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Psych 223 Ch.15


undefined, object
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process by which children acquire beliefs, values, and behaviours considered desirable or appropriate by the society to which they belong
family social system
complex network of relationships, interactions, and patterns of influence that characterizes a family with three or more members
nuclear family
family unit consisting of a wife/mother, a husband/father, and their dependent child(ren)
direct effect
instances in which any pair of family members affects and is affected by each other\'s behaviour
indirect, or third-party, effect
instances in which the relationship between two individuals in a family is modified by the behaviour or attitudes of a third family member
circumstance in which parents mutually support each other and function as a cooperative parenting team
Extended family
group of blood relatives from more than one nuclear family (e.g. grandparents, aunts, uncles, nieces, and nephews) who live together, forming a household
single parent family
family system consisting of one parent (either the mother or the father) and the parent\'s dependent child(ren)
blended, or reconstituted, families
new families resulting from cohabitation or remarriage that include a parent, one or more children, and step-relations
acceptance / responsiveness
dimension of parenting that describes the amount of responsiveness and affection that a parent displays toward a child
demandingness / control
dimension of parenting that describes how restrictive and demanding parents are
authoritarian parenting
restrictive pattern of parenting in which adults set many rules for their children, expect strict obedience, and rely on power rather than reason to elicit compliance
authoritative parenting
flexible style of parenting in which adults allow their children autonomy but are careful to explain the restrictions they impose and ensure that their children follow these guidelines
permissive parenting
pattern of parenting in which otherwise accepting adults make few demands of their children and rarely attempt to control their behaviour
univolved parenting
pattern of parenting that is both aloof (or even hostile) and overpermissive, almost as if parents cared neither about their children nor about what they may become
parent effects model
model of family influence in which parents are believed to influence their children rather than vice versa
child effects model
model of family influence in which children are believed to influence their parents rather than vice versa
transactional model
model of family influence in which parent and child are believed to influence one another reciprocally
no-nonsense parenting
mixture of authoritative and authoritarian parenting styles that is associated with favourable outcomes in African-American families
capacity to make decisions independently, serve as one\'s own source of emotional strength, and otherwise manage life tasks without depending on others for assistance; an important developmental task of adolescence
sibling rivalry
spirit of competition, jealousy, and resentment that may arise between two or more siblings
complex stepparent home
family consisting of two married (or cohabitating) adults, each of whom has at least one biological child living at home.
ownness effect
tendency of parents in complex stepparent homes to favour and be more involved with their own biological children than with their stepchildren
simple stepparent home
family consisting of a parent and his or her biological children and a stepparent
self-care, or latchkey, children
children who care for themselves after school or in the evenings while their parents are working
child abuse
term used to describe extreme maltreatment of children, involving physical batterings; sexual molestations; psychological insults such as persistent ridicule, rejection, and terrorizing; and physical or emotional neglect
high-risk neighbourhood
residential area in which incidence of child abuse is mush higher than in other neighborhoods with the same demographic characteristics

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