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Jewish Worship


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The cabinet where the Torah scrolls are kept.
Ark/aron kodesh
(Heb., “standing”). The main section of Jewish prayers, recited in a standing posture; also known as tefillah (“prayer”) or shemoneh esreh (“eighteen [benedictions]”).
Location in a synagogue from which worship is led. Usually located in the front of the room, but my also be in the center in traditional synagogues.
The reciter and chanter/singer of liturgical texts in the synagogue.
“word of Torah” A Torah discourse, homily or sermon.
D'var torah (pl. divrei torah)
A specific section of the biblical prophets read in synagogue services immediately after the corresponding Torah section.
A Jewish prayer (composed in Aramaic) with eschatological focus extolling God's majesty and kingdom. It is recited at the conclusion of each major section of each liturgical service. It is also a prayer recited by mourners during the first year of bereav
A Shabbat and holy day ritual accompanied by a cup of wine, which proclaims the holiness of the day.
Kiddush (Heb., “sanctification”; derived from kadosh, “holy”).
A Jewish head covering worn for worship, religious study, meals, or at any other time.
Prayerbook used for the High Holy Days or pilgrimage festivals.
Custom or practice of a particular individual or group. ______ takes precedence over Jewish law when the two come in conflict with each other.
A quorum of ten men (in liberal congregations, ten Jews) above age thirteen necessary for public services and certain other religious ceremonies to be considered valid.
Torah scroll used for public reading in the synagogue.
Sefer Torah
The person leading services.
Shaliach Tzibur
Title of the fundamental, monotheistic statement of Judaism, found in Deut. 6:4 (“Hear, O Israel, the LORD is our God, the LORD is One”). This statement of the unity of God is recited daily in the liturgy (along with Deut. 6:5-9, 11.13-21; Num. 15.37
(from Heb., “to order”). Jewish prayer book used for all days except special holidays.
A large, four-cornered shawl with fringes and special knots at the corners, worn during Jewish morning prayers. The fringes, according to the Bible (Numbers 15.38-39), remind the worshiper of God's commandments. It is traditional for the male to be burie
Usually translated as “phylacteries.” Box-like appurtenances that accompany prayer, worn by Jewish adult males at the weekday morning services. The boxes have leather straps attached and contain scriptural excerpts. One box (with four sections) is pl
(Heb., “teaching, instruction”). In general, _____ refers to study of the whole gamut of Jewish tradition or to some aspect thereof. _____ also refers to the "five books of Moses" in the Hebrew scriptures.

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