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Chapters 1-6 Vobacbulary


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Government by the people with free and frequent elections.
Government in which citizens come together to discuss and pass laws and select rulers.
Direct Democracy
Government that derives its powers indirectly from the people who elect those who will govern, also a republic.
Representative Democracy
The idea that the rights of the state are supreme over individual rights.
A candidate or party wins the most votes cast, not necessarily more than half.
Participation in voluntary associations that reinforce democractic and civic habits of discussion, compromise and respect for differences.
Social capital
Government by religious leaders who claim divine guidance
First constitution of the American States
Articles of Confederation
Convention held to consider problems of trade and navigation.
Annapolis Convention
Convention that framed the constitution of the united states
constitutional convention
Revellion by farmers which highlighted the need for a strong national government.
Shays' Revellion
Principle of a two house legislature
Proposal by Virginia delegation at the convention wanting a strong central government with a bicameral legislature.
Virginia Plan
Proposal made by William Paterson from New Jersey for a central government with aa single house legislature.
New Jersey Plan
Compromise for a bicameral legislature with lower house having reps based on pop and other each state having two senators.
Connecticut Compromise
Slave population would be counted at 3/5ths for determining direct taxation and reps in house of reps.
three-fifths compromise
supporters of ratification of constitution and promoted strong central govt.
Opponents of ratifying the constitution and against strong central govt.
Essays promoting ratification
The Federalist
Gods or natures law that defines right from wrong and is higher than human law.
Natural law
Legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
Separation of Powers
Governance divided among the parties
divided government
election in which voters choose party nominees
direct primary
procedure on proposing a law or amendment and have it submitted to the voters.
procedure for submitting to popular vote measures passed by the legislature or proposed amendments to a state constitution
power of a court to declare unconstitutional a law or government regulation.
judicial review
court order directing an official to perform n official duty.
writ of mandamus
presidential refusal to allow an agency to spend funds authorized and appropriated by congress.
to transfer functions and responsibilities from the national government to the states.
devolution revolution
power is distributed between a central government and subdivisional governments called states. Both have direct authority over individuals.

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