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Barron's GRE 4814 words

Barron's GRE 4814 words

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
mountebank
charlatan; boastful pretender
criteria
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
horoscope
diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers
urbane
suave; refined in manner; elegant
infallible
unerring; never making mistakes
tundra
rolling treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America
facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
crest
top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
ventilate
admit fresh air into to replace stale air
causal
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
filch
steal (things of small value)
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
season
enhance the flavor of by adding a spice, etc.; inure; harden; N. seasoning: something used in seasoning
drama
prose or verse composition to be performed by actors; play; exciting and unusual situation
precursor
forerunner; predecessor
despot
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism
cadaver
corpse; dead human body
behemoth
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
enjoin
command; order; forbid
hoodwink
deceive; delude
recast
reconstruct (a sentence, story, statue, etc.); fashion again
gruel
thin liquid porridge
exodus
departure (of a large number of people)
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
impetuous
violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision
monumental
massive; impressively large; built as a monument
scenario
plot outline; screenplay(script for a movie); opera libretto; outline of possible future events
politic
prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised
schism
division into factions (esp. within a religious body); split
residue
remainder; balance
noisome
foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome
erratic
odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable
hackles
hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; Ex. make someone's hackles rise
pen
fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose
indelible
not able to be erased
rationalize
make rational; devise false reasons for (one's behavior); offer an excuse; give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable ones; N. rationalization
swindler
cheater
lucrative
profitable; producing wealth
obligatory
binding; required; compulsory; V. oblige: constrain; make grateful; do a favor; accommodate
mellifluous
(of words or a voice) sweetly or smoothly flowing; melodious; having a pleasant tune
volley
simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; V.
sly
clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions
emaciated
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
interdict
prohibit; forbid; N.
drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
nurse
suckle; take care of (as a nurse); bear in mind; Ex. nursing mother; Ex. nurse a hope/grudge against someone
sophistry
seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning; sophism
swill
drink greedily
foil
defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. fail
jest
playful remark or act; V. act or speak playfully
tutelage
guardianship; training; function of a tutor; instruction
omnipotent
all-powerful; having unlimited power
defeatist
resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism
rabid
of or suffering rabies; like a fanatic; extremely zealous; furious; CF. rabies: hydrophobia
ramp
slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)
relent
become less severe; give in(surrender); ADJ. relentless: unyielding; continuously severe
scurvy
contemptible; despicable; N: disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin C
heterodox
(of beliefs) against accepted opinion; unorthodox; unconventional
repertoire
list of works of music, drama, etc., a performer is prepared to present; CF. repertory
psychopathic
pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder
decipher
decode; CF. indecipherable
prelude
introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner
effeminate
having womanly traits
snivel
complain or whine tearfully; run at the nose; snuffle; Ex. Don't come back sniveling to me.
detain
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention
conveyance
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
falsify
make (something written) false by changing
bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
emollient
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
incubus
burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus
peremptory
demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory decree/knock
fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
pummel
pommel; beat or pound with fists
ratiocination
reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; V. ratiocinate: reason logically
pucker
gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold
parody
humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.
slick
make smooth or glossy; N: smooth surface; Ex. oil slick; ADJ: smooth; glossy; deftly executed; adroit; glib
elastic
able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; Ex. elastic plans; N: elastic material
betroth
become engaged to marry
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment
log
record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; V.
embody
give a bodily form to; incorporate; include
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
extrude
force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
agnostic
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth
ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
throng
crowd (of people or things); V.
vapid
lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; Ex. vapid lecture
commodious
spacious and comfortable
providence
quality of being provident; divine care; god's care; Providence: god; Ex. It seemed like providence that the doctor happened to be there; ADJ. providential: of divine providence; fortunate
retain
keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor
retrospective
looking back on the past; N. retrospection; V. retrospect
privation
lack of the basic necessities or comforts of life; hardship; want; CF. deprive
impetus
moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse
disparity
difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity
quixotic
idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote
carefree
free from worries; having no problems
witticism
witty saying; wisecrack(clever joking remark)
hideous
repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; Ex. hideous face/scream
bent
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
junta
group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
legislature
legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws
trinket
knickknack; bauble; cheap jewelry
saline
salty
whimsical
capricious; fanciful; amusingly strange
except
exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality
stint
supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint
orifice
mouthlike opening; small opening (esp. to a cavern or passage of the body); CF. mouth
incorporate
introduce something into a larger whole; include; embody; give material form to; ADJ.
mammoth
gigantic; enormous
enmity
ill will; hatred; hostility
rasp
(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.
mirth
merriment; laughter
dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
verdant
green; covered with green plants or grass; lush in vegetation; Ex. verdant meadows
veracity
truthfulness; adherence to the truth
peer
one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress
ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
ordeal
severe trial or affliction; difficult experience; trial(test of patience or endurance); affliction
libidinous
lustful
adore
love deeply and respect highly
hiatus
gap; pause; gap or interruption in space or time; break
rakish
jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.
husbandry
frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry; CF. husbandman
simper
smirk; smile in a silly way; smile affectedly
noxious
harmful; CF. obnoxious
endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
paradox
something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
requite
make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal
resign
give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively
isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
precept
practical rule guiding conduct; Ex. mother's precept
servitude
slavery; compulsory labor imposed as a punishment
desperado
reckless, desperate outlaw
requisite
necessary requirement; something required; ADJ: required; necessary
smolder
smoulder; burn slowly without flame; be liable to break out at any moment; exist in a suppressed state; Ex. smoldering anger
trifling
trivial; unimportant
apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
gerontology
study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age
matriarch
woman who rules a family or larger social group
converge
approach; tend to meet; come together
redress
remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for
metamorphosis
change of form; Ex. metamorphosis of caterpillar to butterfly; V. metamorphose: change by metamorphosis
regimen
prescribed course of diet or exercise; prescribed diet and habits; Ex. daily regimen of a dancer
disinterested
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
dynamo
generator for producing electricity; energetic person
adverse
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
rhetoric
art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as
rider
amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
cadet
student at a military school
icon(ikon)
religious image; idol; image or representation
enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
discourse
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
mincing
affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer
cringe
shrink back as if in fear; cower
excoriate
scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off
grate
make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; Ex. grated cheese N: framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace
pragmatic
practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill
run-down
(of a place) dilapidated; in a bad condition; (of a person) weak or exhausted
lottery
contest in which winners are selected in a drawing of lots
idolatry
worship of idols; excessive admiration or devotion; ADJ. idolatrous
itinerant
wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); Ex. itinerant preacher
prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
paste
smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste
litotes
understatement for emphasis; Ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''
dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
efficacy
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
exquisite
delicate; very finely made; extremely beautiful; Ex. exquisite piece of jewelry
default
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
inequity
unfairness; ADJ. inequitable
narcissist
conceited person; N. narcissism; CF. narcissus
bulge
protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude
prototype
original work used as a model by others
oversee
watch over and direct; supervise; N. oversight: unintentional failure to notice or do something; supervision
eccentricity
oddity; idiosyncrasy
shudder
shake uncontrollably; tremble; V.
interjection
exclamation; Ex. ``Ouch''
self-indulgence
excessive indulgence of one's own desire
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
topple
become unsteady and fall down
flail
beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle
judiciary
judicial branch of government
warp
twist out of shape; N.
solemnity
seriousness; gravity
modulate
tone down in intensity; change the intensity or tone of; regulate; change from one musical key to another; Ex. modulate from E to G
surmount
overcome
validate
make valid; confirm; ratify
fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
enthrall
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
perceptive
insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
ovation
enthusiastic applause
impasse
predicament(dangerous condition) from which there is no escape; situation allowing for no further progress
bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
buffoon
stupid person; clown
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
flora
plants of a region or era
corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
indigenous
native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World
mannerism
distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)
dissertation
formal essay; treatise
reserve
self-control; self-restraint; formal but distant manner; reticence; Ex. without reserve: freely and openly; ADJ. reserved: shy and uncommunicative
drudge
do drudgery; N: person who drudges
nubile
marriageable; of marriageable age; CF. connubial
menagerie
collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo
aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
brim
uppermost edge of a cup; projecting rim (as on a hat); Ex. The glass was full to the brim; V: be full to the brim
rend
split; tear apart; N. rent; CF. heartrending: causing deep sorrow
somnolent
half asleep; drowsy; N. somnolence
mosaic
picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles; ADJ.
stamp
step on heavily (so as to crush or extinguish); put an end to; imprint or impress with a mark, design, or seal; shape with a die; characterize; Ex. machine stamping out car bodies; Ex. newspaper stamping him as a liar; N. stamping; implement us
well-bred
of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined
warranted
justified; authorized
physiognomy
face (as showing the character and the mind); art of judging human character from facial features
affable
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
prod
poke (with a pointed object); stir up; urge; goad to action; N: pointed object used to prod; prodding
equivocate
use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation
tenancy
possession of land or building by rent; period of a tenant's occupancy
parquet
floor made of wood strips inlaid in a mosaic like matter; CF. strip: long narrow piece
flip
send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over
tranquillity
calmness; peace
jostle
shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; Ex. jostled by the crowds
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
enormity
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
inopportune
untimely; inappropriate or ill-timed; poorly chosen
incredulous
withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
paroxysm
fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst
deserts
what someone deserves
expenditure
payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy
crone
hag; ugly old woman
cogent
convincing
coalition
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
graphite
black form of carbon used in lead pencils
proscenium
part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage
canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
subjugate
conquer; bring under control
appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
substantive
substantial; essential; pertaining to the substance; substantial; considerable; Ex. substantive issues
commonwealth
nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
chronic
long established as a disease
lumen
unit of light energy (one candle's worth)
doff
take off; OP. don
dawdle
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
incapacitate
disable; N. incapacity: lack of capacity
executive
person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing
insatiable
not easily satisfied; unquenchable; Ex. insatiable appetite
conception
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
multifarious
varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities
probity
uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility
standstill
condition of no movement or activity; stop
dynamic
energetic; vigorously active
degenerate
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
inextricable
from which it is impossible to get free; that cannot be untied; Ex. inextricable troubles; Ex. inextricable two histories
aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
nest of a large bird of prey
prosperous
successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off
internecine
mutually destructive
capricious
unpredictable; fickle
tractable
docile; easily managed; (of something) easily changed or molded; N. tractability
bevy
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets
giddy
light-hearted; not serious; frivolous; dizzy; causing dizziness; Ex. giddy youth; Ex. giddy climb/height
solicitor
lawyer in the lower court of law
assuage
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
impel
drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action
progeny
children; offspring; descendants
slack
moving slowly; sluggish; inactive; (of a rope) loose; negligent; lax; Ex. slack season; Ex. slack in one's work; N. V.
defile
pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains
resurge
rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence; ADJ. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again
apparition
ghost; phantom
vortex
whirlwind; whirlpool; center of turbulence; predicament into which one is inexorably plunged
juggernaut
irresistible crushing force; overwhelming advancing force that crushes everything in its path
discord
conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)
unexceptionable
entirely acceptable; not offering any basis for criticism
uncouth
boorish; clumsy in speech or behavior; outlandish
pudding
hot sweet dish
terrestrial
on or relating to the earth
desperate
having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort
inquisitor
questioner (especially harsh); investigator; person making an inquisition
sumptuous
grand suggesting great expense; lavish; rich; Ex. sumptuous feast
hegemony
dominance especially of one nation over others
callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
selective
careful in choosing; having an effect only on certain things; not general; Ex. eclectic weed killer
quorum
minimal number of members necessary to conduct a meeting
ironic
expressing irony; occurring in an unexpected and contrary manner
arbitrary
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
consanguinity
kinship; relationship by birth
repeal
revoke; annul
canine
related to dogs; doglike
fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
inscrutable
difficult to understand; impenetrable; not readily understood; mysterious
malodorous
foul-smelling
presumptuous
going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties
outfit
clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit
parley
conference (between opponents); CF. speak
pliable
flexible; easily influenced; yielding; adaptable
titanic
gigantic; N. titan
cerebration
thought; working of the brain
ooze
(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river
sloth
slow moving tree-dwelling mammal; laziness; ADJ. slothful: lazy; indolent
scintillate
sparkle; flash; be animated; be full of life; Ex. scintillating conversation
indigent
poor; destitute
kneel
go down on one's knee(s)
permissive
allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society
gnarled
twisted
mesmerize
hypnotize; N. mesmerism; CF. Franz Mesmer
tenure
holding of an office or real estate; time during which such an office is held
chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
problematic
causing a problem; open to doubt; doubtful; unsettled; questionable; Ex. Whether the arena will ever be completed is problematic.
diverse
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: | variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
shear
remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors
solicit
entreat; request earnestly; seek to obtain; Ex. solicit votes; CF. solicitor: one who solicits; chief law officer
maternal
motherly; N. maternity: motherhood
diabolical
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
veer
change in direction; swerve
medium
element that is a creature's natural environment; nutrient setting in which microorganisms are cultivated; appropriate occupation or means of expression; channel of communication; compromise; middle position between extremes; intervening substan
abscond
depart secretly and hide
warranty
guarantee; assurance by seller
brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
unimpeachable
that cannot be impeached; beyond doubt or question; blameless and exemplary
deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
reminiscence
recollection; V. reminisce: recollect the past
smudge
dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; V.
denotation
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
rabble
mob; noisy crowd
accrue
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
influx
flowing into
smirk
conceited smile; offensively self-satisfied smile (often at someone else's misfortune); V.
delusive
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
rou\'e
lecherous man
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
vie
contend; compete
dermatologist
one who studies the skin and its diseases
oaf
stupid awkward person; CF. elf
stratified
divided into classes; arranged into strata; V. stratify
berate
scold strongly
depredation
plundering; destruction
gleam
brief flash of light; glow; V.
grotto
small cavern
contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
restive
impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; Ex. restive horses because of wolves; CF. not a general synonym for `restless'
hostility
unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; ADJ. hostile
bigotry
stubborn intolerance
enigma
puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling
shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
rhapsodize
speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner; Ex. rhapsodize over the beauty of the scenery
linguistic
pertaining to language
felicitous
(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
entourage
group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround
immutable
unchangeable
malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
reputed
supposed; Ex. reputed father of the child; V. repute: consider; N. repute: reputation; esteem
placate
pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease
stupefy
stun; make numb (as with a drug); amaze
concomitant
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
scowl
frown angrily; N: angry frown
loll
lounge about
superimpose
place over something else
slag
glassy residue from smelting metal; dross; waste matter
benevolent
generous; charitable; having a wish to do good
acute
(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; Ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain
dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
stanch
stop or check flow of blood; Ex. stanch the gushing wound
query
inquiry; question; V.
sinewy
(of meat) tough; strong and firm; muscular; N. sinew: tendon; strong cord connecting a muscle to a bone
convention
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
upbraid
reprimand; severely scold
demeanor
behavior; bearing
derogatory
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
totem
animal, plant, or natural object serving as a symbol of a clan or family; representation of this; Ex. totem pole
onerous
burdensome
onslaught
vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy
lewd
lustful
surly
bad-tempered; rude; cross
tenacity
firmness; persistence
ineffectual
not effective; not having a desired effect; weak
temper
moderate; make less severe; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel) as by alternate heating and cooling
agape
openmouthed
glutinous
sticky; viscous; gluey
aesthetic
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
forgo(forego)
give up; do without
static
having no motion; unchanging; lacking development; N. stasis: stable state
whet
sharpen; stimulate; Ex. whet someone's appetite
immobility
state of being immovable
plane
carpenter's tool for smoothing and leveling wood; V. CF. flat
slavish
of or like a slave; servile; showing no originality; copied very closely; Ex. slavish devotion/copy of the original
preen
make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. preen oneself on; CF. prune
churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
throes
violent anguish
fashion
give shape to; make; Ex. fashion the pot out of clay
devout
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
consistency
absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
fugitive
fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large
hypochondriac
person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; ADJ. CF. hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; CF. abdomen
component
element; ingredient
methodical
systematic; N. method: systematic method of procedure
probe
explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe
pervasive
spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate
unprepossessing
unattractive
farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
inception
start; beginning
psychiatrist
doctor who treats mental diseases
imbroglio
complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); V. embroil
furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
immaculate
spotless; flawless; absolutely clean
carnage
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
indemnify
make secure against damage or loss; compensate for damage or loss; CF. make uninjured
proponent
supporter; backer; opposite of opponent
attentive
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
advert
refer
egotistical
egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited
amplify
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph
yen
strong desire; longing; urge; Ex. yen for travel
genre
particular variety of art or literature
solstice
point or time at which the sun is farthest from the equator
acknowledge
recognize; admit
Bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
inane
silly; senseless; Ex. inane remarks; N. inanity
surfeit
satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; N: surfeiting; excessive amount; Ex. surfeit of food
equipoise
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
purveyor
furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer; V. purvey: supply (eg. food); furnish; CF. provide
gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
cache
hiding place; V.
carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
recline
lie down
nostalgia
homesickness; longing for the past; Ex. nostalgia for the clothes of 1920s; ADJ. nostalgic
euthanasia
mercy killing
engaging
charming; attractive
habitat
natural home of a plant or animal; CF. habitation
outmoded
no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned
antiquity
quality of being very old; ancient times;
quibble
minor objection or complaint; V: raise minor objections; carp; cavil
mercurial
capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; Ex. mercurial temper; CF. mood
groove
long narrow channel made in a surface to guide the movement of something; Ex. groove of the record
sow
plant or scatter seed
concordat
formal agreement
incident
event; event that causes a crisis
blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
ingrained
deeply established; firmly rooted; Ex. ingrained dirt/prejudice
arbitrate
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
wilt
loose freshness; droop
amiss
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
somatic
pertaining to the body; bodily; physical
compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
realm
kingdom; field or sphere; Ex. not within the realms of possibility
frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
perennial
something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring
tautological
needlessly repetitious; Ex. ``It was visible to the eye''; N. tautology: needless repetition of the same sense; statement that is always true
dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
pastoral
rural; of rural life; idyllic; of a pastor
conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
braggart
boaster; bragger
distract
take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted
vixen
female fox; ill-tempered woman; CF. shrew
anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
pillory
punish by placing in a wooden frame or pillory; subject or expose to criticism and ridicule; N.
loquacious
talkative; N. loquacity
arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
catastrophe
calamity ; disaster
compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
putrescent
becoming putrid; putrefying
snub
ignore or behave coldly toward; Ex. I made a suggestion but she snubbed me; N.
