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IV Induction agents

Terms

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propofol trade name
Diprivan
propofol allergens
sodium metabisulfite (generic)
soybean
egg lecithin
propofol concentration
1% = 10mg/mL
propofol induction dose
1.5-2.5 mg/kg
alkalizing additive for propofol injection
lidocaine 40 mg or 2cc 2%
thiopental?
propofol maintenance infusion
25 mcg/kg/min
propofol chemical class
phenol
propofol +
neuro-protective, anticonvulsant
antiemetic
no MH
propofol cerebral effects
neuro-protective
anticonvulsant
↓CBF
propofol respiratory effects
depressant
propofol cardiovascular effects
cardiac depressant
↓↓SVR
etomidate trade name
Amidate
etomidate chemical class
imidazole
etomidate concentration
2 mg/mL
etomidate induction dose
0.2-0.4 mg/kg
etomidate +
suppresses histamine release
etomidate uses
RAD, COPD, fresh burn, trauma, cardiac
etomidate contraindications
porphyria
etomidate -
PONV
inhibits cortisol synthesis(11-β-hydroxylase)
myoclonus
etomidate metabolism
ester hydrolysis
ketamine dose
1-2 mg/kg
ketamine mechanism
dissociative anesthetic, blocks RAS
analgesic
ketamine -
nightmares
muscle spasm
salivation
ketamine uses
asthma
pediatrics
ketamine cerebral effects
increases ICP
ketamine cardiovascular effects
↑BP
↑HR
↑CO
ketamine IM dose sedation
2.5-5.0 mg/kg
ketamine IM dose induction
5-10 mg/kg
ketamine contraindications
cardiac
↑ICP
thiopental sodium trade name
Pentothal
thiopental drug class
barbiturate
thiopental dose
3-5 mg/kg
thiopental concentration
2.5% = 25 mg/mL
thiopental +
↓IOP
thiopental cross-allergies
sulfa?
contrast dye
thiopental incidence of pain on injection
5.4% 24 hrs post-op
propofol incidence of pain on injection
10% 24 hrs post-op
lidocaine dose for blunting airway reflex
150-200 mg
thiopental contraindication
porphyria
methohexital trade name
Brevital
methohexital dose
1-2 mg/kg

Deck Info

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