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USU 1320 Religion vs. Science


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belief in a divine being
belief in many gods
belief in one god
-belief that god is a force or spirit
-hiking as way to common w/god
god created the world and then left it to run alone
-set of beliefs that are taken on faith about(destiny of human existence): 1.why are we here? 2. What should we do? (moral and dietary code)3.Where are we headed?
1. world governed by uniform physical law 2.Emperical basis- inforamtion gathered by observation or experience
3.Data-abile to interprete and pass on information 4.Models- able to set up paradigms for research 5. Experimental (falsifiable)
Western Monotheism
A god who is:
2.Outside of space & time
3.Creator of everything
4.Omnipotent-all powerful
5.Omnisceint-all knowing
6.Omnibenevoent-all good
way of giving a reasonable, coherent account of a set of religious beliefs
when religion & wcience make irreconcible claims about the sam thing. (ie.age of earth, garden of eden, worldwide flood)
-Science Materalism
Science Materalism
view that physical matter is all there is. (problem: holy spirit, soul)
Hard Materalism
matteris all there is.
Methodological materialism
all science can know and study is matter
S&R: Independance
when science and religion are thought to be answering different questions. Galileo- religion tells you how to get to heaven. Science tells you how the heavens work.
S&R: Independance-for Religion
1. non-physical entities non-testable
2.Special set of feelings (wonder, awe, reverance)
3.way of stating our hhighest ideals or values
S&R: Independance- for Science
only makes claims about observable, testable reality not ultimate reality (creation story might mean: god created whole world,creation is blessed by God, Human life is a special creation of god, Human life is given direction by god)
S&R: Dialogue
when religion & science agree that they need each other
1.presupposition and limit questions
2.Ethical questions about science
S&R: Dialogue-presupposition and limit questions
1.Why is there something tather than nothing
2.Why is there order in reality?
3.Why does physical law work everywhere in the cosmos?
S&R: Dialogue- Ethical questions about science
-Genetic enhancement of human beings.(What is improvement or enhancement?)
-Can you know what better is without knowning the best?
-can I know what a better human being is without knowing the purpose of life.
S&R: Integration
when science& religion work together to provide a single, coherent, consistent account of reality
S&R: Integration- Examples
1.Big Bang and creation(god is not physical, outside of space and time)
2.Universality of physical law-design in the universe
3.Anthropic Principle-fine tuning of the constant at the time of the big bang
4.Theistic evolution-design unfolding in natural process
5. Altruism-unselfish regard for or devotion to the welfare of others.(political social animals-tosustain survival give up for each other)
1.Descent from simple to complex organism(Descent with modification)
2.The mechanism-random variations and natural selection (No design or structure)
Natural Selection
the idea that those variations succeed when they are fit for the environment in which they emerge
-those that are fit survive those that are nor do not.
Natural Selection - examples
1.The evolution of anti-biotic resistance in bacteria
2.Prevalence of sickle cell trait in central Africa(gives an immunity against a particular virulent of malaria)
3.Peppered moth in the 18th century london, by 1900 most moths were dark colored

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