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Caesar's De Bello Gallico Latin Vocabulary Quiz 4


undefined, object
copy deck
as follows
for (the purpose of building) a camp
deligo, deligere, delegi, delectus
to pick out, choose
summum, -i, n.
highest point, top
aequaliter, adv
declivis, -is, -e
sloping downward
Sabis, Sabis, acc. Sabim, m.
the Sambre (a river in Belgium)
vergo, vergere
to slope down, be inclined down to, descend
acclivitas, acclivitatis, f.
ascent, upward slope
contrarius, -a, -um
facing; across the way
adversus huic et contrarius
(directly) facing this (hill) and across the way
passus circiter ducentos
for about two hundred paces
infimus, -a, -um
lowest; at the bottom
pari acclivitate collis
a hill with a similar descent
adversus, -a, -um + dat
opposite, facing
apertus, -a, -um
open, exposed, bare (of trees)
on, along
superior, superior, superius, gen. superioris
silvestris, -is, -e
wooded, covered with trees
introrsus, adv
occultus, -a, -um
hidden, secret, concealed
in occulto
in hiding
secundum, prep + acc
along, alongside
statio, stationis, f
lookout post, detachment (of soldiers or cavalry)
altitudo, altitudinis, f
height; depth
pedum circiter trium
(of) about three feet
omnibus copiis
with all his troops
ratio ordoque
general arragnment
agmen, agminis, n
marching line, army on the march
aliter, adv
otherwise, differently
Nervii, -orum, m. pl.
the Nervii
defero, deferre, detuli, delatus, irreg
to carry along; to report
consuetudine sua
by his custom = as was his custom
in light marching order
impedimentum, -i, n
impediment, obstacle; pl baggage train
colloco, -are, -avi, -atus
to place, position
most recently
collocarat =
collocaverat =
conscribo, conscribere, conscripsi, conscriptus
to enlist; to raise, levy
agmen claudere, idiom
to close the column = to bring up the rear
appropinquo, -are, -avi, + dat.
to approach, draw near (to)
collis, collis, collium, m
contineo, -ere, continui, contentus
to hold, keep
ducenti, -ae, -a
two hundred
facile, adv
inde, adv
then, following that
intra, prep + acc
indisde, within
nascor, -i, natus sum
to be born; to arise
natura, -ae, f
nature; layout
nomino, -are, -avi, -atus
to name, mention
pes, pedis, m
post, prep + acc
after, behind
praemitto, -ere, praemissi, praemissus
to send ahead
subsequor, -i, subsecutus sum
to follow close behind
supra, adv
above, previously
funditor, funditoris, m
sagittarius, -i, m
Cum . . . illi . . ., interim legiones sex
While they (i.e. the enemy cavalry) . . ., (meanwhile) the six legions . . .
recipio, recipere, recepi, receptus
to receive; to take back
se recipere
to retreat, withdraw
neque nostri . . . auderent =
et nostri . . . non auderent =
longius quam quem ad finem
beyond where;
farther than to which end (i.e. the line of the trees)
porrigo, porrigere, porrexi, porrectus
to reach out, stretch, extend
cedentes =
eos (i.e. the enemy cavalry) =
opus, operis, n
work; building, fortifying
dimetior, dimetiri, dimensus sum
to measure out
opere dimenso
once the work was measured out, or, more fully, once the measurements for the fortifaction were taken
munio, -ire, -ivi, -itus
to fortify; to construct, build
prima impedimenta
the first (sign of the) baggage train = the front of the baggage train
lateo, latere, latui
to lie hidden, be concealed
convenio, convenire, conveni, conventus
to come together; to come to an agreement; to be agreed upon
quod tempus . . . convenerat
the (very) time . . . that had been agreed upon
(exactly) as
confirmo, -are, -avi, -atus
to strengthen; to encourage
atque ipsi sese confirmaverant
and (as) they themselves had encouraged each other (to do)
provolo, -are, -avi, -atus
to fly forward; to rush forward
proturbo, -are, -avi, -aturus
to drive away in confusion, scatter pell-mell
with (such) amazing
et . . . et . . . et
both . . . and . . . and
in manibus nostris
in our midst, among us
lit. in our hands
adverso colle
up the hill;
lit. by means of the hill facing (them)
contendo, contendere, contendi, contentus
to rush, hasten, race
audeo, -ere, ausus sum
to dare
cedo, -ere, cessi, cessurus
to go; to retreat, withdraw
celeritas, celeritatis, f.
coepi, coepisse, coeptus, defecive verb
I began
decurro, -ere, de(cu)curri, decursus
to run down
identidem, adv
insequor, -i, insecutus sum
to follow after, pursue
interim, adv
occupatus, -a, -um
paene, adv
primus, -a, -um
rursus, adv
transgredior, -i, transgressus sum
to cross
uno tempore
at one time, simultaneously
venio, -ire, veni, venturus
to come
videor, -eri, visus sum
to be seen; to seem, appear
omnia . . . erant agenda
all things had to be done
vexillum, -i, n
flag, banner
propono, proponere, proposui,propositus
to put up, raise
insigne, insignis, insignium, n
mark, signal, cue, sign
tuba, -ae, f
ab . . . milites; qui . . . arcessendi
(Some) soldiers . . ., (while others) who . . ., had to be sent for
paulo longius
a little farther;
lit farther by little
cohortor, cohortari, cohortatus sum
to exhort, encourage
Quarum rerum
But . . . of these things
incursus, -us, m
assault, attack
scientia atque usus militum, quod . . . poterant, et quod . . . Caesar . . . vetuerat
(first) the (military) knowledge and experience of his soldiers, because . . . they were able . . ., and (second) the fact that Caesar had told (them) not to . . .
superioribus proeliis
in earlier battles
non minus commode . . . quam
litotes, no less easily . . . than = just as easily as
praescribo, praescribere, praescripsi, praescriptus
to describe beforehand; to decide, determine
nisi munitis castris
until the camp had been fortified;
lit unless with the camp fortified
nihil iam
not any longer, no longer
imperium, -i, n
command, order
quae videbantur
what seemed (best)
administro, -are, -avi, -atus
to manage, carry out, handle
ago, -ere, egi, actus
to drive; to do
arcesso, -ere, arcessivi, arcessitus
to summon, send for
brevitas, brevitatis, f
concurro, -ere, concurri, concursurus
to rush, hurry
difficultas, difficultatis, f
difficulty, trouble
doceo, -ere, docui, doctus
to teach, instruct, show
exerceo, -ere, -ui, -itus
to train
exspecto, -are, -avi, -atus
to wait for, expect
fio, fieri, factus sum, irreg
to be done; to happen
impedio, -ire, -ivi, -itus
to hinder, hamper, prevent
nisi, conj
unless, if . . . not
oportet, -ere, oportuit, impersonal
it is necessary
paulum, -i, n
a little
procedo, -ere, processi, processurus
to go forward, go off
revoco, -are, -avi, -atus
to recall
scientia, -ae, f
veto, -are, vetui, vetitus
to forbid, tell X not to

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