
abyss; very deep crack
coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
defunct
dead; no longer in use or existence
accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
ambrosia
food of the gods
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
adhere
stick fast; be a devotd follower; N. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality
buccaneer
pirate
acquiesce
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
cynical
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
bog
soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. bogged down in the mud
accretion
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
abscission
cutting off; separation
corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position
complement
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
chicanery
trickery; deception
cadaver
corpse; dead human body
alienate
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
bogus
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
conscientious
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
beneficiary
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
eerie
weird; causing fear because strange
doctrine
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
arid
(of land) dry; barren; unproductive
ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
accost
approach and speak first to a person
cue
word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; V: give a cue to
dissent
disagree
chuckle
laugh quietly
compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
anchor
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage
counterpart
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
dormant
sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent
adage
wise saying; proverb
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
cumulative
growing by addition; accumulative
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water; N.
effectuate
effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation
brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
befuddle
confuse thoroughly
charm
quality of pleasing; amulet; action or formula thought to have magical power; spell; V: attract; cast a spell on; bewitch
barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
avalanche
great mass of falling snow and ice
braggadocio
boasting
alleviate
relieve (pain)
crotchety
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
animated
lively; spirited
decipher
decode; CF. indecipherable
astral
relating to the stars
baroque
highly ornate
conflagration
great fire
blase
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
abash
embarrass
conducive
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
economy
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
dearth
scarcity
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
consternation
great shock; dismay
desiccate
dry up
adherent
supporter; follower
celerity
speed; rapidity
distort
twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; N. distortion
commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
craft
skill (esp. with one's hands); skill in deceiving people; guile; ADJ. crafty: cleverly deceitful; cunning
decadence
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
drudgery
hard unpleasant work; menial work
cadaverous
like a corpse; pale
concentric
having a common center
depravity
extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave
billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
deputize
work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away
barterer
trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money
chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
awe
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
beneficial
helpful; useful; advantageous
bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
composure
mental calmness
delineate
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
crone
hag; ugly old woman
abscond
depart secretly and hide
annul
make void
derivation
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
copious
plentiful
bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
aegis
shield; protection; defense
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
ballast
heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
affliction
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
atypical
not normal; not typical
compound
combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. fac
bigotry
stubborn intolerance
authoritative
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
bump
hit or knock against with force; N.
bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; V.
accrue
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
cistern
reservoir or water tank
chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
arbiter
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
acclimate
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
abbreviate
shorten
bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
anthropologist
student of the history and science of humankind
amble
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
default
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
dabble
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
carcinogenic
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
check
stop motion; curb or restrain
dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
clime
climate
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
celerity
speed; rapidity
cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
deport
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment
airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars);
discernible
distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement
downcast
disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward
denouement
final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained
buffoon
stupid person; clown
bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
abominate
loathe; hate
brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
crust
hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)
brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
bucolic
rustic; pastoral
badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
bellicose
warlike
absolve
pardon (an offense)
contingent
dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency
bizarre
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
abbreviate
shorten
dilute
make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
curfew
regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times; signal (as a bell) announcing the hour of a curfew
antithesis
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical
charm
quality of pleasing; amulet; action or formula thought to have magical power; spell; V: attract; cast a spell on; bewitch
compute
reckon; calculate
culprit
one guilty of a crime
contagion
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
beneficiary
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
beneficent
kindly; doing good
buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set
degradation
humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank
cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
dilatory
delaying; tending to delay
backslide
revert (to bad habits); N. reverter
derogatory
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
bilk
swindle; cheat
begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
abode
dwelling place; home
abusive coarsely
insulting; physically harmful
accelerate
move faster
abode
dwelling place; home
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
allege
state without proof
dismember
cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb
ablution
washing
arboreal
of or living in trees
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment
besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
boorish
rude; insensitive
chant
tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; V: sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
accomplice
partner in crime
eccentric
irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric
callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
dispassionate
calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
culmination
highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war
adherent
supporter; follower
assuage
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
alias
an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias
cumulative
growing by addition; accumulative
cringe
shrink back as if in fear; cower
antiseptic
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
allegiance
loyalty
callus
area of thick hard skin
decrepitude
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; V.
bate
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
assumption
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
cadet
student at a military school
diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
detraction
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
didactic
(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism
bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
botch
mismanage; blow
avuncular
of or like an uncle
adroit
skillful (in using mind or hand)
codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
attentive
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
broil
cook by direct heat; N.
ancestry
family descent; ADJ. ancestral
degradation
humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank
anthropomorphic
having human form or characteristics
bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
braggart
boaster; bragger
allure
entice; attract; tempt
centurion
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote;
conception
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
concave
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
conjure
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
acquittal
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment
concomitant
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
crux
essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
abysmal
bottomless
aviary
enclosure for birds; large cage
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
contest
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
casualty
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
alimentary
supplying nourishment
demented
insane
abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
agenda
items of business at a meeting
abortive
unsuccessful; fruitless
compensatory
making up for; repaying
buoyant
able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
accessory
additional object; useful but not essential thing
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
chivalrous
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
bigotry
stubborn intolerance
accessible
easy to approach; obtainable
defile
pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains
carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
accretion
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
disapprobation
disapproval; condemnation
asunder
into parts; apart; V. sunder
affidavit
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
contend
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
detached
emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment
distill
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
approbation
approval
acclaim
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
conduit
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
accomplice
partner in crime
decoy
lure or bait; V.
