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Miller Government Ch. 23


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foreign policy
Anation's political and economic goals with respect to other nations; the techniques and strategies used to achieve those goals
national security
The nation's protection from unwanted interference, threat, or takeover from other nations. A sense of freedom and independence for the nation.
defense policy
Policies that further the defense of the nation, particularly through military preparedness
A political policy of noninvolvement in world affairs.
Monroe Doctrine
In 1823 President Monroe defined foreign policy in his State of the Union Address based on 3 principles: 1) Europe should not establish any new colonies in the Western Hemisphere, 2) European countries should not interfere in the affairs of free countries in the Western Hemisphere, 3) the United States would not interfere in the affairs of European nations.
A political policy of changing or preserving the internal political affairs of foreign nations.
colonial empire
A group of colonized nations held under the control of one imperial power.
A position of not being aligned with one side or another in a dispute or conflict such as war.
Nations with the greatest economic and military power.
Marshall plan
A massive plan of economic development aid to the European countries after WWII. Named after Secretary of State George Marshall
Economic and political system based on the theories of Karl Marx. All economic assets are shared by all people and directed by the government, with each citizen compensated according to their needs.
Communist bloc
A group of countries that fell under the control of the USSR after WWII
A U.S. Political policy first adopted by the Truman administration to keep communism within its existing boundaries and thus "build situations of strength" around the globe.
collective security
The policy of forming international defense alliances to increase the security of each member nation.
Western bloc
The democratic nations that emerged victorious after WWII, led by the U.S.
iron curtain
Described the political boundaries between the democratic countries in Europe and communist countries of Eastern Europe under Soviet control
Cold War
The ideological, political, and economic impasse that existed between the USSR and the United States after WWII.
The United States policy of using the threat of massive retaliation to discourage its enemies after WWII
mutual-assured destruction (MAD)
The theory that as long as the US and the USSR both had massive, secure, and invulnerable nuclear forces neither one would be willing to go to war.
Information gathered about the abilities and intentions of foreign governments
foreign service
The cadre of officials in the State Department who serve in foreign countries
The official residence and offices of the ambassador
A diplomat of high rank that represents his or her country to a foreign government.
charge d'affaires
Member of the embassy that ranks lower than the ambassador, but may be called on to perform some of the ambassadors duties.
Member of the embassy that serves in a specific capacity.
Office of the consul
A member of the American consulate whoe job is to promote American business interests in foreign cities
Government issued cerificates that identify persons as citizens of that government's country and authorizes that person to travel abroad.
A permit to enter a country issued by the country one wishes to enter
compulsory service in the military
Compulsory enrollment in the armed services.
human rights
Term referring to the rights and privileges of all human beings.
The process by which states establish and maintain political relations with each other by such means as treaties, alliances, and agreements.
summit meetings
A conference between two or more heads of different nations
Association of two ormore nations joined together for mutual benefit.
mutual defense alliance
An agreement among allied nations to support one another in case of an attack by an enemy forrce
multilateral treaties
Treaties among 3 or more nations
bilateral treaties
Treaties between 2 nations.
economic sanctions
Refusal to trade with a foreign nation as a means to show disapproval of that nation's political or economic policies.

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