demographic
related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population
stalemate
deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked
stem_from
arise from; originate from
germ
earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe
elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
uniformity
sameness; monotony; ADJ. uniform: the same all over
sinecure
well-paid position with little responsibility; CF. sine cure: without care; CF. San Serif
fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
spangle
small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
maul
handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer
contaminate
pollute
negligible
so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded
tertiary
third in order or rank
credo
creed
cuisine
style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
confiscate
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
pecuniary
pertaining to money
immune
resistant to; free or exempt from; N. immunity
haughtiness
pride; arrogance; ADJ. haughty
denouement
final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained
mischance
ill luck
roster
list (of names)
ludicrous
laughable; ridiculous; trifling
denomination
religious group; unit in a system; name or designation; CF. denominator: common trait or characteristic
kudos
honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement
skim
read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid
rectitude
moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
hibernal
wintry; wintery; of or like winter
forge
counterfeit; reproduce fraudulently; form by heating in a forge and hammering into shape; move with a sudden increase of speed or power; Ex. forged ahead in the last two years; N: furnace where metals are heated
resort
turn to for help; Ex. resort to violence; N.
unwarranted
unjustified; having no justification; groundless; baseless; undeserved
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
abash
embarrass
transport
strong emotion; rapture; Ex. in a transport/transports of; V: move to strong emotion; enrapture
monastic
related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns
melee
fight
rancid
having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank
compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
blunder
error; stupid mistake
smother
kill from lack of air; suppress; cover thickly; Ex. smothered in little stickers
jaunty
cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; Ex. jaunty person/hat
larder
pantry; place where food is kept
malfeasance
wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)
subsequent
following in time or order; later
thwart
block or hinder; baffle; frustrate
vise
vice; tool for holding work in place; clamping device
ineluctable
irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable
compliance
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
panache
flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache;
hull
husk; dry outer covering of a seed; frame or body of a ship
rotundity
roundness; sonorousness of speech
legend
explanatory list of symbols on a map
rapport
close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony
embezzlement
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
dissonance
discord
kismet
fate; destiny; Ex. Kismet is the Arabic word for fate.
address
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
pose
assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); Ex. pose a threat; N.
redolent
odorous; fragrant; suggestive (of an odor); Ex. redolent of onions/mystery
scuttle
sink (a ship) by cutting holes in the hull; scrap; discard; N: small hatch in a ship's deck or hull
frolic
play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs
uproar
noisy confusion
earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
maverick
rebel; nonconformist (in a group)
gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
psychosomatic
of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)
philanderer
faithless lover; flirt
indigence
poverty
insomnia
wakefulness; inability to sleep
egoism
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical
stagnant
(of water) not flowing (often bad-smelling); motionless; stale; not developing; inactive; dull; Ex. stagnant industrial output
granary
storehouse for grain
harping
tiresome dwelling on a subject; V. harp: dwell on(think or speak a lot about) tediously
derivation
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
opulence
extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; ADJ. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant
regiment
military unit; V: subject to strict order; Ex. regimented society
apprehensive
fearful; discerning
contortions
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
weather
pass safely through (a storm or difficult period); endure the effects of weather or other forces
prot\'eg\'e
person receiving protection and support from a patron
jab
poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows
recuperate
recover; return to health; regain; Ex. recuperate losses
vicissitude
change (esp. from good to bad); change of fortune; CF. the last emperor of China
import
significance; importance; meaning
translucent
partly transparent
subjective
influenced by personal feelings; occurring or taking place within the mind; unreal; Ex. subjective sensation of the ghostly presence
grunt
utter a deep guttural sound (as a pig does); N.
sleek
smooth and shining (as from good health); V.
agog
highly excited; intensely curious
loathe
detest; ADJ. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; Ex. loathsome smell
portly
stout; corpulent
timidity
lack of self-confidence or courage
chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
execute
put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution
relevant
having importance; pertinent; referring to the case in hand; N. relevance, relevancy
lachrymose
producing tears; tearful
libido
psychic and emotional energy or urges behind human activity; sexual desire
concise
brief and compact
corrode
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
mnemonic
pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; N: device, such as as formula or rhyme, used as a mnemonic aid
sublimate
refine; purify; replace (natural urges) with socially acceptable activities; change between a solid state and a gaseous state
skittish
inconstant; capricious; frivolous; not serious; Ex. charming but skittish young woman; CF. skit
toga
Roman outer robe
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
impartial
not biased; fair; N. impartiality
opprobrium
infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; Ex. opprobrium hurled against him; ADJ. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous
waggish
humorous; mischievous; tricky
clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
earn
gain for the performance of service or labor; gain (something that one deserves); deserve
artifice
deception; trickery
incongruity
lack of harmony; absurdity; ADJ. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate
petulant
touchy; peevish; ill-tempered
compulsive
resulting from compulsion
regeneration
spiritual rebirth; Ex. regeneration of the prisoners; V. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually
rendezvous
meeting place; meeting at a set time or place; V.
proxy
authorized agent; authority to act for another
grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
impromptu
without previous preparation; off the cuff(end of a sleeve); on the spur of the moment
resplendent
brilliant; splendid in appearance; dazzling; glorious
modicum
limited quantity; small amount; Ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; CF. moderate
garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity
facsimile
copy
imbalance
lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion
adversary
opponent; enemy
resilient
elastic; having the power of springing back; able to recover quickly (as from misfortune)
torrent
rushing stream; flood; Ex. The rain fell in torrents.
cumbersome
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
divine
perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination
surrogate
substitute; person or thing used in place of another; Ex. surrogate mother; ADJ.
fulsome
disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire
innate
inborn
variegated
(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored
unfrock
defrock; strip a priest or minister of church authority
exorcise
drive out evil spirits
germane
pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate
finale
conclusion; concluding part
accessible
easy to approach; obtainable
distinctive
clearly different from others of the same kind
obloquy
slander; disgrace; infamy
regicide
murder of a king or queen
cascade
small waterfall
mire
entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; N: bog; deep mud; Ex. sucked deeper into the mire
harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.
assail
assault
regatta
boat or yacht race
miscreant
wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe
revert
relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; N. reversion
solvent
substance that dissolves another; ADJ: capable of dissolving another substance
maculated
spotted; stained; CF. immaculate
drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
ramification
branching out; subdivision; one branch of a system; one of the results following from an action or decision; Ex. ramifications of a business/the decision
extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
solder
repair or make whole by using a metal alloy; N: metal alloy (usually tin and lead) used in the molten state to join metallic parts
sonnet
14-line poetic verse form with a fixed rhyme pattern
retaliate
repay in kind (usually for bad treatment); V. retaliate
estranged
separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement
apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
erudite
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
diligence
steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
downcast
disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
beseech
beg; plead with
secular
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal
inasmuch_as
since; owing to the fact that
disarray
state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray
pert
(esp. of a girl or young woman) impertinent; forward; trim; jaunty; Ex. pert young miss/hat
palm
conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir
elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
replenish
fill up again
erroneous
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
putrid
decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; N. putridity
spatula
broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing
ogle
look at amorously; make eyes at; Ex. old men ogling young girls
caricature
distortion; burlesque
archipelago
group of closely located islands
ravage
devastate; plunder; despoil; Ex. crops ravaged by storms
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
raze
destroy completely; Ex. raze the city to the ground
vivid
(of light or color) bright and distinct; evoking lifelike mental images; Ex. vivid red hair/description
magnitude
greatness (in size or extent); extent
belittle
disparage; depreciate
hireling
one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician
epicurean
believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.
awl
pointed tool used for piercing
manifesto
public declaration of principles; statement of policy
serenity
calmness; placidity; ADJ. serene
vouch
give a personal guarantee; Ex. I can vouch for his integrity; N. voucher
rabies
disease passed on by the bite of an infected animal (causing madness and death)
concession
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
illusory
illusive; deceptive; not real
nonplus
put at a loss; bring to a halt by confusion; perplex; CF. no more
contentious
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble;opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
pendulous
hanging; suspended
piety
devoutness; reverence for God; ADJ. pious
vantage
position giving an advantage (such as a strategic point); CF. vantagepoint
threadbare
worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor; hackneyed; Ex. threadbare excuses
salubrious
healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health
incessant
uninterrupted; unceasing
leery
(of someone) suspicious; wary; cautious
beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
ulterior
intentionally hidden; beyond what is evident; situated beyond; unstated and often questionable; Ex. ulterior motive
opaque
dark; not transparent; N. opacity
flighty
(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive
horticultural
pertaining to cultivation of gardens; N. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; CF. agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops
killjoy
grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others
charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
herd
group of animals; crowd; one who looks after a herd; Ex. shepherd/goatherd; Ex. herd instinct; Ex. herdsman; V: come together in a herd; look after a herd; Ex. herd cattle
retroactive
taking effect before its enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a tax); (of a law) having effect on the past as well as the future
passive
not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance
obtrude
push (oneself or one's ideas) forward or intrude; impose (oneself or one's ideas) on others; butt in; stick out or extrude; thrust out; Ex. obtrude A on B; ADJ. obtrusive; N. obtrusion; CF. unobtrusive
misconduct
immoral behavior; bad management; V.
unconscionable
unscrupulous; not guided by conscience; excessive; beyond reason; Ex. unconscionable demand
hut
crude dwelling; shack
repine
fret; complain; be annoyed; Ex. repine over the undone work
decree
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
lofty
very high
pacifist
one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes
matrimony
state of being married
expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
matin\'ee(matinee)
dramatic or musical performance given in the afternoon
palate
roof of the mouth; sense of the taste
venture
risk; expose to risk; dare; undertake a risk; N.
satiate
satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated
bust
piece of sculpture showing a person's head, shoulders, and upper chest; V: break up; arrest; Ex. crimebuster
rustle
make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together
crave
desire; want intensely
terse
concise; abrupt; pithy
sound
in good condition; showing good judgment or good sense; thorough; complete; Ex. sound mind/investment/training
culpable
deserving blame; blameworthy
dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
labyrinth
maze
missive
letter; written statement; CF. sent
beneficent
kindly; doing good
hirsute
hairy; having a lot of hair
exegesis
explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages
cardiologist
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
stealth
action of moving secretly or unseen; slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness; ADJ. stealthy
lucre
money; profit; Ex. filthy lucre
migratory
wandering; V. migrate: move from one region and settle in another; move periodically from one region to another
civil
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
anarchy
absence of governing body; state of disorder
squabble
minor quarrel; bickering; V: engage in a minor quarrel; Ex. squabbling children
subsistence
existence; means of subsisting; means of support; livelihood; V. subsist: exist; maintain life (at a meager level)
meteoric
like a meteor; swift; momentarily brilliant; Ex. meteoric rise to fame; N. meteor
unfledged
immature; not having the feathers necessary to fly; CF. fledgling
effective
effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph
bog
soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. bogged down in the mud
madrigal
pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
indices
signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index
chorus
phrase repeated throughout a song or poem
tether
tie (an animal) with a rope or tether; N: rope or chain to which an animal is tied; limit of one's endurance; Ex. the end of one's tether
flutter
(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.
beneficiary
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
caption
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
substantial
of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy
hydrophobia
fear of water; rabies
specious
seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
waive
give up temporarily; yield; N. waiver: waiving a right or claim; document that waives a right or claim
glamor
compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous
oblivious
inattentive or unmindful; unaware; wholly absorbed; forgetful(having the habit of forgetting)
saturnine
morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.
distill
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
nemesis
someone seeking revenge; source of downfall or ruin; CF. Nemesis
savor
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality
arbiter
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
imperative
absolutely necessary; that must be done; critically important; expressing command; Ex. It is imperative that; N: something that must be done
transcendent
exceeding ordinary limits; superior; surpassing; V. transcend: go beyond; exceed; surpass; N. transcendancy
sledge
large sled drawn by work animals
outgoing
sociable; eager to mix socially with others
rip
tear or be torn quickly and violently; Ex. The sail ripped under the force of the wind; N.
angular
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
trance
hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition
padre
chaplain (in the armed forces)
hovel
shack; small wretched house
antiseptic
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
irrefutable
indisputable; incontrovertible; undeniable
jollity
gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay
senility
old age; feeblemindedness of old age; ADJ. senile: resulting from old age; showing the weakness of body or mind from old age; Ex. senile dementia
venerable
deserving high respect; commanding respect; CF. command: deserve and get
interloper
intruder; one who interferes
sultry
(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous
ramify
branch out; divide into branches or subdivisions
elope
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
punitive
punishing; Ex. punitive measures
institutionalize
make into an institution; put or confine in an institution
analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
conformity
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
egotism
tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance
grapple
wrestle; come to grips with; take hold of and struggle with; Ex. grapple with the burglar
crescendo
increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent
duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress
pellucid
transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
ballast
heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
lookout
act of keeping watch; high place commanding a wide view; person who keeps watch
spawn
lay eggs (in large numbers); produce offspring (in large numbers); N: eggs of aquatic animals
earthy
unrefined; coarse; of earth; Ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal
deciduous
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
entity
real being
matrix
point of origin; array of numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die; Ex. the matrix of Western civilization
faze
disconcert; dismay; embarrass
conventional
ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
tycoon
wealthy and powerful businessperson; wealthy leader; magnate; Ex. business tycoon
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them
nettle
irritate; annoy; vex; ADJ. nettlesome
perpetrate
commit an offense; do (something wrong)
potion
dose (of liquids); liquid dose
augment
increase; add to
license
official or legal permission; latitude of action or speech; excessive freedom that causes harm or damage; V.
pseudonym
pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous
impeccable
faultless
plenitude
abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; CF. plenary, plenty
prestige
respect or admiration; impression produced by achievements or reputation; ADJ: causing admiration; ADJ. prestigious: having prestige
grumble
complain; mutter discontentedly; grouch; N.
shed
small roofed structure for storage and shelter; V: pour forth; lose by natural process; repel without allowing penetration; radiate; cast; Ex. shed tears/light/water/skin/leaves
quietude
tranquillity; calmness
protract
prolong; lengthen in time; draw out
indict
charge; N. indictment
proximity
nearness; ADJ. proximate
refuse
anything discarded or rejected as worthless; trash
score
number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; Ex. full/vocal score; Ex. Don't worry on that score; V: mark with lines or notches; Ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold
pore
study industriously; ponder; scrutinize; Ex. pore over the book; N.
don
put on; OP. doff
herald
messenger; sign of something to come; V: announce; proclaim; Ex. unheralded researcher
bantering
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
check
stop motion; curb or restrain
invert
turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position or condition of
embellish
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
subliminal
below the threshold of conscious perception; Ex. subliminal advertisement
impassable
not able to be traveled or crossed
genus
division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species
pang
sudden sharp feeling of pain
covetous
avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)
buccaneer
pirate
horde
crowd; swarm
abrogate
abolish
sadistic
inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty
laborious
demanding much work or care; tedious
irksome
annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy
luxuriate
take pleasure in great comfort
staccato
played in an abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound; Ex. staccato applause
chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
fussy
fastidious; finicky; easily upset
immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
irretrievable
impossible to recover or regain; CF. retrieve
gist
essence; main point; substance
intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
monotheism
belief in one God
convulsion
violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
iniquitous
wicked; immoral; unrighteous; N. iniquity; Ex. den of iniquity
comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
annex
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
docile
obedient; easily managed; submissive
reverent
respectful; worshipful; V. revere: regard with reverence; N. reverence: profound respect
adjoin
be next to
plaudit
praise; enthusiastic approval; round(succession or series) of applause; ADJ. plauditory; CF. applaud
grievance
cause of complaint; complaint
staid
serious and sedate; sober; Ex. staid during the funeral ceremony
festive
joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival
portend
foretell; presage; be a sign or warning of; N. portent: sign; omen; forewarning
formidable
menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question
rigid
hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule
leave-taking
farewell or departure
tantamount
equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount
court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
droll
queer and amusing
restraint
moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction
domineer
rule over tyrannically
valedictory
pertaining to farewell; N: farewell address (esp. at graduation exercises)
liaison
contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between; secret love affair; V. liaise: keep a connection
chameleon
lizard that changes color in different situations
metropolis
large city
exult
rejoice
tenuous
thin; slim; rare
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
placebo
harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill
gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
historical
connected with history; based on events in history (whether regarded as important or not)
pulchritude
beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous
progenitor
ancestor
barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
crochet
make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet
usage
act or manner of using; accepted practice; way in which words are actually used
buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set
ursine
bearlike; pertaining to a bear
prate
talk idly; speak foolishly; boast idly
glaring
(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly
definitive
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
pontifical
pertaining to a bishop or pope; pompous or pretentious; CF. pontiff: pope; bishop
perfunctory
done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss
subaltern
subordinate
jaundiced
yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a jaundiced eye
gust
strong abrupt rush of wind; V. CF. bluster
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
mischief
behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome
usury
lending money at illegal high rates of interest
patronize
support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott
symmetry
arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity; ADJ. symmetrical
mystic
of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism
resound
(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter
implode
burst inward; CF. vaccum tube
raucous
(of voice) harsh and unpleasant; (of people) disorderly and boisterous; Ex. raucous shouts
propagate
increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas
scruple
hesitate for ethical reasons; fret about; Ex. She did not scruple to read his diary; N: uneasy feeling arising from conscience; conscience
fanaticism
excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic
suspense
state of being undecided; anxiety or apprehension resulting from uncertainty
refute
disprove; prove to be false; N. refutation
ossify
change or harden into bone; become hard and unchanging in one's ideas
itinerary
plan of a trip; record of a trip
centigrade
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
philology
study of language or words
slapdash
hasty and careless; haphazard; sloppy(carelessly done)
memorialize
commemorate
pinch
squeeze between the thumb and a finger, or other edges; Ex. I had to pinch myself to make sure I wasn't dreaming. N: amount that can be held between the thumb and a finger
disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
sanguine
optimistic; cheerful; hopeful; of the color of blood; red
condiments
seasonings; spices
mottled
blotched in coloring; spotted; Ex. mottled face; V. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors
spontaneity
lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint; ADJ. spontaneous: self-generated; unpremeditated; happening without being planned
purchase
secure grasp or hold; firm grasp or footing
inkling
hint; slight indication
maraud
move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army
censor
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
unregenerate
making no attempt to change one's bad practices
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
acne
skin disease (on the face)
wreak
inflict; Ex. wreak one's vengeance on
voracious
ravenous; eating large quantities of food; exceedingly eager; insatiable; Ex. voracious animal/reader
epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
growl
low, guttural, menacing sound (as of a dog)
demented
insane
parry
ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N.
perpetual
everlasting
compost
mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost
outlaw
fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been outlawed.