cache
hiding place; V.
atrophy
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
droll
queer and amusing
cartographer
map-maker
disenfranchise
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
aspirant
seeker after position or status
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
culpable
deserving blame; blameworthy
decollete
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
coroner
public official who investigates any death thought to be of other than natural causes
despondent
without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
allude
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference
dull
(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; V.
conspire
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
corrosive
eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce
bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
adore
love deeply and respect highly
communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
abridge
condense or shorten
bound
leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to say my opi
daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
convex
curving outward
dexterous
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
avenge
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
cohabit
live together
allure
entice; attract; tempt
amenities
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies
averse
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
congeal
freeze; coagulate
defection
desertion
component
element; ingredient
caricature
distortion; burlesque
debar
bar; forbid; exclude; Ex. debarred from jury services
collage
work of art put together from fragments
blunder
error; stupid mistake
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
contrite
penitent; repentant; N. contrition
canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
belligerent
quarrelsome
commiserate
feel or express pity or sympathy for
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
consonance
harmony; agreement
betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
credulity
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
consanguinity
kinship; relationship by birth
correlate
either of the correlated things; V.
blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
correlation
mutual relationship
disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
bureaucracy
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
abortive
unsuccessful; fruitless
defile
pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains
abate
subside or moderate
casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
backslide
revert (to bad habits); N. reverter
dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
colossal
huge
acoustics
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
cuisine
style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
controvert
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
biting
sharply painful to the body or mind; Ex. biting wind/remarks
diffuse
wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse
bane
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
artful
exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning; CF. artifice
amazon
female warrior
benison
blessing
betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
brim
uppermost edge of a cup; projecting rim (as on a hat); Ex. The glass was full to the brim; V: be full to the brim
aloft
upward; high up in the air
bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
consummate
complete; V.
abstinence
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
contagion
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
ambulatory
able to walk
arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
anguish
acute pain; extreme suffering
coiffure
hairstyle
circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
analogous
comparable; similar
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
auxiliary
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
crescendo
increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent
compound
combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. fac
charisma
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
draft
first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript
brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
agog
highly excited; intensely curious
dorsal
relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin
civil
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
apprehensive
fearful; discerning
attest
testify; bear witness
clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
abstain refrain;
withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote;
beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
apposite
appropriate; fitting
disproportion
lack of proportion (between the parts); ADJ. disproportionate
acquiesce
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
bump
hit or knock against with force; N.
contaminate
pollute
career
rush wildly; go at full speed
dawdle
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
brawl
noisy quarrel
covert
secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt
attenuate
make thin; weaken
contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
confound
confuse; puzzle
chip
lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
debase
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
chaotic
in utter disorder
blithe(blithesome)
gay; joyous
disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
credence
belief
crypt
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
disquietude
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
abscission
cutting off; separation
cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
deadlock
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
context
writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
dermatologist
one who studies the skin and its diseases
actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer
contortions
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
converge
approach; tend to meet; come together
clot
half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.
effeminate
having womanly traits
demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
compile
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
dribble
flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.
aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
conservatory(conservatoire)
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
brag
boast
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
chip
lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
detain
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention
convert
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
distinctive
clearly different from others of the same kind
abeyance
suspended action
casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
chronic
long established as a disease
astronomical
enormously large or extensive
amend
correct; change ; generally for the better
conformist
person who uncritically conforms to the customs of a group; OP. nonconformist: one who does not conform to accepted beliefs of norms
conformity
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
comeback
retort; quick clever reply; return to former status
cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
beware
be cautious (of)
distend
expand; swell out
deign
condescend; stoop
clavicle
collarbone
capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
abash
embarrass
cemetery
place for burying the dead
beeline
direct quick route
acute
(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; Ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain
coercion
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
denouement
final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained
affluence
abundance; wealth
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
abjure
renounce upon oath
bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
commensurate
equal in extent; of the same size
component
element; ingredient
amity
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
amplify
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph
adulterate
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
blase
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
anarchist
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
caulk(calk)
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
anoint
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
cupidity
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
belligerent
quarrelsome
cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
alleviate
relieve (pain)
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
concerted
mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together
ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
catapult
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
discriminating
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
ecstasy
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
chameleon
lizard that changes color in different situations
clavicle
collarbone
deplore
regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
discomfit
frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb
carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
appraise
estimate value of; N. appraisal
bust
piece of sculpture showing a person's head, shoulders, and upper chest; V: break up; arrest; Ex. crimebuster
adjoin
be next to
cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
affirmation
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
arbiter
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a | door); gobble down
decimate
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
conventional
ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant
bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
demographic
related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population
divine
perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination
awful
terrible; very bad
dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
converge
approach; tend to meet; come together
atheistic
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
aptitude
fitness; talent
clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
abolish
cancel; put an end to
calculated
deliberately planned; likely
bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
causal
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
curator
superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)
bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
chaffing
bantering; joking
anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
converse
opposite; ADJ.
adulation
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
bevy
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets
bode
foreshadow; portend
braid
plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; N: braided segment (as of hair)
alcove
nook; recess
constituent
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
console
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
daze
stun as with a blow or shock; bemuse; benumb; N.
