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Music of the Caribbean Vocab


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The study of music in relationship to the culture that produces it with the goal of understanding something of what it is like on the inside of a particular music culture. It rests between anthropology and comparative musicology.
Music Culture
A given populatioons total involvement with music (cermonial, religious, recreational, professional, commercial, etc.) One music culture may be different from another by large divisions (nationality) or smaller
How, within culture, music is passed from individual to individual and generation to generation.
Purpose for which a given piece of music is written.
Empirical Musical Culture
All the tangible material "things:" related to music that a culture produces
passing on of traditions from one group/generation to another
Culturally singular; remaining within the realm of a specific ethnic population
Oral Tradition
the sustaining and passing on of information by word of mouth rather than documentation
Tribal Music
Music of non-literate cultures
Cultural Accomodation
adjustments a given culturemakes in order to coexist with a more dominant culture. Accomodation can come about as the resolution of conflict.
Cultural Conquest
When a culture is brought to abandon its own traditions and take up the traditions of another culture (a population is required/led to set aside its own music/art and subscribe to that of a more dominant culture.)
Mutual influence of different cultures on eachother
Results from the instrumentation used in music
Singing Style
different cultures use the voice varyingly. Singing style refers to the way we use the voice in music
One note for each syllable of text
Several notes to a single syllabe of text
sounds sung that are without literal meaning
Refers to the overall shape of a piece
different verbal content given to a repeating melody.
a song in which the music changes throughout instead of being repeated for a series of verses
(sometimes called the chorus in pop songs) Certain lines that are repeated at regular intervalswith the music and words remaining the same at each repition
different words spoken on the same tone
a single voice part without accompaniment other than percussion
clear and distinct melody with definite secondary accompaniment part
at least two distinct melodic lines occuring simultaneously
refers to speed in music
Melodic Range
distance between the highest and lowest note in a melody
Melodic Contour
The shape of a melody as outlined by its curves, leaps, rises, and falls.
Tone System
all the pitches used in the music of a given culture
the words used in a piece of music
the character that typifies music as belonging to categories and is determined by internal logic, structure, and modes of expressions
Sound Ideal
the overall sonic character that attracts or is indicative of a giv en culture. Tone color and texture are its primary components
Tone color (timbre)
the character/quality of a sound. (ex: the difference between the same note being played on a bagpipe vs. a flute)
the instruments and sonic materials used in a piece of music
music performed by two alternating sources - frequently a solo voice and a chorus in a "call and response" pattern
occurence of accents in unexpected places
a musical figure that is repeated over and over again

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