brawl
noisy quarrel
stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
indulge
yield to; gratify; allow oneself a special pleasure; Ex. indulge one's every whim/a child/in a big cigarette; N. indulgence
console
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
supposition
assumption; hypothesis; surmise; V. suppose
bizarre
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
slur
pronounce indistinctly; speak indistinctly; mumble
stratum
layer of earth's surface; layer of society; PL. strata
skimp
provide or use scantily; live very economically; Ex. skimp on necessities; ADJ. skimpy: inadequate in amount; scanty; stingy; niggardly
diffuse
wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse
assumption
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
elusive
evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp, catch, or understand; V. elude: escape from; escape the understanding or grasp of; Ex. elude the hunter; Ex. His name eludes me.
equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
stilted
bombastic; stiffly pompous; Ex. stilted rhetoric; CF. stiff: formal
nauseate
cause to become sick; fill with disgust; fill nausea
uproarious
marked by commotion or uproar; very noisy (esp. with laughter); hilarious; causing loud laughter; extremely funny
diorama
life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background
adapt
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
impugn
dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way); attack as false or questionable; challenge; gainsay; CF. fight
venerate
revere; treat with great respect
gnome
dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards
paradigm
model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word
cozen
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
tessellated
mosaic; inlaid; Ex. tessellated pattern
adulterate
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
wrath
anger; fury
magnanimity
generosity; ADJ. magnanimous: generous
exotic
not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress
elucidate
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
anomaly
irregularity
quicksilver
mercury
petrify
turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze
lank
long and thin; Ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln
denigrate
blacken; defame
avarice
greediness for wealth
sluice
artificial channel for directing or controlling the flow of water (with a gate to regulate the flow)
yield
amount produced; crop; income on investment; profit obtained from an investment; V: produce; give in; surrender
scrappy
quarrelsome
betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
materialism
preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)
beneficial
helpful; useful; advantageous
snuffle
sniffle; sniff repeatedly (in order to keep liquid from running out of the nose)
scrupulous
conscientious; extremely thorough; Ex. scrupulous worker
mangle
tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; Ex. badly mangled bodies
hinterlands
back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland
disinclination
unwillingness
sullen
silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy
sleigh
large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice
incompatible
inharmonious; N. incompatibility
bode
foreshadow; portend
masochist
person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism
decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
ambulatory
able to walk
whiff
puff or gust (of air, scent, etc.); short-lasting smell; hint; Ex. whiff of perfume/scandal
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
refurbish
renovate; make clean, bright, or fresh (make new) again; make bright by polishing; Ex. refurbish an old theater; CF. furbish: polish
sacrilegious
desecrating; profane; N. sacrilege: desecration, misuse, or theft of something sacred
delusion
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
amnesia
loss of memory
traumatic
(of an experience) deeply shocking; pertaining to an injury caused by violence; N. trauma: serious wound; emotional shock that causes lasting psychological damage
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
surmise
guess; N.
porridge
soft food made by boiling oatmeal
wary
very cautious; watchful
preponderance
superiority of power, quantity, etc.; V. preponderate: be greater in power, weight, or importance; ADJ. preponderant
panoramic
denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area
natty
neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser
relegate
put into a lower or worse place; banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign; Ex. relegate the old furniture to the children's room; Ex. relegated to the second division
cantankerous
ill-humored; irritable
discriminating
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
adjacent
adjoining; neighboring; close by
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
omnipresent
universally present; ubiquitous
shrew
scolding woman; very small mouselike animal
gesticulation
motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)
subtlety
perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy; ADJ. subtle: delicate; so slight as to be difficult to detect; able to make fine distinctions; clever; Ex. subtle mind/differences in meaning
seduce
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
corpulent
very fat; N. corpulence
estimable
(of a person) worthy of esteem; admirable; deserving esteem; possible to estimate
decrepitude
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
strew
spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter; Ex. flower girl strewing rose petals
chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
anoint
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
urge
drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action
consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
autopsy
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
wane
decrease in size or strength (after being full); grow gradually to an end; Ex. The moon waxes and wanes every month; N.
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
rue
regret; lament; mourn; Ex. He will rue the day; N. ADJ. rueful
polarity
state of having two opposite qualities
benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
implication
something hinted at or suggested; implying; implicating
gustatory
affecting or relating to the sense of taste
ascertain
find out for certain; make certain
manifold
many in number or kind; numerous; varied
beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
momentum
quantity of motion of a moving body; impetus; moving force
adherent
supporter; follower
nomenclature
terminology(system of specialized words); system of names or naming things
aloof
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
shackle
chain; fetter; confine with shackles; N.
phlegmatic
calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract
precinct
division of a city for election or police purposes; precincts: space that surrounds a building; Ex. precincts of the college
pessimism
belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess; tendency to take the gloomiest possible view of a situation; ADJ. pessimistic
generic
characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus
frustrate
thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
motley
multi-colored (as of a garment worn by a jester); mixed; heterogeneous; CF. jester: one who jests (as a paid fool at medieval courts)
odds
chances; probability; disagreement; Ex. The odds are that it will rain. Ex. at odds with
disgruntle
make discontented
hierarchy
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
habituate
accustom or familiarize; addict
nicety
precision; accuracy; minute distinction or difference; Ex. to a nicety: exactly; precisely; Ex. distinguish between niceties
detonation
explosion
transient
staying for a short time; momentary; temporary; N: one that is transient
universal
characterizing or affecting all; general; present everywhere; of the universe; cosmic; Ex. universal agreement; Ex. a subject of universal interest
outwit
outsmart; defeat by behaving more cleverly
vindictive
disposed to revenge; vengeful; out for revenge; spiteful; intended to cause harm; malicious; Ex. vindictive streak
inhibit
restrain; prohibit; retard or prevent; N. inhibition
retrograde
go backwards; recede; degenerate; deteriorate; ADJ.
sleeper
one that achieves unexpected success; something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable
bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
idle
not working; not employed or busy; lazy; without purpose; useless; lacking substance; baseless; not based on truth; Ex. idle worker; Ex. talk idly; V.
delirium
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
repast
meal; feast; banquet
gangrene
decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous
solitude
state of being alone; seclusion; ADJ. solitary: existing or living alone (esp. by choice); remote or secluded; single; sole; Ex. solitary life/inn; Ex. no solitary piece of proof
pedagogy
teaching; art of education
turbulence
state of violent agitation; ADJ. turbulent: violently agitated or disturbed
spate
sudden flood or rush; Ex. spate of accidents
calamity
disaster; misery
rotunda
circular building or hall covered with a dome
equilibrium
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
admonish
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
ineffable
unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; Ex. ineffable name/joy
sublime
causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter
isotope
varying from of an element
nascent
incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music
muted
silent; muffled; toned down; Ex. muted traffic noise
fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
miscellany
mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items
billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
accolade
award of merit; strong praise and approval
enliven
make lively or spirited; animate
generality
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people
incarcerate
imprison
nebulous
vague; hazy; cloudy; of a nebula; Ex. nebulous proposal
enclave
territory enclosed within an alien land
caldron(cauldron)
large kettle
bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
attest
testify; bear witness
ephemeral
short-lived; fleeting
enhance
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
overwrought
nervous or excited; extremely agitated; hysterical; wrought-up; CF. wrought: made or done
entrepreneur
businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial
impart
grant a share of; make known; Ex. news to impart
malediction
curse
Shangri-la
imaginary remote paradise on earth; CF. Lost Horizon
amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
deplore
regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
wangle
achieve by cleverness or trick; wiggle out; fake; Ex. She tried to wangle an invitation to the party.
drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
vile
despicable; unpleasant; disgusting; Ex. vile slander
practicable
feasible
underhand(underhanded)
done slyly and secretly (being dishonest)
engross
occupy fully; absorb
practical
based on experience; of or acquired through practice (rather than theory); useful; Ex. practical man
rectify
set right; correct; CF. rect-: right
distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
parish
area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church
digression
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
prognosticate
predict (according to present indications)
impassioned
(of speech) filled with passion; fervent
freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
stygian
unpleasantly dark; gloomy; hellish; deathly; CF. Styx: the chief river in the subterranean land of the dead
ecclesiastic
ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman
oust
expel; drive out; force out; N. ouster: ousting
knack
special talent; art
incredulity
tendency to disbelief
frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
epithet
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)
stymie
thwart; present an obstacle; stump
manipulate
operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative
plump
pleasantly fat; nicely rounded
effusion
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
congruence
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
penumbra
partial shadow (in an eclipse); CF. almost shadow
hoary
white with age
perdition
damnation; complete ruin; hell
fulminate
thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
insensate
without feeling; lacking sense; foolish
seasoned
experienced
fancied
imagined; unreal
mollycoddle
pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively
aghast
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly
balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
poignancy
quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; Ex. poignant memory/anxiety; CF. prick
satellite
small body revolving around a larger one
abate
subside or moderate
climactic
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a | door); gobble down
abjure
renounce upon oath
fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
inevitable
unavoidable
complement
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
savory
pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation
primp
groom oneself with care; adorn oneself
headlong
hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.
haunt
(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; Ex. haunted house; Ex. haunted by his last words; N: place much frequented
encroachment
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
impropriety
improperness; unsuitableness
array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
pantomime
acting without dialogue; V.
endear
make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced
embroil
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
dispirited
lacking in spirit
euphoria
feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); ADJ. euphoriaric
nullify
make invalid; make null; invalidate
travail
strenuous work; toil; painful labor; labor of childbirth
erode
eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
bookish
fond of books and reading
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water; N.
absolve
pardon (an offense)
rustic
pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person
tramp
walk with a heavy step; travel on foot; N: vagrant; one who travels aimlessly about; long walk; sound of heavy walking
historic
important in history; Ex. historic battle
intimate
hint; suggest; imply; ADJ: marked by close relationship; familiar; private; personal; Ex. intimate knowledge/thoughts in the diary; N: close friend or confidant; CF. intimacy
smug
self-satisfied; complacent
penology
study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation
grueling
exhausting; Ex. grueling marathon race
fluctuate
waver; shift; rise and fall as if in waves; change or vary irregularly
temperate
moderate; restrained; self-controlled; moderate in respect to temperature; CF. temperance: moderation and self-restraint; abstinence of alcoholic drinks; Ex. temperance society
quizzical
curious; suggesting puzzlement (without saying); questioning; teasing; mocking; bantering; Ex. quizzical glance
befuddle
confuse thoroughly
bogus
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
paranoia
psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac
caustic
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
impeach
charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; Ex. impeach a witness's credibility
alloy
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
harry
harass, annoy, torment (by repeated attacks); raid
deference
courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
precipitant
something that causes a substance in a chemical solution to separate out in solid form; OP. solvent
infringe
violate (a law); encroach (the right of another person)
lament
grieve; express sorrow; N. lamentation
fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
metaphysical
pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality
warble
(of a bird) sing; babble; N.
credence
belief
rally
come or bring together; call up or summon (forces, vital powers, etc.); revive or recuperate (after illness or difficulty); N: act of rallying; mass gathering
lout
clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?
protocol
diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.
legato
(of music) played smoothly
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
mange
skin disease (esp. of domestic animals) marked by loss of hair
random
without definite purpose, plan, or aim; haphazard; Ex. random shots; Ex. chosen at random
gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
oblivion
obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness
vigilant
watchful; on the alert; watchfully awake; alert to spot danger; N. vigilance
tension
stretching; condition of being stretched; mental strain; strained relationship between groups or people
morose
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
patriarch
father and ruler of a family or tribe
thrive
prosper; flourish
levy
impose (a fine); collect (a payment); impose or collect (a tax); Ex. levy a tax on tobacco
confluence
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
meddlesome
interfering; V. meddle: interfere
spoonerism
accidental transposition of sounds in successive words; Ex. ``Let me sew you to your sheet'' for ``Let me show you to your seat''; CF. William Spooner
utopia
ideal place, state, or society; ADJ. utopian
amble
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
flaunt
display ostentatiously; Ex. ``Honey, if you've got it, flaunt it !''
improvise
compose on the spur of the moment
incontinent
lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious
bestow
confer
reprimand
reprove severely; rebuke; N.
checkered(chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
annals
records arranged in yearly parts; history
misnomer
wrong or improper name; incorrect designation
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
bolster
support; reinforce
gloss
brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.
gobble
eat very quickly
saga
Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative
unctuous
oily; bland; insincerely suave
pusillanimous
cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted
redundant
superfluous; more than is necessary; verbose; excessively wordy; repetitious
faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
rousing
lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up
synthesis
combining parts or separate things into a whole; the whole so formed; PL. syntheses; V. synthesize
balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
discredit
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
pomposity
self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); ADJ. pompous: self-important
fetid(foetid)
malodorous; foul
liquidate
settle accounts; pay off (a debt); clear up; eliminate; kill or abolish
exemplary
serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model
heterogeneous
dissimilar; mixed; not homogeneous; consisting of dissimilar elements or plants
ichthyology
study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish
irrevocable
unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke
decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
palette
board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)
aromatic
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
intolerant
not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
gyroscope
apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.
colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
trim
make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order
nirvana
in Buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude
enervate
weaken; take away energy from
missile
object to be thrown or projected
benison
blessing
decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
runic
mysterious; set down in an ancient alphabet; N. rune: one of the letters of an alphabet used by ancient Germanic peoples (cut on stone or wood); magic charm
nutrition
process of nourishing or being nourished; CF. malnutrition
leaven
add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; N: agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens
knoll
little round hill; hillock
gargantuan
huge; enormous; gigantic; CF. the hero of Gargantua and Pantagruel
tonsure
shaving of the head especially by person entering religious orders; V.
embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
predispose
give an inclination toward (in advance); make susceptible to; Ex. predispose people to certain cancer; N. predisposition
cleft
N: split
arid
(of land) dry; barren; unproductive
panacea
cure-all; remedy for all diseases
ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
sedition
conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious
clique
small exclusive group of people
incommodious
not spacious; inconvenient
antecede
precede
insubordination
disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate
imperial
like an emperor; related to an empire; CF. imperialism
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
collation
a light meal; collating
debilitate
weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble
obviate
make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need
accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
concoct
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
varnish
paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail varnish; V.
epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)
pristine
unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition
incipient
beginning; in an early stage
nonentity
person of no importance; nonexistence
supernumerary
person or thing excess of what is necessary; extra; ADJ: additional to the usual or necessary number
wrinkle
small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.
canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
amend
correct; change ; generally for the better
disperse
scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd
elaborate
work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.
beget
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
quisling
traitor who aids invaders; CF. Vidkun Quisling
hummock
small hill; hillock
pervert
corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; Ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; N: person whose sexual behavior is not natural
miniature
small model; small painting; ADJ: small
inveterate
deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old
choice
delicate; of very fine quality
sectarian
of a sect; narrow-minded; parochial; N: member of a sect; narrow-minded person
bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
lineaments
features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line
momentous
very important; N. moment; CF. momentary
chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
sedulous
diligent; assiduous; paying attention; N. sedulity
consternation
great shock; dismay
dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
phylum
major classification, second to kingdom, of plants and animals; category ranking below a kingdom and above a class; division
championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
sere
sear; parched; dry
gaffe
social blunder
unanimity
complete agreement; ADJ. unanimous
oblique
indirect; slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line); Ex. oblique reference
finesse
delicate skill; V: handle with finesse
tout
promote or publicize (one's goods or service); praise excessively (as a form of advertisement); CF. advertise
vertex
summit; highest point; PL. vertices
prowess
extraordinary ability; military bravery; Ex. prowess in battle
levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise
unequivocal
plain; clear; obvious
melancholy
gloomy; morose; blue; N. ADJ. melancholic; CF. melancholia
shirk
avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
amenities
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies
disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
burgeon
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
histrionic
theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior
provident
providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident
cursory
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
unction
the act of anointing with oil; Ex. extreme unction
fermentation
chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation
ominous
threatening; of an evil omen
motto
brief statement used to express a principle
infest
inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; Ex. Mice infested the house; Ex. shark-infested waters
posthumous
after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death); coming or occurring after one's death; Ex. posthumous fame/novel
amicable
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
rostrum
raised platform for speech-making; pulpit
incrustation
hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust
satirical
using satire; mocking
outstrip
outrun; surpass; outdo
perfidious
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
withdrawn
introverted; retiring; remote remote/distant in manner; aloof
graduated
arranged by degrees (of height, difficulty, etc.)
prey
target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
renounce
abandon; give up (by formal announcement); disown; repudiate; Ex. renounce one's claim to the property/one's religion; N. renunciation
decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
hazardous
dangerous
kaleidoscope
tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass, etc. produce interesting symmetrical effects; series of changing events; Ex. kaleidoscope of European history; CF. beautiful
disabuse
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
lax
careless; negligent; not paying enough attention; Ex. lax service
scotch
stamp out(put an end to); thwart; hinder; Ex. scotch the rumor; CF. cut; CF. ????‚??˜Â' ???????»° ?‹??›?
pass_off
present falsely; represent falsely to be
sidereal
relating to stars; Ex. sidereal day
authoritative
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
casualty
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
reverberate
echo repeatedly; resound; Ex. The thunder reverberated across the valley.
notable
conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted
potpourri
heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)
disparate
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
stately
formal; ceremonious; grand in style or size; majestic
discretion
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
obsolete
outmoded; no longer used
imperceptible
unnoticeable; impossible to perceive; undetectable
concerted
mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together
penchant
strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars
submissive
willing to obey orders; yielding; timid
repartee
quick clever reply
buffoonery
clowning
frail
weak; N. frailty
wretch
miserable person; bad or despicable person; ADJ. wretched: miserable; bad; contemptible; vile
collage
work of art put together from fragments
lagoon
shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
scoff
laugh (at); mock; ridicule; Ex. scoff at their threats
temerity
boldness; nerve; rashness; Ex. temerity to ask for a pay increase after only three day's work
credulity
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
supine
lying on back; passive; inactive; Ex. The defeated pugilist lay supine; Ex. supine acceptance of the decision
untenable
(of a position, esp. in an argument) indefensible; not able to be maintained
travesty
copy or example of something that completely misrepresents the true nature of the real thing; comical parody or imitation; treatment aimed at making something appear ridiculous; Ex. travesty of justice; OP. paragon
galvanize
stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity
comeback
retort; quick clever reply; return to former status
junket
trip especially one taken for pleasure by an official at public expense
sluggish
lazy; slow; inactive; lethargic; CF. slug: nail with no shell
carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
affirmation
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
halcyon
calm; peaceful; Ex. halcyon days
mawkish
mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental
cue
word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; V: give a cue to
shrewd
clever; astute
wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
prelate
church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
derision
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
rankle
irritate; fester; annoy
graze
(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound
canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
fathomless
too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable
flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
prolong
lengthen; extend; draw out
predator
predatory animal or bird; predatory person; creature that seizes and devours another animal; person who robs or exploits others; ADJ. predatory: living by preying on other organisms; plundering; N. predation
finished
properly made and complete; Ex. finished product/performance
cower
shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
necromancy
black magic; sorcery; dealings with the dead; art that professes to communicate with the spirits of the dead so as to predict the future; CF. necromancer; CF. necro+divination; CF. necro-: death; Ex. necropolis
harbor
give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind (thoughts or feelings); Ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; N: place of shelter; refuge
droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)
multilingual
having many languages; fluent in several languages
obdurate
stubborn; refusing to change one's belief
predetermine
determine in advance; predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly
concur
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
loom
appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); Ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. N: apparatus for making thread into cloth
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
provincial
pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated
inculcate
teach (ideas or principles); instill
visceral
felt in one's inner organs; N. viscera: internal body organs; CF. eviscerate
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
discomfit
frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb
speck
small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
abeyance
suspended action
supercilious
haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; CF. eyebrow, cilium
ruddy
reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking
plumb
exactly vertical; N: weight on the end of a line; V: examine very carefully or critically in order to understand; measure depth (by sounding); Ex. plumb the depth of
affiliation
joining; associating with
surpass
exceed
zealot
one who is zealous; fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal
sacrosanct
invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
jubilation
rejoicing; great joy
harass
annoy by repeated attacks
titter
nervous giggle; nervous laugh; V.