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
corpulent
very fat; N. corpulence
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
alchemy
medieval chemistry
categorical
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
carnage
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
advocacy
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
blunder
error; stupid mistake
attentive
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
coercion
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
deliberate
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
capacious
spacious
abortive
unsuccessful; fruitless
careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
conclave
private secret meeting
denomination
religious group; unit in a system; name or designation; CF. denominator: common trait or characteristic
cardiologist
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
dilapidated
falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation
adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
effective
effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph
advert
refer
blackball
vote against (an applicant); ostracize; N: negative vote
cross
bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry
barterer
trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money
cryptic
mysterious; hidden; secret
devolve
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
analogy
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
aegis
shield; protection; defense
chuckle
laugh quietly
astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
angular
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
constituent
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
craven
cowardly
ambidextrous
capable of using either hand with equal ease
char
make or become black by burning; reduce or be reduced to carbon or charcoal(black substance made by burning wood) by incomplete combustion
abridge
condense or shorten
anarchy
absence of governing body; state of disorder
abyss
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
cohabit
live together
clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
earmark
set aside (money or time) for a particular purpose
crone
hag; ugly old woman
concordat
formal agreement
dumbfound(dumfound)
astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck
benefactor
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
affected
artificial; pretended
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water; N.
accelerate
move faster
brag
boast
commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
coma
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow
beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
conduit
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
conjure
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
crochet
make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet
caprice
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
contempt
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
contentious
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
appall
dismay; shock deeply
bourgeois
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
decrepitude
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
duration
length of time something lasts
abolish cancel;
put an end to
crotchety
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
cater
provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)
belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
daze
stun as with a blow or shock; bemuse; benumb; N.
devoid
empty; lacking
decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
assuage
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
dominant
exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive
aspire
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
affiliation
joining; associating with
delve
dig; search deeply; investigate
deposition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
baffle
frustrate; perplex
assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
convention
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
bacchanalian
drunken
bastard
illegitimate child
conspiracy
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
abeyance
suspended action
abut
border upon; adjoin
adjuration
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them
badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
conceit
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
bar
railing in a courtroom; legal profession; vertical line dividing a staff into equal measures; Ex. prisoner at the bar; V: shut in or out with bars; forbid; exclude; CF. barrister
crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
crevice
crack; fissure
ambush
act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; sudden attack made from a concealed position; Ex. lie in ambush; V.
deplete
reduce; exhaust
circumvent
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
delusive
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
curtail
shorten; reduce
clich\'e
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
averse
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
artifacts
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
calamity
disaster; misery
abhor
detest; hate
bevy
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets
confine
shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement
confidential
spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
douse
plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse
conducive
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
blemish
mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
artifacts
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
captious
faultfinding; too critical
aversion
firm dislike
anarchy
absence of governing body; state of disorder
cursory
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
amenities
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies
chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
comprehend
include; understand
asunder
into parts; apart; V. sunder
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
discrete
separate; unconnected
dainty
delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress
choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
bent
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
benediction
blessing
debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
debar
bar; forbid; exclude; Ex. debarred from jury services
clasp
hold firmly within arms
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
craven
cowardly
conspiracy
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
bestow
confer
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
countenance
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
discordant
not harmonious; conflicting
catastrophe
calamity ; disaster
corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
couple
join; unite; OP. uncouple
barrage
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
criteria
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
curator
superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)
anachronism
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
allay
calm; pacify
cordial
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
blotch
spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
abash
embarrass
adversary
opponent; enemy
alluvial
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
ascetic
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
blunt
having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; V: make or become blunt
dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
broil
cook by direct heat; N.
chaste
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
edifice
building (of imposing size)
anomaly
irregularity
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
chorus
phrase repeated throughout a song or poem
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
compliant
readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements
consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
doggerel
poor verse
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
citadel
fortress
eclectic
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
brackish
somewhat saline
bridle
harness fitted about a horse's head (used to restrain); curb; check; V: put a bridle on; control or restrain; show anger
carnivorous
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
apprehend
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
convert
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief
begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
brochure
pamphlet
cantankerous
ill-humored; irritable
debase
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
condescend
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
culprit
one guilty of a crime
catapult
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
deleterious
harmful
ebb
(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide
distinction
honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction
adage
wise saying; proverb
bourgeois
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
contaminate
pollute
buffoon
stupid person; clown
abscond
depart secretly and hide
drudge
do drudgery; N: person who drudges
abbreviate
shorten
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
betroth
become engaged to marry
demise
death
array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
congenital
existing at birth
bruise
injure without breaking the skin; N.
diverge
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
comestible
something fit to be eaten
benevolent
generous; charitable; having a wish to do good
deleterious
harmful
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
benediction
blessing
archives
public records; place where public records are kept
adapt
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
affirmation
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
bar
railing in a courtroom; legal profession; vertical line dividing a staff into equal measures; Ex. prisoner at the bar; V: shut in or out with bars; forbid; exclude; CF. barrister
choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
caricature
distortion; burlesque
caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
adversary
opponent; enemy
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
blanch
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
aesthetic
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics
cession
yielding to another; ceding
cistern
reservoir or water tank
avow
declare openly; N. avowal
coiffure
hairstyle
belittle
disparage; depreciate
bookish
fond of books and reading
assiduous
diligent
dilate
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
acne
skin disease (on the face)
compelling
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
colossus
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
deadlock
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
draconian
extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician
bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
ascendancy
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
corollary
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
azure
sky blue
censorious
severely critical
bicameral
two-chambered as a legislative body
approbation
approval
camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
contiguous
adjacent to; touching upon
bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
anguish
acute pain; extreme suffering
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
acoustics
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
belated
delayed
brave
face courageously; Ex. brave the storm
drastic
strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
bastard
illegitimate child
defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
antecedents
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote;
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
ecologist
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
besiege
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
composure
mental calmness
cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars);
beseech
beg; plead with
catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
archipelago
group of closely located islands
bask
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
nest of a large bird of prey
cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
deliberate
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
efface
rub out; remove the surface of
disfigure
mar the appearance of; spoil
circlet
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
advocate
speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for
codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
abate
subside or moderate
aperture
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in f
anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
bolster
support; reinforce
alimentary
supplying nourishment
asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
disputatious
argumentative; fond of argument
buffoonery
clowning
contravene
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
arduous
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
concession
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
deranged
insane
disparate
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
dishearten
discourage
credential
evidence concerning one's authority; written proof of a person's position; Ex. The new ambassador presented his credentials to the court.
archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
concede
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
cater
provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)
deface
mar; disfigure
blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
dominate
control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height; ³»·Á´Ùº¸´Ù
barb
sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
affable
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
bust
piece of sculpture showing a person's head, shoulders, and upper chest; V: break up; arrest; Ex. crimebuster
allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
bitter
having a sharp biting taste; ¾´; causing sharp pain to the body or mind; filled with resentment, disappointment, or other unpleasant feelings; Ex. bitter wind/sorrow/tears
bog
soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. bogged down in the mud
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
centigrade
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
discredit
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
delete
erase; strike out
cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
amazon
female warrior
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
complement
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
commonplace
ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark
debut
d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
amass
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
abominate
loathe; hate
baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
decapitate
behead
confluence
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
appease
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
constitution
constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions
argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
cross
bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry
clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
corpulent
very fat; N. corpulence
clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
cubicle
small chamber used for sleeping or work
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
anomalous
abnormal; irregular
analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
armada
fleet of warships
dainty
delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress
adverse
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
despot
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism
adjacent
adjoining; neighboring; close by
breadth
width; extent
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
artless
without guile; open and honest
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
burgeon
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
casualty
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
cite
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
convoke
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
abate
subside or moderate
daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
crest
top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
crinkle
wrinkle
climactic
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
convention
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
crave
desire; want intensely
dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
bucolic
rustic; pastoral
baroque
highly ornate
cozen
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
canker
any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer
bate
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
apiary
a place where bees are kept
aspire
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
colossus
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
anecdote
short story of an amusing or interesting event
constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
caucus
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
bicker
quarrel
alms
money or goods given to the poor
convulsion
violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
anachronism
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
consensus
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
daunt
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
beget
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
attenuate
make thin; weaken
backwards
and forwards; Ex. reciprocate his invitation by inviting him; N. reciprocity: reciprocal relationship; mutual interchange of advantages between two groups; Ex. reciprocity in trading rights
brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
battalion
army unit made up of four or more companies
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
abyss
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
cuisine
style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
conventional
ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
dummy
imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position
bicameral
two-chambered as a legislative body
cerebral
pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
contentious
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
apparition
ghost; phantom
commonwealth
nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
adorn
decorate
dispirited
lacking in spirit
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant
bank
heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); V: pile up; protect with a bank; tilt in turning
belated
delayed
comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
edict
decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command
affiliation
joining; associating with
categorical
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
archives
public records; place where public records are kept
caulk(calk)
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
crux
essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
avow
declare openly; N. avowal
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
dirge
funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)
disdain
treat with scorn or contempt
collateral
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
antiseptic
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
bearing
deportment; connection
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
acetic
vinegary
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
convene
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
cynical
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
defer
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
attribute
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
docile
obedient; easily managed; submissive
celestial
heavenly
assiduous
diligent
abut
border upon; adjoin
denotation
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
advocate
speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for
disconsolate
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
couple
join; unite; OP. uncouple
choice
delicate; of very fine quality
complicity
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
disjointed
disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
censor
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
alienate
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
avalanche
great mass of falling snow and ice
chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
breadth
width; extent
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
crescendo
increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent
aloft
upward; high up in the air
acne
skin disease (on the face)
conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
canto
division of a long poem
dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
attire
clothe; N: clothing; array; apparel
amorphous
formless; lacking shape or definition
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
deft
neat; skillful
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
abate
subside or moderate
abbreviate
shorten
ecosystem
ecological community together with its environment
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
august
impressive; majestic
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
audacious
daring; bold; N. audacity
debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
counterpart
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
agog
highly excited; intensely curious
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
adorn
decorate
bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
debacle
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
chaffing
bantering; joking
covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
abrogate
abolish
avenge
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
distraught
upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry
aspirant
seeker after position or status
amalgamate
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
clique
small exclusive group of people
boisterous
violent; rough; noisy
dissension
disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group
beware
be cautious (of)
corollary
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
artisan
a manually skilled worker
compliance
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
credulity
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
congeal
freeze; coagulate
brink
edge (at the top of a cliff); Ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon
cerebration
thought; working of the brain
carcinogenic
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
constraint
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
adulation
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
ambush
act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; sudden attack made from a concealed position; Ex. lie in ambush; V.
curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
antagonism
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist
alloy
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
cryptic
mysterious; hidden; secret
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote;
Bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
amoral
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
adjourn
suspend until a later time; move from one place to another
culinary
relating to cooking or kitchen
balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
comprise
include; consist of
aver
state confidently; declare as true
dishonor
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
char
make or become black by burning; reduce or be reduced to carbon or charcoal(black substance made by burning wood) by incomplete combustion
asylum
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
clasp
hold firmly within arms
covetous
avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)
constraint
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
conspire
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
diversion
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
corroborate
confirm; support; strengthen
disavowal
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
betray
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
demolition
destruction; V. demolish
dogmatic
opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal
brand
trademark; mark burned on the hide of an animal; mark burned into the flesh of criminals; mark of disgrace; V: mark with a brand; give a lasting bad name; stigmatize; Ex. The press branded him a liar.
acclimate
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
cohesion
tendency to keep together
bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
avarice
greediness for wealth
continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
defoliate
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
brim
uppermost edge of a cup; projecting rim (as on a hat); Ex. The glass was full to the brim; V: be full to the brim
contiguous
adjacent to; touching upon
definitive
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
demeanor
behavior; bearing
countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
deflect
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
destitute
extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience
advocacy
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
colloquial
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
deify
turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity
debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
coincidence
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress
bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
concoct
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
braid
plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; N: braided segment (as of hair)
aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
astral
relating to the stars
cosmic
pertaining to the universe; vast
diaphanous
sheer; transparent
bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
cleft
N: split
dauntless
bold; fearless
beneficial
helpful; useful; advantageous
agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
collation
a light meal; collating
cerebration
thought; working of the brain
acrophobia
fear of heights
baffle
frustrate; perplex
arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
disjunction
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
astringent
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
congruence
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
burgeon
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
complementary
serving to complete something
convoke
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
arboretum
place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
divulge
reveal
bloated
(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air
cremate
incinerate (a corpse); N. crematory, crematorium
apiculture
bee-keeping
dismantle
take apart; disassemble
earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
concerted
mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together
assail
assault
browbeat
bully; intimidate
correlation
mutual relationship
disingenuous
not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous
decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
condescend
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
blunt
having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; V: make or become blunt
aromatic
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
correlate
either of the correlated things; V.
arbitrate
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
aromatic
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in f
crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
cue
word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; V: give a cue to
amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
alcove
nook; recess
contrivance
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
arraign
charge in court; indict
creep
move with body close to the ground; move stealthily or slowly; N.
collate
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
defalcate
embezzle
behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
chivalrous
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
dabble
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
cumbersome
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
chauvinist
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
dynamic
energetic; vigorously active
covert
secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
cartographer
map-maker
anoint
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
boost
lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
abeyance
suspended action
contrivance
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
amorphous
formless; lacking shape or definition
effete
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
clime
climate
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
anecdote
short story of an amusing or interesting event
dazzle
make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
contingent
dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency
distract
take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
arch-
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
backwards
and forwards; Ex. reciprocate his invitation by inviting him; N. reciprocity: reciprocal relationship; mutual interchange of advantages between two groups; Ex. reciprocity in trading rights
deducible
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
camp
group sharing a common cause or opinion
convulsion
violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
crave
desire; want intensely
analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
buoyant
able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
concurrent
happening at the same time; in agreement
dotage
senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage
determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
discourse
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
clairvoyant
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
carefree
free from worries; having no problems
credence
belief
artless
without guile; open and honest
cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
aptitude
fitness; talent
comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
blanch
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble;opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
affable
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
bulge
protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude
clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
cloister
monastery or convent
deducible
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
agility
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
billowing
swelling out in waves; surging
defunct
dead; no longer in use or existence
chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
agnostic
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
bravado
swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery
abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
abhor
detest; hate
abeyance
suspended action
compost
mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost
articulate
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
artifice
deception; trickery
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
abolish
cancel; put an end to
ablution
washing
crevice
crack; fissure
craft
skill (esp. with one's hands); skill in deceiving people; guile; ADJ. crafty: cleverly deceitful; cunning
dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
apiculture
bee-keeping
carnivorous
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
abjure
renounce upon oath
diabolical
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
collation
a light meal; collating
aviary
enclosure for birds; large cage
dissection
analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
concise
brief and compact
capillary
having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
denigrate
blacken; defame
consonance
harmony; agreement
checkered(chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
caucus
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
debilitate
weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble
brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
dolorous
sorrowful; N. dolor
deterrent
something that discourages or deters
apparent
evident; easily seen or understood; appearing as such; Ex. apparent improvement
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
conclusive
decisive; ending all debate
braggart
boaster; bragger
allege
state without proof
dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
diligence
steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed
congenital
existing at birth
debris
rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed
chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
dissipate
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
atrophy
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
append
attach
benison
blessing
animosity
active enmity
disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance
convex
curving outward
contention
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
convene
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
awe
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
abscission
cutting off; separation
drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
annotate
comment; make explanatory notes
convoluted
coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
affidavit
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
confound
confuse; puzzle
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
discord
conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)
armada
fleet of warships
clairvoyant
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
defection
desertion
berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
consort
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
ameliorate
improve
blandishment
flattery
accord
agreement
affinity
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
artful
exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning; CF. artifice
breach
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.
