This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

Anatomy and Physiology Ch 4


undefined, object
copy deck
Covers surfaces; lines cavities, organs, and ducts
Epithelial tissue
Flat and irregular cells
Square cells
Long and narrow cells
Cells are arranged in a single layer
Arrangement of cells in multiple layers for added protection
Capable of great expansion but returns to its original form once tension is relaxed, i.e. the bladder
Transitional epithelium
Repairs itself quickly after being injured
Capable of modifying themselves for greater strength whenever they are subjected to unusual wear and tear
An organ specialized to produce a substance that is sent out to other parts of the body
have ducts or tubes to carry secretions away from the gland
Composed of multiple cells in various arrangements, i.e. tubular, coiled, or saclike
Secrete horomones directly into the blood
Ductless glands that include the pituitary, throid, and adrenal glands
Supports, binds, and forms framework of the body
Connective tissue
Liquid connective tissue
Blood and lymph
Loosely held together with semi-liquid material between cells
Soft connective tisue
Adispose tissue (fat)
Soft connective tissue
Most connective tissue contains some fibers, but this type is densely packed with them
Fibrous connective tissue
cells that produce the fibers in connective tissue
word ending that refers to a young and active cell
Has a very firm consistency, as in cartilage, or is hardened by minerals in the matrix, as in bone
Hard connective tissue
Loose connective tissue that is found in membranes around vesicles and organs, between muscles, and under the skin
A flexible white protein found in fibrous connective tissue
Cordlike fibrous tissue that connects muscles to bones
Fibrous tissue that connects bones to other bones
A common form of cartilage that forms the tough translucent material seen over the ends of long bones
Hyaline cartilage
A form of cartilage that is found between segments of the spine, at the anterior joint between the pubic bones of the hip, and in the knee joint
A form of cartilage that can spring back into shape after it is bent
Elastic cartilage
the cells that produce cartilage
Word root meaning cartilage
Word root meaning cell
The tissue of which bones are made
Osseous tissue
The immature cells that form the bone
Word root meaning bone
Mature cells that form the bone
Contracts to produce movement
Muscle tissue
Muscle that works with tendons and bones to move the body
Skeletal muscle
Muscle that can be made to contract by concious thought
Voluntary muscle
The cells in this muscle are very large with multiple nuclei and a pattern of light and dark banding called striations
Skeletal muscle
Muscle that forms the bulk of the heart wall
Cardiac muscle; myocardium
Muscle that typically contracts independently of thought
Involuntary muscle
Muscle that has branching cells and specialized membranes between the cells that appear as dark lines called intercalated disks
Cardiac Muscle
Muscle that forms the walls of the hollow organs in the ventral body cavities, including stomach, intestines, gallbladder, and urinary bladder.
Smooth Muscle
Smooth muscle is also called
Visceral muscle
Tissues that repair themselves only with difficulty or not at all once an injury has been sustained
Muscle and Nervous tissue
When injured, muscle tissue is frequently replaced with...
Connective tissue
a bundle of nerve cell fibers held together with connective tissue
The basic unit of nervous tissue
Consists of a nerve cell body plus small branches from the cell called fibers; they can be very long
A nerve fiber that is generally short and forms tree-like branches
Nerve fiber that carries messages in the form of nerve pulses to the nerve cell body
A single nerve fiber that carries impluses away from the nerve cell body
Material that insulates and protects some axons
T or F:
All axons are myelinated, as are all dendrites and all cell bodies
Specialized cells that support nervous tisse
Neuroglia or glial cells
Greek word meaning glue
Cells that protect the brain, get rid of foreign organisms, and form the myelin sheath around axons
Glial cells
T or F:
Glial cells do not transmit nerve impulses
Thin sheets of tissue
This tissue may cover a surface, serve as a dividing partition, line a hollow organ or body cavity, or anchor an organ
this tissue may contain cells that secrete lubricants to ease the movement of organs and joints
This membrane's outer surface is made of epithelium
Epithelial membrane
These membranes line the closed ventral body cavities and do not connect with the outside of the body
Serous membranes
These membranes secrete a thin watery lubricant
Serous membrane
A type of serous membrane that lines the thoracic cavity and cover each lung
Pleurae or pleuras
A type of serous membrane that forms part of a sac that encloses the heart
Serous pericardium
The largest serous membrane that lines the walls of the abdominal cavity, covers the organs of the abdomen, and forms supporting and protective structures within the abdomen
These membranes are arranged so that one portion forms the lining of a closed cavity, while another part folds back to cover the surface of the organ contained in that cavity
Serous membrane
The portion of the serous membrane that is attached to the wall of a cavity or sac
Parietal layer
The portion of the serous membrane that is attached to an organ
Visceral layer
Membranes that produce a thick and sticky substance called mucus
Mucous membrane
These membranes form extensive continuous linings in the digestive, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive systems, all of which are connected with the outside of the body
Mucous membranes
Noun used in refering to the mucous membrane of an organ
Thin connective tissue membranes that line the joint cavities
Synovial membrane
Several layers of membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
Fibrous bands or sheets that support organs and hold them in place
Continuous sheet of tissue that underlies the skin and contains adipose tissue that insulates the body and protects the skin
Superficial fascia
Memrane that covers, serparates, and protects skeletal muscles
Deep fascia
Memebrane that forms the cavity that encloses the heart
Fibrous pericardium
Memebrane around the cartilage
A tumor confined to the local area that does not spread
Benign tumor
tumor that spreads to the neighboring tissues or to distant parts of the body
Malignant tumor
The process of tumor cell spread
Malignant tumor that originates in epithelium
Malignant tumor of the connective tissue
Unusual bleeding or discharge; persistant idigestion; chronic cough; changes in moles; lumps; sores that won't heal
Symptoms of Cancer
The removal of living tissue for the purpose of microscopic examination
The study of tissues
A group of similar cells arranged in a charateristic pattern is called...
Glands that secrete their products directly into the blood are called...
Endocrine glands
Tissue that supports and forms the framework of the body is called...
Connctive tissue
A tumor that is confined to a local area and does not spread is a...
Benign tumor
The removal of living tissue for the purpose of microscopic examination is called...
Membrane aroung the heart
Membrane around each lung
Membrane around bone
Membrane around cartilage
Membrane around abdominal organs
Epithelium composed of a single layer of long and narrow cells is called...
Simple columnar epithelium
Tendons and ligaments are examples of...
Fibrous connective tissue
A tissue compsed of long striated cells with multiple nuclei is...
Skeletal muscle tissue
A bundle of nerve cell fibers held together with connective tissue is called a...
Out of the following: cutaneous, mucous, serous, and synovial, which is not a type of epithelial membrane.

Deck Info