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theology chapt. 3-5


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the first patriarch of the Israelite people with whom God formed an everlasting covenant.
4 promises God made to Abraham
1. He will have many descendants, 2. God will make him a great nation, 3. through him all nations of the earth will be blessed, 4. he will be given land for his descendants to live
Moses' brother who assisted him in his confrontation with Pharaoh
literally "road out" the mass departure of the Israelites for slavery in Egypt through the saving action of God
the practice of offering gifts to God, covenants often sealed by this. Understanding that things could be transferred from this world to the spirit world. First things were especially valuable
a solemn agreement between two or more parties listing their respective rights and responsibilities in the relationship. Ancient covenants carried a religious oath of being guaranteed by God.
The Jewish holiday that celebrates the event when God rescued the Israelites from captivity in Egypt by killing the firstborn sons of the Egyptians but passing over the houses of the Israelites
significance of YHWH's promises to the history of the Israelite people
these ancient traditions are the basis for the Israelite and Jewish convictions that they are a chosen people living in a promised land.
the significance of the 10 commandments to the covenant with Moses
YHWH reminds the Israelites that he had rescued them from slavery in Egypt and led them to freedom. So they should keep the Ten Commandments as repayment. It first shows what YHWH has done for the Israelites and then how they should repay him.
The contest between YHWH and the Egyptian gods, roles of Moses, Aaron, the Egyptian magicians, and Pharaoh
As the plagues progressed the struggle of the Egyptian magicians to recreate them shows the YHWH is more powerful. Pharaoh holds out even after his magicians give up. Moses is the link of communication between God and the Pharaoh.
the successor to Moses,who led the Israelites into the promised land of Canaan and conquered the peoples who dwelled there.
Former Prophets
One division of the books of the Prophets, is a historical narrative. Joshua, Judges, 1-2 Samuel, and 1-2 Kings
Latter Prophets
One division of the books of the Prophets, bear the names of actual Israelite prophets and contain their prophecies: Isaiah, Jeremiah, The Twelve
Deuteronomistic History
names give to a series of books of the Old Testament written by the Deuteronomistic Historian, books that emphasized the necessity of Israel adhering strictly to its covenant with God.
Deuteronomistic Historian
author(s) of a series of books of the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible, whose agenda was to show how Israel's fortunes were correlated to her obediance to the terms of the covenant with God
the name of the northern kingdom of the Israelites until it was conquered by the Assyrians
the name of the southern kingdom of the Israelites until it was conquered by the Babylonians
prophet of Israel who used the imagery of marital infidelity to characterize Israel's relationship with Yahweh.
prophet who condemned the social injustice of the northern kingdom Israel and foresaw its destruction by the Assyrians
prophet who warned the people of Judah of their coming destruction by the Babylonians and counseled them to rely on faith and justice rather than on their possession of the Temple and a Davidic king
Among his many prophecies was a reassurance to the people of Judah that possession of the Temple and a Davidic king would protect them from harm
Babylonian Exile
The destruction of the Temple and the deportation of many citizens to Babylon. Came to be known as the Israelite's ultimate punishment from god to uphold the covenant
Describe Deuteronomistic Historian and the message
collector and editor of the Deuteronomistic material. main concern of the author was to provide a theological interpretation of Israel's history
organization of tribal Israel and role of the judge/shofet
tribal confederacy, twelve tribes of Israel seperated themselves and governed themselves. they were united only some matters of religion and in times of war. When the tribes were united a temporary kind of leader emerged- the judge/shofet
social conditions in the time of Amos and Hosea
Both prophets lived while the northern kingdom was sinful and neither changed it
historical situation at the time of prophet Jeremiah. Why did he attack their faith in the temple
he was there as the Babylonians came to take over. He told the people to depend less on their possession of a Davidic monarch and solomonic temple and more on their own adherence to the sacred covenant
those Jews who were dispersed outside the traditional Jewish homeland of Palestine
a Jewish place of worship where the Torah is read and interpreted
meaning "anointed one" a term used in Judaism and Christianity for the one "anointed" by God to rescue of save people
in ancient Judaism people who were specialists in conducting sacrifices, in Christianity ordained clergy
a Jewish harvest festival
Yom Kippur
the "day of Atonement" a Jewish holiday in which people reflect upon their sins in ancient Judaism this was the only day of the year in which high priests would enter the HOly of Holies to offer sacrifice
Second Temple
The Temple in Jerusalem that was built following teh destruction of Solomon's temple by the Babylonians
Holy of Holies
the innermost part of the Temple in Jerusalem, where God's presence is believed to have dwelled, entrance restricted to 1/yr by high priests
in Judaism, the special dietary restrictions required by the TOrah, whereby certain foods are prohibited and other foods must be prepared according to certain guidelines
term describing a person, group, or text expressing beliefs that the present world is evil and corrupt and that God will soon bring an end to it, destroying the evildoers adn rescuing the righteous.
in ancient Judaism a teacher, especially of the Torah
Suffering Servant
a figure in the book of Isaiahwho suffers on behalf of the whole people and wins forgiveness for their sins.
the attempt initiated by Alexander the Great to impose Greek culture on the peoples conquered by the Greeks
the family who led the revolt by the Jews against the Greeks in the second century b.c.e.
the Jewish holiday celebrating the consecration of the Temple following the victory over the Greeks in the Maccabean revolt.
a Jewish group of the first century CE consisting especially of the priests who ran the Jerusalem Temple
a Jewish group of the first century CE consisting of scholars who emphasized the study of the Torah and the necessity of observingthe laws strictly in one's daily life.
a Jewish group of the first century CE who advocated the violent overthrow of the Romans and were major players in the disastrous revolt of 66-70 CE
a Jewish group of the first century CE who withdrew into the desert to await the end of the world
in ancient Judaism the class of people who could read and write and who made their living from these skills
People of the Land
in ancient Judaism the poor and uneducated peasant farmer who comprised the majority of the Jewish population
What did the Jewish scriptures consist of? how did they develop?
After the Jews were exiled they rededicated themselves to being obediant to God and putting his laws in writing. When the Jews were allowed to restore the Temple and Jerusalem the last 4 sources that make up the Pentateuch were written they were later combined with the other sources to form the Law or the first 5 books of the Christian old testament. Slowly over time the three parts of teh Torah were compiled
development of the Messiah and the different kinds the Jews believed in
the Jews believed they had sinned and God would no longer protect them, jewish prophets began to predict that God would send someone to rescue the Jews from their affliction. different forms: 1.raise up a descendant of David and reestablish him to the throne 2.Apocalyptic 3.Suffering Servant

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