cosmic
pertaining to the universe; vast
accost
approach and speak first to a person
apprise
inform
decant
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
annihilate
destroy
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
biennial
every two years
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
disperse
scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd
aesthetic
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics
absolve pardon
(an offense)
deference
courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
delta
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
benign
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
aversion
firm dislike
compliance
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
contravene
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
confidant(confidante)
trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)
compact
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
adept
expert at; very skilled
discrepancy
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
bilk
swindle; cheat
ancestry
family descent; ADJ. ancestral
carefree
free from worries; having no problems
affluence
abundance; wealth
appraise
estimate value of; N. appraisal
clamor
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
accede
agree
cascade
small waterfall
absolve
pardon (an offense)
amiss
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
cascade
small waterfall
draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
capacious
spacious
balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
decant
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
abscond
depart secretly and hide
caption
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
derivative
unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.
annihilate
destroy
august
impressive; majestic
barrister
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
agility
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
disabuse
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
compliant
readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
collate
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
dulcet
sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious
conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
amble
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
bequeath
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
collateral
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
chant
tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; V: sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant
appellation
name; title
caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
actuary
someone who advises insurance companies
dynamo
generator for producing electricity; energetic person
devise
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
augment
increase; add to
audit
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
anticlimax
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
acrophobia
fear of heights
boor
rude, insensitive person
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
deviate
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
Advent
arrival
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
blackball
vote against (an applicant); ostracize; N: negative vote
delete
erase; strike out
diurnal
daily; occurring during the daytime
annals
records arranged in yearly parts; history
barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
autopsy
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
decapitate
behead
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
censure
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
depredation
plundering; destruction
brave
face courageously; Ex. brave the storm
afterlife
life after death; later part of one's life
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down
coax
persuade by flattery
eccentricity
oddity; idiosyncrasy
cerebral
pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
canine
related to dogs; doglike
astringent
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
brand
trademark; mark burned on the hide of an animal; mark burned into the flesh of criminals; mark of disgrace; V: mark with a brand; give a lasting bad name; stigmatize; Ex. The press branded him a liar.
ascertain
find out for certain; make certain
dispel
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
controvert
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
demerit
fault; bad quality
confine
shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement
archipelago
group of closely located islands
cursory
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
denounce
condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
contention
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
deft
neat; skillful
drama
prose or verse composition to be performed by actors; play; exciting and unusual situation
beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
bulge
protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude
contest
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
augment
increase; add to
chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
cogent
convincing
compress
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
adamant
hard; inflexible
dearth
scarcity
bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
dichotomy
division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
betray
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
demotic
of or pertaining to the people
discount
disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost
abode
dwelling place; home
decree
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
contortions
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
antique
made in an earlier period and usu. valuable; N: object that was made in an earlier period and that is rare or valuable
articulate
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
disparage
belittle
abortive
unsuccessful; fruitless
apprehensive
fearful; discerning
bruise
injure without breaking the skin; N.
artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
clamor
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
construe
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
deciduous
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
canker
any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
base
contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
clandestine
secret
disgruntle
make discontented
acumen
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
concur
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
accord
agreement
deploy
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
adapt
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
agitate
stir up; disturb
cohesion
tendency to keep together
angular
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
adhere
stick fast; be a devotd follower; N. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality
canto
division of a long poem
dys-
abnormal; impaired
blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
ascertain
find out for certain; make certain
bacchanalian
drunken
droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
comestible
something fit to be eaten
antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
allocate
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down
corrode
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
allocate
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
benevolent
generous; charitable; having a wish to do good
animosity
active enmity
doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
circumscribe
limit; confine; draw a line around
brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
caustic
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
consequential
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
crinkle
wrinkle
captious
faultfinding; too critical
doff
take off; OP. don
compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
cupidity
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
collaborate
work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy
antler
bony growth on the head of a deer
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
cringe
shrink back as if in fear; cower
centripetal
tending toward the center
antiquity
quality of being very old; ancient times;
contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
altercation
noisy quarrel
bard
poet
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
choice
delicate; of very fine quality
creed
system of religious or ethical belief
crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
Bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
amphitheater
oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena
ascetic
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
append
attach
chronic
long established as a disease
clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
crest
top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
caldron(cauldron)
large kettle
amicable
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
avantgarde
group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; CF. vanguard
desecrate
profane; violate the sanctity of
assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
cordial
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
billowing
swelling out in waves; surging
commodious
spacious and comfortable
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
concede
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
abode
dwelling place; home
defeatist
resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism
climactic
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
centigrade
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
apathy
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
acclaim
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
abstinence
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
conformity
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
adroit
skillful (in using mind or hand)
doze
sleep lightly; nap
disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
aloof
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
beneficent
kindly; doing good
defiance
refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant
cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
abstinence
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
defoliate
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
bitter
having a sharp biting taste; ¾´; causing sharp pain to the body or mind; filled with resentment, disappointment, or other unpleasant feelings; Ex. bitter wind/sorrow/tears
amass
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them
bearing
deportment; connection
address
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
accrue
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
attire
clothe; N: clothing; array; apparel
arrogance
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)
bound
leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to say my opi
damn
condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed
affected
artificial; pretended
apiary
a place where bees are kept
communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
dazzle
make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
digression
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
concomitant
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
combustible
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
analogous
comparable; similar
alluvial
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
dwindle
shrink; reduce gradually
adversity
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event
bane
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
delirium
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
denizen
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
azure
sky blue
avantgarde
group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; CF. vanguard
balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
daunt
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
bellicose
warlike
Advent
arrival
cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
arduous
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
despoil
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
bent
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
consistency
absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
adore
love deeply and respect highly
chicanery
trickery; deception
edify
instruct; correct morally
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
cessation
stoppage
devotee
enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach
dyslexia
word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read
creep
move with body close to the ground; move stealthily or slowly; N.
belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
antecede
precede
clot
half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.
desperate
having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort
cower
shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
abrogate
abolish
auxiliary
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
boisterous
violent; rough; noisy
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
bank
heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); V: pile up; protect with a bank; tilt in turning
adventitious
accidental; casual; happening by chance
contraband
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
animadversion
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
concatenate
link as in a chain
apparition
ghost; phantom
concise
brief and compact
awl
pointed tool used for piercing
annex
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
cemetery
place for burying the dead
amalgamate
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
adverse
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
apathy
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
cunning
clever in deceiving; sly; N: cleverness in deceiving; deceit
beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
audit
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
befuddle
confuse thoroughly
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
behemoth
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
consolidation
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
coroner
public official who investigates any death thought to be of other than natural causes
culvert
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
avarice
greediness for wealth
disinterested
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
certitude
certainty
diverse
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: | variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
cow
terrorize; intimidate
accommodate
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
bode
foreshadow; portend
commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
compulsive
resulting from compulsion
apiarist
person who keeps bees
dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
bogus
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
depreciate
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
betroth
become engaged to marry
cursive
(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined
capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
antagonism
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist
chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
arid
(of land) dry; barren; unproductive
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
bolster
support; reinforce
boor
rude, insensitive person
accommodate
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
commodious
spacious and comfortable
bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
adjacent
adjoining; neighboring; close by
chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
coincidence
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
contempt
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
disband
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
contusion
bruise
blotch
spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
amplify
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph
apposite
appropriate; fitting
earthy
unrefined; coarse; of earth; Ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal
culpable
deserving blame; blameworthy
derision
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
disclose
reveal; N. disclosure
drab
dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life
curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
amiss
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
arbitrary
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
contusion
bruise
berate
scold strongly
crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
carnal
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
adulterate
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set
buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
compile
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
choir
group of people who sing together (esp. during religious services); place for choir
coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
corrosive
eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce
discombobulated
discomposed; confused
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a | door); gobble down
defalcate
embezzle
buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
declivity
downward slope
choir
group of people who sing together (esp. during religious services); place for choir
awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
bulk
size or volume (esp. when very large); main part; Ex. The bulk of the work has already been done; ADJ. bulky: having great size
aghast
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
antecede
precede
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
compelling
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
accede
agree
atone
make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
concur
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
bantering
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
botch
mismanage; blow
bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
deify
turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity
abscond depart
secretly and hide
annuity
yearly allowance
choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
base
contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
cite
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
abrogate
abolish
clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
benign
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
amnesia
loss of memory
antithesis
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
comprehensive
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
consign
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
consign
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
degenerate
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
abhor
detest; hate
circumvent
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
auspicious
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
curfew
regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times; signal (as a bell) announcing the hour of a curfew
abhor
detest; hate
breach
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.
crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
defame
harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
ecclesiastic
ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman
blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
conveyance
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
capsize
(of a boat) turn over
bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
capricious
unpredictable; fickle
bookish
fond of books and reading
desolate
make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert
charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
confiscate
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
dilemma
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
delude
deceive
clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
commonwealth
nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
arrogance
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
absolve
pardon (an offense)
credential
evidence concerning one's authority; written proof of a person's position; Ex. The new ambassador presented his credentials to the court.
aperture
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
comatose
in a coma; extremely sleepy
compensatory
making up for; repaying
awl
pointed tool used for piercing
debacle
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
cession
yielding to another; ceding
dissident
dissenting (with an opinion, a group, or a government); rebellious; N.
acknowledge
recognize; admit
concentric
having a common center
adjuration
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
bulk
size or volume (esp. when very large); main part; Ex. The bulk of the work has already been done; ADJ. bulky: having great size
cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
decadence
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
acute
(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; Ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain
confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
agape
openmouthed
cogent
convincing
browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
autopsy
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
bantering
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
clientele
body of customers
circumscribe
limit; confine; draw a line around
circuitous
roundabout
demean
disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave
chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
docket
program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket
court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
brink
edge (at the top of a cliff); Ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon
bewitch
cast a spell over; captivate completely
apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
calamity
disaster; misery
degenerate
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
centurion
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
arboreal
of or living in trees
bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
censure
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
courier
messenger
cleft
N: split
attest
testify; bear witness
decipher
decode; CF. indecipherable
arbitrate
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
abjure
renounce upon oath
chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
alloy
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
console
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
brackish
somewhat saline
celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
despise
look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful; ADJ. despicable: contemptible
criteria
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
anchor
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage
beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
coax
persuade by flattery
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
definitive
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble;opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
cohere
stick together
addiction
compulsive habitual need
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
censorious
severely critical
distrait
absentminded; distracted
capillary
having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
camp
group sharing a common cause or opinion
compact
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
aggrandize
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
amnesia
loss of memory
appellation
name; title
adjoin
be next to
appease
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
chorus
phrase repeated throughout a song or poem
browbeat
bully; intimidate
conceit
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
amnesty
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
abolish
cancel; put an end to
authenticate
prove genuine
diva
operatic singer; prima donna
blandishment
flattery
dissonance
discord
bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
earn
gain for the performance of service or labor; gain (something that one deserves); deserve
bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
charisma
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
confiscate
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
dappled
spotted
braggadocio
boasting
descry
catch sight of (something distant)
damn
condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation
belittle
disparage; depreciate
archaic
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
complicity
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
ambulatory
able to walk
calculated
deliberately planned; likely
asylum
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
agenda
