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Chapter 6-Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology


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eating, swallowing
surgical repair
prolapse, fall, sag
-rrhage, -rrhagia
bursting forth
-ecstasis, -ecstasia
stretching, dilation, dilatation
destruction, breakdown, separation
flow, discharge
sudden, involuntary contraction of muscles
to stop; control
tightening, stricture, narrowing
liver function tests (LFTs)
Tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in serum
stool culture
Test for microorganisms present in the stool.
stool guaiac or Hemoccult test
Detection of blood in feces.
lower gastrointestinal serier (barium enema)
X-ray images of the colon and rectum after injecting barium into the rectum.
upper gastrointestinal series
X-ray images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine after administering barium by mouth.
X-ray examination of the biliary system after injecting contrast into the bile ducts.
computed tomography; also called CT, CT scan, or CAT scan
X-ray series showing cross-sectional images of internal organis allows visualization.
abdominal ultrasonography (ultrasound or sonography)
Sound waves beamed into the abdomen, produce an image of abdominal viscera.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Magnetic and radio waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body.
liver scan
Image of the liver after injecting ragioactive material into the blood stream.
gastric bypass
Reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum (gastrojejunostomy).
gastrointestinal endoscopy
Visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract using an endoscope.
liver biopsy
Removal of liver tissue followed by microscopic visualization.
masogastric intubation
Insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach.
paracentesis (abdominocentesis)
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen.

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