clime
climate
duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
plenary
(of power) complete; full; fully attended by all qualified members; Ex. plenary power
prosper
become successful (esp. financially); thrive; grow well; Ex. children prospering under his care
prodigious
enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
lexicon
dictionary
ultimatum
last demand; last warning; last statement of conditions that must be met; Ex. They have ignored our ultimatum.
eloquence
expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced
visage
face; appearance
robust
strong; vigorous
saunter
stroll(go for a leisurely walk) slowly; N.
cadaverous
like a corpse; pale
volatile
changeable; of a quickly changing nature (as of temper); mercurial; tending to violence; evaporating rapidly; Ex. volatile character/situation in the street
martyr
one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or cause; great sufferer; Ex. martyr to his rheumatism
mayhem
injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim
laconic
brief and to the point; using few words; terse
disenfranchise
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
boisterous
violent; rough; noisy
paean
song of praise or joy; Ex. paeans celebrating the victory
exasperate
vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)
postulate
self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)
irresolute
uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
secrete
conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive
badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
procrastinate
postpone; delay or put off
quintessence
purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence
writhe
twist in coils; contort in pain
annotate
comment; make explanatory notes
brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
recite
repeat aloud (something learned); describe; Ex. recite his complaints; N. recitation
temporal
of time; not lasting forever; limited by time; temporary; secular; worldly
forlorn
sad and lonely; wretched; desolate
adjourn
suspend until a later time; move from one place to another
pharisaical
pertaining to the Pharisees, who paid scrupulous attention to tradition; self-righteous; hypocritical
jug
pitcher; container for holding liquids
pander
cater to (the low desires of others)
gross
total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens
nutrient
nourishing substance; ADJ: providing nourishment
cloister
monastery or convent
discombobulated
discomposed; confused
odyssey
long, eventful, adventurous journey
exposure
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption
entrance
put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight
abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
vernacular
living language (as compared to the official language); language spoken in a country or region; natural style; Ex. lapse into the vernacular
irrepressible
unable to be restrained or held back; impossible to hold back
credential
evidence concerning one's authority; written proof of a person's position; Ex. The new ambassador presented his credentials to the court.
endue
provide with some quality; endow
din
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
lugubrious
mournful; sorrowful
primary
first in rank or importance; principal; earliest in time; Ex. primary stages; N. CF. first
clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
pending
not yet decided or settled; impending; Ex. pending decision; PREP. while awaiting; until; Ex. delay the decision pending his return
vociferous
clamorous; noisy; V. vociferate: cry out loudly (when complaining)
wan
having a pale or sickly color; pallid
serrated
having a sawtoothed edge; Ex. serrated leaf
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
rig
arrangement of masts and sails; V: equip (a ship) with rigging; ADJ. rigging: ropes that hold up a ship's sails
remiss
negligent; careless about a duty
prefatory
introductory; of a preface
dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
brag
boast
bacchanalian
drunken
pith
core or marrow; spongelike substance in the center of stems; essence; substance
belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
tablet
small round piece of medicine; flat piece of stone or metal bearing an inscription; Ex. stone tablet on the wall
roseate
rosy; optimistic; Ex. roseate views
ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
flicker
burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement
cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
symbiosis
interdependent relationship (between groups, species) often mutually beneficial; ADJ. symbiotic; CF. together + life
notch
V-shaped cut in a surface; V.
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
animadversion
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
blotch
spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
dearth
scarcity
macabre
gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death
adept
expert at; very skilled
prime
period of ideal or peak condition; earliest or beginning stage; Ex. in the prime of life; Ex. prime of the year(spring); ADJ: first in importance or rank; first; V: make ready; prepare
filing
particle removed by a file
scion
detached plant shoot used in grafting; descendant
fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
bucolic
rustic; pastoral
illuminate
brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten; enable to understand; Ex. illuminating remarks
genteel
well-bred; elegant; striving to convey an appearance of refinement; Ex. genteel poverty
apprehend
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
obstreperous
boisterous; noisy and uncontrollable
parity
equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate
promote
advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; Ex. Milk promotes health; Ex. promote a match/bill; Ex. promote a new product
deducible
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
alienate
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
queer
strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal
bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
shard
fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)
adroit
skillful (in using mind or hand)
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
muggy
(of weather) warm and damp
disdain
treat with scorn or contempt
doctrine
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
severity
harshness; intensity; sternness; austerity; ADJ. severe: harsh; strict; extremely violent or intense
dissipate
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
precocious
advanced in development; N. precocity
blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
depravity
extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave
zenith
point directly overhead in the sky; summit; acme; highest point
molt(moult)
periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)
swear-word
word considered offensive; Ex. ``bloody''
strident
loud and harsh; insistent; N. stridency
pan
criticize harshly
peroration
conclusion of an oration; perorating; V. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length
fake
not genuine; N: one that is not genuine; impostor; sham; V: counterfeit; Ex. fake the results of the experiment/the signature
diffidence
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
putrefy
make or become putrid; N. putrefaction
tart
sharp to the taste; acid-tasting; caustic; sarcastic; Ex. tart apple/reply
gingerly
very carefully; ADJ.
drastic
strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
avuncular
of or like an uncle
juridical
of the law and its administration; CF. judicial: of courts of law; CF. judiciary
vigilante
one who without authority assumes law enforcement powers
artful
exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning; CF. artifice
curfew
regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times; signal (as a bell) announcing the hour of a curfew
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
catapult
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
demagogue
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
feud
bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal, feudalism
psychic
of psyche; mental; of or possessing extraordinary mental powers
paramour
illicit lover
reparable
capable of being repaired
chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
neologism
new or newly coined word or phrase
tint
slight degree of color; V: give a tint to
precise
exact
vanguard
forerunners; foremost position of an army; advance forces; foremost position in a trend or movement; CF. rearguard
plebiscite
direct vote by the entire electorate (on an important issue)
minutiae
petty or trivial details; CF. minutia
languish
lose animation or strength
welt
raised mark from a beating or whipping
demotic
of or pertaining to the people
claustrophobia
fear of being locked in
expedite
hasten; make go faster
ratify
approve formally; confirm; verify
knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
mason
one who builds or works with stone or brick; N. masonry: work of a mason; stonework or brickwork
novice
beginner
blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
outlook
point of view; view from a particular place; expectation for the future; prospect; Ex. outlook on life; Ex. pleasing outlook; Ex. weather outlook
prosperity
good fortune and financial success; physical well-being
temperament
characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess; ADJ. temperamental: of temperament; having frequent changes of temper; Ex. temperamental dislike of sports; Ex. temperamental actress
nurture
nourish; feed; educate; rear; care for while it is growing or developing; foster; cultivate; N: something that nourishes; rearing
exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
potentate
monarch; sovereign
fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
alimentary
supplying nourishment
congeal
freeze; coagulate
gentility
those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel
defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
strangle
kill by choking or suffocating; suppress
nether
lower; Ex. nether garments/regions
vulture
carrion-eating birds
reparation
compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; Ex. make reparation for the damage; CF. repair
vertigo
severe dizziness; giddiness
salient
prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features
magniloquent
boastful; pompous
ancestry
family descent; ADJ. ancestral
dribble
flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.
composure
mental calmness
conjure
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
supplant
take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace
pertinent
suitable; to the point; relevant
artifacts
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
unsightly
ugly; unpleasant to look at
prong
pointed projecting part
glib
fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick
impinge
infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.
brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
unaccountable
unexplicable; impossible to account for; unreasonable or mysterious
ward
administrative division of a city; division in a hospital or prison; incompetent person placed under the protection of a guardian; V: guard; ward off: avert
expatriate
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country
omniscient
all-knowing
tender
offer formally; extend; Ex. tender one's resignation/the exact fare; N: formal offer; money; Ex. legal tender; ADJ: young and vulnerable; sensitive to the touch; sore; soft; delicate; Ex. child of tender years; Ex. tender wound
cunning
clever in deceiving; sly; N: cleverness in deceiving; deceit
misogamy
hatred of marriage
expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
exiguous
small in amount; minute
rampart
defensive mound of earth
jocular
said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking
rout
put to rout; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat
obsidian
black volcanic rock
squash
crush; quash; suppress
hazy
slightly obscure; misty; unclear; N. haze: light mist or smoke; confused state of mind
mandatory
obligatory; compulsory; of a mandate
flashy
showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance
galleon
large three-masted sailing ship
dilemma
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
patois
local or provincial dialect
impediment
hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation; Ex. speech impediment
exalt
raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation
deflect
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
conglomeration
mass of material sticking together
determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
disbar
make (a lawyer) leave the bar or the legal profession
rake
immoral or dissolute person
underscore
underline; emphasize
gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
entreat
plead; ask earnestly
contrite
penitent; repentant; N. contrition
typhoon
tropical hurricane or cyclone
fluster
confuse; make nervous and confused; N.
sporadic
occurring irregularly; intermittent
monetary
pertaining to money
pillage
plunder
peripheral
of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest
emancipate
set free; liberate
pedagogue
teacher; CF. child leader
occult
mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human ?; OP. bare
explicit
totally clear; definite; outspoken
facet
small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side
quash
crush; suppress; squash; subdue; annul; Ex. quash a rebellion/the decision of the low court
engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
lush
(of a plant or grass) growing very well
handsome
large in quantity; generous; Ex. handsome reward
numismatist
person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals
pugnacity
combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature
beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
detraction
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
mitigate
appease; moderate; make or become less in force or intensity
slither
slip or slide
stifle
suppress; extinguish; inhibit; smother or suffocate
pendant(pendent)
hanging down from something; pending; N: ornament (hanging from a necklace etc.)
motility
ability to move spontaneously; ADJ. motile: moving spontaneously
ventriloquist
someone who can make his or her voice seem to come from another person or thing (without moving lips or jaws); N. ventriloquism, ventriloquy
perjury
false testimony while under oath; V. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath
loiter
hang about/around; stand idly about; linger
cohere
stick together
veritable
being truly so; real or genuine; actual; not false or imaginary
intrinsic
essential; inherent; built-in
adventitious
accidental; casual; happening by chance
proliferate
grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation
dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
pathological
pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
mordant
biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
unwonted
unaccustomed; unusual; Ex. He arrived with unwonted punctuality.
zeal
eager enthusiasm (to a cause or ideal); ADJ. zealous
maudlin
effusively sentimental
vivisection
act of dissecting living animals
misapprehension
error; misunderstanding; V. misapprehend
extemporaneous
not planned; impromptu; extempore
incursion
temporary invasion; CF. excursion: short journey
equinox
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
appellation
name; title
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
intervene
come between; interfere; Ex. intervened to prevent a fight; N. intervention
unseemly
unbecoming; not proper in behavior; indecent; Ex. leave with unseemly haste
implement
put into effect; enforce; carry out; supply with tools; Ex. implement the plan/suggestion; N: tool or instrument
puny
tiny; weak; insignificant
taut
tight; strained; tense; ready; OP. slack
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote;
exorbitant
(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds
ravel
fall apart into tangles; entangle; unravel or untwist
dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
ravenous
extremely hungry; voracious
curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
engender
cause; produce; give rise to
quaint
odd in an old-fashioned way; odd; old-fashioned; picturesque
polemical(polemic)
aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious (rather than simply expressing opinions)
simulate
feign; imitate
ploy
strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; Ex. management ploy
rendition
rendering; translation; artistic interpretation of a song, etc
sphinx-like
enigmatic; mysterious
craven
cowardly
resuscitate
revive; bring back to life or consciousness; Ex. resuscitate the drowned child
resolve
decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution
sift
put through a sieve to separate fine from coarse particles; sort or examine carefully
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
undulating
moving with a wavelike motion; V. undulate; CF. und: wave
overwhelm
(of water) cover completely; defeat completely by much greater force; Ex. overwhelmed by grief
superficial
of the surface; not deep; shallow; not thorough; trivial; Ex. superficial analysis/knowledge
exempt
not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
putative
supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child
baroque
highly ornate
innovation
change; something newly introduced; introduction of something new; V. innovate: begin or introduce (something new); be creative; ADJ. innovative
demolition
destruction; V. demolish
drudgery
hard unpleasant work; menial work
consensus
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
espionage
spying
polyglot
speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.
mentor
counselor; teacher
economy
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
torpor
lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy; ADJ. torpid: lethargic; lazy; inactive; (of an animal) dormant; hibernating
implicit
understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; Ex. implicit trust
tightwad
miser; excessively frugal person
repulsion
distaste; disgust; act of driving back; ADJ. repulsive: causing disgust; tending to drive away; V. repel (not `repulse')
askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
overturn
turn over; capsize; topple
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
plumber
one who installs and repairs pipes and plumbing(pipes)
hale
healthy
predilection
preference; partiality
ordinance
decree; authoritative order
backwards
and forwards; Ex. reciprocate his invitation by inviting him; N. reciprocity: reciprocal relationship; mutual interchange of advantages between two groups; Ex. reciprocity in trading rights
dishearten
discourage
malcontent
person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs; discontented person; ADJ: discontented
toll
sound (a large bell) slowly at regular intervals; N: sound of a bell; fixed tax or charge
molecule
the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance
shun
keep away from; avoid deliberately; Ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.
lot
object used in making a determination at random; fate; piece of land
upshot
outcome; final result
mammal
vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young
adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
contention
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
damn
condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation
dull
(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; V.
memoir
memoirs; autobiography; biography
sodden
thoroughly soaked; dull or stupid as if from drink
brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
opportune
timely; well-chosen
outskirts
fringes; outer borders (as of a city); Ex. outskirts of Boston
intelligentsia
intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)
choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
far-fetched
too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story
gentry
people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility
shove
push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.
wrongheaded
stubbornly wrong
transpose
reverse the order or position of
impregnable
invulnerable; impossible to capture or enter by force; Ex. impregnable fort/argument; CF. take
humble
of low rank or position; modest; having a low opinion of oneself and a high opinion of others; unassuming; not proud; V. humiliate: make humble; cause to feel ashamed or to lose the respect of others
finite
limited
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
sentinel
sentry; lookout
recumbent
reclining; lying down completely or in part
poultice
soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body
prosody
art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse
skulk
move furtively and secretly; Ex. He skulked through the less fashionable sections of the city.
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
seasonal
of a particular season; Ex. seasonal rise in employment
squelch
produce a splashing sound (when stepping through mud); crush; squash;
biting
sharply painful to the body or mind; Ex. biting wind/remarks
privy
secret; hidden; not public; made a participant in something secret; Ex. privy chamber government; Ex. be privy to a discussion; CF. private
inclement
stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement
patrimony
property inherited from a father
recalcitrant
disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; Ex. recalcitrant child
hue_and_cry
outcry; loud cry or clamor; strong protest; Ex. hue and cry against the new rule
tribulation
suffering; ordeal; distress; trial
pedantic
bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry
high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
legerdemain
sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of hand
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
scad
a great quantity; Ex. scads of clothes
reconcile
make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs
rebuke
scold harshly; criticize severely
sprout
begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot
forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
indulgent
humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence
inexorable
relentless; unyielding; implacable; not capable of being changed by entreaty or efforts; Ex. inexorable price rises
nuance
shade of slight difference in meaning or color; subtle distinction
cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
token
outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude
carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
fleck
spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot
allege
state without proof
militia
army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers
ablution
washing
blue
gloomy; depressed
confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
knead
mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); Ex. knead dough
stellar
pertaining to the stars; of a star performer; outstanding; Ex. stellar attraction of the entire performance
exonerate
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
corollary
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
nondescript
undistinctive; ordinary; ordinary-looking; Ex. nondescript fellow in a crowd
decoy
lure or bait; V.
delude
deceive
alms
money or goods given to the poor
evenhanded
impartial; fair
pharisee
Pharisee: member of an ancient Jewish group that emphasized strict observance of the Mosaic law (considering themselves very holy); hypocritical self-righteous person
amity
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
sibling
brother or sister
incorrigible
uncorrectable
cubicle
small chamber used for sleeping or work
eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death; V. eulogize
rusticate
banish to the country; dwell in the country
mandate
order; charge; authoritative command; power to govern another country; power to given to a government; region under administration; V: give a mandate to; place under a mandate; Ex. mandated territory
eventual
happening at last as a result; Ex. eventual victory
hardy
(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather
insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
fathom
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
humor
indulge; comply with the wishes of; N. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; Ex. in a bad humor; Ex. out of humor
cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
expletive
meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
proclivity
inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)
hypothetical
based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; N. hypothesis
slink
move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
gambit
opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage
lustrous
shining; brilliant; Ex. lustrous hair
mercenary
motivated solely by money or gain; N.
mutinous
unruly; rebellious; Ex. mutinous teenagers; N. mutiny: open rebellion; CF. mutineer
debacle
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
dirge
funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)
mash
crush into mash; convert into mash; N: mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl
dilate
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous
constitution
constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions
aspire
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
wean
accustom a baby not to nurse; accustom (the young of a mammal) to take nourishment other than by suckling; give up a cherished activity; cause to gradually leave (an interest or habit); Ex. wean oneself from cigarettes
introspective
looking within oneself; N. introspection: self-examination
deport
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment
mulct
defraud a person of something; swindle; Ex. mulct the boy of his legacy
prop
support placed under or against something; V.
backslide
revert (to bad habits); N. reverter
mar
spoil the appearance of
babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
refrain
abstain from; resist; forbear; N: chorus
slough
(of a snake) shed or cast off (dead outer skin); N: outer layer that is shed
mogul
powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian
rubble
fragments (esp. from a destroyed building)
anthropologist
student of the history and science of humankind
fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
sleight
dexterity; CF. sleight of hand: legerdemain; quickness of the hands in doing tricks
dazzle
make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
environ
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
ration
fixed portion; V: distribute as rations
behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
negate
cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; N. negation
skinflint
miser; stingy person
vitiate
spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally
militate
work against; Ex. militate against the chances of promotion; CF. serve as a soldier
haggard
wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners
unscathed
unharmed; Ex. escape the accident unscathed
obscure
dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning
pretentious
ostentatious; showy; pompous; making unjustified claims; overambitious; Ex. pretentious films that claim to be art
animosity
active enmity
exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
monochrome
painting in only one color; ADJ.
intermittent
periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals
bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
repel
drive away; disgust; Ex. repel the attack/moisture; Ex. repelled by the dirty room; CF. repulsion
intangible
not able to be perceived by touch; vague
impecunious
without money
spendthrift
someone who wastes money; CF. thrift: accumulated wealth
genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
palatial
of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
vivacious
lively or animated; sprightl sprightly/lively
shack
crude cabin
soporific
sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy
fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
conformist
person who uncritically conforms to the customs of a group; OP. nonconformist: one who does not conform to accepted beliefs of norms
bate
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
queue
line (of waiting people or vehicles)
overbearing
bossy; domineering and arrogant; decisively important; Ex. overbearing manner/importance; V. overbear: dominate
curtail
shorten; reduce
cessation
stoppage
vicar
parish priest; representative
bask
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
seasonable
occurring at the proper time or season; opportune; Ex. seasonable intervention in the dispute
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
impale
pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear
virile
manly; having masculine spirit or strength; full of strength
slap
hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack
cohabit
live together
chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
discordant
not harmonious; conflicting
lunatic
insane; Ex. lunatic asylum
anecdote
short story of an amusing or interesting event
dilute
make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president
maim
mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; Ex. maimed for life
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
lavish
liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance
tract
propaganda pamphlet (esp. by a religious or political group); expanse of land; region of indefinite size; system of related organs; Ex. digestive tract
corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
propellant(propellent)
substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)
precipitate
hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden
enact
make (a bill) into law
mingle
mix together in close association
jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
graphic
pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described
substantiate
support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify
aegis
shield; protection; defense
purge
remove or get rid of something or someone unwanted; eliminate; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify (esp. of sin, guilt, or defilement); N.
