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Government - Ch. 9


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What are the qualifications necessary to become a senator?
At least 30
At least 9 years
Must live in state they represent
What are the qualifications necessary to become a representative?
At least 25
At least 7 years
Must live in state they represent
What are the lengths of term for both houses of Congress?
Senate: 6 years
House: 2 years
What are some of the benefits/privileges of being a member of Congress?
Franking privilege, immunity, discounts
How is representation determined for each house?
House: based on representation
Senate: equal representation, 2 senators per state
The privilege given to Congress members allowing them to send work-related mail without postage
the practice of creating an election district to favor a particular political party
time period in which Congress meets
Who are the main officials in the House?
Majority leader
Minority leader
Speaker of the House (Member of majority party)
Party whip
Who are the main officials in the Senate?
President pro tempore – president “for the time being”
Majority leader
Minority leader
Party whip
Vice President
Whats the point of committees?
Having committees is a way to divide up Congress's work
What are the 4 types of committees and what do they do?
Joint - committees that include members of both Houses
Special and select - temporary committees that deal with issues that need special attention
Standing committees - permanent committees that specialize in a particular topic
Conference committee – joint committee that helps the House and the Senate agree on details of a proposed law
How can you get better committee positions?
Seniority system – system in which the most desirable committee positions are given to the senators and representatives who have served the longest in Congress
Whether you are on majority or minority party
having the support of one political party
having the support of both political parties
What are expressed powers? Give examples.
(delegated) powers – congressional powers listed specifically in Article I of the Constitution
• Powers to…
• Collect taxes
• Borrow money
• Regulate foreign affairs and interstate commerce
• Maintain armed services
• Declare war
• Regulate immigration and naturalization
What are implied powers?
powers that are not specifically mentioned in Constitution but can be inferred from the elastic clause
What are nonlegislative powers?
powers used to help Congress serve as a check on the other branches of government
⬢ Powers to⬦
⬢ Propose amendments
⬢ Investigate
⬢ Impeach
accuse government officials of committing a crime, put them on trial, and if necessary remove them from office
What are the special powers of the House?
oChoose President if no one wins a majority in Electoral College
oIntroduce tax bills and appropriations bills (involve money)
{If you don’t like how they are spending your money, you can not re-elect them; their terms are shorter}
What are the special powers of the Senate?
oVotes for money bills after House starts them
(Majority party has great deal of control over nation’s spending)
oActs as jury in impeachment trial and ratifying treaties with other countries
oApprove or reject President’s appointments of certain high government officials
In general, how does a bill become a law?
o Bill introduced by representative
o Bill assigned to committee
o Committee considers the bill
-->Kills it
-->Pigeonholes it
-->Sends to house originated in
o Bill debated in House/Senate
-->Defeats bill
-->Passes bill
o House/Senate bill sent to conference committee
-->Revised bill approved by both houses
o Bill sent to the President
-->Signs : Bill becomes law
-->Vetoes : Bill returned
limits a senator to one hour of debate; requires 60 senators support
killing a bill by talking until the bill’s sponsor withdraws it
set aside bil without even considering it

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