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Purple Lesson Two


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n. 1. A wearing away or rubbing away by friction.
[This protective coating helps to prevent abrasion of the floor tiles.]
2. A scraped or worn area.
[Natalie's fall during the basketball game resulted in an abrasion on her knee.] abrasive adj. 1. Causing wear by rubbing.
[Don't use this abrasive cleaner on the vinyl bathtub because it will scratch the surface. ]
2. Harsh or rough in manner; irritating.
[The bus driver's abrasive tone made the excited children settle down in their seats.]
adj. Clothed or covered.
[Clad in a black rubber suit, the diver jumped from the side of the rescue boat.]
v. To provide evidence to make more certain; to confirm.
[Because he was standing at the stoplight when the accident occurred, Harry could corroborate the driver's statement.]
adj. Done in a hurry and with little attention to detail.
[Sherlock Holmes made a cursory search of the bedroom before going in dining room to question the family.]
v. 1. To remove the water from.
[The processing plant dehydrates vegetables that are used in the popular soups sold in our grocery store.]
2. To become dry; to lose water from.
[During a marathon, runners will dehydrate unless they drink the water offered them along the route.]
dehydration n. The state of being dehydrated.
[Dehydration from the drought has caused the plants to wilt.]
v. 1. To take or receive from a source.
[After practicing so diligently, Hugh derived great satisfaction from the enthusiastic applause following his performance.]
2. To obtain through reasoning.
[Physicists have derived the existence of black holes, in part, from Einsten's ideas about relativity.]
v. 1. To wire or equip with electric power.
[We no longer used oil lamps in our summer cottage once it had been electrified.
2. To thrill or shock.
[Brian Boitano's layback spin and several perfectly executed triple axels,
electrified the audience.]
v. To attempt earnestly.
[The person we spoke to at the embassy said she would endeavor to find the papers we needed.]
n. A serious, earnest effort toward a goal.[Arthur's endeavor to score twenty points a game throughout the season was a success. ]
adj. Cautious; very careful. .
[Mr. Wu made a gingerly attempt to bring the disputing parties together.]
adv. With extreme care or concern.
[Ella ran her tongue gingerly over the opening where her wisdom tooth had been and winced.]
v. To make a face expressing feelings of pain, disgust, or contempt.
[While the doctor described the series of painful tests she would need, Cheryl grimaced only once.]
n. A facial expression that seems to express pain, contempt, or disgust.
[A grimace crossed her face as she watched the old film clips showing the destruction of Sarajevo.]
adj. Causing shock or horror.
[Not until years later did the gruesome details of the soccer players' survival become known.]
n. 1. A list of possessions or goods on hand.
[Before we could get renters' insurance, we had to make an inventory of everything of value in the apartment.]
2. The stock of goods on hand.[The store's inventory of sheets and blankets was very low after the winter sale.] v. To make a complete list of.[At least once a year, the pharmacist inventories the stock.]
v. 1. To take on the qualities of another; to imitate.[AstroTurf simulates real grass.]
2. To pretend.
[Although Iago simulated concern for Othello, he was carefully planning his destruction. ]
simulated adj. Made to look genuine while being artificial.
[Simulated leather looks and feels like the real thing.]
simulation n. An imitation of a possible situation.
[The simulation of a natural gas explosion gave the local emergency crews a chance to practice rescue procedures.]
v. 1. To give up or give in to; to yield.
[After twenty-four hours on their feet, the relief workers succumbed to exhaustion, falling soundly to sleep on their cots.]
2. To cease to exist; to die.
[Smallpox was so pervasive in the eighteenth century that many people succumbed. ]
v. To suppose something without sufficient evidence.
[Heloise surmised that her visitors were late because of the traffic from the airport. ]
n. A guess.
[My surmise is that the thief had been watching our house for weeks before breaking in.]

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