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
parched
extremely dry; very thirsty; V. parch: make or become extremely dry (by exposure to heat)
parasite
animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; CF. para-: beside
emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
anarchist
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
officious
meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services; overly eager in offering unwanted services or advices; Ex. officious bellboy
stultify
make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; Ex. stultify free expression
misogynist
hater of woman; CF. misogyny
peon
landless agricultural worker; bond servant; menial worker; N. peonage
deft
neat; skillful
sensitization
process of being made sensitive or acutely responsive to an external agent or substance; V. sensitize: make or become sensitive
feebleminded
deficient in intelligence; very stupid
impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation
lurid
wild; sensational; graphic; gruesome; horrible; Ex. lurid details of the murder
mercantile
concerning trade or merchants
smear
spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing
savant
scholar; learned person; CF. savoir: know
skiff
small light sailboat or rowboat
insipid
lacking in flavor; lacking interest; dull; Ex. insipid food/character
bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
overt
open to view; public; not secret; CF. covert
avow
declare openly; N. avowal
hoax
trick which makes someone take action; practical joke; Ex. hoax mail; V.
willowy
flexible; pliant; slender; CF. willow
courier
messenger
torso
trunk of statue with head and limbs missing; human trunk
tome
large volume; book
docket
program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket
harbinger
forerunner (which foreshadows what is to come)
impending
nearing; approaching; about to happen
Pandemonium
wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost
preclude
make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate
dialectical
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
emissary
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
conservatory(conservatoire)
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
pilfer
steal things of small value; filch; snitch
ventral
abdominal
vituperative
abusive; scolding; V. vituperate: berate; scold; rail against abusively
pushy
disagreeably aggressive
perverse
purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; Ex. perverse satisfaction; Ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; N. perversity
collateral
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
poseur
person who pretends to be sophisticated, elegant, etc., to impress others; person who poses; CF. pose
statute
law enacted by the legislature
vernal
pertaining to spring
Occident
the West
heinous
atrocious; wicked; hatefully bad; Ex. heinous crime
impuissance
powerlessness; feebleness
recapitulate
summarize
lode
metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)
iridescent
exhibiting rainbowlike colors; Ex. iridescent oil slick; N. iridescence
tawny
brownish yellow
clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
repulse
reject with rudeness or coldness (an offer or friendship); drive back (an enemy attack); CF. repulse $\neq$ cause repulsion
burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
incubate
hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; N. incubation; CF. incubation:disease
qualified
limited; restricted; V. qualify: limit the meaning of; modify
gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
litigation
lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate
premonition
forewarning; presentiment; foreboding
bilk
swindle; cheat
expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
scintilla
trace; minute amount; shred; least bit; Ex. There is not a scintilla of truth; CF. spark
cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
recidivism
habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist
indecision
irresolution; inability to make up one's mind
contempt
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
tempo
speed of music
libretto
text of an opera or oratorio; CF. book
altercation
noisy quarrel
febrile
feverish
indite
write; compose
discount
disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost
antithesis
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical
craft
skill (esp. with one's hands); skill in deceiving people; guile; ADJ. crafty: cleverly deceitful; cunning
saccharine
cloying sweet; characteristic of sugar or saccharin
opalescent
iridescent; lustrous; like an opal; N. opalescence
spurious
false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments
disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
gamut
entire range
inimitable
matchless; not able to be imitated
mendacious
lying; habitually dishonest; N. mendacity
die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
pinnacle
peak; highest point; acme; Ex. pinnacle of fame
shuffle
mix together; jumble; move (something) from one place to another; slide (the feet) along the ground while walking; Ex. shuffle papers from one pile to another; N.
reverie
daydream; abstracted musing
swathe
swath; wrap around; bandage; Ex. one's head swathed in bandages
infidel
unbeliever (with respect to a particular religion)
accost
approach and speak first to a person
rag
scrap of cloth; ADJ. ragged: old and torn; seeming unfinished and imperfect; Ex. ragged debut/performance
effrontery
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek
palpable
tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder
overweening
arrogant; presumptuous
unrequited
not requited; not reciprocated; Ex. unrequited love
arboreal
of or living in trees
pivotal
of a pivot; central; critical; crucial
artless
without guile; open and honest
arraign
charge in court; indict
calculated
deliberately planned; likely
induce
persuade; lead to do something; bring about; N. inducement
inconsequential
insignificant; unimportant
intuition
immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning; ADJ. intuitive; V. intuit: know by intuition
demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
tend
have a tendency; take care of; minister; serve at; apply one's attention; attend
exhale
breathe out; OP. inhale
ruminant
animal that ruminates; ADJ.
adulation
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
scanty
meager; insufficient
unwieldy
awkward (to carry or move); cumbersome; unmanageable
juxtapose
place side by side; CF. next
retiring
shy and reserved (of a person); modest; Ex. her retiring personality
enduring
lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive
cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
morgue
mortuary; place where bodies are kept before burial or cremation
clich\'e
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
ascetic
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
peregrination
journey; V. peregrinate
brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
supererogatory
superfluous; more than needed or demanded
wanderlust
strong longing to travel
topography
physical features of a region (such as the shape and height); CF. topo-: place
prevalent
widespread; generally accepted
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
resignation
patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent
aver
state confidently; declare as true
integrate
make whole; combine; make into one unit
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance
forte
strong point or special talent in a person's character
actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
dupe
someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive
contrivance
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
gourmet
connoisseur of food and drink; epicure
energize
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
manumit
emancipate; free from slavery or bondage
pedant
scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities
homogeneous
of the same kind; uniform in composition throughout
trough
long narrow container for feeding farm animals; lowest point (of a wave, business cycle, etc.); long narrow depression as between waves
glitter
shine brightly with flashing points of light; Ex. glittering diamond ring; N: sparkling light; attractiveness; glamor; Ex. glitter of the sun on the waves
feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
lien
legal claim or right on a property
floe
flat mass of floating ice
gull
trick; deceive; hoodwink; N: person who is easily tricked; dupe
hypercritical
excessively exacting; too critical (without noticing good qualities)
sensual
devoted to the pleasures of the sense; carnal; voluptuous; Ex. sensual woman/curves/lips
devise
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
guffaw
boisterous laughter; V.
reinstate
restore to a previous condition or position
meager
scanty; inadequate
screech
unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; V.
virtuoso
highly skilled artist (esp. in music); Ex. piano virtuoso
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
deface
mar; disfigure
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
elliptical
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
jaundice
medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
perspicuous
(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments
corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
despoil
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
mutablility
ability to change in form; fickleness; ADJ. mutable: able to change; fickle; CF. mutate; CF. mutant
demure
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
depreciate
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
fit
sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy
categorical
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
anguish
acute pain; extreme suffering
catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
stentorian
(of the voice) extremely loud; CF. Stentor: a loud herald in the Iliad
illimitable
infinite; limitless
begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
aggrandize
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
witless
lacking intelligence or wit; foolish; idiotic
palimpsest
parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased
collaborate
work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy
timbre
quality of a musical tone produced by a musical instrument (which distinguishes it from others of the same pitch)
profligate
wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy
parlance
language; manner of speaking; idiom; Ex. in legal/common parlance
elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
tryst
meeting arranged by lovers; arrangement between lovers to meet
occlude
shut; close; obstruct; Ex. A blood clot occluded an artery.
epic
long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); ADJ: (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand
juncture
crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining
repudiate
disown; disavow; deny
sequester
isolate; segregate; seclude; retire from public life
protean
able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will
clandestine
secret
culprit
one guilty of a crime
pestle
tool for mashing or grinding substances in a hard bowl or mortar
slaughter
killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers
blemish
mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
obese
excessively fat; N. obesity
superannuated
retired or disqualified because of age; outmoded; obsolete
mortar
vessel in which substances are crushed with a pestle
bureaucracy
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
wanton
unrestrained; gratuitously cruel; willfully malicious; unchaste; sexually improper; promiscuous; Ex. wanton spending/killing; CF. having no just cause
biennial
every two years
querulous
given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining
belligerent
quarrelsome
gullible
easily deceived
engulf
surround and swallow up
epitome
perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody
astute
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
astral
relating to the stars
intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
importune
beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)
nefarious
very wicked
verge
border; edge, rim, or margin; Ex. on the verge of: very near to; V: border on
sycophant
servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic
audacious
daring; bold; N. audacity
transpire
(of a fact) become known; be revealed; happen; give off (watery waste matter) through pores
remonstrate
protest; objection; V. remonstrate: say in protest
premonitory
serving to warn
vagabond
wanderer (without a permanent home); tramp
insuperable
insurmountable; unbeatable; Ex. insuperable difficulties
malaise
uneasiness; vague feeling of ill health (without any particular pain or appearance of disease)
vignette
small drawing placed at the beginning or end of a chapter; picture; short literary sketch; short written description of a character or scene
supposititious
assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical
abominate
loathe; hate
unsavory
distasteful; disagreeable; morally offensive; Ex. unsavory activity/reputation
endorse
approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal
entree(entr\'ee)
entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle
irreproachable
beyond reproach; blameless; impeccable; Ex. irreproachable conduct
halfhearted
exhibiting little interest or enthusiasm
culinary
relating to cooking or kitchen
sham
pretend; feign; ADJ: not genuine; fake; Ex. sham jewelry; N: something that is not what it appears; impostor; pretense; Ex. The agreement was a sham.
ebb
(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide
torpedo
underwater explosive apparatus; V.
apposite
appropriate; fitting
extraneous
not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
terminus
last stop of railroad; end
contend
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
laggard
slow; sluggish; N: one who lags; straggler
indentation
notch; deep recess; V. indent; CF. tooth
firebrand
piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
peccadillo
slight offense or fault; CF. sin
romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
scheme
systematic plan; plot; clever dishonest plan; orderly arrangement of elements; Ex. health insurance scheme; Ex. a scheme to escape taxes; Ex. a color scheme; Ex. a story with no scheme; V: contrive a scheme
quirk
sudden sharp turn or twist; startling twist; caprice; idiosyncrasy; peculiarity of behavior; Ex. by a quirk of fate
elevation
elevated position; altitude; height; flat upright side of a building; angle made by pointing a gun; Ex. The elevation of her style is much admired; Ex. front elevation of the house
venison
meat of a deer; CF. cow: beef; CF. pig: pork, ham, bacon; CF. calf: veal; CF. sheep: mutton; CF. lamb: lamb
incendiary
arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb
peevish
bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry
galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
partition
divide into parts
gaudy
flashy; showy
hindmost
furthest behind; farthest to the rear
pinion
restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing
delineate
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
diverge
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
pulpit
raised platform used in preaching (in a church)
sinister
evil; ominous
piebald
of different colors; mottled; spotted in different colors (esp. in black and white); Ex. piebald horse; CF. pie+bald
gentle
kindly; soft; mild; of good family
mite
very small object or insect-like creature; small coin
allay
calm; pacify
rudimentary
elementary; not developed; crude; N. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; Ex. rudiments of the language
minuscule(miniscule)
extremely small
wisp
small bunch (of hair); faint streak (of smoke)
suborn
persuade to act unlawfully (especially to commit perjury); N. subornation
orient
get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate
perspicuity
clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity
thrash
beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.
fleece
wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder
inclined
tending or leaning toward; bent; V. incline: slant; dispose; be disposed; tend
battalion
army unit made up of four or more companies
bearing
deportment; connection
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
indoctrinate
cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism
rubric
title or heading (in red print); directions for religious ceremony; protocol
supplicate
petition humbly; pray to grant a favor
aggregate
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
tawdry
cheap and gaudy; Ex. tawdry jewelry
colossal
huge
exude
flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation
camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
prance
move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)
jibe
agree; be in harmony with; gibe
synthetic
not natural; artificial; resulting from synthesis; Ex. synthetic fiber; N.
chaste
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
languid
lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
tithe
tax of one-tenth (contributed to a church); V: pay a tithe
fabricate
build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
deleterious
harmful
sneak
move, give, or take in a quiet, stealthy way; N: one who sneaks; ADJ. sneaky
copious
plentiful
stump
base of a tree trunk left after the rest has been cut down; V: walk in a heavy manner; baffle; puzzle
flux
flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux
revulsion
sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; Ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture
peripatetic
walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy
callus
area of thick hard skin
peddle
travel about selling (wares); CF. foot
precarious
unsafe; lacking in stability; uncertain; risky; Ex. precarious living
acrophobia
fear of heights
physiological
pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms; N. physiology
lexicographer
compiler of a dictionary; CF. lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary
plagiarize
steal another's ideas or writings and pass them off as one's own; Ex. ideas plagiarized from my article; N. plagiarism; CF. kidnap
arch-
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
frock
long loose garment (worn by monks)
soothsayer
one who foretells the future
satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
trunk
main wooden stem of a tree; human body excluding the head and limbs; torso; prehensile nose of an elephant
transmute
transform; change; convert to something different
revoke
cancel; retract; CF. irrevocable
lateral
of or coming from the side
rank
offensive in odor or flavor
invocation
prayer for help (used in invoking); calling upon as a reference or support; act of invoking
prophylactic
used to prevent disease; N: something prophylactic; condom; N. prophylaxis: prevention of disease
projectile
missile; fired or thrown object (such as stone or bullet)
blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
verisimilar
having the appearance of truth or reality; probable or likely to be true; plausible
emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
ignite
kindle; light; catch fire or set fire to
toxic
poisonous; N. toxicity
distend
expand; swell out
scurry
move hastily; hurry; move briskly
flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
knit
contract into wrinkles; grow together; join together closely; make (a fabric or garment) by interwining yarn or thread; Ex. knit the brow; Ex. The bones should knit together in a few weeks.
rejoinder
reply; retort; comeback; V. rejoin: say in reply
inerrancy
infallibility
retract
withdraw; take back; draw back; Ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; N. retraction; CF. retractile
innuendo
indirect or subtle (derogatory) hint; insinuation; Ex. sexual innuendo
perquisite(perk)
any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car
gratuitous
given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; Ex. gratuitous comment
mealymouthed
indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive
ram
male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact
sunder
separate; part; CF. asunder
opus
work (esp. musical composition); Ex. magnum opus: masterpiece; CF. opera
vegetate
live in a monotonous way (without interests or activity); CF. vegetation: plants of an area; CF. vegetarian; CF. vegan
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
consolidation
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
verdigris
green coating or patina on copper which has been exposed to the weather
intrepid
fearless
throb
(of a heart or machine) beat rapidly or violently; N. Ex. hearthrob: heartbeat; sweetheart
browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
simplistic
oversimplified
consign
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
reprisal
retaliation
concurrent
happening at the same time; in agreement
faculty
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
emulate
imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)
canto
division of a long poem
trenchant
cutting; incisive; keen
forthright
straightforward; direct; frank
windfall
fallen fruit; unexpected lucky event
stockade
wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier
stampede
sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); V: participate in or cause stampede; Ex. stampede before the price rises
representational
(of a style of art) showing things as they actually appear in real life
colossus
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
subordinate
occupying a lower rank; inferior; submissive; N. V: put in a lower rank or class
chuckle
laugh quietly
seine
seine net; net for catching fish
slacken
slow up; loosen; make or become slack
superfluous
excessive; overabundant; unnecessary; N. superfluity
ostentatious
showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious; N. ostentation: showy display
dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
jettison
throw overboard (from a ship or plane)
finicky
too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; Ex. finicky about her food
longevity
long life; long duration
fancy
imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; V: imagine; be fond of; ADJ. decorative; elaborate
bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
brochure
pamphlet
intellect
higher mental powers; person of great intellectual ability
collected
composed; calm; self-possessed
strut
supporting bar; CF. airplane wing building support
buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
career
rush wildly; go at full speed
accretion
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
lassitude
languor; weariness; listlessness
bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
venal
capable of being bribed; corrupt; CF. vernal
coin
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
thermal
pertaining to heat; producing heat; warm; Ex. thermal bath; N: rising current of warm air
cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
provender
dry food for livestock; fodder
guileless
without deceit
incantation
singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula; (the saying of) words used in magic; CF. enchant
indignity
treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.
