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Mental Health - misc (HS)


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What is a crisis?
turning point in a persons life that produces overwhelming emotional response. they cannot effectively cope. The person is exposed to a stressor, has increased anxiety, tries to resolve, but cannot cope.
what are the types of crisis?
maturational- developmental crises. predictable events in the course of life. getting married , having a baby, etc.

situational- unanticipated and sudden. example the death of a loved one, illness.

adventitious- "social" crises. for example a terrorist attack, hurricane, war, etc.
what are the 2 types of crisis interventions?
authoritative- the therapist directs. offers new knowledge.

facilitative- focus on empathy and listening to the client.

A balance between the two of these interventions usually works best.
What is a good tip for a good outcome when dealing with a crisis?
Group therapy- 4 types
psychotherapy groups- formal. beahvioral interactions. may be slightly confrontational.

support groups- example: MADD. members share a common problem.

self help groups- not structured, but members do share a common problem. Example AA.

Family therapy- explore family dynamics.
what does NAMI stand for?
National alliance for mentally ill
A medication management group is an example of an ___ group
A mental status examination includes what three things?
Current emotional state, mental capacity, and behavioral function
What factors influence assessment?
Client participation and willingness, Health Status, History, Cognition, and Nurses attitude
If the nurse appears tense, what is likely to happen?
the pt. will become tense.
Mood is
pervasive and enduring emotional state
Affect is
outward expression of clients emotional state
Define blunted, broad, flat, inappropriate, and restricted affects
blunted- showing little emotion or 'slow' to emote

broad- there is a full range of emotional expressions

flat- no facial expressions

inappropriate- self explanatory. example laughing at a funeral

restricted- displaying one type of emotion, usually serious and somber
Define Labile
rapidly changing moods
Thought processes vs. thought content
processes - how a person thinks

content- what a person is thinking

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