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Elments of literature


undefined, object
copy deck
realism, characters or situations similar to those many humans experience know or think
when a story purposely is realistic or based on something real
postulate or premise
the assumptions the authors makes about the nature of their story
a reasonable facsimile of a human being
actions or incidents
life like experiences which occur to the main character throughout the story
organic unity
the compostion of the actions or incidents
the protangonist is engaged in a situation that must be resolved for the story to end
the central chracter
interactions and effects as they develop sequentially or chronologically
the protagonists oppoing character who is the cause of the problem
the way the story is assembled in accord with the general ideas and purposes of their work
the resukt or results of general and abstract thinking about the stroy including finding meaning interpretation explanaton and significance
the underlying message of the story
the laying out the putting forth of the materials in the story (backgrounds chraacters goals limitationsbasic assumptions)
the onset or development of the major conflict-the plot
where the conflict reaches its greatest tension a decision or action to resolve the conflict is taken
the storys highest point takes the shape of the decision or action it is the logical conclusion of the preceding actions
after the works tension and uncertainty are finished
when present circumstances are explained by selective introduction of past events
a quality of mind or hbaitual mode of behavior
round characters
the author presents enough information about then to render them full, life like and memorable they are dynamic
characters which recognize change with or adjust to circumstacnes throughout the story in htis way the character grows or changes
flat characters
they do not grow because they are not developed enough to know whether they are growing they are static
the opposite of dynamic unable to go through change
stock character
chqaracters in repreating situations they have many common traits they are representative of their group or class
sterotype charcters
those stock characters which never break from the class or group mold
point of view
the speaker marrator or voice created by the author to tell the story
major mover
a narrator deeply involved in the conflict who trys to sound blameless or uninvolved
first person
"I" the most independent point of view the sspeaker tells about things that he has seen done spoken heard thought or learned
second person
a narration in which a second person listener "you" is the protagonist and the speaker is someone with knowledge the protagonist does not possess or understand about his or her own actions
unrealiable narrators
narrators who have interests or limitations that lead them to mislead distort or even lie
third person
she, he, it they them the speaker is not apart of the story
third person objective
a fly on the wall narrates from the outside
omniscient third person
the speaker not only presents the actions and dialogue but is also able to report what goes on in the minds of the characters
limited third person
the narrator is limited to only describing the thoughts and actions of one or two characters and not the others
the places and time of the story can also create an atmosphere or a mood for the actions of the story
framing or enclosing setting
the author opens with a particular description and then returns to the same setting at the end
the way writers assemble words to tell the story
the qualities of the author's words
formal diction
more elegant words more mature
neutral diction
normal word choice which a normal person would feel natural speaking
informal diction
slang ungrammatical
specific diction
very detailed
general diction
concrete words
qualitites of immediate perception the ice cream is cold
abstract words
broader less aplpable qualities the ice cream is good
the repetition of the same grammatical forms to balance expressions conserve words and build climaxes
method of which the author reveals his attitudes or feelings
verbal irony
language expressing the importance by stating the oposite of what is meant
situational irony
emphasizing that human beings are enmeshed in forces beyond their comprehension and control the oppostie of what we expect occurs
cosmic irony
iorny of fate situational irony connected to a pessimistic or fatalistic view of life just plain being born poor
dramatic irony
a character peceives his or herplight in a limited way while the audience and one or more of the other chracters understand it entirely
a specific word ideae or object that may stand for ideas values persons or ways of life
a complete narrative that can also be applied to a parallel set of situations that may be political moral religious or philosophical
a short allegory designed to illistrate a religious truth most often associated with jesus as recorded in gospels

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