enunciate
announce; proclaim; utter or speak, especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; Ex. This theory was first enunciated by him.
grandiloquent
(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic
addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
institution
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
depict
portray
authenticate
prove genuine
plethora
excess; overabundance; Ex. a plethora of excuses
rote
repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote
guy
cable or chain attached to something that needs to be braced or steadied; CF. guide
pedigree
ancestry; lineage
ingenious
marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. ingenuity
refraction
bending of a ray of light
acumen
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
introvert
one who is introspective or inclined to think more about oneself; ADJ. introverted
meticulous
excessively careful (with great attention to detail); painstaking; scrupulous
livid
lead-colored; black and blue (as from a bruise); ashen; enraged; extremely angry
tipple
drink (alcoholic beverages) frequently; N: alcoholic drink
cemetery
place for burying the dead
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
indignation
anger at an injustice; Ex. righteous indignation; ADJ. indignant
encumber
burden; N. encumbrance
polity
(particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; Ex. student polity
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
notoriety
disrepute; ill fame
valid
logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; effective; Ex. valid reasoning/passport
imprecation
curse; swearword
countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola
hapless
unfortunate; luckless
expertise
specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill
intrude
put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in
salutary
tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health
aspirant
seeker after position or status
valor
bravery; ADJ. valiant: possessing valor; brave
augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
disquietude
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
moratorium
legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses
nip
snip off; stop something's growth or development; bite; make numb with cold; Ex. nip the plan; Ex. A guard dog nipped the postman; Ex. fingers nipped by the extreme chill
personify
represent (an inanimate object) as a person; be the embodiment or perfect example of; Ex. She is evil/patience personified; N. personification
jurisdiction
right and power to apply the law; authority
bequeath
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
slake
satisfy (thirst); quench; sate
airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
unprecedented
having no previous example; novel; unparalleled
dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
sour
having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; V.
hibernate
sleep throughout the winter; N. hibernation
guile
deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; Ex. persuade her by guile
preeminent
outstanding; superior
marshal
put in order; guide ceremoniously to the correct place; Ex. marshal the children into the museum; N: military officer; official
resumption
taking up again; recommencement; V. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; Ex. Kindly resume your seats.
sophisticated
worldly wise and urbane; refined; complex; N. sophistication; V. sophisticate
aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
latch
fastening or lock consisting of a movable bar that fits into a notch; V: close with a latch
rumble
make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)
renege
break a promise; deny; go back on; Ex. renege on the contract/paying off the debt
assiduous
diligent
blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
luscious
pleasing to taste or smell; delicious
headstrong
willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'
jocund
merry
hamper
obstruct; prevent the free movement of;
titillate
tickle; excite pleasantly; Ex. not to titillate the audience but to enlighten it
indifferent
unmoved or unconcerned by; having no interest in; mediocre; neither good nor bad
asteroid
small planet
inductive
pertaining to induction or proceeding from the specific to the general
hackneyed
commonplace; trite
apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
dismember
cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb
deranged
insane
fetish(fetich)
object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism
ambidextrous
capable of using either hand with equal ease
dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
kinetic
producing motion; of motion
irate
angry; CF. ire: anger; wrath
effectuate
effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation
execrable
very bad; detestable
misadventure
mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure
fruitful
producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance
careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
malign
speak evil of; bad-mouth(criticize spitefully); defame; ADJ: harmful; Ex. malign influence
ragamuffin
dirty child in torn clothes; person wearing tattered clothes
lackadaisical
lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid
accomplice
partner in crime
indissoluble
permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate
asylum
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
affinity
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
vacuous
empty; lacking in ideas; inane; stupid; Ex. vacuous expression; N. vacuity
lap
take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; Ex. waves lapping the shore; N: front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person
replete
fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors
defection
desertion
terminal
part that forms the end; railroad or bus station; ADJ. forming an end; ending in death; fatal; Ex. terminal cancer
episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
chaffing
bantering; joking
industrious
diligent; hard-working; N. industry
pinnace
small boat
nexus
connection
glossy
smooth and shining; N. gloss: shiny brightness on a surface; superficially attractive appearance; Ex. gloss of good manners
existential
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
pitfall
hidden danger; concealed trap
proviso
stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision
mortician
undertaker; CF. death
foreshadow
give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure
coma
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow
intoxicate
make drunk; stimulate or excite; Ex. intoxicated by all the money he might win
furrow
long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; V.
pulverize
crush or grind into very small particles
propensity
natural inclination
acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
fervent
ardent; zealous; hot
Philistine
narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete
chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
centurion
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
nostrum
questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)
ellipsis
omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses
circuitous
roundabout
derelict
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
retentive
holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory
tiller
handle used to move boat's rudder (to steer)
vulgar
of the common people; deficient in refinement; not refined; coarse; Ex. vulgar display of wealth; N. vulgarism: vulgarity; crudely indecent word; CF. vulgarian: vulgar person; boor; lout
stigma
token of disgrace; brand; V. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful
maxim
proverb; truth pithily stated
tortuous
winding; full of curves; Ex. tortuous mountain road
dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
threat
sign or warning (of coming danger); Ex. threat of rain; V: express a threat; give warning of (something bad); Ex. The cloud threatens rain.
halting
hesitant; faltering; not fluent; Ex. halting steps/voice; V. halt: proceed or act with uncertainty; falter; hesitate; waver; stop
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
reminiscent
suggestive of something (in the past); of reminiscence
dominant
exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive
humid
damp; N. humidity
headfirst
moving with the head leading; headlong
gouge
overcharge (with high price); extort from; Ex. gouge the public; CF. usury
chaotic
in utter disorder
grim
causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; Ex. grim smile
inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
quiver
tremble; shake; N.
slight
insult to one's dignity; snub; V: treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; ADJ. small in size; of small importance
sever
separate; cut off (a part) from a whole; break up (a relationship); N. severance; CF. severance pay: extra pay given an employee upon leaving a position
aversion
firm dislike
propitious
favorable; auspicious; advantageous; fortunate; Ex. propitious day/sign
tremor
trembling; slight quiver (as of the earth or from nervous agitation)
base
contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
embryonic
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
heckler
person who verbally harasses others; V. heckle: verbally harass as with gibes (by interrupting a speaker or speech)
outspoken
candid; blunt
wholesome
conducive to mental or physical health; healthful
nourishment
something that nourishes; food
inroad
hostile invasion; advance that lessens the quantity or difficulty of something; Ex. The long illness made serious inroads on his savings; CF. raid
unique
without an equal; single in kind
amoral
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
scale
climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones
trivia
trifles; unimportant matters
rightful
legally correct; Ex. rightful owner
conspire
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
vendor
seller
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
disavowal
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
attribute
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
enfranchise
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
solace
comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; V: comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble
waver
move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; Ex. wavering between accepting and refusing
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
recital
act of reciting publicly; detailed account; performance of music or dance (by a solo performer)
geriatrics
medical treatment and care of old age
sterile
incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; V. sterilize
hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
reactionary
strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; N. OP. radical
cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
Advent
arrival
ingrate
ungrateful person (not expressing thanks)
inaugurate
begin formally; install in office; induct into office by a formal ceremony; N. inauguration; ADJ. inaugural
evasive
not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit
bastard
illegitimate child
jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
prolixity
tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
nimble
quick in movement; agile; quick in understanding; Ex. nimble climber/mind
bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
marsupial
one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat
philanthropist
lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy
bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
shoot
new growth from a plant
disapprobation
disapproval; condemnation
largess
generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)
resurrect
revive
tumid
(of a part of the body) swollen; distended; bombastic; pompous
interrogate
question closely; cross-examine; cross-question
figure
written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; app
askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
winnow
sift; separate the chaff from grain by blowing; separate good parts from bad; CF. wind
agenda
items of business at a meeting
illicit
illegal
fauna
animals of a period or region; CF. flora
trickle
flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.
chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
incur
bring upon oneself
verve
enthusiasm (as in artistic performance or composition); liveliness; vigor
sustain
suffer (harm or loss); experience; support; prop; maintain; keep in existence; nourish (to maintain life); Ex. sustain the family/the trapped miners
amphitheater
oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena
exacerbate
worsen; aggravate; embitter
debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
patent
obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
impotent
weak; ineffective; lacking in physical strength or power
judicious
sound on judgment; wise
pious
devout; religious; N. piety
primordial
existing at the beginning (of time); rudimentary
vicarious
experienced as if one were taking part in the experience of another; done by a deputy for other people; acting as a substitute; Ex. vicarious thrill at the movies; Ex. the vicarious sufferings of Christ
glimmer
shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. glimmer of hope
allure
entice; attract; tempt
retribution
deserved punishment for wrongdoing; punishment for offenses; compensation; vengeance; CF. pay back
amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
blackball
vote against (an applicant); ostracize; N: negative vote
salvage
rescue (goods or property) from loss; N: saving; property saved
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
stringent
(of rules) binding; rigid; marked by scarcity of money; Ex. stringent economic conditions
tact
skill or sensitivity in dealing with people without causing offence
disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
lampoon
ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution
thresh
beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw
convene
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
restitution
returning something (lost or stolen) to the rightful owner; reparation; indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury
hypocritical
pretending to be virtuous; deceiving; N. hypocrisy: profession of beliefs one does not possess; CF. hypocrite
incisive
(appreciatively) cutting; sharp; Ex. incisive remarks; V. incise: make a cut into
studious
given to diligent study
apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
cursive
(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined
hedonist
one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life; CF. hedonism: practice of living one's life purely for pleasure
rapt
engrossed; absorbed; enchanted; Ex. rapt listener
tureen
deep dish for serving soup
correlate
either of the correlated things; V.
concave
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
upright
(sitting or standing) straight up; honest; moral
galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
offhand
casual; done without prior thought or preparation
epigram
witty thought or saying, usually short
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
imposture
assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor
nebula
diffuse mass of interstellar dust or gas; galaxy
vex
annoy; distress
baffle
frustrate; perplex
carnal
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
prodigy
highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder
cow
terrorize; intimidate
bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
sage
person celebrated for wisdom; wise person; ADJ: wise
taxonomist
specialist in classifying (animals, etc.); CF. taxonomy: science of classification
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
daunt
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
scavenge
hunt through discarded materials for usable items or food; search, especially for food; N. scavenger: one who scavenges; animal that feeds on refuse and carrion
lubricate
apply a lubricant to; N. lubricant: substance that reduces friction
foray
raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.
nonchalance
indifference; lack of concern; composure; ADJ. nonchalant: unconcerned; cool; indifferent; Ex. nonchalant attitude to his debts
sonorous
resonant; producing a full deep sound; producing sound
transcribe
copy; write a copy of; N. transcription
ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
counterpart
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
prologue
introduction (to a poem or play)
inept
unsuited; inappropriate; lacking skill; incompetent; CF. inapt: (of statements or ideas) inappropriate
coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
scholarly
full of learning; erudite; like a scholar; Ex. scholarly journal
crinkle
wrinkle
brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
menial
suitable for servants; lowly; mean; N: someone who does menial work (esp. servant in a house)
elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
impassive
without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face
ultimate
final; not susceptible to further analysis; fundamental; Ex. The sun is the ultimate source of energy.
vigil
keeping watch (during normal sleeping hours); Ex. all-night vigil
filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
murmur
low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble
pr\'ecis
abstract; concise summing up of main points; concise summary of a text
sextant
navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)
disseminate
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
panegyric
formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.
hybrid
mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize
awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
convoluted
coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
rickety
(of buildings) likely to break or fall apart; of rickets; CF. rickets; CF. vitamin D
arboretum
place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
subversive
tending to overthrow or ruin; V. subvert: overthrow completely (an established system); destroy completely; CF. undermine ?
forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
excise
cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision
functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
ruse
trick to deceive; stratagem
interminable
endless
abode
dwelling place; home
nocturnal
done or active at night; Ex. nocturnal animals/raids; CF. nocturne
inamorata
woman whom a man loves
circumscribe
limit; confine; draw a line around
stem
stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk
implore
v. ask or beg earnestly; beseech
reaper
one who harvests grain; Ex. the Grim Reaper; V. reap: cut and gather (crop); harvest a crop
adversity
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event
schematic
of a schema or scheme; relating to an outline or diagram; using a system of symbols; N. schema: diagrammatic representation; outline
insolence
impudent disrespect; haughtiness; ADJ. insolent; CF. haughty + rude
inert
inactive; lacking power to move; unable to move or act; Ex. chemically inert; N. inertia: state of being inert; force which keeps a thing in the position or state
coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
advocate
speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for
outlandish
bizzare; peculiar; unconventional
fortitude
bravery; courage; strength of mind
rent
tear made by rending; rip; split
grouse
complain; fuss; grumble; grouch; N: plump chickenlike game bird
rivulet
small stream; CF. rill < rivulet < river
pique
irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity
decimate
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
unearth
dig up; discover (facts) by careful searching; Ex. He unearthed some secrets about her; OP. conceal
bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
dabble
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
pass\'e
old-fashioned; past the prime
hew
cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; N.
compute
reckon; calculate
carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
imperil
put in danger
pronounced
distinct; very noticeable; Ex. pronounced limp
encomiastic
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
inherent
firmly established by nature or habit; intrinsic
septic
of or causing sepsis; putrid; producing putrefaction; N. sepsis: poisoning of part of the body (producing pus)
argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
incidental
not essential; minor; N: something incidental
petty
trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded
pterodactyl
extinct flying reptile; CF. wing+finger
ramble
wander aimlessly (physically or mentally); digress
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
whelp
young animal (esp. of the dog or cat family); young wolf, dog, tiger, etc.
lascivious
lustful
hermitage
home of a hermit
iota
very small quantity
disjunction
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
obsequy
funeral ceremony
apathy
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
comprehensive
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
suitor
man who is courting a woman
turmoil
extreme confusion; great commotion and confusion; Ex. throw the country into turmoil
penitent
repentant; N.
wizened
shriveled; withered; Ex. wizened apple/old lady
simian
monkeylike; N: ape or monkey
cumulative
growing by addition; accumulative
prolific
producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer
perimeter
outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference
grouch
bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
recant
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement
inured
accustomed; hardened; Ex. inured to the Alaskan cold; V. inure: make used to something undesirable; harden; CF. unfeeling
placid
peaceful; calm; Ex. placid child/lake
papyrus
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
sordid
filthy; foul; base; vile; Ex. sordid bed/story
ensconce
settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)
ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos
laud
praise; N. ADJ. laudable: praiseworthy; ADJ. laudatory: expressing praise
brave
face courageously; Ex. brave the storm
smart
intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain
meretricious
flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute
dispel
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
sear
burn the surface of; char or burn; brand; parch; cause (a plant) to wither
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
pernicious
very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia
prohibitive
so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax
prune
cut away; trim
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
hubbub
confused uproar; loud noise; din
onus
burden; responsibility
resourceful
clever and imaginative (in dealing with difficult situations); N. resource, resourcefulness
mete
measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment
martial
warlike; of war; Ex. martial art/law
licentious
amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained
furtive
stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance
concord
harmony; accord
vital
full of life; animated; vibrant and lively; critical; of great importance; necessary to stay alive; of life; living; breathing; N. vitality; V. vitalize
erotic
pertaining to passionate love or sexual love
invalidate
weaken; destroy; make invalid; nullify
diurnal
daily; occurring during the daytime
barrister
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
emolument
salary; payment for an office; compensation
inimical
(of someone) unfriendly; hostile; (of something) harmful; detrimental; CF. enemy
indenture
bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)
carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
eulogistic
praising; full of eulogy
dissent
disagree
dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
ordain
decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; N. ordainment; CF. ordination
milieu
social environment; means of expression; Ex. feel out of one's milieu; Ex. His proper milieu is watercolor.
grovel
crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate; behave in a servile manner
declivity
downward slope
hindrance
block; obstacle; V. hinder
foul
very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul
mock
ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision
egregious
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
sturdy
strong and firm (in the body)
premeditate
plan in advance; Ex. premeditated murder
conduit
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
imbecility
weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool
tribute
tax levied by a ruler; payment made by one nation to another in acknowledgment of submission; mark of respect (such as praise or gift); Ex. pay tribute to
cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
solicitous
anxious; worried; concerned; eager; Ex. solicitous to do something; N. solicitude
escapade
prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules
incidence
rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; Ex. high incidence of infant mortality
ribald
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
stink
stench; V: emit a strong foul odor
clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
tirade
long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation
pittance
small amount (of money); small allowance or wage
trilogy
group of three related works (connected by a shared subject but each complete in itself)
amazon
female warrior
decadence
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
pell-mell
in confusion; disorderly; Ex. dash pell-mell
cosmic
pertaining to the universe; vast
meander
wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly
obnoxious
offensive; disagreeable; Ex. obnoxious smell
eerie
weird; causing fear because strange
margin
border; room; allowance beyond what is needed; Ex. margin of safety
nominal
in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint
obfuscate
confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex; make so confused as to be difficult to understand
clientele
body of customers
bar
railing in a courtroom; legal profession; vertical line dividing a staff into equal measures; Ex. prisoner at the bar; V: shut in or out with bars; forbid; exclude; CF. barrister
shyster
lawyer using questionable methods; unscrupulous practioner
masticate
chew
tendentious
promoting a particular point of view; biased; having an aim; designed to further a cause; Ex. tendentious rather than truth-seeking; CF. tend: move in a certain direction
hereafter
life after death
insouciant
without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent
genesis
beginning; origin
wispy
thin; slight; barely discernible
amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
slovenly
untidy; careless in work habits; slipshod; N. sloven: one who is habitually untidy or careless
impudence
impertinence; insolence
pejorative
(of a word or phrase) suggesting that someone is of little value; negative in connotation; having a belittling effect; Ex. Many women now considers ``housewife'' a pejorative expression, because it patronized them.
bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
vagary
capricious happening; caprice; whim; CF. wander
goad
urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually
sherbet
flavored dessert ice
daze
stun as with a blow or shock; bemuse; benumb; N.
invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
leniency
mildness; permissiveness; ADJ. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment
paragon
model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue
inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
gory
bloody; N. gore: blood (from a wound)
quaff
drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment); CF. sip
palatable
agreeable; pleasing to the taste
deadlock
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
qualify
reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated
taper
very thin candle; gradual decrease in the width of a long object; V. make or become gradually narrower toward one end
mediocre
ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad
buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
implausible
unlikely (to be true); unbelievable; Ex. implausible alibi
languor
lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression
disjointed
disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin
gradation
series of gradual stages; degree in such a progression
dappled
spotted
disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
virtual
in essence; existing in essence though not in actual form; for practical purposes; Ex. virtual ruler/space
sheaf
bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
periphery
outside edge especially of a round surface; perimeter; Ex. periphery of the town
decant
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
foreboding
premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)
conducive
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
soluble
able to be dissolved in a liquid; able to be worked out or solved
flaccid
flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles
succulent
juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; N: succulent plant such as a cactus
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
incognito
with identity concealed; using an assumed name; ADJ.
