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American Literature Exam


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Revolutionary Period
What type of literature was written during the Revolutionary period and why?
Essays, because people were trying to make a case for founding America.
Autobiography, Poor Richard's Almanac
Benjamin Franklin
The Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson
Patrick Henry
Speech at the Virginia Convention ("give me liberty or give me death")
Poem about George Washington
Phyllis Wheatley
Crisis, Common Sense
Thomas Payne
A Growing Nation
Washington Irving
A History of New York, Sleepy Hollow, Rip Van Winkle
Edgar Allan Poe
The Raven, The Telltale Heart, Annabel Lee
James Fennimore Cooper
dad founded Cooperstown (baseball founded there), The Leatherstocking Tales, Precaution, The Spy
The New England Renaissance
Ralph Waldo Emerson
brought Transcendentalism to the U.S. from Europe, wrote Nature, The American Scholar, and Self Reliance
Henry David Thoreau
Lived with Emerson, wrote Walden (considered the most important work of transcendentalism
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Born in Salem, family was involved in witchcraft trials, lived at Brook Farm but hated it, works at the Custom House, wrote The House of the Seven Gables, The Scarlet Letter and The Blithdale Romance
Herman Melville
Worked as a sailor and spent time on whaling ships, wrote Omoo, Typee and Mardi. Wrote The Whale (later retitled Moby Dick) nothing was very famous till he died
What are the three major aspects of transcendentalism?
1. intuition
2. self-reliance
3. individualism
Which two authors are considered the anti-transcendentalists?
Hawthorne and Melville
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Wrote Hiawatha and Paul Revere's Ride, Psalm of Life
Oliver Wendell Holmes
Wrote Old Ironsides (saved a ship U.S.S. Constitution?)
John Greenleaf Whittier
Hampton Beach, Barbara Frietchie, Snow Bound
Emily Dickinson
NOT a party animal by any means, live in seclusion most of her life, wrote The Bells of Amherst, I Never Saw A Moor,

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