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apsych ch 12


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a state of psychological tension or strain
any effort to cope with stress
a subfield of psychology concerned with the relationship between psychological factors and physical health and illness
health psychology
the events or circumstances that trigger stress
a feeling that one mut speed up, intensify, or change the direction of one's behavior or live up to a higher standard of performances
the feeling that occurs when a person is prevented from reaching a goal
simultaneous existence of incompatible demands, opprotunites, needs, or goals
according to Lewin, the result of simultaneous attraction to two appealing possibilities, neither or which has any negative qualities
approach/approach conflict
according to Lewin, the result of facing a choice between two undesirable possibilities, neither or which has any positive qualities
avoidance/avoidance conflict
according to Lewin, the result of being simultanously attracted to and repelled by the same goal
approach/ avoidance conflict
make cognitive and behavorial efforts to manage psychological stress
acknowledging a stressful situation directly and attempting to find a solution to the problem or attain the difficult goal
deciding on a more realisitic solution or goal when an ideal solution or goal is not practical
avoiding a situation when other forms of coping are not practical
self-deceptive techniques for reducing stress, including denial, regression, projection, identification, regression, intellectualization, reaction formation, displacement, and sublimination
defense mechanisms
refusal to acknowledge a painful or threatening reality
excluding uncomfortable thoughts, feelings, and desires from consciousness
attributing one's own repressed motives, feelings, or wishes to others
taking on the characterisitcs of someone else to avoid feeling incompetent
reverting to childlike behavior and defenses
thinking abstractly about stressful problems as a way of detaching oneself from them
expression of exaggerated ideas and emotions that are the opposite of one's repressed beliefs or feelings
reaction formation
shifting repressed motives and emotions from an original object to a substitue object
redirectting repressed motives and feelings into more socially acceptable channels
according to Selye, the three states the body passes through as it adapts to stress: alarm reaction, resistance, and exhaustion
general adaption syndrome (GAS)
a field that studies the interaction between stress on the one hand and immune, endrocrine, and nervous system activity on the other
psychological disorder characterized by episodes of anxiety, sleeplessness, and nightmares resulting from some disturbing event in the past
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

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