seedy
run-down; decrepit; disreputable; having many seeds; Ex. seedy downtown hotel
embargo
ban on commerce or other activity
foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
rebuff
reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.
incontrovertible
indisputable; impossible to dispute; not open to question; unquestionable
grill
question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars
ambush
act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; sudden attack made from a concealed position; Ex. lie in ambush; V.
brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
contusion
bruise
analogous
comparable; similar
clamor
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
partiality
state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference
stock
standard; kept regularly in stock or supply; typical; routine; common; Ex. stock sizes of paper; Ex. stock excuse/character; N: goods for sale in a shop; OP. unique
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
natal
connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal
naivet\'e(naivety)
quality of being unsophisticated; simplicity; artlessness; gullibility; ADJ. naive(na\"ive): ingenuous; lacking worldliness; simple; credulous
vehement
forceful; intensely emotional; with marked vigor; strong; N. vehemence
provenance
place of origin; origin or source of something; Ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance; CF. come
serendipity
gift for finding valuable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck; CF. The Three Princes of Serendip
pretend
feign; pretend to: claim to possess; make pretensions to; Ex. I don't pretend to much expertise; N. pretense
irreverence
lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent
waft
move gently (in air or in seas) by wind or waves; Ex. leaves wafting past the window
expound
explain
accede
agree
hover
hang about; (of birds or aircraft) stay in the air in one place; (of people) wait nearby; stay around one place; waver; be in an uncertain state
resonant
(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance
promontory
headland
benign
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
phenomena
observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength
subside
sink to a lower level; settle down; sink to the bottom (as a sediment); descend; grow quiet; become less; moderate; abate
convoke
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
limbo
region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); Ex. Purgatory and Limbo
chip
lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
bane
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
glaze
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery
discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
suckle
give or take milk at the breast or udder
bound
leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to
proverb
adage; someone or something well known for notoriety; ADJ. proverbial: of a proverb; widely known; ADV. proverbially
somber
dark; gloomy; melancholy; depressing; CF. shadow
loft
room or space under the roof; attic
formality
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality
defoliate
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
concentric
having a common center
neophyte
recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant
sagacious
wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity
conclave
private secret meeting
incorporeal
without a material body; insubstantial
bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
stamina
power of endurance; strength; staying power
murky
dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague; Ex. murky night/fog; N. murk: partial or complete darkness; gloom
umbrage
resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult; Ex. take umbrage at his rudeness
monogram
design composed of one or more initials of a name; V.
steadfast
steadily loyal; unswerving; steady
prominent
protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent
forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
orgy
wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; Ex. orgy of shopping
draconian
extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician
contravene
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
illusion
misleading vision or visual image; false idea or belief; CF. delusion
equivocal
(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
grisly
ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies
coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
braid
plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; N: braided segment (as of hair)
derivative
unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.
apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
emasculate
weaken; castrate
fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young
confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling yo
conspiracy
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
rhapsody
excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)
gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
sully
defile; soil; tarnish; Ex. sully one's hands in menial labor
perigee
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
defunct
dead; no longer in use or existence
monarchy
government under a single ruler
desiccate
dry up
dorsal
relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin
funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
polarize
split into opposite extremes or camps
pare
cut away the outer covering or skin of (with a knife); trim; Ex. pare apples/expenses
gusto
eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm
bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
appraise
estimate value of; N. appraisal
quandary
dilemma; state of uncertainty; Ex. She is in a quandary about whether to go.
blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
tribune
official of ancient Rome elected by the plebians to protect their rights; protector of the people
intimidate
frighten; N. intimidation
sidetrack
switch (a railroad car) to a siding; divert from a main issue; N. CF. siding: short section of railroad track connected by switches with a main track
plaintive
expressing sorrow; mournful; Ex. plaintive song
mangy
shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance
dys-
abnormal; impaired
rivet
metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
fanciful
whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme
stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
founder
person who establishes (an organization or business)
cite
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
mat
not shiny; matte; having a dull finish; N: flat piece of material used as a floor covering; V.
friction
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
correlation
mutual relationship
ruffian
violent scoundrel; bully
dutiful(duteous)
(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)
addiction
compulsive habitual need
effigy
dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President
indisputable
too certain to be disputed; beyond doubt
circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
provisional
tentative; temporary
recession
withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity
vent
release or discharge through a vent; express (esp. unfairly); utter; Ex. He vented his wrath on his family.
dowry
money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage
dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
impious
irreverent
ewe
female sheep
emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
righteous
morally upright; just
nadir
lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith
bicameral
two-chambered as a legislative body
fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
prerogative
privilege; unquestionable right; CF. ask before
unkempt
disheveled; uncared for in appearance; not combed; CF. comb
indeterminate
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
discrepancy
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
simile
comparison of one thing with another, using the word like or as
palliate
ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)
comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
rehabilitate
restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of
apiary
a place where bees are kept
potent
powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential
couple
join; unite; OP. uncouple
effete
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
proletarian
member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)
igneous
produced by fire; of fire; volcanic; (of rocks) formed from lava; Ex. igneous meteorite
painstaking
taking pains; showing hard work; taking great care; very careful and through
beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
parochial
narrow in scope or outlook; provincial; related to parishes
gorge
stuff oneself (with food); glut; CF. gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful
imbue
saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; Ex. imbue someone with feelings
cession
yielding to another; ceding
vitriolic
causing sharp pain to the mind; caustic; corrosive; sarcastic; of vitriol; N. vitriol: sulphuric acid (which burns flesh deeply); bitterly abusive expression; caustic expression; CF. glass
equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
chivalrous
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
soar
rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.
requisition
formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.
cremate
incinerate (a corpse); N. crematory, crematorium
purse
pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet
nuptial
related to marriage or the wedding ceremony; N. nuptials: wedding ceremony
obituary
death notice (esp. in a newspaper); ADJ.
disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
coiffure
hairstyle
beeline
direct quick route
mettle
courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
tentative
not fully worked out or developed; provisional; experimental; uncertain; hesitant; not definite or positive; Ex. tentative agreement/reply
respite
time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve
deputize
work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away
suffocate
die or kill from lack of air; suppress
granulate
form into grains or granules; N. granule: grain or particle
tepid
lukewarm; slightly warm; half-hearted; not eager; Ex. tepid reaction to the new film; Ex. tepid supporter
overblown
inflated; exaggerated
poise
good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position
disproportion
lack of proportion (between the parts); ADJ. disproportionate
foliage
masses of leaves; CF. defoliate
ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)
podium
pedestal; raised platform
colloquial
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
perforate
pierce; put a hole through
accommodate
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
recount
narrate or tell (a story); count over again
disburse
pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse
censure
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
edify
instruct; correct morally
viand
food; CF. live
ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
nugatory
worthless; futile
navigable
(of a body of water) wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; (of a ship or aircraft) able to be steered
plume
feather, esp. large or showy one; something that rises into the air (like the shape of a feather); Ex. plume of smoke: ?»??‡ ?¤‡???
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
raconteur
story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill
vain
full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity
remnant
remainder
riveting
holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing
wiggle
wriggle; move from side to side with irregular twisting motions
rare
(of air) thin in density; rarefied; Ex. rare air of the mountains
taciturn
habitually silent; talking little
stickler
perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right
rave
overwhelmingly favorable review; V: talk wildly as if mad; Ex. raving lunatic
drab
dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life
groom
man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)
disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
renown
fame; ADJ. renowned
deploy
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
voluble
fluent; talkative; glib; N. volubility
musky
having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer
comprehend
include; understand
carcinogenic
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
inebriated
habitually intoxicated; drunk; N. inebriety
millennium
thousand-year period (as in the New Testament); hoped-for period of happiness and prosperity
annihilate
destroy
misdemeanor
minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing
disclose
reveal; N. disclosure
profusion
great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant
rooster
cock; adult male chicken
grandiose
affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; Ex. grandiose ideas
celerity
speed; rapidity
draw
choosing of a lot or card
labile
likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability
titular
of a title; in name only; nominal; having the title of an office without the obligations; Ex. titular head of the company
despondent
without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
sportive
playful; frolicsome; merry; CF. sport: play or frolic; CF. sportsmanlike
turbid
(of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick
seminary
school for training future ministers; secondary school, especially for young women
fickle
changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless
relinquish
give up something (with reluctance); yield; release; Ex. relinquish power/the claim to the land/his hold on my arm
ecologist
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
inestimable
impossible to estimate; (apprec) invaluable; of immeasurable worth
imperious
domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor
cynical
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
residual
remaining; left over; of a residue; N: residue
accord
agreement
trepidation
fear; nervous apprehension
debar
bar; forbid; exclude; Ex. debarred from jury services
dispassionate
calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
scuffle
struggle confusedly; move off in a confused hurry; N. CF. scuffling twins ?
sanctimonious
displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; N. sanctimony: hypocritical piety
outcast
one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.
retinue
following; attendants
gratuity
n. money given to sb who has done one a service; tip ;
troth
pledge of good faith especially in betrothal; betrothal; Ex. by my troth
effectual
able to produce a desired effect; valid
jingoist
extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; N. jingoism: extreme nationalism
flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
uxorious
excessively submissive or devoted to one's wife; CF. uxor: wife
woe
great sorrow; deep inconsolable grief; affliction; suffering; Ex. financial woes
transitory
transient; impermanent; fleeting; N. transitoriness
withhold
refuse to give; hold back; Ex. withholding tax
monochromatic
having only one color
liability
drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility; condition of being liable; ADJ. liable: likely; responsible (for paying)
seemly
(of behavior) proper; appropriate
bank
heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); V: pile up; protect with a bank; tilt in turning
amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
clasp
hold firmly within arms
propound
put forth for consideration or analysis; set forth; Ex. propound a problem/theory
coincidence
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
quay
dock; wharf; pier; landing place (for boats)
shambles
(place or scene of) complete disorder or ruin; wreck; mess; Ex. After the hurricane, the coast was a shambles.
vainglorious
boastful; excessively conceited; N. vainglory: great vanity
quarry
dig into (to get stone); N: mine;
list
tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)
maelstrom
violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream
perpetuate
make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; N. perpetuity
haggle
argue about prices (in an attempt to bargain)
thespian
pertaining to drama; N: actor or actress
august
impressive; majestic
acetic
vinegary
surveillance
close observation of a person (esp. one under suspicion); watching; guarding
apparent
evident; easily seen or understood; appearing as such; Ex. apparent improvement
bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
pied
piebald; variegated(many-colored); multicolored
leash
restraining rope fastened to the collar of an animal (to control it); Ex. a dog on a leash
regime
method of system or government
corroborate
confirm; support; strengthen
sophist
teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument
entomology
study of insects
demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
fallible
liable to err
pastiche
imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists
acclaim
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
subsidiary
serving to assist; subordinate; secondary; of a subsidy; N.
affluence
abundance; wealth
evince
show clearly
cryptic
mysterious; hidden; secret
stun
make unconscious or numb as by a blow; amaze; astound
malady
illness
hail
frozen rain drop; V: salute or greet; precipitate hail
kernel
central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)
corrosive
eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce
pragmatist
practical person; N. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things
ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
yoke
join together; unite; N: crossbar used to joining two draft animals
imprudent
lacking caution; not prudent; injudicious
metaphor
implied comparison; CF. simile
extant
(of something written or painted) still in existence
prosaic
lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose
rolling
(of land) rising and falling in long gentle slopes; happening continuously by stages; Ex. rolling devolution of power to local governments
fundamental
basic; primary; essential
alchemy
medieval chemistry
arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
dwindle
shrink; reduce gradually
stratagem
deceptive scheme; clever trick
bloated
(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air
clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
lunar
pertaining to the moon
patrician
noble; aristocratic; N: person of high rank; aristocrat; CF. member of the governing classes in ancient Rome; CF. plebian
commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
spat
squabble; minor dispute; minor quarrel
significant
expressing a meaning; important; Ex. significant smile; N. significance: importance; meaning; V. signify: denote; mean; signal; make known; matter; be significant
florescence
condition or period of flowering
thematic
of a theme; relating to a unifying motif or idea
polemic
attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy
deposition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
recondite
abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret
gravity
seriousness; ADJ. grave
talon
claw of bird
hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
stipulate
state as a necessary condition (of an agreement); make express conditions; specify; Ex. He stipulated payment in advance
divulge
reveal
casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
porous
full of pores; like a sieve
misanthrope
one who hates mankind; misanthropist
detrimental
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
sonic
of sound or its speed in air; CF. subsonic, supersonic
scourge
lash; whip (formerly used for punishment); source of severe punishment; V: whip; afflict
extrovert
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
perversion
corruption; turning from right to wrong
diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
irreparable
not able to be corrected or repaired; impossible to repair
capacious
spacious
lust
intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.
succumb
yield (to something overwhelming); give in; die; Ex. succumb to the illness
hoard
stockpile; accumulate for future use; N: supply stored for future use
viper
poisonous snake
homily
sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic
cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
purported
alleged; claimed; reputed or rumored; Ex. purported Satanists
trigger
set off; start
inarticulate
speechless; producing indistinct speech; not articulate; not expressing oneself clearly
abscission
cutting off; separation
vilify
slander; speak evil of; N. vilification
odious
arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile
moodiness
fits of depression or gloom; ADJ. moody: given to changeable moods; subject to periods of depression; gloomy CF. mood: | state of mind or emotion
meter
arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)
malapropos
inappropriate; ADV.
kindred
related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; Ex. kindred languages; N: relative; kin; kinship
meek
submissive; patient and long-suffering
mute
silent; without speech; not pronounced; unable to speak; N: one who is incapable of speech; V: soften the sound, color, shade of
unassuaged
unsatisfied; not soothed
coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
garnish
decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.
germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea
fidelity
loyalty; accuracy
capsize
(of a boat) turn over
stalwart
physically strong; brawny; steadfast; strong in mind or determination; Ex. stalwart supporter; N: stalwart follower
bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
tensile
capable of being stretched; of tension; Ex. tensile rubber
chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
heyday
time of greatest success or power; prime
betray
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
fusion
union; coalition; V. fuse
circlet
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
amnesty
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
dishonor
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
haven
place of safety; refuge; harbor; Ex. tax haven
menace
threat; V: threaten
jabber
chatter rapidly or unintelligibly
enlist
(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)
agitate
stir up; disturb
expiate
make amends for (a sin)
frigid
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
whinny
neigh like a horse; CF. neigh: make the sound which horses make
foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
animated
lively; spirited
muddle
confuse; mix up confusedly; N: state of confusion
grudging
unwilling; reluctant; stingy(giving reluctantly)
tutelary
protective; pertaining to a guardianship; Ex. tutelary deities
writ
written command issued by a court (telling someone to do or not to do something)
caprice
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
pacify
soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to
glacial
like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; Ex. glacial epoch; CF. iceberg
migrant
changing its habitat; wandering; Ex. migrant birds/workers; N: one that migrates
ruthless
pitiless; merciless; cruel
merger
combination (of two business corporations); act of merging
sustenance
sustaining; means of livelihood, support, food, nourishment; something that maintains life; food
unerringly
infallibly; ADJ. unerring: making no mistakes
imponderable
weightless; that cannot undergo precise evaluation; CF. pound
lucid
easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity
prurient
having or causing lustful desires and thoughts; arousing immoderate sexual desire
impiety
irreverence; lack of respect for God or piety
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
scrutinize
examine closely and critically; N. scrutiny
glossary
brief explanation of words used in the text
combustible
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
oscillate
vibrate pendulumlike; waver
preamble
introductory statement
chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
fictitious
imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional
mannered
affected; not natural; Ex. mannered way of speech
presage
foretell; be a warning or sign of; N: presentiment; foreboding; omen
azure
sky blue
luminary
celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)
husband
use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder
domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
snip
short quick cut with scissors; V: cut with scissors
veto
vested power to reject a bill; exercise of this right; V: prevent or forbid by exercising the power of veto
potable
suitable for drinking; drinkable
unilateral
one-sided; involving or affecting only one side; Ex. unilateral declaration
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
bitter
having a sharp biting taste; ?•¬; causing sharp pain to the body or mind; filled with resentment, disappointment, or other unpleasant feelings; Ex. bitter wind/sorrow/tears
extricate
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
asunder
into parts; apart; V. sunder
torrid
(of weather) hot or scorching; passionate; Ex. torrid love affairs
somnambulist
sleepwalker; V. somnambulate; N. somnambulism
expedient
suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient
quotidian
daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine
diaphanous
sheer; transparent
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
latent
present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential
encircle
surround
exemplify
show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.
suffuse
spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; Ex. A blush suffused her cheeks.
sardonic
scornfully mocking; disdainful; sarcastic; cynical; Ex. sardonic smile
indiscriminate
choosing at random; confused; not based on careful distinctions
compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
rotund
(of a person) fat and round
stipple
paint or draw with dots or short strokes
truncate
cut the top off; shorten
sarcasm
cutting ironic remark; scornful remarks; stinging rebuke; ADJ. sarcastic
empirical
based on experience
noose
loop formed in a rope
ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
eugenic
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
indecisive
marked by indecision; inconclusive; Ex. indecisive battle
vassal
in feudalism, one who held land of a superior lord; subordinate or dependent
listless
lacking in spirit or energy; languid
decapitate
behead
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant
muster
gather; assemble (troops); Ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; N.
