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In Hinduism, it is the principal of non violence against all living things.
Analects, The
Collection of moral and social teachings of Confucius, including the concept of the Five Relationships.
ancestor worship
Worship given to deceased relatives who are believed to be closer to the Gods, and therefore able to grant favors.
In Hinduism, the human soul.
Bhagavad Gita
A Hindu holy book where the god Krishna teaches the importance of selflessness, performing religious duties, and of devotion to God.
Hindu god called the Creator. Brahma is the first member of the triad that includes Vishnu the Preserver and Shiva the Destroyer.
In Hinduism, Brahman is the name given to the oneness of the universe.
Hindu for “enlightened one." See also Siddhartha Gautama.
In Islam, the successor to the Prophet Mohammed.
Caste System
A rigid social class system in Hinduism.
A society that has a high level of culture and social organization including organized government, job specialization, and a organized belief system.
The flight of Mohammed from Mecca to Median which was instrumental to the founding of the religion of Islam. Occurs in 622 ACE, which dates the founding of Islam.
Chinese philosopher and writer of The Analects, a collection of moral and social teachings, including the concept of the Five Relationships. Also known as Kong Fu Zi.
The pilgrimage or holy journey to the city of Mecca
Dalai Lama
The spiritual leader of the Tibetan sect of Buddhism, and is considered to be the reincarnation of the bodhisattva, or "buddha-to-be."
The act of fulfilling one's duty in life. Associated with Hinduism and Buddhism.
Four Noble Truths
iddhartha's Gautama philosophy of the nature of human suffering and its relation to desire is articulated by four statements
Eightfold Path
Code of behavior for followers of Buddhism.
filial piety
A part Confucianism where respect is paid to the parents.
Five Pillars of Islam
Code of behavior for followers of Islam. Includes Charity, Daily Prayer, Profession of Faith, Fasting during Ramadan, and a pilgrimage to Mecca called the hajj.
Five Relationships
Confucian philosophy about social order where everyone has a place and respect is paid to elders, parents, and the government. The relationships are, ruler to ruled, father to son, older brother to younger brother, husband to wife, friend to friend.
Emperor of Japan from 1926 until 1989. He is the last Japanese emperor to be considered divine. Led Japan through World War II.
In Islam, the leader of prayers and religious scholar.
Effort in God’s service waged by Muslims in defense of the Islamic faith.
Sacred spirits that are worshipped in the Shinto religion of Japan.
Actions in this life resulting from the consequences of a previous life’s actions. Associated with Hinduism and Buddhism.
Lao Tze
Chinese philosopher credited with originating Taoism/Daoism. His teachings were collected and published as the Tao-te Ching.
A city in Saudi Arabia where Muslims must make a pilgrimage at least once in their life.
Chinese philosopher, who studied Confucianism. He later refined many of the ideas and spread them across China. Also known as Mengzi, or Meng-tzu.
Prophet of Allah; founder of Islam
In Hinduism, it is the release from the cycle of reincarnation through unification with Brahma.
A domed Islamic religious building.
In Islam, one who issues a call to prayer, causing the faithful to gather at the local Mosque.
Islamic holy book.
The ninth month of the Muslim calendar. All Muslims must fast during daylight hours, except the very young or sick.
In Hinduism, the term given to the endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.
Somebody who communicates with the spiritual realms on behalf of the living. Seen in many Animistic types of belief systems.
Hindu god called the Destroyer. Shiva is the third member of the triad that includes Brahma the Creator and Vishnu the Preserver.
The collection of Jewish writings that is the basis of Jewish religious law.
Collected teachings of Chinese philosopher Lao Tze, the founder of Taoism/Daoism.
The holy book of Judaism. It describes the creation of the world, the history of ancient Israel, the Ten Commandments, and contains the Psalms and the prophetic books.
The red gateway entrance to a Shinto shrine.
The collection of religious writings by Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha.
Hindu holy book from the 8th century BCE.
A Hindu holy book which is a collection of Aryan hymns that were transmitted orally before being written down in the 6th century BCE.
Hindu god called the Preserver. Vishnu is the second member of the triad that includes Brahma the Creator and Shiva the Destroyer.
Wheel of Life
important symbol of Buddhism. It represents the endless cycle of life through reincarnation.
Yin and Yang
Symbol used to illlustrate the natural harmony that exists in the world. Everything must have an opposing force that allows the harmonious universe to exist.

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