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Cognitive Memory


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Cognitive: Memory:
Remembering Nonsense Syllables, the amount remembered depends on the time spent learning.
The course of forgetting is initally rapid, but then levels off with time
Next In Line Effect:
when people go around in a circle saying words or names we least remember words said right before our turn.
Spacing Effect
learning is better when the rehersal is distributed over time.
Serial Position Effect:
people remember the first and last things in a list.
Cognitive: Memory: Short Term Memory can only store about 7 items.
Cognitive: Memory: people remember the meaning of situations better than the specific details.
Self Reference Effect:
it is easier to remember things when they are applied personally to ourselves
Cognitive: Memory: He trained rats to do a maze, then cut out peices of the rats brain and they still remembered the maze. so memory does not reside in a single place
Richard Thompson
Congitive: Memory: blew air at a rabbits eye with a tone, traced the nueral pathway, if the pathway was cut the rabbit would not blink at the tone. found implicit memories stored in the Cerebellum.
Implicit Memory
How to do something
Explicit Memory
knowing and knowing that you know. (the amneisac who can learn a puzzle but has no memory of ever learning how to)
Cognitive: Memory: did the study comparing car accident responses to "smashed" and "hit", those who were told "smashed" were twice as likley to remember broken glass when asked "did u see any broken glass" when there was no broken glass.
OVERALL: THE mind can create memories.
Cole & Schribner
Cognitive: Memory: corss culture studies. Liberian children with schooling remembered like US children, but Liberian children without schooling did worse on remembering lists. the unschooled liberian children didnt catagorize words. but if made into a story they could easily recall the list.

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