warrant
justification; written order that serves as authorization (esp. a judicial writ); Ex. search/death warrant; V: justify; guarantee
exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
acquittal
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
imminent
impending; near at hand
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
defame
harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
jeopardize
endanger; imperil; put at risk; N. jeopardy: danger
prehensile
capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. prehensile tails
humanitarian
one devoted to the promotion of human welfare; CF. humanism
viscous
(of a liquid) thick and sticky; gluey; viscid; CF. consistency
smelt
melt (ore) for separating and removing the metal; melt or blend ores changing their chemical composition
comatose
in a coma; extremely sleepy
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
zany
comic; crazy; N: clown; comical person (given to outlandish behavior)
fanfare
call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display
comprise
include; consist of
hue
color; aspect; Ex. opinions of every hue
uninhibited
unrepressed; free in behavior and feelings
earmark
set aside (money or time) for a particular purpose
exculpate
clear from blame or guilt
plutocracy
society ruled by the wealthy
celestial
heavenly
browbeat
bully; intimidate
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
repress
hold back (the natural expression of); restrain; crush; oppress; Ex. repressed child; Ex. repress a laugh/rebellion
pertinacious
holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent
mobile
movable; not fixed; N. mobility
innocuous
harmless
tantalize
tease; excite by exposing something desirable while keeping it out of reach; torture with disappointment; CF. Tantalus: Greek mythological figure
apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
contiguous
adjacent to; touching upon
sober
serious; solemn; not drunken; abstemious or temperate; V: make or become sober
servile
slavish; cringing; N. servility
preternatural
beyond what is normal in nature; supernatural; Ex. preternatural strength/forces
fertile
producing many young, fruits, or seeds; (of land) producing good crops; V. fertilize
comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
malignant
tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; Ex. malignant tumor
sanctuary
place of refuge; shelter; shrine; holy place; Ex. The outlaw was granted sanctuary in the church.
frivolous
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
patina
green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting
obsequious
slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic
actuary
someone who advises insurance companies
avantgarde
group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; CF. vanguard
impalpable
imperceptible(not easily understood); intangible; OP. palpable: tangible; easily perceptible
exceptionable
objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable
fulcrum
support on which a lever rests or pivots
improvident
thriftless; not providing for the future
willful
wilful; intentional; headstrong
barterer
trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money
swipe
hit with a sweeping motion; N.
takeoff
burlesque; act of leaving the ground
eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
incinerate
burn to ashes
surge
powerful movement of or like a wave; V.
hallucination
delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived; V. hallucinate; ADJ. hallucinatory
worldly
engrossed in matters of this earth; not spiritual; of the material world
vision
eyesight; foresight; mental image produced by the imagination; experience of seeing the supernatural
cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars);
detached
emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment
certitude
certainty
graduate
arrange into categories or grades; divide into marked intervals (for use in measurement); Ex. graduated ruler
inviolable
secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability
kleptomaniac
person who has a compulsive desire to steal
gibberish
nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling
scabbard
case for a sword blade; sheath
galaxy
large isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities
agility
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
alcove
nook; recess
lumber
move heavily or clumsily; Ex. The bear lumbered through the woods; N: timber
pretext
excuse
coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer
centripetal
tending toward the center
insensible
unconscious; unresponsive; insensitive; unaware; imperceptible; Ex. insensible of his danger/to pain; Ex. insensible change; CF. not the opposite of sensible
valediction
saying farewell; expression of leave-taking
deprecate
express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory
eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
commiserate
feel or express pity or sympathy for
treatise
article treating a subject systematically and thoroughly
blunt
having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; V: make or become blunt
nihilist
one who considers traditional beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless; absolute skeptic; revolutionary terrorist; CF. nihilism: belief that nothing has meaning or value; belief that destruction of existing political or social institutio
levity
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner
dismiss
eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal
luminous
shining (esp. in the dark); issuing light; Ex. luminous paint/road signs
paramount
foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal
benefactor
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
abstinence
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
layman
man who is not a cleric; man who is nonprofessional
atrophy
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
mores
conventions; moral standards; moral customs
calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
attire
clothe; N: clothing; array; apparel
hive
box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
trajectory
path taken by a projectile; Ex. trajectory of a bullet
sartorial
pertaining to tailors or tailoring; Ex. a man of great sartorial elegance; CF. sartor: tailor
leonine
like a lion
saboteur
one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property; N. sabotage: destruction of property (usually carried out secretly)
aptitude
fitness; talent
scrap
small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel
vouchsafe
grant condescendingly; guarantee; Ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment
blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
precipice
cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice
embark
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
vaporize
turn into vapor (steam, gas, fog, etc.)
debase
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
fraught
filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight
choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
inconsistency
state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; ADJ. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible
celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
lance
pierce with a lance; cut into; N: spearlike weapon
approbation
approval
phobia
morbid fear
broil
cook by direct heat; N.
pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
hubris
arrogance; excessive self-conceit
obsessive
related to thinking about something constantly; of an obsession; preoccupying; N. obsession: compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea; compulsive idea; V. obsess: preoccupy the mind of excessively
wry
(esp. of an expression of the face) twisted; with a humorous twist (expressing displeasure)
append
attach
teetotalism
practice of abstaining totally from alcoholic drinks; N. teetotaler;; ADJ. teetotal; CF. T + total
anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
forerunner
predecessor; one that comes before and indicates the approach of another
facade(fa\c{c}ade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
fluency
smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent
cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
commensurate
equal in extent; of the same size
indefatigable
tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired
verbatim
word for word; in the same words; repeating the actual words exactly
unravel
disentangle; solve
evocative
tending to call up (emotions, memories)
irony
hidden sarcasm or satire; use of words that seem to mean the opposite of what they actually mean; use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning
figurine
small ornamental statuette(very small statue)
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
audit
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
referendum
direct vote by all the people
taint
contaminate; cause to lose purity; modify with a trace of something bad; Ex. tainted reputation; N: stain; touch of decay or bad influence; CF. touch
brand
trademark; mark burned on the hide of an animal; mark burned into the flesh of criminals; mark of disgrace; V: mark with a brand; give a lasting bad name; stigmatize; Ex. The press branded him a liar.
lopsided
heavier or larger on one side than the other; Ex. lopsided way of walking
puerile
childish; immature; CF. puer: boy
filigree
delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork
injurious
harmful; causing injury
complementary
serving to complete something
stoke
stir up a fire or furnace; feed plentifully
posterity
descendants; future generations; Ex. go down to posterity; CF. posterior, anterior
indomitable
unconquerable; unyielding
debut
d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
toady
servile flatterer; yes man; sycophant; V: be a toady to; fawn
dexterous
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
mace
ceremonial staff used as a symbol of authority; clublike medieval weapon
embrace
hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
germinate
cause to sprout; sprout
fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
artisan
a manually skilled worker
indolent
lazy
flourish
grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)
abyss
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
sallow
(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking; sickly in color; Ex. sallow complexion due to jaundice
articulate
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
promulgate
announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication
swamp
wetland; marsh; V: flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid
subsume
include (as a member of a group); encompass
bourgeois
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
bard
poet
primate
group of mammals including humans
tempestuous
stormy; violent; impassioned; N. tempest: violent storm
congenital
existing at birth
cater
provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)
slew
large quantity or number; Ex. slew of errands left
venom
poison (of an animal); hatred; Ex. remarks full of venom; ADJ. venomous
captious
faultfinding; too critical
swarm
large group of insects moving in a mass; crowd of people or animals; V: move in a crowd or mass
tarantula
venomous spider
refectory
dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)
totter
shake or move unsteadily; sway as if about to fall
maritime
bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; Ex. Maritime Provinces
polar
of a pole; characterized by opposite extremes; Ex. polar opposites
anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
turgid
swollen; distended (as from liquid)
daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
weary
tired after long work; V.
aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
apiculture
bee-keeping
determination
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
disconsolate
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
chasm
abyss; very deep crack
decollete
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
leeway
room to move; margin; latitude; Ex. leeway for the deadline
beware
be cautious (of)
archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
venue
location; place (of a crime, trial, gathering, etc.); CF. come
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
negligence
neglect; failure to take reasonable care; ADJ. negligent: neglectful; lax; not taking enough care
benediction
blessing
prudent
cautious; careful; prudential
marked
noticeable; targeted for vengeance or attack; Ex. marked improvement/man
stench
strong foul odor; reek; stink
foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
censorious
severely critical
defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
disparage
belittle
brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
recess
pause; temporary cessation; alcove; secret inner place; Ex. parliament in recess; V. CF. recessive
shade
slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; Ex. shades of meaning/grey
nutritious
providing nourishment
malicious
hateful; spiteful; expressing malice; N. malice: desire to harm others; spite
dismantle
take apart; disassemble
breadth
width; extent
precedent
preceding (in time, rank, etc.)
sentimental
swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments
frugality
thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
pugilist
boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing
receptive
quick or willing to receive (ideas, suggestions, etc.); Ex. receptive to the proposal
embroider
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
contest
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
insurmountable
overwhelming; unbeatable; insuperable
agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
sheathe
place into a case; insert into or provide with a sheath; Ex. He sheathed his dagger; N. sheath: case for a blade
construe
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
lechery
gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man
explicate
explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable
waylay
ambush; lie in wait for and attack
glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
hypnosis
induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize
maladroit
clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling
tantrum
fit of bad temper; fit of petulance; caprice; Ex. The child went into tantrums.
forward
presumptuous or bold
gainsay
deny
syllogism
logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument
elated
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
ubiquitous
being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity
asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
bump
hit or knock against with force; N.
recreant
disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person
platitude
trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous
optimist
person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism
primogeniture
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
optician
maker and seller of eyeglasses
sylvan
pertaining to the woods or the country
remorse
deep regret for wrongdoing; guilt; self-reproach
orator
public speaker
disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
jargon
language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk
truism
self-evident truth
herbivorous
grain-eating; CF. herbivore
minute
extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting
consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
exhume
dig out of the ground; remove from a grave
termination
end; V. terminate
sinuous
twisting; winding; bending in and out; not morally honest
voodoo
religion practiced chiefly in Haiti
virtue
goodness; moral excellence; good quality; advantage; Ex. by virtue of; Ex. make a virtue of necessity
compilation
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
pulse
rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate
treasure
keep as precious; cherish
controvert
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
coercion
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
deify
turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity
char
make or become black by burning; reduce or be reduced to carbon or charcoal(black substance made by burning wood) by incomplete combustion
maniacal
raging mad; insane; N. maniac: insane person; CF. mania: disorder of the mind; intense enthusiasm
bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
conceit
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
awe
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
sanction
approve; ratify; N: permission; penalty intended to enforce compliance
whim
sudden capricious idea; fancy
spare
give; use; refrain from harming; save from experiencing; exempt; Ex. spare me 5 minutes; Ex. Take this money and spare my life; Ex. The emperor was spared the onus; ADJ: kept in reserve; free for other use; unoccupied; Ex. spare time
chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
edifice
building (of imposing size)
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assuranc
siren
apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature
synoptic
providing a general overview; summary; N. synopsis
provision
act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; Ex. According to the provisions of the agreement
pandemic
widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
ferocious
fierce; violent; N. ferocity
feasible
practical; able to be carried out; practicable
submerge
place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work
mode
prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; Ex. in the latest mode; Ex. simple mode of life
phoenix
symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes
carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
obstetrician
physician specializing in delivery(assisting in giving birth) of babies; N. obstetrics; CF. midwife
hallowed
blessed; consecrated; Ex. hallowed ground; V. hallow: set apart as holy
jurisprudence
science of law
implicate
incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); Ex. implicate someone in the crime
executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will;
impersonal
not being a person; not showing personal feelings; Ex. impersonal force/manner/organization
insurgent
rebellious; N.
squalor
condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state; ADJ. squalid: dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; Ex. squalid story
supplicant
one who supplicates; ADJ.
swelter
(of a person) suffer from oppressive heat; be oppressed by heat
tarnish
make or become dull or discolored; N.
efface
rub out; remove the surface of
curator
superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)
quench
assuage or satisfy (thrust); slake; douse or extinguish; put out; suppress
condescend
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
religious
of religion; (of a person) pious; having reverence for a deity
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
consummate
complete; V.
vertebrate
having a backbone or spinal column; N: group of animals having a segmented spinal column
bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
homeostasis
tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm
vampire
ghostly being that sucks the blood of the living
muse
ponder at length; N: source of inspiration (esp. of a poet)
irascible
irritable; easily angered
constituent
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
desolate
make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert
insalubrious
unwholesome; not healthful; Ex. insalubrious place
renovate
restore to good condition; renew
cartographer
map-maker
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
hide
skin of an animal
rigor
severity; Ex. rigors of the Russian winter
semblance
outward appearance; guise; Ex. We called in the troops to bring a/some semblance of order to the city.
genealogy
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
fritter
waste (time or money on unimportant things)
apiarist
person who keeps bees
makeshift
temporary expedient or substitute (in the case of urgent need); Ex. makeshift shelter
understate
state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate
sobriety
moderation (especially regarding indulgence in alcohol); seriousness
nomadic
wandering; N. nomad: tribe who migrates from place to place
piquant
pleasantly tart-tasting; spicy; pleasantly stimulating; Ex. piquant situation when my old enemy asked for my help
unguent
ointment
compensatory
making up for; repaying
inundate
flood; overflow; submerge; cover completely; Ex. inundated with work
perspicacious
(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute
odorous
having an odor
whorl
ring of leaves around stem; ring; circular arrangement; Ex. whorls on the fingers
tactful
careful no to cause offence; OP. tactless
gusty
windy
disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
jumble
mix in a confused way
protagonist
leader or noticeable supporter of an idea; chief character in a play or story
lace
cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace
pathetic
causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching
touchstone
stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys; criterion; standard
flotsam
drifting wreckage
berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
primal
first in rank or importance; being first in time; original; Ex. man's primal innocence
ligneous
like wood
idiosyncrasy
individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarity; eccentricity; attitude, behavior, or opinion peculiar to a person; anything highly individual or eccentric; ADJ. idiosyncratic
acquiesce
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
anticlimax
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
optometrist
one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects
archaic
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
reiterate
repeat
rarefied
made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction
illusive
deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive
relish
enjoy; savor; N: enjoyment; zest
verisimilitude
appearance of truth; quality of appearing to be true or real; likelihood; Ex. verisimilitude of her performance as Lady Macbeth
caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
obeisance
bow (to show respect and obedience)
prank
mischievous trick
transparent
permitting light to pass through freely; easily detected; obvious; clear; Ex. transparent lie
reprieve
postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; V: postpone or cancel the punishment of
bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
exclaim
cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory
novelty
something new; newness; ADJ. novel: new; original
depose
dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify
extrinsic
external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic
voluminous
having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large
addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
feature
distinctive part of the faces (as the eyes or mouth); features: overall appearance of the face; prominent or distinctive quality; prominent article; film; V: make prominent
felon
person convicted of a grave crime; CF. felony: serious crime
finish
surface texture; completeness of execution
gloss_over
explain away with the intention of deceiving or hiding faults
entice
lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt
demerit
fault; bad quality
contraband
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
pedestal
support or base as for a pillar or statue
yokel
rustic; country bumpkin;
munificent
very generous in giving; Ex. munificent benefactor; N. munificience
arrogance
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
emanate
issue forth; come out
repugnance
disgust; strong dislike; loathing; ADJ. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive
vulnerable
susceptible to wounds or attack; N. vulnerability
swear
vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words
polygamist
one who has more than one spouse at a time; CF. bigamy; CF. polyandry
equitable
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
nauseous
causing nausea; feeling nausea
resolution
determination; resoluteness; ADJ. resolute: firm or determined in purpose
circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
pallid
pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion
undertaker
funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials
adamant
hard; inflexible
impunity
freedom from punishment or harm; CF. punish
pallet
small poor bed; Ex. straw pallet
penury
extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
lithe
flexible; supple; CF. limber
fallacious
false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument
glutton
someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much
pry
inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying
jovial
good-natured; merry; cheerful
figment
invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination
lethargic
drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity
deride
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
equity
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
disputatious
argumentative; fond of argument
mote
small speck (esp. of dust)
shaving
very thin piece, usually of wood (cut from a surface with a sharp blade)
parsimony
stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
reek
emit (an unpleasant odor or smoke); give off an unpleasant odor; give out smoke; Ex. reeking chimney; N: unpleasant odor; stench
factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything
feign
pretend
ingratiate
become popular with; bring (oneself) in favor of another; Ex. ingratiate himself with the boss
ingenuous
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
invective
abuse
circumvent
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
ulcer
sore place appearing on the skin inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate
demean
disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
orthodox
traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine
clavicle
collarbone
abolish
cancel; put an end to
gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
wage
begin and continue (a war)
encompass
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
levitate
rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light
frisk
move about playfully; froric; ADJ. frisky: playful
luster
shine; gloss (of a polished surface)
tread
walk; trample; N: grooved face of a tire; horizontal part of a step
regent
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
concede
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
impoverish
make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil
effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
compelling
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
emend
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
yore
time long past; Ex. in the days of yore
cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
tumult
commotion of a great crowd; riot; noise; uproar; ADJ. tumultuous: noisy and disorderly
magisterial
authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; Ex. magisterial study of Roman law; Ex. magisterial manner
nova
star that suddenly becomes much brighter and then returns to its original brightness
impolitic
not wise; not expedient; not politic
gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth
interim
meantime; Ex. in the interim; ADJ. taking place during an interim; Ex. interim paper
megalomania
mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance
preposterous
absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous
callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
incarnate
endowed with flesh; invested with bodily form; personified; Ex. devil incarnate; V: give bodily form to; embody
camp
group sharing a common cause or opinion
rationale
fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position
engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
torque
twisting force; force producing rotation
partisan
one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party (with dislike of any others); N: strong supporter of a party; guerrilla
virus
disease communicator
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
mausoleum
monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos
cerebral
pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
forthcoming
happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.
cross
bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry
recurrent
occurring again and again
chicanery
trickery; deception
swell
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
ideology
system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture
devoid
empty; lacking
velocity
speed
retrieve
recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation
advocacy
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
pastry
paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)
frenetic(phrenetic)
frenzied; frantic
suffragist
advocate of the extension of voting rights (for women); CF. suffrage
ecstasy
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
rational
(of a person) having reason; (of ideas) based on reason; logical
euphemism
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
nectar
drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees
rococo
ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century
appease
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
monotony
sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; ADJ. monotonous; CF. monotone
reconnaissance
survey of enemy by soldiers; reconnoitering; V. reconnoiter: make a preliminary inspection of (esp. to gather military information)
rescind
repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
manifest
evident; visible; obvious; V: show plainly
misconstrue
interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge
predicament
difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma
overthrow
topple; N.
gnarl
protruding knot on a tree; V.
caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
ascendancy
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
garner
gather; store up; amass
application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
parvenu
upstart; newly rich person
therapeutic
curative; N. therapy
excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
quack
charlatan; impostor
venturesome
(of a person) bold; adventurous; daring; (of an action) risky
pulsate
throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly
urchin
mischievous child (usually a boy); CF. urchin: hedgehog; CF. porcupine: pig with spikes ?; CF. sea urchin
haphazard
random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner; Ex. haphazard growth of the town
cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; V.
libel
defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; V. ADJ. libelous
cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
lounge