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Biopsychology Chapters 1 and 2


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The scientific study of the biology behavior
The scientific study of behavior
Who proposed that psychological phenomena might be produced by brain activity?
Hebb in 1949
Structure of the nervous system
Chemical bases of neural activity
Interactions between the nervous system and the endocrine system
Nervous system disorders
Effects of drugs on neural activity
Functions and activities of the nervous system
Difference between the conditions
Independent variable
The effect of the independent variable
Dependent variable
Must avoid ________ that affect the dependent variable
Confounded variables
Studies of groups of subjects exposed to conditions in the real world
Quasiexperimental studies
The degree to which results can be applied to other cases
Conducted for the purpose of acquiring knowledge
Pure research
Intended to bring about some direct benefit to humankind
Applied research
6 divisions of biopsychology
1. Physiological psychology
2. Psychopharmacology
3. Neuropsychology
4. Psychophysiology
5. Cognitive neuroscience
6. Comparative psychology
- Neural mechanisms of behavior
- Direct manipulation of the brain
Physiological psychology
- Effects of drugs on the brain
- Brain damages in humans
- Relaion between physiological activity and psychological processes
- Neural bases of cognition
Cognitive neuroscience
- Comparing different species to understand evolution, genetics, and adaptiveness of behavior
Comparative psychology
Using multiple approaches to address a single question
Converging Operations
A condition characterized by severe memory loss and most commonly seen in alcoholics
Korsakoff's syndrome
The empirical method that biopsychologists use to study the unobservable
Scientific inference
The ability to evaluate scientific claims by identifying potential omissions or weaknesses in the evidence
Critical Thinking
When several explanations are possible, give precedence to the simplest one
Morgan's Canon
_______ considerations are those relating to how to treat a disorder or how it is likely to progess.
Which of the following fields of biopsychology relies most heavily on the use of brain-imaging to advance our understanding of the brain?
Cognitive neurosciences
Dr. Kulker studies the relationship between changes in hormone levels and physiological responses to emotion-provoking stimuli. Dr. Kulker's work is designed to further understanding in the field of ________.
In a study of the effect of alcohol on reaction time, it was found that some subjects were sleep-deprived. In this experiment, sleep-deprivation would best be described as an example of a(n) _____________.
Confounded variable
Which of the following would be an example of a quasiexperimental study?
Comparing the brains of individuals with Alzheimer's disease to those of their non-affected siblings.
In contrast to pure research, applied research _______.
is less vulnerable to the vagaries of political regulation
Which of the following is NOT one of the six major divisions of biopsychology identified in your text?
Converging operations refers to _______.
approaching a problem using various techniques, such that question that can't be answered by one technique are answered by another.
What is the cause of the brain damage associated with Korsakoff's syndrome?
thiamine deficiency
In an experiment, an attempt is being made to identify a cause and effect relationship. The potential "cause" in an experiment is known as the _____ variable.
The Coolidge effect refers to ______.
the rejuvenating effect of a new female on a tired male's interest in copulation
A lack of generalizability is of the greatest concern when ______ are conducted.
case studies
Which of the following would b emost likely to use an EEG to collect data?
T/F: Neurons are cells that receive and transmit electrochemical signals.
T/F: A major problem with all case studies is their generalizability.
T/F: Male fatigue is a confounded variable in attempts to study the Coolidge effect in females.
T/F: In a between-subjects design, all subjects are exposed to the various experimental conditions.
T/F: Ethological research involves studying animal behavior in its natural environment.
T/F: Prefrontal lobotomies have established therapeutic benefits, although they are rarely performed today.
T/F: Studies involving nonhuman subjects do not have to adhere to ethical guidelines.
T/F: Clinical implications most commonly emerge from neuropsychological and psychopharmacological research.

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