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Health Vocabulary Chapter 24


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a disease that is not caused by a pathogen
Noninfectious Disease
disease of the heart and blood vessels
Cardiovascular Disease
when blood pressure increases above normal limits and remains high; AKA HBP
High Blood Pressure
a disease in which the fatlike substance cholesterol is deposited on the inside wall of the arteries
the deposits that narrow or block the arteries
the condition in which the arteries lose their elasticity and become stiff
occurs when the coronary arteries become blocked as a result of atherosclerosis
Coronary Heart Disease
chest pain associated with coronary heart disease
Angina Pectoris
occurs when some of the heart tissue is prevented from receiving its normal blood supply and dies
Heart Attack
combines mouth-to-mouth breathing with chest compression; AKA CPR
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
irregular heartbeats
a life-threatening type of arrhythmia in which the heart twitches in an uncoordinated fashion instead of contracting in a regular rhythm
a small, battery-operated unit that is connected to the heart by means of a surgical procedure and produces electrical impulses that make the heart beat rhythmically
Artificial Pacemaker
a condition in which the heart slowly weakens
Congestive Heart Failure
a sudden disruption of blood flow to part of the brain
if the bleeding comes from an artery in the cerebrum, the main portion of the brain, a stroke is called this
Cerebral Hemorrhage
blood-filled weak spot that balloons out from the artery wall
AKA ECG; recording of the heart’s electrical activity
an X-ray technique that can detect blocked coronary arteries
Coronary Angiography
a procedure that is used to improve the blood supply to the heart muscle
Coronary Bypass Surgery
a thin tube with an expandable tip is inserted in a patient’s arm or leg and guided into an artery
Balloon Angioplasty
involve rapid, uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells
mass of tissues that cancer cells form
Malignant Tumor
the spread of cancer from where it first develops to other parts of the body
form from cells that grow more rapidly than normal cells but more slowly than most cancer cells
Benign Tumors
cancer-causing genes that allow cells to reproduce in a rapid, uncontrolled manner
least common and most serious kind of cancer
an X-ray of the breast
physician removes a tiny amount of tissue from area around the cervix
Pap test
cancer of the blood-forming tissues in the bone marrow
a procedure in which surgeons remove a small piece of the disuse in question to examine it
use of high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells
Radiation Therapy
uses drugs to attack cancers, reducing the rate at which cancer cells reproduce
drugs are used to stimulate the body’s own immune system to attack cancer cells
a disease in which the body’s ability to use blood sugar is impaired
a hormone produced by the pancreas that stimulates body cells to take up and use blood sugar
the more serious type and makes up 5-10% of all diabetes cases
Type 1 Diabetes
unconsciousness caused by lack of sugar and too much sugar in the blood
Insulin Shock
life-threatening condition characterized by nausea, vomiting, weakness, and increased breathing rate
Diabetic Coma
people who produce sufficient insulin but whose body cells do not respond normally to insulin
Type 2 Diabetes
inflammation or irritation of a joint
most common type of arthritis caused by wear and tear on a joint after many years of use or because of repeated injuries to a joint
when the membrane surrounding a joint becomes inflamed, and the inflammation spreads to other areas of the joint
Rheumatoid Arthritis
any physical or mental impairment that limits or reduces normal activities

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