items of business at a meeting
cantankerous
ill-humored; irritable
eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
dismiss
eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal
corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
altercation
noisy quarrel
amicable
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
circlet
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
ascendancy
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
discerning
mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive
bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
antiquity
quality of being very old; ancient times;
disburse
pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse
agnostic
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
culvert
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
appall
dismay; shock deeply
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
antler
bony growth on the head of a deer
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
conglomeration
mass of material sticking together
cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
awful
terrible; very bad
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down
disbar
make (a lawyer) leave the bar or the legal profession
bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
delineate
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
commensurate
equal in extent; of the same size
castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
acknowledge
recognize; admit
accolade
award of merit; strong praise and approval
deface
mar; disfigure
bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
dappled
spotted
carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
diadem
crown
brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
atypical
not normal; not typical
annul
make void
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
champion
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
aggregate
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
anomaly
irregularity
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
agape
openmouthed
contrite
penitent; repentant; N. contrition
carnage
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
congruence
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
bloated
(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air
concoct
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
accessory
additional object; useful but not essential thing
depict
portray
desperado
reckless, desperate outlaw
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you thi
apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
conformist
person who uncritically conforms to the customs of a group; OP. nonconformist: one who does not conform to accepted beliefs of norms
claustrophobia
fear of being locked in
compute
reckon; calculate
chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
cohere
stick together
castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
amity
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
battalion
army unit made up of four or more companies
admonish
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
concordat
formal agreement
bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
amphitheater
oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena
annuity
yearly allowance
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
cessation
stoppage
apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
discretion
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
centrifugal
radiating; departing from the center
dauntless
bold; fearless
ablution
washing
bewitch
cast a spell over; captivate completely
bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
adept
expert at; very skilled
comatose
in a coma; extremely sleepy
blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
defiance
refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant
collaborate
work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
bravado
swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery
confluence
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
beeline
direct quick route
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
dupe
someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive
bask
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
apiarist
person who keeps bees
default
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant
arch-
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
acumen
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
compilation
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
address
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
declivity
downward slope
blue
gloomy; depressed
carnal
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
bureaucracy
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
abstinence
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
archaic
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
capsize
(of a boat) turn over
amoral
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
debilitate
weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble
cache
hiding place; V.
aggrandize
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
assimilate
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
ablution
washing
auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
celestial
heavenly
arraign
charge in court; indict
ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)
adamant
hard; inflexible
chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
arbitrary
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
devout
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
cardiologist
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
cadaverous
like a corpse; pale
citadel
fortress
afterlife
life after death; later part of one's life
coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
detrimental
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
demagogue
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
culinary
relating to cooking or kitchen
bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
bequeath
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
culmination
highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war
brawl
noisy quarrel
bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
construe
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
crypt
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
depose
dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify
avuncular
of or like an uncle
abysmal
bottomless
delusion
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you thi
effectual
able to produce a desired effect; valid
deflect
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
decimate
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
deference
courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
ballast
heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
cremate
incinerate (a corpse); N. crematory, crematorium
canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
cadaver
corpse; dead human body
censor
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
coma
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow
defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
advert
refer
consummate
complete; V.
debut
d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
cozen
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
canine
related to dogs; doglike
doom
condemnation to a severe penalty; ruin; fate (esp. a tragic or ruinous one); V.
debris
rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
caprice
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
collected
composed; calm; self-possessed
dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
comprise
include; consist of
decelerate
slow down
chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
beseech
beg; plead with
ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
concession
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
aver
state confidently; declare as true
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
decoy
lure or bait; V.
bridle
harness fitted about a horse's head (used to restrain); curb; check; V: put a bridle on; control or restrain; show anger
amnesty
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
compost
mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost
dissuade
persuade not to do; discourage; N. dissuasion
chauvinist
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
coin
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
ambrosia
food of the gods
cunning
clever in deceiving; sly; N: cleverness in deceiving; deceit
chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
conclave
private secret meeting
animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
concord
harmony; accord
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
berate
scold strongly
ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
anomalous
abnormal; irregular
bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
abominate
loathe; hate
clique
small exclusive group of people
attrition
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
disseminate
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
dowry
money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage
apprise
inform
decelerate
slow down
artifice
deception; trickery
corrode
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
dutiful(duteous)
(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)
bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
acetic
vinegary
dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
dialectical
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
converse
opposite; ADJ.
chameleon
lizard that changes color in different situations
comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
conclusive
decisive; ending all debate
countenance
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
concord
harmony; accord
artisan
a manually skilled worker
civil
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
adversity
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event
dissertation
formal essay; treatise
admonish
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
biting
sharply painful to the body or mind; Ex. biting wind/remarks
deprecate
express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory
aloof
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
certitude
certainty
dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
delirium
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
crochet
make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
affliction
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
alias
an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias
augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
constitution
constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions
confidential
spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
draw
choosing of a lot or card
deride
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
discompose
disturb the composure of; confuse
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
authenticate
prove genuine
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
document
provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.
cubicle
small chamber used for sleeping or work
asteroid
small planet
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
addiction
compulsive habitual need
actuary
someone who advises insurance companies
anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
adventitious
accidental; casual; happening by chance
apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
clich\'e
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
astronomical
enormously large or extensive
barrage
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
bard
poet
barrister
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
allude
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference
diorama
life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background
curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful

Deck Info

2607

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